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Mountbatten
The Mountbatten family
Mountbatten family
is a European dynasty originating as a branch of the German princely Battenberg family. The name was adopted during World War I
World War I
by family members residing in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
due to rising anti-German sentiment amongst the British public. The name is an Anglicisation of the German Battenberg, a small town in Hesse. The title of count of Battenberg, later prince of Battenberg, was granted to a morganatic branch of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt, itself a cadet branch of the House of Hesse, in the mid 19th century. The family now includes the Marquesses of Carisbrooke and Milford Haven, as well as the Earls Mountbatten of Burma
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Berthold, Margrave Of Baden
Berthold, Margrave of Baden
Berthold, Margrave of Baden
(Berthold Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst August Heinrich Karl; 24 February 1906 – 27 October 1963), was the son of Prince Maximilian, Margrave of Baden
Maximilian, Margrave of Baden
and Princess Marie Louise of Hanover and Cumberland. From 1929 until his death, he was the head of the House of Zähringen, which had reigned over the Grand Duchy of Baden until 1918.[1]Contents1 Marriage and children 2 Death 3 Ancestry 4 References and notesMarriage and children[edit] He married Princess Theodora of Greece and Denmark, daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg, on 17 August 1931 in Baden-Baden, which made him the brother-in-law of Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
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Hesse
Hesse
Hesse
(/ˈhɛsə/)[4] or Hessia (German: Hessen [ˈhɛsn̩], Hessian dialect: Hesse
Hesse
[ˈhɛzə]) is a federal state (Land) of the Federal Republic of Germany, with just over six million inhabitants. The state capital is Wiesbaden; the largest city is Frankfurt
Frankfurt
am Main. Until the unification of Germany, the territory of Hesse
Hesse
was occupied by the Grand Duchy of Hesse, the Duchy of Nassau, the free city of Frankfurt and the Electorate of Hesse, known also as Hesse-Cassel. Due to divisions after World War II, the modern federal state does not cover the entire cultural region of Hesse, which includes both the State of Hesse
Hesse
and the area known as Rhenish Hesse
Rhenish Hesse
(Rheinhessen) in the neighbouring state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The English name "Hesse" originates in the Hessian dialects
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Gottfried, Prince Of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Gottfried, 8th Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
(German: Gottfried Hermann Alfred Paul Maximilian Viktor Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg; 24 March 1897 – 11 May 1960) was the only surviving son of Ernst II, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.Contents1 Early life 2 Marriage and issue 3 Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 4 Titles and styles 5 Ancestry 6 Notes 7 Sources 8 External linksEarly life[edit]Prince Gottfried at the age of nineGottfried was born at Langenburg, Kingdom of Württem
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Viscount
A viscount (/ˈvaɪkaʊnt/ ( listen) VY-kownt, for male[1]) or viscountess (/ˈvaɪkaʊntɪs/, for female[2]) is a title used in certain European countries for a noble of varying status, but historically deemed to convey a lower-middling rank.[3] In many countries a viscount, and its historical equivalents, was a non-hereditary, administrative or judicial position, and did not develop into a hereditary title until much later.[4] In the case of French viscounts, it is customary to leave the title untranslated as vicomte [vi.kɔ̃t] and vicomtesse.Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Early modern and contemporary usage3.1 Belgium 3.2 United Kingdom3.2.1 Ireland 3.2.2 Use as a courtesy title 3.2.3 Coronet3.3 Jersey 3.4 Portugal 3.5 Spain4 Equivalent titles4.1 Germanic counterparts 4.2 Non-Western counterparts5 See also 6 ReferencesEtymology[edit] The word viscount comes from
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River Medina
The River Medina
River Medina
is the main river of the Isle of Wight, England, rising at St Catherine's Down
St Catherine's Down
near Blackgang
Blackgang
and Chale, and flowing generally northwards through the capital Newport, towards the Solent at Cowes. The river is a navigable tidal estuary from Newport northwards, where it takes the form of a ria (a drowned valley). Its current state has occurred because the Medina used to be a tributary of what was once the "River Solent" and had a much larger catchment area. As the Solent
Solent
valley flooded and the island eroded, the river received less water flow and more sediment, causing it to become more tidal. The river is bridged at Newport
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Earl
An earl /ɜːrl/[1] is a member of the nobility. The title is Anglo-Saxon in origin, akin to the Scandinavian form jarl, and meant "chieftain", particularly a chieftain set to rule a territory in a king's stead. In Scandinavia, it became obsolete in the Middle Ages and was replaced by duke (hertig/hertug/hertog). In later medieval Britain, it became the equivalent of the continental count (in England in the earlier period, it was more akin to a duke; in Scotland
Scotland
it assimilated the concept of mormaer). However, earlier in Scandinavia, jarl could also mean a sovereign prince.[citation needed] For example, the rulers of several of the petty kingdoms of Norway had the title of jarl and in many cases they had no less power than their neighbours who had the title of king
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Milford Haven
Milford Haven
Milford Haven
(/ˈmɪlfəd ˈheɪvən/; Welsh: Aberdaugleddau, meaning "mouth of the two Rivers Cleddau") is a town and community in Pembrokeshire, Wales. It is situated on the north side of the Milford Haven Waterway, an estuary forming a natural harbour that has been used as a port since the Middle Ages. The town was founded in 1790 on the north side of the Waterway, from which it takes its name. Designed to a grid pattern, it was originally intended by the founder, Sir William Hamilton, to be a whaling centre, though by 1800 it was developing as a Royal Navy
Royal Navy
dockyard which it remained until the dockyard was transferred to Pembroke in 1814. It then became a commercial dock, with the focus moving in the 1960s, after the construction of an oil refinery built by the Esso
Esso
Company, to logistics for fuel oil and liquid gas
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Marquess
A marquess (UK: /ˈmɑːrkwɪs/;[1] French: marquis, [mɑʁki];[2] Italian: marchese, Spanish: marqués, Portuguese: marquês) is a nobleman of hereditary rank in various European peerages and in those of some of their former colonies. The term is also used to translate equivalent Asian styles, as in imperial China and Japan. In the German lands, a Margrave
Margrave
was a ruler of an immediate Imperial territory (examples include the Margrave
Margrave
of Brandenburg, the Margrave of Baden and the Margrave
Margrave
of Bayreuth), not simply a nobleman like a marquess or marquis in Western and Southern Europe
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Royal Navy
The Royal Navy
Navy
(RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War
Hundred Years War
against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy
Navy
traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service. From the middle decades of the 17th century, and through the 18th century, the Royal Navy
Navy
vied with the Dutch Navy
Navy
and later with the French Navy
Navy
for maritime supremacy. From the mid 18th century, it was the world's most powerful navy until surpassed by the United States Navy
Navy
during the Second World War
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Queen Victoria
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India. Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III
King George III
died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the sovereign held relatively little direct political power
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Serene Highness
His/Her Serene Highness (abbreviation: HSH, oral address: Your Serene Highness) is a style used today by the reigning families of Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
and Monaco. Until 1918, it was also associated with the princely titles of members of some German ruling and mediatised dynasties and with a few princely but non-ruling families. It was also the form of address used for cadet members of the dynasties of France, Italy, Russia and Ernestine Saxony, under their monarchies. Additionally, the treatment was granted for some, but not all, princely yet non-reigning families of Bohemia, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania and Russia by emperors or popes
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Illustrious Highness
His/Her Illustrious Highness (abbreviation: H.Ill.H.) is the English-language form for a style used by certain members of the European aristocracy. Usage[edit]Illustration of an ErlauchtkroneAncient[edit] It is used to translate the Middle High German
Middle High German
word Erlaucht (German: erleuchtet), similar to the later Durchlaucht which was reserved for the Reichsfürsten (Princes of the Holy Roman Empire). Modern[edit] From the Early modern period, the style Erlaucht has been used by the members of those comital families (Reichsgrafen) who, like the Reichsfürsten, held the status of Imperial immediacy
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe
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Grand Duchy Of Hesse
The Grand Duchy of Hesse
Hesse
and by Rhine
Rhine
(German: Großherzogtum Hessen und bei Rhein), or the Grand Duchy of Hesse
Hesse
(German: Großherzogtum Hessen) between 1806 and 1816, was an independent country and member state of the Confederation of the Rhine
Confederation of the Rhine
as of 1806, when the Landgraviate of Hesse- Darmstadt
Darmstadt
was elevated to a Grand Duchy which it remained until 1918, when the monarchy was overthrown. Hesse
Hesse
lost its independence when it joined the German Empire
German Empire
in 1871
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House Of Hesse-Darmstadt
The Landgraviate of Hesse- Darmstadt
Darmstadt
(German: Landgrafschaft Hessen-Darmstadt) was a State of the Holy Roman Empire, ruled by a younger branch of the House of Hesse. It was formed in 1567 following the division of the Landgraviate of Hesse
Landgraviate of Hesse
between the four sons of Landgrave
Landgrave
Philip I. The residence of the landgraves was in Darmstadt, hence the name
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