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Mound
A MOUND is a heaped pile of earth , gravel , sand , rocks , or debris . Most commonly, mounds are earthen formations such as hills and mountains , particularly if they appear artificial. A mound may be any rounded area of topographically higher elevation on any surface. Artificial mounds have been created for a variety of reasons throughout history, including ceremonial (platform mound ), burial (tumulus ), and commemorative purposes (e.g. Kościuszko Mound )
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Burial
BURIAL or INTERMENT is the ritual act of placing a dead person or animal, sometimes with objects, into the ground. This is accomplished by excavating a pit or trench, placing the deceased and objects in it, and covering it over. Humans have been burying their dead for at least 100,000 years. Burial
Burial
is often seen as indicating respect for the dead. It has been used to prevent the odor of decay, to give family members closure and prevent them from witnessing the decomposition of their loved ones, and in many cultures it has been seen as a necessary step for the deceased to enter the afterlife or to give back to the cycle of life. Methods of burial may be heavily ritualized and can include natural burial (sometimes called "green burial"); embalming or mummification ; the use of containers for the dead such as shrouds , caskets , grave liners , and burial vaults all of which can retard decomposition of the body
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Frustum
In geometry , a FRUSTUM (plural: frusta or frustums) is the portion of a solid (normally a cone or pyramid ) that lies between one or two parallel planes cutting it. A RIGHT FRUSTUM is a parallel truncation of a right pyramid . In computer graphics the viewing frustum is the three-dimensional region which is visible on the screen. It is formed by a clipped pyramid; in particular, frustum culling is a method of hidden surface determination . In the aerospace industry , a frustum is the fairing between two stages of a multistage rocket (such as the Saturn V
Saturn V
), which is shaped like a truncated cone
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Earthworks (engineering)
EARTHWORKS are engineering works created through the processing of parts of the earth's surface involving quantities of soil or unformed rock . CONTENTS * 1 Types of excavation * 2 Civil engineering use * 3 Military use * 4 Equipment * 5 Mass haul planning * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links TYPES OF EXCAVATION Earth moving equipment (circa 1922) Flattened and leveled construction site. Road roller in the background
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Chambered Cairn
A CHAMBERED CAIRN is a burial monument, usually constructed during the Neolithic
Neolithic
, consisting of a sizeable (usually stone) chamber around and over which a cairn of stones was constructed. Some chambered cairns are also passage-graves . They are found throughout Britain and Ireland
Ireland
, with the largest number in Scotland
Scotland
. Typically, the chamber is larger than a cist , and will contain a larger number of interments, which are either excarnated bones or inhumations (cremations). Most were situated near a settlement, and served as that community's "graveyard"
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Bell Barrow
A BELL BARROW, sometimes referred to as a WESSEX TYPE BARROW, CAMPANULATE FORM BARROW, or a BERMED BARROW is a type of tumulus identified as such by both John Aubrey
John Aubrey
and William Stukeley . Section and plan of a bell barrow with a narrow berm A bell barrow from R. Colt Hoare's introduction to "The Ancient History of Wiltshire" In the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
they take the form of a circular mound or mounds within a circular ditch, the mounds being separated from the ditch and each other by a berm . There is sometimes present an additional bank, external to the ditch. The ditch is typically the source of the material used to create the mound and is therefore described as a "quarry-ditch". A burial pit beneath the mound usually contains human remains, sometimes cremated, sometimes simply interred. Grave goods such as daggers or pottery vessels are commonly found within the burial pit also
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Subglacial Mound
A SUBGLACIAL MOUND (SUGM) is a type of subglacial volcano . This type of volcano forms when lava erupts beneath a thick glacier or ice sheet . The magma forming these volcanoes was not hot enough to melt a vertical pipe right through the overlying glacial ice, instead forming hyaloclastite and pillow lava deep beneath the glacial ice field. Once the glaciers had retreated, the subglacial volcano would be revealed, with a unique shape as a result of their confinement within glacial ice. They are somewhat rare worldwide, being confined to regions which were formerly covered by continental ice sheets and also had active volcanism during the same period. They are found throughout Iceland
Iceland
, Antarctica
Antarctica
and the Canadian province of British Columbia
British Columbia
. Subglacial mounds can be mistaken for cinder cones because they may have a similar shape
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Temple
A TEMPLE (from the Latin
Latin
word templum ) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice . It is typically used for such buildings belonging to all faiths where a more specific term such as church , mosque or synagogue is not generally used in English. These include Hinduism
Hinduism
, Buddhism
Buddhism
, and Jainism
Jainism
among religions with many modern followers, as well as other ancient religions such as Ancient Egyptian religion . The form and function of temples is thus very variable, though they are often considered by believers to be in some sense the "house" of one or more deities . Typically offerings of some sort are made to the deity, and other rituals enacted, and a special group of clergy maintain and operate the temple
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Uttar Pradesh
24 January 1950 CAPITAL Lucknow
Lucknow
DISTRICTS 75 GOVERNMENT • BODY Government of Uttar Pradesh
Government of Uttar Pradesh
• GOVERNOR Ram Naik • CHIEF MINISTER Yogi Adityanath
Yogi Adityanath
(BJP ) • DEPUTY CM 1. Keshav Prasad Maurya
Keshav Prasad Maurya
2
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Jain
JAINISM (/ˈdʒeɪnɪzəm/ or /ˈdʒaɪnɪzəm/ ), traditionally known as JAIN DHARMA, is an ancient Indian religion
Indian religion
. Jainism followers are called "Jains", a word derived from the Sanskrit word jina (victor) and connoting the path of victory in crossing over life's stream of rebirths through an ethical and spiritual life. Jains
Jains
trace their history through a succession of twenty-four victorious saviors and teachers known as Tirthankaras , with the first being Rishabhanatha
Rishabhanatha
, who is believed to have lived millions of years ago, and twenty-fourth being the Mahavira
Mahavira
around 500 BCE. Jains believe that Jainism
Jainism
is an eternal dharma with the Tirthankaras guiding every cycle of the Jain
Jain
cosmology
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Mathura
MATHURA ( pronunciation (help ·info )) is a city in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
. It is located approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Agra
Agra
, and 145 kilometres (90 mi) south-east of Delhi
Delhi
; about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from the town of Vrindavan , and 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Govardhan
Govardhan
. It is the administrative centre of Mathura District of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
. During the ancient period , Mathura
Mathura
was an economic hub, located at the junction of important caravan routes. The 2011 census of India estimated the population of Mathura
Mathura
to be 441,894
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City Hall
In local government , a CITY HALL, TOWN HALL, CIVIC CENTRE, (in the UK or Australia
Australia
) a GUILDHALL, a RATHAUS (German ), or (more rarely) a MUNICIPAL BUILDING, is the chief administrative building of a city , town , or other municipality . It usually houses the city or town council , its associated departments, and their employees. It also usually functions as the base of the mayor of a city, town, borough , or county / shire . By convention, until the mid 19th-century, a single large open chamber (or 'hall') formed an integral part of the building housing the council. The hall may be used for council meetings and other significant events. This large chamber, the 'town hall', (and its later variant 'city hall') has become synonymous with the whole building, and with the administrative body housed in it
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Tribal Chief
A TRIBAL CHIEF is the leader of a tribal society or chiefdom . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Specific tribal chiefdoms * 3.1 Americas * 3.2 Sub-Saharan Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
* 3.3 Oceania
Oceania
"> Arminius
Arminius
, a chieftain of the Germanic Cherusci tribe who defeated three Roman legions in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest . Anthropologist Elman Service distinguishes two stages of tribal societies: simple societies organized by limited instances of social rank and prestige, and more stratified societies led by chieftains or tribal kings (chiefdoms ). Historically, tribal societies represent an intermediate stage between the band society of the Paleolithic
Paleolithic
stage and civilization with centralized, super-regional government based in cities
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Elevation
The ELEVATION of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid , a mathematical model of the Earth\'s sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface (see Geodetic system, vertical datum ). Elevation, or GEOMETRIC HEIGHT, is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height is used for points above the surface, such as an aircraft in flight or a spacecraft in orbit, and depth is used for points below the surface. Elevation
Elevation
is not to be confused with the distance from the center of the Earth; due to equatorial bulge , the summits of Mt. Everest and Chimborazo have, respectively, the largest elevation and the largest geocentric distance
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Canada
Coordinates : 60°N 95°W / 60°N 95°W / 60; -95 CANADA Flag MOTTO: A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Latin ) (English: "From Sea to Sea") ANTHEM: " O Canada
O Canada
"------------------------- ROYAL ANTHEM : " God Save the Queen " CAPITAL
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