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Mound
A MOUND is a heaped pile of earth , gravel , sand , rocks , or debris . Most commonly, mounds are earthen formations such as hills and mountains , particularly if they appear artificial. A mound may be any rounded area of topographically higher elevation on any surface. Artificial mounds have been created for a variety of reasons throughout history, including ceremonial (platform mound ), burial (tumulus ), and commemorative purposes (e.g. Kościuszko Mound )
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Grave Creek Mound
The GRAVE CREEK MOUND in the Ohio River
Ohio River
Valley in West Virginia
West Virginia
is one of the largest conical-type burial mounds in the United States
United States
, standing 62 feet (19 m) high and 240 feet (73 m) in diameter. The builders of the site, members of the Adena culture
Adena culture
, moved more than 60,000 tons of dirt to create it about 250–150 BC. Present-day Moundsville has developed around it near the banks of the Ohio River
Ohio River
. The first recorded excavation of the mound took place in 1838, and was conducted by local amateurs. The largest surviving mound among those built by the Adena, this was designated a National Historic Landmark in the mid-20th century. In 1978 the state opened the Delf Norona Museum at the site
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Moundsville, West Virginia
MOUNDSVILLE is a city in Marshall County , West Virginia
West Virginia
, along the Ohio River . It is part of the Wheeling, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area . The population was 9,318 at the 2010 census . It is the county seat of Marshall County . The city was named for the nearby ancient Grave Creek Mound
Grave Creek Mound
, constructed 250 to 100 BC by indigenous people of the Adena culture . Moundsville was settled in 1771 by English colonists Samuel and James Tomlinson. (Elizabethtown, as Tomlinson's community was called, was incorporated in 1830. Nearby, the town of Mound City
City
was incorporated in 1832. The two towns combined in 1865.) Fostoria Glass Company (specializing in hand-blown glassworks) was headquartered in Moundsville from 1891 to 1986. The retired West Virginia
West Virginia
State Penitentiary operated in Moundsville from 1867 to 1995
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Kościuszko Mound
Coordinates : 50°03.17′N 19°53.37′E / 50.05283°N 19.88950°E / 50.05283; 19.88950 Kościuszko Mound
Mound
(2006) KOśCIUSZKO MOUND (Polish : kopiec Kościuszki) in Kraków
Kraków
, Poland
Poland
, erected by Cracovians in commemoration of the Polish national leader Tadeusz Kościuszko
Tadeusz Kościuszko
, is an artificial mound modeled after Kraków's prehistoric mounds of Krak and Wanda . A serpentine path leads to the top, approx. 326 metres (1,070 ft) above sea level, with a panoramic view of the Vistula
Vistula
River and the city. It was completed in November 1823. The location selected for the monument was the natural Blessed Bronisława Hill (Polish : Wzgórze bł. Bronisławy), also known as Sikornik, situated in the western part of Kraków's Zwierzyniec District
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Kraków
KRAKóW (Polish pronunciation: listen (help ·info )), also CRACOW or KRAKOW (UK : /ˈkrækaʊ/ ; US : /ˈkrɑːkaʊ/ ), is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland
Poland
. Situated on the Vistula River (Polish : Wisła) in the Lesser Poland
Poland
(Polish : Małopolska) region, the city dates back to the 7th century. Kraków has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life and is one of Poland's most important economic hubs. It was the capital of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland
Poland
from 1038 to 1569; the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569 to 1795; the Free City of Kraków from 1815 to 1846; the Grand Duchy of Cracow from 1846 to 1918; and Kraków Voivodeship from the 14th century to 1998. It has been the capital of Lesser Poland Voivodeship since 1999
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Poland
Coordinates : 52°N 20°E / 52°N 20°E / 52; 20 Republic of Poland _ Rzeczpospolita Polska_ (Polish ) _ Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: Mazurek Dąbrowskiego _ _ Poland Is Not Yet Lost_ Location of Poland (dark green) – in Europe
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Earth
EARTH is the third planet from the Sun and the only object in the Universe known to harbor life . According to radiometric dating and other sources of evidence, Earth formed over 4 billion years ago . Earth\'s gravity interacts with other objects in space, especially the Sun and the Moon , Earth's only natural satellite . During one orbit around the Sun , Earth rotates about its axis about 365.26 times; thus, an Earth year is about 365.26 days long. Earth's axis of rotation is tilted, producing seasonal variations on the planet's surface. The gravitational interaction between the Earth and Moon causes ocean tides , stabilizes the Earth's orientation on its axis, and gradually slows its rotation. Earth is the densest planet in the Solar System and the largest of the four terrestrial planets
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Gravel
GRAVEL /ˈɡrævəl/ is a loose aggregation of rock fragments. Gravel
Gravel
is classified by particle size range and includes size classes from granule - to boulder -sized fragments. In the Udden-Wentworth scale gravel is categorized into granular gravel (2 to 4 mm or 0.079 to 0.157 in) and pebble gravel (4 to 64 mm or 0.2 to 2.5 in). One cubic metre of gravel typically weighs about 1,800 kg (or a cubic yard weighs about 3,000 pounds). Gravel
Gravel
is an important commercial product, with a number of applications. Many roadways are surfaced with gravel, especially in rural areas where there is little traffic . Globally, far more roads are surfaced with gravel than with concrete or tarmac ; Russia
Russia
alone has over 400,000 km (250,000 mi) of gravel roads . Both sand and small gravel are also important for the manufacture of concrete
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Sand
SAND is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles. It is defined by size, being finer than gravel and coarser than silt . Sand
Sand
can also refer to a textural class of soil or soil type; i.e. a soil containing more than 85% sand-sized particles by mass. The composition of sand varies, depending on the local rock sources and conditions, but the most common constituent of sand in inland continental settings and non-tropical coastal settings is silica (silicon dioxide, or SiO2), usually in the form of quartz . The second most common type of sand is calcium carbonate , for example aragonite , which has mostly been created, over the past half billion years, by various forms of life, like coral and shellfish . For example, it is the primary form of sand apparent in areas where reefs have dominated the ecosystem for millions of years like the Caribbean
Caribbean

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Rock (music)
ROCK MUSIC is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll " in the United States
United States
in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily on the African-American genres of blues and rhythm and blues , and from country music . Rock music also drew strongly on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk , and incorporated influences from jazz , classical and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar , usually as part of a rock group with electric bass and drums and one or more singers . Typically, rock is song -based music usually with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form , but the genre has become extremely diverse
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Debris
DEBRIS or DéBRIS (UK: /ˈdɛbriː/ or /ˈdeɪbriː/ ; US: /dᵻˈbriː/ ) is rubble , wreckage, ruins , litter and discarded garbage/refuse/trash , scattered remains of something destroyed, discarded, or as in geology, large rock fragments left by a melting glacier etc. Depending on context, debris can refer to a number of different things. The first apparent use of the French word in English is in a 1701 description of the army of Prince Rupert upon its retreat from a battle with the army of Oliver Cromwell, in England. CONTENTS * 1 Disaster * 2 Geological * 3 Marine * 4 Meteorological * 5 Space * 6 Surgical * 7 War * 8 Culinary * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links DISASTERIn disaster scenarios, tornados leave behind large pieces of houses and mass destruction overall. This debris also flies around the tornado itself when it is in progress
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Hill
A HILL is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain. It often has a distinct summit , although in areas with scarp/dip topography a _hill_ may refer to a particular section of flat terrain without a massive summit (e.g. Box Hill, Surrey ). CONTENTS * 1 Terminology * 2 Historical significance * 3 Military significance * 4 Sports and games * 5 Largest man-made * 6 Gallery * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links TERMINOLOGY Chocolate Hills of the Philippines Hills in Tuscany , Italy The distinction between a hill and a mountain is unclear and largely subjective, but a hill is universally considered to be less tall and less steep than a mountain
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Mountain
A MOUNTAIN is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill . Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism . These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth. Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers , weather conditions , and glaciers . A few mountains are isolated summits , but most occur in huge mountain ranges . High elevations on mountains produce colder climates than at sea level . These colder climates strongly affect the ecosystems of mountains: different elevations have different plants and animals . Because of the less hospitable terrain and climate, mountains tend to be used less for agriculture and more for resource extraction and recreation, such as mountain climbing
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Topography
TOPOGRAPHY is the study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth
Earth
and other observable astronomical objects including planets , moons , and asteroids . The topography of an area could refer to the surface shapes and features themselves, or a description (especially their depiction in maps). This field of geoscience and planetary science is concerned with local detail in general, including not only relief but also natural and artificial features, and even local history and culture . This meaning is less common in the United States
United States
, where topographic maps with elevation contours have made "topography" synonymous with relief. The older sense of topography as the study of place still has currency in