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Motion Picture
A FILM, also called a MOVIE, MOTION PICTURE, THEATRICAL FILM, or PHOTOPLAY, is a series of still images which, when shown on a screen, creates the illusion of moving images due to the phi phenomenon . This optical illusion causes the audience to perceive continuous motion between separate objects viewed rapidly in succession. The process of filmmaking is both an art and an industry . A film is created by photographing actual scenes with a motion picture camera ; by photographing drawings or miniature models using traditional animation techniques; by means of CGI and computer animation ; or by a combination of some or all of these techniques and other visual effects . The word "CINEMA", short for cinematography , is often used to refer to the industry of films and filmmaking or to the art of filmmaking itself
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Film Inventory Report
The FILM INVENTORY REPORT or DAILY RAW STOCK LOG is a filmmaking term for a report produced by the clapper loader each day. The report shows how much raw film stock was used that day, the number of good and no-good shots and the amount of film stock wasted
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Daily Call Sheet
The DAILY CALL SHEET is a filmmaking term for the schedule crafted by the assistant director , using the director 's shot list. It is issued to the cast and crew of a film production to inform them of where and when they should report for a particular day of filming . The production schedule is listed by CALL TIME, the time when people are expected to start work on a film set . INFORMATION FOUND ON CALL SHEETSCall sheets include other useful information such as contact information (e.g. phone numbers of crew members and other contacts), the schedule for the day, which scenes and script pages are being shot, and the address of the shoot location. Call sheets have information about cast transportation arrangements, parking instructions and safety notes. Call sheets may also provide logistical information regarding the location . It is common to find such items as weather information, sunrise/sunset times, local hospitals, restaurants, and hardware stores on call sheets
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Production Report
A PRODUCTION REPORT ("PR") is a filmmaking term for the form filled out each day of production of a movie or television show to summarize what occurred that day. There is no standard template for a production report, and each show usually has an original template, often created before production begins by one of the assistant directors ("AD"). Besides superficial differences, most forms record the same information and are simply a series of blank tables created in Excel printed doublesided on a legal sized (8 x 14 inch) sheet of paper. The purpose of this form is to keep track of a production's progress and expenses and to help determine what salary is owed to the cast and crew. It is finally sent to studio executives and is permanently filed to serve as a legal record
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Daily Production Report
A DAILY PRODUCTION REPORT (DPR) or production report (PR) is a filmmaking term for the form filled out each day of production for a movie or television show to summarize what occurred that day. There is no standard template for a production report and each show usually has an original template, often created before production begins by one of the assistant directors . Besides superficial differences, most forms record the same information and are simply a series of blank tables created in Excel printed double-sided on a legal sized (8 x 14) sheet of paper. The purpose of this form is to keep track of a production's progress and expenses. It is finally sent to studio executives and is permanently filed to serve as a legal record. FRONTThe very top lists the production company name, production title, director , producers , unit production managers , assistant directors, the total number of scheduled production days, and the current production day
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Film Distribution
FILM DISTRIBUTION is the process of making a movie available for viewing by an audience . This is normally the task of a professional film distributor , who would determine the marketing strategy for the film, the media by which a film is to be exhibited or made available for viewing, and who may set the release date and other matters. The film may be exhibited directly to the public either through a movie theater or television , or personal home viewing (including VHS
VHS
, video-on-demand , download , television programs through broadcast syndication etc.). For commercial projects, film distribution is usually accompanied by film promotion . When a film is initially produced, a feature film is often shown to audiences in a movie theater. Typically, one film is the featured presentation (or feature film )
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Videography
VIDEOGRAPHY refers to the process of capturing moving images on electronic media (e.g., videotape , direct to disk recording , or solid state storage ) and even streaming media . The term includes methods of video production and post-production . It was initially equivalent of cinematography (moving images recorded on film stock ). The advent of digital video recording in the late 20th century blurred the distinction between videography and cinematography , as in both methods the intermittent mechanism became the same. Nowadays, any video work outside commercial motion picture production could be called videography. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Uses * 3 Videography
Videography
in social science * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading ETYMOLOGYThe word combines "video" from Latin, meaning "I see" or "I apprehend", with the Greek terminal ending "graphy", meaning "to write". Its contemporary sense is video writing or video recording
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Shooting Schedule
A SHOOTING SCHEDULE is a project plan of each day's shooting for a film production. It is normally created and managed by the assistant director , who reports to the production manager managing the production schedule
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Film Release
An ART RELEASE is the premiere of an artistic production and its presentation and marketing to the public. CONTENTS* 1 Film
Film
* 1.1 Delayed release * 2 Music * 3 See also FILM This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (April 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message ) Film
Film
premieres can be elaborate media events, such as this 2012 exhibition of Celebration Day with promotional artwork on the Hammersmith Apollo A FILM RELEASE is the authorization by the owner of a completed film to a public exhibition of the film. The exhibition may be in theatres or for home viewing. A film's RELEASE DATE and the method of release is part of the marketing of the film. It may be a wide or limited release . The process may involve finding a film distributor
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Principal Photography
PRINCIPAL PHOTOGRAPHY is the phase of film production in which the movie is filmed, with actors on set and cameras rolling, as distinct from pre-production and post-production . Principal photography
Principal photography
is nearly always the most expensive phase of film production, due to actor, director, and set crew salaries, as well as the costs of certain shots, props, and on-set special effects. Its start generally marks a point of no return for the financiers, because until it is complete there is unlikely to be enough material filmed to release a final product needed to recoup costs. While it is common for a film to lose its greenlight status during pre-production – for example, because an important cast member drops out – it is extremely uncommon for financing to be withdrawn once principal photography has begun. Feature films usually have insurance in place by the time principal photography begins
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Daily Progress Report
A DAILY PROGRESS REPORT is a filmmaking report that is produced at the end of each shooting day by the First Assistant Director (1AD) and passed to the Production Manager for approval. The daily progress report contains a record of what scenes were shot that day, the locations used, the number of meals served, the vehicles and equipment utilised and any other notable events or incidents. REFERENCES * Miller, Pat P. (1998). Script Supervising and Film
Film
Continuity. Focal Press. p. 107. ISBN 0-240-80294-2
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Negative Cost
NEGATIVE COST is the net expense to produce and shoot a film , excluding such expenditures as distribution and promotion . Low-budget movies, for example The Blair Witch Project , can have promotional expenses that are much larger than the negative cost. The term comes from the costs up to the production of the final negative
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Sync Sound
SYNC SOUND (synchronized sound recording) refers to sound recorded at the time of the filming of movies. It has been widely used in movies since the birth of sound movies . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Pioneering films * 3 Sync sound in Asia * 4 References HISTORYEven in the silent film era, films were shown with sounds, often with musical accompaniment by a pianist or an orchestra keeping time with the screen action. The first synchronization was a turning recording device marked with a white spot. As the white spot rotated, the cameraman hand cranked the camera to keep it in sync with the recording. The method was then repeated for playback, but with the projectionist hand cranking the film projector. "Single-system " sound recorded sound optically to part of the original camera film, or magnetically to a stripe of magnetic coating along the film edge
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Sound Effect
SOUND EFFECTS (or AUDIO EFFECTS) are artificially created or enhanced sounds , or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of films, television shows, live performance, animation, video games , music, or other media. In motion picture and television production, a sound effect is a sound recorded and presented to make a specific storytelling or creative point without the use of dialogue or music. The term often refers to a process applied to a recording, without necessarily referring to the recording itself. In professional motion picture and television production, dialogue , music , and sound effects recordings are treated as separate elements. Dialogue
Dialogue
and music recordings are never referred to as sound effects, even though the processes applied to such as reverberation or flanging effects, often are called "sound effects"
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Film Score
A FILM SCORE (also sometimes called BACKGROUND SCORE, BACKGROUND MUSIC, MOVIE SOUNDTRACK, FILM MUSIC or INCIDENTAL MUSIC) is original music written specifically to accompany a film. The score forms part of the film's soundtrack , which also usually includes dialogue and sound effects , and comprises a number of orchestral, instrumental, or choral pieces called cues , which are timed to begin and end at specific points during the film in order to enhance the dramatic narrative and the emotional impact of the scene in question. Scores are written by one or more composers , under the guidance of, or in collaboration with, the film's director or producer and are then usually performed by an ensemble of musicians – most often comprising an orchestra or band, instrumental soloists, and choir or vocalists – and recorded by a sound engineer . Film
Film
scores encompass an enormous variety of styles of music, depending on the nature of the films they accompany
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Re-recording (filmmaking)
RE-RECORDING is the process by which the audio track of a film or video production is created. As sound elements are mixed and combined together the process necessitates "re-recording" all of the audio elements, such as dialogue , music, sound effects , by the sound re-recording mixer(s) to achieve the desired end result, which is the final soundtrack that the audience hears when the finished film is played. This filmmaking article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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