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Morristown, New Jersey
MORRISTOWN is a town and county seat of Morris County , New Jersey
New Jersey
, United States. Morristown has been called "the military capital of the American Revolution " because of its strategic role in the war for independence from Great Britain. Today this history is visible in a variety of locations throughout the town that collectively make up Morristown National Historical Park . According to British colonial records, the first permanent European settlement at Morristown occurred in 1715, when a settlement was founded as New Hanover by migrants from New York and Connecticut. Morris County was created on March 15, 1739, from portions of Hunterdon County . The county, and ultimately Morristown itself, was named for the popular Governor of the Province, Lewis Morris , who championed benefits for the colonists. Morristown was incorporated as a town by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 6, 1865, within Morris Township , and it was formally set off from the township in 1895. As of the 2010 United States Census , the town's population was 18,411, reflecting a decline of 133 (-0.7%) from the 18,544 counted in the 2000 Census , which had in turn increased by 2,355 (+14.5%) from the 16,189 counted in the 1990 Census
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Morristown, New Jersey (other)
MORRISTOWN, NEW JERSEY most often refers to the town of Morristown in Morris County . Other places it may refer to include: * Morristown, Middlesex County, New Jersey * Moorestown, New Jersey in Burlington County * Morris Township, New Jersey in Morris County * Morris Plains, New Jersey in Morris County This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct geographical locations with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Morristown,_New_Jersey_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Town (new Jersey)
A TOWN in the context of New Jersey
New Jersey
local government refers to one of five TYPES and one of eleven FORMS of municipal government. While TOWN is often used as a shorthand to refer to a Township , the two are not the same. The TOWN ACT OF 1895 allowed any municipality or area with a population exceeding 5,000 to become a TOWN through a petition and referendum process. Under the 1895 Act, a newly incorporated town was divided into at least three wards, with two councilmen per ward serving staggered two-year terms, and one councilman at large, who also served a two-year term. The councilman at large served as chairman of the town council. The TOWN ACT OF 1988 completely revised the Town form of government and applied to all towns incorporated under the Town Act of 1895 and to those incorporated by a special charter granted by the Legislature prior to 1875. Under the 1988 Act, the mayor is also the councilman at large, serving a term of two years, unless increased to three years by a petition and referendum process. The Council under the Town Act of 1988 consists of eight members serving staggered two-year terms with two elected from each of four wards. One councilman from each ward is up for election each year. Towns with different structures predating the 1988 Act may retain those features unless changed by a petition and referendum process
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Morris County, New Jersey
MORRIS COUNTY is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey , about 25 mi (40 km) west of New York City . According to the 2010 United States Census , the population was 492,276, up from the 470,212 at the 2000 Census , As of the 2016 Census estimate , the county's population was 498,423, making it the state's 10th-most populous county, and marking a 1.2% increase from 2010. The county is part of the New York Metropolitan Area , and its county seat is Morristown . The most populous place was Parsippany-Troy Hills Township , with 53,238 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Rockaway Township covered 45.55 square miles (118.0 km2), the largest total area of any municipality
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New Jersey
NEW JERSEY is a state in the Northeastern and mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. It is a peninsula , bordered on the north and east by the state of New York ; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
; on the west by the Delaware Riverand Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by the Delaware Bayand Delaware. New Jerseyis the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous and the most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states . New Jerseylies entirely within the combined statistical areas of New York Cityand Philadelphiaand is the second-wealthiest U.S. stateby per capita income as of 2014. New Jerseywas inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenapealong the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes made the first European settlements. The English later seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jerseyafter the largest of the Channel Islands , Jersey, and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton. New Jerseywas the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Sovereign States
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognized to have _de facto_ status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms
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United States
Coordinates : 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America _ Flag Great Seal MOTTO: " In God We Trust " Other traditional mottos _ * " E pluribus unum " ( Latin
Latin
) (de facto) "Out of many, one" * " Annuit c
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U.S. State
A U.S. STATE is a constituent political entity of the United States of America . There are currently 50 states, which are bound together in a union with each other. Each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a defined geographic territory, and shares its sovereignty with the United States
United States
federal government . Due to the shared sovereignty between each state and the federal government, Americans
Americans
are citizens of both the federal republic and of the state in which they reside . State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states , except for persons covered by certain types of court orders (e.g., paroled convicts and children of divorced spouses who are sharing custody ). States range in population from just under 600,000 (Wyoming) to over 39 million (California), and in area from 1,214 square miles (3,140 km2) (Rhode Island) to 663,268 square miles (1,717,860 km2) (Alaska). Four states use the term _commonwealth _ rather than _state_ in their full official names. States are divided into counties or county-equivalents, which may be assigned some local governmental authority but are not sovereign. County or county-equivalent structure varies widely by state. State governments are allocated power by the people (of each respective state) through their individual constitutions
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List Of Counties In New Jersey
There are 21 counties in New Jersey
New Jersey
. These counties together contain 565 municipalities , or administrative entities composed of clearly defined territory; 250 boroughs , 52 cities , 15 towns , 244 townships , and 4 villages . In New Jersey, a county is a local level of government between the state and municipalities. County government
County government
in New Jersey
New Jersey
includes a Board of Chosen Freeholders , sheriff, clerk, and surrogate (responsible for uncontested and routine probate), all of which are elected officials. Counties organized under the Optional County Charter Law may also have an elected county executive . Counties traditionally perform state-mandated duties such as the maintenance of jails, parks, and certain roads. The site of a county's administration and courts is called the county seat . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Representation in the New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature * 3 FIPS code * 4 Counties * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY See also: History of New Jersey
New Jersey
New Jersey
New Jersey
was governed by two groups of proprietors as two distinct provinces, East Jersey and West Jersey , between 1674 and 1702
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Municipal Corporation
A MUNICIPAL CORPORATION is the legal term for a local governing body , including (but not necessarily limited to) cities , counties , towns , townships , charter townships , villages , and boroughs . The term can also be used to describe municipally-owned enterprises. CONTENTS* 1 Municipal corporation as local self-government * 1.1 Canada * 1.2 India * 1.3 Ireland * 1.4 United States * 2 Municipal corporation as enterprises * 3 See also * 4 References MUNICIPAL CORPORATION AS LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENTMunicipal incorporation occurs when such municipalities become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located. Often, this event is marked by the award or declaration of a municipal charter . A CITY CHARTER or TOWN CHARTER (generically, MUNICIPAL CHARTER) is a legal document establishing a municipality such as a city or town . The concept developed in Europe during the Middle Ages and is considered to be a municipal version of a constitution . With the notable exceptions of the City of London Corporation and the Laugharne Corporation , the term has fallen out of favour in the United Kingdom, but the concept remains central to local government in the United Kingdom , as well as former British colonies such as Canada and India
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Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
The FAULKNER ACT , or OPTIONAL MUNICIPAL CHARTER LAW, provides for New Jersey municipalities to adopt a MAYOR–COUNCIL government. This form of government provides for election of a mayor and five, seven, or nine council members. All council members may be elected at large, or some may be elected by wards; they may be partisan or nonpartisan, and serve four-year concurrent or staggered terms. There may be up to ten administrative departments. As in all Faulkner Act municipalities, citizens in the mayor–council system enjoy the right of initiative and referendum , meaning that proposed ordinances can be introduced directly by the people without action by the local governing body. This right is exercised by preparing a conforming petition signed by 10% of the registered voters who turned out in the last General Assembly election. Once the petition is submitted, the local governing body can vote to pass the requested ordinance, and if it refuses, it is then submitted directly to the voters. The following municipalities have adopted mayor–council system under the Faulkner Act
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Mayor
In many countries, a MAYOR (/ˈmɛər/ or /ˈmeɪər/ , from the Latin
Latin
_maior_ , meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town . Worldwide, there is a wide variance in local laws and customs regarding the powers and responsibilities of a mayor as well as the means by which a mayor is elected or otherwise mandated. Depending on the system chosen, a mayor may be the chief executive officer of the municipal government, may simply chair a multi-member governing body with little or no independent power, or may play a solely ceremonial role. Options for selection of a mayor include direct election by the public, or selection by an elected governing council or board
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Democratic Party (united States)
The DEMOCRATIC PARTY is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States
United States
, along with the Republican Party . Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
and James Madison
James Madison
's Democratic-Republican Party , the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
, making it the world's oldest active party. The Democrats' dominant worldview was once social conservativism and economic liberalism , while—especially in the rural South —populism was its leading characteristic. In 1912 , Theodore Roosevelt ran as a third-party candidate in the Progressive ("Bull Moose") Party , leading to a switch of political platforms between the Democratic and Republican Party and Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
being elected as the first fiscally progressive Democrat. Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has also promoted a social-liberal platform, supporting social justice . Today, the House Democratic caucus is composed mostly of progressives and centrists , with a smaller minority of conservative Democrats . The party's philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality , along with the welfare state . It seeks to provide government intervention and regulation in the economy
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City Manager
A CITY MANAGER is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council–manager form of city government. Local officials serving in this position are sometimes referred to as the chief executive officer (CEO) or chief administrative officer (CAO) in some municipalities. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Responsibilities * 4 Profile * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 Further reading * 8 External links DESCRIPTION Dayton, Ohio
Dayton, Ohio
suffered a great flood in 1913, and responded with the innovation of a paid, non-political city manager, hired by the commissioners to run the bureaucracy; civil engineers were especially preferred. Other small or middle sized American cities, especially in the West, adopted the idea. In Europe, smaller cities in the Netherlands were specially attracted by the plan. By 1940 there were small cities with city managers that grew enormously by the end of the century: Austin, Texas; Charlotte, North Carolina; Dallas, Texas; Dayton, Ohio; Rochester, New York; and San Diego, California. In a technical sense, the term "city manager," as opposed to CAO, implies more discretion and independent authority that is set forth in a charter or some other body of codified law , as opposed to duties being assigned on a varying basis by a single superior such as a mayor. HISTORY Municipal government diagram
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Municipal Clerk
A CLERK is a senior official of many municipal governments in the English-speaking world. In some communities, the position is elected, but in many others, the clerk is appointed to their post. In almost all cases, the actual title of the clerk reflects the type of municipality he or she works for, thus, instead of simply being known as the clerk, the position is generally referred to as the TOWN CLERK, TOWNSHIP CLERK, CITY CLERK, VILLAGE CLERK, BOROUGH CLERK, BOARD SECRETARY, or COUNTY CLERK. Other titles also exist. The office has existed for centuries, though in some places it is now being merged with other positions. The duties of a municipal clerk vary even more than their titles. Particularly in the United States, it is difficult to fully describe a clerk's duties, because there are hundreds of different jobs a clerk may fulfill. In some U.S. states, there are provisions in the state constitutions delineating the clerk's duties, but in other states, each municipality decides for itself what role the clerk plays, or even, if there need be a clerk at all
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