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Moksha (jainism)
Sanskrit
Sanskrit
moksha or Prakrit
Prakrit
mokkha refers to the liberation or salvation of a soul from saṃsāra, the cycle of birth and death. It is a blissful state of existence of a soul, attained after the destruction of all karmic bonds. A liberated soul is said to have attained its true and pristine nature of infinite bliss, infinite knowledge and infinite perception. Such a soul is called siddha and is revered in Jainism. In Jainism, moksha is the highest and the noblest objective that a soul should strive to achieve. In fact, it is the only objective that a person should have; other objectives are contrary to the true nature of soul. With the right view, knowledge and efforts all souls can attain this state
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Moksha (other)
Moksha
Moksha
is a notion in Hinduism and Jainism. Moksha
Moksha
may also refer to:Moksa (Jainism), means liberation, salvation or emancipation of soul Moksha
Moksha
River The Moksha
Moksha
people or Mordvin-Moksha, an ethnic group belonging to the Volgaic branch of the Finnic peoples.their Moksha
Moksha
language, one of Finno-Volgaic languagesMoksha, a drug similar to psilocybin used by the Palanese in Aldous Huxley's Island Moksha
Moksha
(2001 film), a Bollywood film Moksha
Moksha
(2011 film), a Telugu-language film Moksha
Moksha
(festival), the annual inter-college cultural festival of the Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology (NSIT), Delhi moksha (with lower-case "m", also called "Jehannum"), is the name given to one of the three Ravers in Stephen R
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Dharma (Jainism)
Dharma
Dharma
(/ˈdɑːrmə/;[8] Sanskrit: धर्म, translit. dharma, pronounced [dʱəɾmə] ( listen); Pali: धम्म, translit. dhamma, translit
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Diwali
Diwali
Diwali
or Deepavali is the Hindu
Hindu
festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).[4][5] It is an official holiday in Fiji, Guyana, India,[6] Malaysia, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago
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Siddhasena
Siddhasēna Divākara (Jain Prakrit: सिद्दसेन दिवाकर) was an Digambara
Digambara
monk in the fifth century CE who wrote works on Jain philosophy
Jain philosophy
and epistemology.[1] He was like the illuminating lamp of the Jain order and therefore came to be known as Divākara "Lamp-Maker". He is credited with the authorship of many books, most of which are not available. Sanmatitarka (‘The Logic of the True Doctrine’) is the first major Jain work on logic written in Sanskrit.[2][3]Contents1 Life 2 Thought 3 Works 4 Notes 5 ReferencesLife[edit] Siddhasena
Siddhasena
Divakara is said to have lived from 500 CE to 610 CE. He was a Brahmin by birth and a scholar. He was initiated by Acharya Vruddhavadi.[4] According to the tradition, Siddhasena
Siddhasena
Divakara once planned to translate all the Jaina works from prakrit to Sanskrit
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Samantabhadra (Jain Monk)
Samantabhadra was a Digambara
Digambara
acharya (head of the monastic order) who lived about the later part of the second century CE[1][2] He was a proponent of the Jaina doctrine of Anekantavada. The Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra is the most popular work of Samantabhadra. Samantabhadra lived after Umaswami
Umaswami
but before Pujyapada.Contents1 Life 2 Thought 3 Works 4 Praise 5 References 6 SourcesLife[edit] Samantabhadra is said to have lived from 150 CE to 250 CE. He was from southern India during the time of Chola dynasty. He was a poet, logician, eulogist and an accomplished linguist.[3] He is credited with spreading Jainism
Jainism
in southern India.[4] Samantabhadra, in his early stage of asceticism, was attacked with a disease known as bhasmaka (the condition of insatiable hunger).[5] As, digambara monks don't eat more than once in a day, he endured great pain
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Haribhadra
Haribhadra
Haribhadra
Suri was a Svetambara
Svetambara
mendicant Jain leader and author. There are multiple contradictory dates assigned to his birth. According to tradition, he lived c. 459–529 CE. However, in 1919, a Jain monk named Jinavijayi pointed out that given his familiarity with Dharmakirti, a more likely choice would be sometime after 650.[1] In his writings, Haribhadra
Haribhadra
identifies himself as a student of Jinabhadra and Jinadatta of the Vidyadhara Kula. There are several, somewhat contradictory, accounts of his life
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Yashovijaya
Yashovijaya
Yashovijaya
(IAST: Yaśovijaya, 1624–1688), a seventeenth-century Jain philosopher-monk, was a notable Indian philosopher and logician. He was a thinker, prolific writer and commentator who had a strong and lasting influence on Jainism.[1] He was a disciple of Muni Nayavijaya in the lineage of Jain monk Hiravijaya
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Śvētāmbara
The Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
(/ʃwɛˈtʌmbərə/; Sanskrit: श्वेतांबर or श्वेतपट śvētapaṭa; also spelled Svetambar, Shvetambara, Shvetambar, Swetambar or Shwetambar) is one of the two main branches of Jainism, the other being the Digambara. Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
"white-clad" is a term describing its ascetics' practice of wearing white clothes, which sets it apart from the Digambara
Digambara
"sky-clad" Jainas, whose ascetic practitioners go naked. Śvētāmbaras, unlike Digambaras, do not believe that ascetics must practice nudity.[1] Śvētāmbaras also believe that women are able to obtain moksha. Śvētāmbaras maintain that the 19th Tirthankara, Māllīnātha, was a woman.Contents1 History 2 Denominations 3 See also 4 Notes 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] The Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
tradition follows the lineage of Sthulabhadra
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Pravachanasara
Pravachanasara, is a text composed by Jain monk, Kundakunda, in about the mid-second century BC. It means "Essence of Scriptures" or "Essence of Sermons" or "Essence of Doctrine". In the text, Kundakunda shows how the correct understanding of the duality of self and others leads to that defining characteristic of Digambara
Digambara
mendicant praxis, nudity.[2] It consists of three chapters and 275 verses. First chapter consists of 92 verses and it describes attributes of Supreme Beings and outlines the first steps in the process of transforming oneself into a Supreme Being. Second chapter consists of 108 verses and it describes laws of interaction between space, time particles, elementary matter particles, compound matter particles, motion and souls in the Cosmos
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Dravyasamgraha
Dravyasaṃgraha (Devnagari: द्रव्यसंग्रह) (Compendium of substances) is a 10th-century Jain text
Jain text
in Jain Sauraseni Prakrit
Prakrit
by Acharya Nemicandra
Nemicandra
belonging to the Digambara Jain
Jain
tradition. It is a composition of 58 gathas (verses) giving an exposition of the six dravyas (substances) that characterize the Jain view of the world: sentient (jīva), non-sentient (pudgala), principle of motion (dharma), principle of rest (adharma), space (ākāśa) and time (kāla).[1] It is one of the most important Jain
Jain
works and has gained widespread popularity
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Jain Cosmology
Jain cosmology
Jain cosmology
is the description of the shape and functioning of the Universe
Universe
(loka) and its constituents (such as living beings, matter, space, time etc.) according to Jainism. Jain cosmology
Jain cosmology
considers the universe, as an uncreated entity, existing since infinity, having neither beginning nor end.[1] Jain texts describe the shape of the universe as similar to a man standing with legs apart and arm resting on his waist
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Jain Flag
The flag of Jainism
Jainism
has five colours: orange or red, yellow, white, green and black or dark blue. These five colours represent the Pañca-Parameṣṭhi
Pañca-Parameṣṭhi
(five supreme beings). It also represents the five main vows, small as well as great.Contents1 Overview1.1 Colours 1.2 Swastika 1.3 Three Dots 1.4 Siddhashila
Siddhashila
Chakra2 Photo gallery 3 See also 4 ReferencesOverview[edit] Colours[edit] These five colours represent the "Pañca-Parameṣṭhi" and the five vows, small as well as great:[1]White - represents the arihants, souls who have conquered all passions (anger, attachments, aversion) and have attained omniscience and eternal bliss through self-realization. It also denotes peace or ahimsa (nonviolence). Red - represents the siddha, souls that have attained salvation and truth. It also denotes truthfulness (satya). Yellow - represents the acharya the Masters of Adepts
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Jain Symbols
Jain symbols
Jain symbols
are symbols based on the Jain philosophy.Contents1 Swastika 2 Symbol
Symbol
of Ahimsa 3 Jain emblem3.1 Fundamental concepts 3.2 Usage4 Jain flag 5 Om 6 Ashtamangala6.1 Other symbols7 Photo gallery 8 See also 9 Notes 10 ReferencesSwastika[edit] Main article: Swastika The swastika is an important Jain symbol. The four arms of the swastika symbolize the four states of existence as per Jainism:[1][2]Heavenly beings (devas encantadia") Human Benefits Hellish being Tiryancha (subhuman like flora or fauna)It represents the perpetual nature of the universe in the material world, where a creature is destined to one of those states based on their karma
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Jain Schools And Branches
Jainism
Jainism
is an Indian religion which is traditionally believed to be propagated by twenty-four spiritual teachers known as tirthankara. Broadly, Jainism
Jainism
is divided into two major sects, Digambara
Digambara
and Svetambara. These are further divided into different sub-sects and traditions. While there are differences in practices, the core philosophy and main principles of each sect is same.Contents1 Schism 2 Digambara2.1 Monastic orders3 Svetambara3.1 Svetambara
Svetambara
sub-sects3.1.1 Sthanakavasi 3.1.2 Murtipujaka 3.1.3 Terapanth4 Others 5 Yapaniya 6 References6.1 Citations 6.2 SourcesSchism[edit] See also: Schism
Schism
and Sect Traditionally, the original doctrine of Jainism
Jainism
was contained in scriptures called Purva. There were fourteen Purva
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Timeline Of Jainism
Jainism
Jainism
is an ancient Indian religion
Indian religion
belonging to the śramaṇa tradition. It prescribes ahimsa (non-violence) towards all living beings to the greatest possible extent. The three main teachings of Jainism
Jainism
are ahimsa, anekantavada (non-absolutism), aparigraha (non-possessiveness). Followers of Jainism
Jainism
take five main vows: ahimsa, satya (not lying), asteya (non stealing), brahmacharya (chastity), and aparigraha. Monks follow them completely whereas śrāvakas (householders) observe them partially
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