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Mohammed Ali Tewfik
Prince Mohammed Ali Tewfik
Mohammed Ali Tewfik
(Arabic: محمد علي توفيق‎) (November 9, 1875 - March 18, 1955) was the heir presumptive of Egypt and Sudan
Sudan
from 1892-1899 and 1936-1952.Contents1 Regent 2 Manial Palace museum 3 Arabian Horses 4 Marriage 5 Honours 6 Descendants 7 ReferencesRegent[edit] He was the son of Khedive
Khedive
Tewfik I and Emina Ilhamy, and the younger brother of Khedive
Khedive
Abbas II. He had prepared himself for ruling Egypt and Sudan
Sudan
for many years, and in his palace there was a throne room. He was once the President of the Mohammed Ali Club, a social club for the royal, wealthy, and famous people of Egypt
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Arabic Language
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎) al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah] ( listen) or (Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎) ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː] ( listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[4] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic
Arabic
is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form (Modern Standard Arabic) [5]. The modern written language (Modern Standard Arabic) is derived from Classical Arabic
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Bezmiâlem
Bezmiâlem Sultan (fully Devletlu İsmetlu Bezmiâlem Valide Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-Şân Hazretleri; 1807 – 2 May 1853) (Bezm-î Âlem or Bazim-î Âlam, meaning "feast of the world") was the second wife of Ottoman Sultan Mahmut II, and the mother of Sultan Abdülmecit I of the Ottoman Empire.Contents1 Origin 2 Life 3 See also 4 ReferencesOrigin[edit]Dolmabahçe Mosque of Bezm-î Âlem Valide Sultan.Majority of sources note that she was a Georgian whose birthname was unknown.[1][2] She was educated by Esma Sultan, a sister of Mahmut II.[3] Life[edit] She is said to have been buxom and a bath attendant before entering the imperial harem.[1][2] She had a beautiful face and extraordinary white and beautiful hands.[4] She was married to Sultan Mahmud II in 1822
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Hoshiar Kadinefendi
Hoshiar Kadinefendi
Hoshiar Kadinefendi
(Arabic: خوشيار قادن افندی‎, Turkish: Hoşyar Kadınefendi; c. 1813 – 21 June 1886) was a consort to Ibrahim Pasha and was Walida Pasha to their son Isma'il Pasha. She was the younger sister of Pertevniyal Sultan, the Valide Sultan, or Queen mother, to Ottoman Sultan Abdülaziz
Abdülaziz
I, and Abdülaziz's aunt.Contents1 Biography 2 Titles and styles 3 Honours 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External linksBiography[edit] Hoshiar Kadinefendi
Hoshiar Kadinefendi
was a Circassian[1] concubine of Ibrahim Pasha. On 31 December 1830 she gave birth to Isma'il Pasha
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Tusun Pasha
Tusun Pasha (1794–28 September 1816) — (Turkish: Tosun Paşa, Ahmet Tosun Paşa, Ottoman Turkish: طوسون پاشا‎, Arabic: طوسون باشا‎) — was the son of Muhammad Ali Pasha, wali of Egypt
Egypt
between 1805-1849.Contents1 Life 2 Legacy 3 In popular culture 4 See also 5 ReferencesLife[edit]This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)Though not as well known as Muhammad Ali's other son Ibrahim Pasha, Tusun Pasha did nevertheless attain some historical significance in the Ottoman–Saudi War, having led in 1811 the successful military campaign of the Egyptian army in the Arabian Peninsula
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Abbas I Of Egypt
Abbas may refer to:Contents1 Places1.1 Azerbaijan 1.2 Iraq 1.3 England 1.4 Iran1.4.1 Khuzestan Province 1.4.2 Lorestan Province2 People 3 See alsoPlaces[edit] Abbas is Medieval Latin for "abbot", and is an element in a number of place names in England
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Damad Prince Ibrahim Ilhamy Pasha
Damad Prince Ibrahim Ilhami Pasha (3 January 1836 in Cairo – 9 September 1860 at Bebek Palace in Istanbul), was the only surviving son of Abbas I of Egypt and his wife Mahvash Khanum Effendi (Turkish: Mahveş Hanımefendi). When he was thirteen years of age Ibrahim was circumcised in 1849. In March 1854, a messenger from Istanbul announced the betrothal of Münire Sultan
Münire Sultan
to Prince Ibrahim Ilhamy Pasha. Large public celebrations were proclaimed and the viceroy was reported to be highly pleased with the news
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Mahmud II
Mahmud II
Mahmud II
(Ottoman Turkish: محمود ثانى Mahmud-u sānī, محمود عدلى Mahmud-u Âdlî) (Turkish: İkinci Mahmut) (20 July 1785 – 1 July 1839) was the 30th Sultan
Sultan
of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839. His reign is recognized for the extensive administrative, military, and fiscal reforms he instituted, which culminated into the Decree of Tanzimat
Tanzimat
("reorganization") that was carried out by his sons Abdulmejid I
Abdulmejid I
and Abdülaziz. Often described as " Peter the Great
Peter the Great
of Turkey",[1] Mahmud's reforms included the 1826 abolition of the conservative Janissary
Janissary
corps, which removed a major obstacle to his and his successors' reforms in the Empire
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Abdülmecid I
Abdülmecid I (Ottoman Turkish: عبد المجيد اول ‘Abdü’l-Mecīd-i evvel; 23/25 April 1823 – 25 June 1861), also known as Abdulmejid and similar spellings, was the 31st Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and succeeded his father Mahmud II
Mahmud II
on 2 July 1839.[3] His reign was notable for the rise of nationalist movements within the empire's territories. Abdulmejid wanted to encourage Ottomanism
Ottomanism
among the secessionist subject nations and stop the rise of nationalist movements within the empire, but failed to succeed despite trying to integrate non- Muslims
Muslims
and non-Turks more thoroughly into Ottoman society with new laws and reforms. He tried to forge alliances with the major powers of Western Europe, namely the United Kingdom and France, who fought alongside the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
in the Crimean War against Russia
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Valide Sultan
Valide sultan
Valide sultan
(Ottoman Turkish: والده سلطان‎, lit. "mother sultan") was the title held by the "legal mother" of a ruling Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. The title was first used in the 16th century for Hafsa Sultan, consort of Selim I
Selim I
and mother of Suleiman the Magnificent, superseding the previous title of mehd-i ulya ("cradle of the great").[1] Normally, this title was held by the living mother of a reigning sultan. The mothers who died before their sons' accession to the throne were never bestowed with the title of Valide Sultan. In special cases, there were grandmothers and stepmothers of a reigning sultan who assumed the title Valide Sultan.Contents1 Term 2 Role and position 3 List of Valide Sultans3.1 Exceptional cases4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External linksTerm[edit] The word valide (والده) literally means "mother" in Ottoman Turkish
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Ibrahim Pasha Of Egypt
Wāli
Wāli
of Egypt, Sudan, Syria
Syria
(incl
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Münire Sultan (daughter Of Abdulmejid I)
Münire Sultan
Münire Sultan
(Ottoman Turkish: منیرہ سلطان‎; 9 December 1844 – 29 June 1862) was an Ottoman princess, daughter of Sultan Abdulmejid I
Abdulmejid I
and his wife Verdicenan Kadın.Contents1 Life 2 Death 3 References 4 SourcesLife[edit] Münire Sultan
Münire Sultan
was born on 9 December 1844 at the Topkapı Palace. Her mother was Verdicenan Kadın,[1] the daughter of Kaytuk Giorgi Bey Achba and Yelizaveta Hanım. She was the ninth daughter of her father and first child of her mother. She was the full sister of Șehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin. In March 1854, a messenger from Istanbul
Istanbul
announced the betrothal of Münire Sultan
Münire Sultan
to Damat Prince Ibrahim al-Hami, son of Abbas I of Egypt and his wife Mahivash Khanum
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Verdicenan Kadın
Verdicenan Kadın
Verdicenan Kadın
(Ottoman Turkish: ورد جنان قادين‎;[1] c. 1830 – 9 December 1889) was a consort of Sultan Abdülmecid I of the Ottoman Empire.[2][3]Contents1 Early life 2 Marriage 3 Last years and death 4 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Verdicenan Kadın
Verdicenan Kadın
was born in the Anchabadze family, in Sukhumi, Abkhazia. Her personal name was Saliha.[4] Her father was Kaytuk Giorgi Bey Achba (1793–1848) and her mother was Yelizaveta Hanım (1795–1843).[4][5][6] She had two brothers, Islam Bey and Ahmet Bey, and two sisters, Peremrüz Hanım and Embruvaz Hanım. She was the paternal grandaunt of Pesend Hanım, consort of Sultan Abdul Hamid II.[5] Marriage[edit] In 1843 Saliha left her city of birth and arrived at Istanbul. In 1844, Saliha, married for a political alliance, Abdülmecid at the Old Çırağan Palace, Istanbul
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Abbas Helmi I Of Egypt
Wāli
Wāli
of Egypt
Egypt
and SudanReign 10 November 1848 – 2 August 1849 (as Regent
Regent
of Egypt
Egypt
and Sudan) 2 August 1849 – 13 July 1854 (as Wāli
Wāli
of Egypt
Egypt
and Sudan)[1][2]Predecessor Ibrahim PashaSuccessor Sa'id PashaBorn 1 July 1812 Jeddah, HejazDied 13 July 1854(1854-07-13) (aged 42) Banha, EgyptWivesMahiveş Şazdil Havaya Handan PerlanetIssue Damad Prince Ibrahim Ilhamy Pasha Mustafa Havva Mehmed Sadık Ayşe SıdıkaArabic عباس حلمي الأولDynasty Muhammad Ali DynastyFather Tusun PashaMother Pembe KadınReligion IslamAbbas Helmy I of Egypt
Egypt
(also known as Abbas Pasha, Arabic: عباس الأول‎, Turkish: I
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Sa'id Of Egypt
Wāli
Wāli
of Egypt
Egypt
and SudanReign 1854 - 1863Predecessor Abbas ISuccessor Isma'il PashaBorn 17 March 1822 Cairo, EgyptDied 17 January 1863 (aged 40) Cairo, EgyptSpouse Inji Hanimefendi Melekber HanimefendiDynasty Muhammad Ali DynastyFather Muhammad Ali PashaReligion IslamMuhammad Sa'id Pasha (Arabic: محمد سعيد باشا‎, Turkish: Mehmed Said Paşa, March 17, 1822 – January 17, 1863) was the Wāli of Egypt
Egypt
and Sudan
Sudan
from 1854 until 1863, officially owing fealty to the Ottoman Sultan
Ottoman Sultan
but in practice exercising virtual independence. He was the fourth son of Muhammad Ali Pasha. Sa'id was a Francophone, educated in Paris. Under Sa'id's rule there were several law, land and tax reforms. Some modernization of Egyptian and Sudanese infrastructure also occurred using western loans
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Hussein Kamel Of Egypt
Sultan of Egypt
Sultan of Egypt
and SudanHussein Kamel wearing a traditional tarboosh.Reign 19 December 1914 – 9 October 1917Predecessor Abbas Hilmi II ( Khedive
Khedive

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