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Mohamed Siad Barre
Mohamed Siad Barre
Siad Barre
(Somali: Maxamed Siyaad Barre; Arabic: محمد سياد بري‎; October 6, 1919 – January 2, 1995[3]) was the President of the Somali Democratic Republic
Somali Democratic Republic
from 1969 to 1991. During his rule, he styled himself as Jaalle Siyaad ("Comrade Siad").[note 1][citation needed] The Barre-led military junta that came to power after a coup d'état in 1969 said it would adapt scientific socialism to the needs of Somalia. Volunteer labour harvested and planted crops and built roads, hospitals and universities. Almost all industry, banks and businesses were nationalised, and cooperative farms were promoted. A new writing system for the Somali language
Somali language
was also adopted
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Major General
Major
Major
general (abbreviated MG,[1] Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparently confusing phenomenon whereby a lieutenant general outranks a major general. (Although a major outranks a lieutenant, a lieutenant outranks a sergeant-major). In the Commonwealth
Commonwealth
and the United States, it is a division commander's rank subordinate to the rank of lieutenant general and senior to the ranks of brigadier and brigadier general
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Luuq
 SomaliaJubalandRegion GedoDistrict LuuqPopulation • Total 134.000Time zone EAT (UTC+3) Luuq
Luuq
(Somali: Luuq, Arabic: لوق‎) is a town in the southwestern Gedo
Gedo
province of Somalia. It is one of the older settlements in the area. It is the seat of the Luuq
Luuq
District. The town is located in a bend of the Juba River, where the watercourse flows down from north to south in a horseshoe shape. Luuq
Luuq
is also known as Luuq
Luuq
Ganaane.Contents1 Overview 2 Demographics 3 Climate 4 Notes 5 ReferencesOverview[edit] The name Luuq
Luuq
in the Somali language
Somali language
means "alley" by virtue of the city's geographical setting
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Somali Alphabet
A number of writing systems have been used over the years to transcribe the Somali language. Of these, the Somali Latin alphabet
Somali Latin alphabet
is the most widely used. It has been the official writing script in Somalia since the Supreme Revolutionary Council formally introduced it in October 1972, and was disseminated through a nationwide rural literacy campaign.[1] Prior to the twentieth century, the Arabic script was used for writing Somali
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Marehan
The Marehan
Marehan
(Somali: Mareexaan, Arabic: مريحان‎, Marehan
Marehan
bin Ahmed bin Abdirahman bin Is'mail bin Ibrahim al Jaberti) are a Somali clan. They are one of the major Darod
Darod
sub-clans, forming a part of the Sade confederation of clans. The majority of the Marehan
Marehan
live in the Gedo
Gedo
region (gobolka) in southwestern Somalia, as well as the Galguduud
Galguduud
and Mudug
Mudug
regions in central Somalia, the Ogaden
Ogaden
region of Ethiopia, and the North Eastern Province of Kenya.Contents1 History1.1 Myrrh2 Clan tree 3 ReferencesHistory One of the earliest mentions of this Somali clan
Somali clan
may be by the Jesuit Jerónimo Lobo, who attempted to enter Ethiopia
Ethiopia
by way of the Jubba River in 1624
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Ogaden
Ogaden
Ogaden
(pronounced and often spelled Ogadēn; Somali: Ogaadeen) is the unofficial name of the Somali Region, the territory comprising the eastern portion of Ethiopia. The inhabitants are predominantly ethnic Somalis. The title "Ogaden" is often preferred by the international communities. The region, which is around 200,000 square kilometres, borders Djibouti, Somalia
Somalia
and Kenya.[1] Important towns include Jijiga, Degahbur, Gode, Kebri Dahar, Fiq, Shilabo, Kelafo, Werder and Danan. The Ogaden
Ogaden
is a plateau, with an elevation above sea level that ranges from 1,500 metres in the northwest, falling to about 300 metres along the southern limits and the Wabi Shebelle valley. The areas with altitudes between 1,400 and 1,600 metres are characterised as semi-arid; receiving as much as 500–600 mm of rainfall annually
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Son-in-law
In law and in cultural anthropology, affinity, as distinguished from consanguinity (blood relationship), is the kinship relationship that is created or exists between two or more people as a result of someone's marriage. It is the relationship which each party to a marriage has to the relations of the other partner to the marriage; but does not cover the marital relationship of the parties to the marriage themselves. Though laws vary considerably, affinity does not always cease with the death of one of the marriage partners through whom affinity is traced, nor with the divorce of the marriage partners. In addition to kinship by marriage, "affinity" can sometimes also include kinship by adoption and step relationship. Under the law, such relatives by marriage are known as affines
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National Security Service (Somalia)
The National Security Service (NSS) was the primary intelligence agency of Somalia
Somalia
under the government of Siad Barre. Headquartered in Mogadishu, it existed from 1970 to 1990, when it was formally abolished
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Darod
The Darod
Darod
(Somali: Daarood, Arabic: دارود‎) is a Somali clan. The forefather of this clan was Abdirahman bin Isma'il al-Jabarti, more commonly known as Darood. The Darod
Darod
clan is the largest Somali clan in the Horn of Africa, with wide a traditional territory.[1] The Darod
Darod
in Somalia
Somalia
mainly live in the northeastern Puntland
Puntland
region, with an ancillary presence in pockets of southern Somalia
Somalia
in the Jubbaland
Jubbaland
and southwestern Gedo
Gedo
region
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Shilavo
Shilavo
Shilavo
(Somali: Shilaabo; also spelled "Scilave", "Shelabo") is a town of the Ethiopian part of the Ogaden. Located in the Korahe Zone of the Somali Region, the town has a latitude and longitude of 6°06′N 44°46′E / 6.100°N 44.767°E / 6.100; 44.767Coordinates: 6°06′N 44°46′E / 6.100°N 44.767°E / 6.100; 44.767 with an elevation of 395 meters above sea level. it is the administrative center of Shilavo
Shilavo
woreda. History[edit] Dr G. Agge passed through the area in the 1930s, and later wrote that he encountered groves of acacia trees around a spring of brackish and sulphurous water. Some ten years previous to his arrival, there had been a fight between Somali and Italian soldiers, and bones of the dead could be seen in the grass
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Somali Region
The Ethiopian Somali State (Somali: Dawlada Deegaanka Soomaalida Itoobiya, Arabic: الدولة الاثيوبية المنطقة الصومالية‎) is the easternmost of the nine ethnic divisions (kililoch) of Ethiopia. The state borders the Ethiopian states of Afar, Dire Dawa
Dire Dawa
(Diridhawa), Oromia to the west, as well as Djibouti to the north, Somalia
Somalia
to the north, east and south, and Kenya
Kenya
to the south-west. Jigjiga
Jigjiga
has been the capital of the Somali Regional State. The capital had been Gode
Gode
since 1994
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Ethiopia
Coordinates: 8°N 38°E / 8°N 38°E / 8; 38Federal Democratic Republic
Republic
of Ethiopia የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī RīpebilīkFlagEmblemAnthem:  ወደፊት ገስግሺ፣ ውድ እናት ኢትዮጵያ March Forward, Dear Mother EthiopiaCapital and largest city Addis Ababa 9°1′N 38°45′E / 9.017°N 38.750°E / 9.017; 38.750Official languages
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Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
Somaliland
(Italian: Somalia
Somalia
italiana, Arabic: الصومال الإيطالي‎ Al-Sumal Al-Italiy, Somali: Dhulka Talyaaniga ee Soomaaliya), also known as Italian Somalia, was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
in present-day northeastern, central and southern Somalia. Ruled in the 19th century by the Somali Majeerteen Sultanate and the Sultanate of Hobyo, the territory was later acquired in the 1880s by Italy
Italy
through various treaties.[1] In 1936, the region was integrated into Italian East Africa
Italian East Africa
as part of the Italian Empire
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President Of Somalia
The President of Somalia
Somalia
(Somali: Madaxaweynaha Soomaaliya) is the head of state of Somalia. The President is also commander-in-chief of the Somali Armed Forces. The President represents the Federal Republic of Somalia, and the unity of the Somali nation, as well as ensuring the implementation of the Constitution of Somalia
Somalia
and the organized and harmonious functioning of the organs of state.[2] The office of President of Somalia
Somalia
was established with the proclamation of the Republic of Somalia
Somalia
on 1 July 1960
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Garbahaareey
Garbahare
Garbahare
(also: Garbaharrey, Garbahaarrey or Garbahaareey) (Arabic: جربهاري‎) is the capital of Gedo, an administrative region in southern Somalia.Contents1 History 2 Population 3 Commerce 4 Insecurity of the 1990s 5 Governance 6 New leadership in the 21st century 7 Future of the regional administration 8 Gedo
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Zaptié
Zaptié
Zaptié
was the designation given to locally raised gendarmerie units in the Italian colonies of Tripolitania, Cyrenaica, Eritrea
Eritrea
and Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
between 1889 and 1942. Contents1 Origins and duties 2 Attire, weaponry and ranks 3 Campaigns 4 See also 5 Notes 6 ReferencesOrigins and duties[edit] The word "zaptié" is derived from the Turkish zapiteh; a term which was used to refer to both the Ottoman Empire's gendarmerie prior to 1923, and to the Turkish personnel recruited for the Cyprus Military Police during the period of British rule on the island. The Italian colonial governments in the territories listed above modelled the various zaptié constabulary forces on Italy's own carabinieri
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