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Mitsubishi Lancer WRC
The MITSUBISHI LANCER WRC is a World Rally Car
World Rally Car
built by Ralliart
Ralliart
, Mitsubishi Motors ' motorsport division, to compete in the World Rally Championship . The previous Lancer Evolution series were homologated for the Group A class, and their competitiveness against World Rally Cars from other manufacturers was therefore limited. CONTENTS * 1 WRC * 2 WRC2 * 3 WRC04 * 4 WRC05 * 5 External links WRCThe LANCER EVOLUTION WRC is powered by the same 1996 cc 4G63 engine that has been used in its sports and rally cars since the 1980s, in this iteration producing 300 PS (221 kW ) at 5500 rpm and 540 N·m (398 lb·ft ) at 3500 rpm. The car debuted at the 2001 Rallye San Remo, after a relatively short development ( Ralliart
Ralliart
couldn't introduce the Lancer WRC later because of a contract they made with the FIA in 1999, which allowed them to run the old specification Lancers). Despite calling it Lancer, it was based on its sister-model Cedia . The WRC rules allowed more freedom in most areas of the car, therefore the engineers were able to make changes to the car they couldn't do to the older Group A Lancers
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Mitsubishi Motors
Carlos Ghosn ( Chairman ) Osamu Masuko (President LINE-HEIGHT:1.2EM;">NET INCOME ¥118.170 billion (2015) OWNER Nissan
Nissan
(34%) Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
(20%) NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 30,498 (2015) SUBSIDIARIES List * TRANSPORTATION: Soueast
Soueast
Hunan Changfeng Motor Ralliart ENGINES: Harbin Dongan Automotive Engine Manufacturing SPORTS: Urawa Red Diamonds Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Mizushima INTERNATIONAL: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Australia Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Europe Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors North America Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Philippines
Philippines
(51%) Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors (Thailand) WEBSITE www.mitsubishi-motors.comMITSUBISHI MOTORS CORPORATION (Japanese : 三菱自動車工業株式会社, Hepburn : _ Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Jidōsha Kōgyō KK _, IPA: ) is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Minato, Tokyo , Japan. In 2011, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors was the sixth biggest Japanese automaker and the sixteenth biggest worldwide by production
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Ralliart
RALLIART was the high-performance and motorsports division of Mitsubishi Motors . It was responsible for development and preparation of the company's rally racing and off-road racing vehicles, as well as the development of high-performance models and parts available to the public. Ralliart
Ralliart
scaled down its business activities in April 2010, though the brand will continue to be used by Mitsubishi. Many regional licensees were set up previously. Ralliart
Ralliart
Europe was established as Andrew Cowan Motorsports
Motorsports
(ACMS) Ltd in 1983 by Andrew Cowan , a driver with the Mitsubishi team who had scored their first international victory in 1972 at the Southern Cross Rally . His team mate at the same event in 1975 and '76, Doug Stewart , set-up Ralliart Australia
Australia
as the official regional licensee in 1988, after 22 years of experience with the company's cars. The two have subsequently served as operational bases for Mitsubishi's global motorsport activities, and were responsible for MMC's record of achievement in off-road racing , including the 1998 Manufacturers\' Championship in the World Rally Championship , four individual Drivers\' Championships for Tommi Mäkinen in 1996–99, and a record twelve wins in the Dakar Rally since 1982
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Car Classification
Governments and private organizations have developed CAR CLASSIFICATION schemes that are used for innumerable purposes including regulation, description and categorization, among others. This article details commonly used classification schemes in use worldwide
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World Rally Car
WORLD RALLY CAR is a racing automobile built to the specification set by the FIA , the international motorsports governing body and compete in the outright class of the World Rally Championship (WRC) . The WRC specifications were introduced by the FIA in 1997. CONTENTS* 1 Regulations * 1.1 1997–2010 * 1.2 2011–2016 * 1.3 2017 * 2 Cars * 3 References * 4 External links REGULATIONS1997–2010 A Subaru
Subaru
Impreza WRC2006 being prepared by Prodrive
Prodrive
Between 1997 and 2010, the regulations mandated that World Rally Cars must have been built upon a production car with a minimum production run of 2500 units. A number of modifications could be made including increasing the engine displacement up to 2.0L, forced induction (including an anti-lag system ), addition of four wheel drive , fitment of a sequential gearbox , modified suspension layout and attachment points, aerodynamic body modifications, weight reduction to a minimum of 1230 kg and chassis strengthening for greater rigidity. Unlike the requirements for the preceding Group A
Group A
cars, manufacturers were no longer required to build "homologation specials" in order to meet approval
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Sedan (car)
A SEDAN /sᵻˈdæn/ (American , Canadian , Australian , and New Zealand English ) or SALOON (British , Irish and Indian English
Indian English
) is a passenger car in a three-box configuration with A, B max-width:224px"> 1962 Rambler Classic
Rambler Classic
2- and 4-door sedans The primary purpose of the sedan is to transport people and their baggage on ordinary roads. Sedan versions of the automobile body style have a central pillar (B-pillar) that supports the roof and come in two- and four-door versions. Sedans usually have a two-box or three-box body. In the U.S., the term sedan has been used to denote a car with fixed window frames, as opposed to the hardtop style without a "B" pillar and where the sash or window frame, if any, winds down with the glass. Popular in the U.S. from the 1950s through the 1970s, true hardtop body designs have become increasingly rare. The shape and position of the automobile greenhouse on both two- and four-door sedans may be identical, with only the center B-pillar positioned further back to accommodate the longer doors on the two-door versions. For example, 1962 Rambler Classic
Rambler Classic
sedans feature identical windshield, A-pillar, roof, C-pillar, and rear window
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Engine
An ENGINE or MOTOR is a machine designed to convert one form of energy into mechanical energy . Heat engines burn a fuel to create heat , which is then used to create a force . Electric motors convert electrical energy into mechanical motion; pneumatic motors use compressed air and clockwork motors in wind-up toys use elastic energy . In biological systems, molecular motors , like myosins in muscles , use chemical energy to create forces and eventually motion
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Mitsubishi Sirius Engine
The MITSUBISHI SIRIUS or 4G6/4D6 ENGINE is the name of one of Mitsubishi Motors ' four series of inline 4 automobile engines, along with Astron , Orion , and Saturn . The 4G6 are gasoline engines, the 4D6 diesels. CONTENTS* 1 4G61 * 1.1 Performance * 1.2 Applications * 2 4G62 * 2.1 Applications * 2.2 4G62T * 3 4G63 * 3.1 Racing * 3.2 Applications * 3.3 4G63T * 4 4G64 * 4.1 Applications * 5 4D65 * 5.1 Applications * 6 4G67 * 6.1 Applications * 7 4D68 * 7.1 Applications * 8 4G69 * 8.1 Applications * 9 See also * 10 External links * 11 References 4G61The 4G61 displaces 1595 cc (82.3 x 75.0 mm bore/ full length stroke). This engine was always DOHC
DOHC
16-valve and used either Multi-point (MPFI) or Electronic Control (ECFI) fuel injection . A turbocharged version was also produced for the Mirage and Lancer. The 4G61 does not have balance shafts like the other 4G6x motors
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Dohc
OVERHEAD CAMSHAFT, commonly abbreviated to OHC, is a valvetrain configuration which places the camshaft of an internal combustion engine of the reciprocating type within the cylinder heads ('above' the pistons and combustion chambers ) and drives the valves or lifters in a more direct manner compared with overhead valves (OHV) and pushrods. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Single overhead camshaft * 2.1 Alternative SOHC layouts * 3 Dual overhead camshaft * 4 Triple overhead camshaft * 5 Camshaft drive systems * 5.1 Timing belt * 5.2 Timing chain * 5.3 Bevel shaft * 5.4 Gear train * 5.5 Cranks and rods * 6 Variable valve timing * 7 History * 7.1 Early use * 7.2 Aircraft engines * 7.3 Inter-war use * 7.4 Post-war use * 8 See also * 9 References OVERVIEWCompared with OHV pushrod systems with the same number of valves, the reciprocating components of the OHC system are fewer and have a lower overall mass . Though the system that drives the camshafts may be more complex, most engine manufacturers accept that added complexity as a trade-off for better engine performance and greater design flexibility. The fundamental reason for the OHC valvetrain is that it offers an increase in the engine's ability to exchange induction and exhaust gases. (This exchange is sometimes known as 'engine breathing'
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Straight-4
The INLINE-FOUR ENGINE or STRAIGHT-FOUR ENGINE is a type of inline internal combustion four-cylinder engine with all four cylinders mounted in a straight line, or plane along the crankcase . The single bank of cylinders may be oriented in either a vertical or an inclined plane with all the pistons driving a common crankshaft . Where it is inclined, it is sometimes called a SLANT-FOUR. In a specification chart or when an abbreviation is used, an inline-four engine is listed either as I4 or L4 (for _longitudinal_, to avoid confusion between the digit 1 and the letter I). The inline-four layout is in perfect primary balance and confers a degree of mechanical simplicity which makes it popular for economy cars . However, despite its simplicity, it suffers from a secondary imbalance which causes minor vibrations in smaller engines. These vibrations become more powerful as engine size and power increase, so the more powerful engines used in larger cars generally are more complex designs with more than four cylinders. Today almost all manufacturers of four-cylinder engines for automobiles produce the inline-four layout, with Subaru and Porsche 718 flat-four engines being notable exceptions, and so FOUR-CYLINDER is usually synonymous with and a more widely used term than inline-four. The inline-four is the most common engine configuration in modern cars, while the V6 engine is the second most popular
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Turbocharger
A TURBOCHARGER, or colloquially TURBO, is a turbine -driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber. This improvement over a naturally aspirated engine 's power output is due to the fact that the compressor can force more air—and proportionately more fuel—into the combustion chamber than atmospheric pressure (and for that matter, ram air intakes ) alone. Turbochargers were originally known as TURBOSUPERCHARGERS when all forced induction devices were classified as superchargers. Nowadays the term "supercharger " is usually applied only to mechanically driven forced induction devices. The key difference between a turbocharger and a conventional supercharger is that a supercharger is mechanically driven by the engine, often through a belt connected to the crankshaft , whereas a turbocharger is powered by a turbine driven by the engine's exhaust gas . Compared with a mechanically driven supercharger, turbochargers tend to be more efficient, but less responsive. Twincharger refers to an engine with both a supercharger and a turbocharger. Turbochargers are commonly used on truck, car, train, aircraft, and construction equipment engines. They are most often used with Otto cycle and Diesel cycle internal combustion engines . They have also been found useful in automotive fuel cells
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Transmission (mechanics)
A TRANSMISSION is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power. Often the term transmission refers simply to the GEARBOX that uses gears and gear trains to provide speed and torque conversions from a rotating power source to another device. In British English , the term transmission refers to the whole drivetrain , including clutch, gearbox, prop shaft (for rear-wheel drive), differential, and final drive shafts. In American English, however, the term refers more specifically to the gearbox alone, and detailed usage differs. The most common use is in motor vehicles , where the transmission adapts the output of the internal combustion engine to the drive wheels. Such engines need to operate at a relatively high rotational speed , which is inappropriate for starting, stopping, and slower travel. The transmission reduces the higher engine speed to the slower wheel speed, increasing torque in the process. Transmissions are also used on pedal bicycles, fixed machines, and where different rotational speeds and torques are adapted. Often, a transmission has multiple gear ratios (or simply "gears") with the ability to switch between them as speed varies. This switching may be done manually (by the operator) or automatically. Directional (forward and reverse) control may also be provided. Single-ratio transmissions also exist, which simply change the speed and torque (and sometimes direction) of motor output
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Semi-automatic Transmission
A SEMI-AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION (SAT) (also known as a CLUTCHLESS MANUAL TRANSMISSION, AUTOMATED MANUAL TRANSMISSION, TRIGGER SHIFT, FLAPPY-PADDLE GEAR SHIFT, or PADDLE-SHIFT GEARBOX) is an automobile transmission that does not change gears automatically, but rather facilitates manual gear changes by dispensing with the need to press a clutch pedal at the same time as changing gears. It uses electronic sensors, pneumatics, processors and actuators to execute gear shifts on input from the driver or by a computer. This removes the need for a clutch pedal which the driver otherwise needs to depress before making a gear change, since the clutch itself is actuated by electronic equipment which can synchronise the timing and torque required to make quick, smooth gear shifts. The system was designed by automobile manufacturers to provide a better driving experience through fast overtaking maneuvers on highways. Some motorcycles also use a system with a conventional gearchange but without the need for manual clutch operation
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Limited Slip Differential
A LIMITED-SLIP DIFFERENTIAL is a type of differential that allows its two output shafts to rotate at different speeds but limits the maximum difference between the two shafts In an automobile, such limited-slip differentials are sometimes used in place of a standard differential, where they convey certain dynamic advantages, at the expense of greater complexity. CONTENTS * 1 Early history * 2 Benefits * 3 Basic principle of operation * 4 Types * 4.1 Fixed value * 4.2 Torque
Torque
sensitivity (HLSD) * 4.2.1 Clutch, cone-type, or plate LSD * 4.2.1.1 2-Way, 1-Way, 1.5-Way * 4.2.2 Geared LSD * 4.3 Speed sensitivity * 4.3.1 Viscous (VLSD) * 4.3.2 Gerotor pump * 4.4 Electronic * 4.5 Electronic systems: brake-based * 4.6 Other related final drives * 5 Factory names * 6 In popular culture * 7 References * 8 External links EARLY HISTORYIn 1932, Ferdinand Porsche designed a Grand Prix racing car for the Auto Union
Auto Union
company. The high power of the design caused one of the rear wheels to experience excessive wheel spin at any speed up to 160 km/h (100 mph). In 1935, Porsche