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Mirisaveti Stupa
The Mirisaweti Stupa
Stupa
(Sinhalese: මිරිසවැටිය, Mirisavæṭiya) is situated in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.[1] King Dutugamunu (161 BC to 137 BC) built the Mirisaveti Stupa
Stupa
after defeating King Elara. After placing the Buddha relics in the sceptre, he had gone to Tissa Wewa for a bath leaving the sceptre. After the bath he returned to the place where the sceptre was placed, and it is said that it could not be moved. The stupa was built in the place where the sceptre stood. It is also said that he remembered that he partook a chilly curry without offering it to the sangha. In order to punish himself he built the Mirisavetiya Dagaba. The extent of this land is about 50 acres (20 ha)
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Stupa
A stupa (Sanskrit: "heap") is a mound-like or hemispherical structure containing relics (śarīra - typically the remains of Buddhist monks or nuns) that is used as a place of meditation.[2] A related architectural term is a chaitya, which is a prayer hall or temple containing a stupa. In Buddhism, circumambulation or pradakhshina has been an important ritual and devotional practice since the earliest times, and stupas always have a pradakhshina path around them.Contents1 Description and history1.1 Notable stupas 1.2 Types of stupas2 Symbolism2.1 Five purified elements3 Construction3.1 Treasury 3.2 Tree of Life 3.3 Benefits4 Tibetan stupas4.1 Lotus Blossom Stupa 4.2 Enlightenment Stupa 4.3 Stupa
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Sinhalese Language
Sinhalese (/ˌsɪn(h)əˈliːz, ˌsɪŋ(ɡ)ə-/), known natively as Sinhala (Sinhalese: සිංහල; siṁhala [ˈsiŋɦələ]),[3] is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who make up the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, numbering about 16 million.[4][5][6] Sinhalese is also spoken as a second language by other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, totalling about four million.[7] It belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages.[5] Sinhalese is written using the Sinhalese script, which is one of the Brahmic scripts, a descendant of the ancient Indian Brahmi script
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Special
Special
Special
or the specials or variation, may refer to:.mw-parser-output .tocright float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left clear:left .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both clear:both .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none clear:none Contents1 Policing 2 Literature 3 Film and television 4 Music4.1 Albums 4.2 Songs5 Computing 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolicing[edit] Specials, Ulster
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.[1] To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geodetic datum 3 Horizontal coordinates3.1 Latitude
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Mahawamsa
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
portalBibliography Glossary Timelinev t eThe Mahavamsa
Mahavamsa
("Great Chronicle", Pali
Pali
Mahāvaṃsa) (5th century CE) is an epic poem written in the Pali
Pali
language of the ancient Kings of Sri Lanka.[1] It relates the history of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
from its legendary beginnings up to the reign of Mahasena of Anuradhapura
Mahasena of Anuradhapura
(A.D. 302) covering the period between the arrival of Prince Vijaya
Prince Vijaya
from India
India
in 543 BCE to his reign (277–304 CE)
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Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
(/ˈbʊdɪzəm/, US also /ˈbuːd-/)[1][2] is the world's fourth-largest religion[3][4] with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.[web 1][5] Buddhism
Buddhism
encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in ancient India
India
as a Sramana
Sramana
tradition sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, spreading through much of Asia
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Sangha (Buddhism)
Sangha
Sangha
(Pali: saṅgha; Sanskrit: saṃgha; Sinhalese: සංඝයා; Thai: พระสงฆ์; Tamil: சங்கம்; Chinese: 僧伽; pinyin: Sēngjiā[1]; Wylie: dge 'dun[2]) is a word in Pali
Pali
and Sanskrit
Sanskrit
meaning "association", "assembly", "company" or "community" and most commonly refers in Buddhism
Buddhism
to the monastic community of bhikkhus (monks) and bhikkhunis (nuns). These communities are traditionally referred to as the bhikkhu-sangha or bhikkhuni-sangha
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Curry
Curry
Curry
(/ˈkʌri/, plural curries) is an umbrella term referring to a number of dishes originating in the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent. The common feature is the use of complex combinations of spices or herbs, usually including fresh or dried hot chillies. The use of the term is generally limited to dishes prepared in a sauce.[1] Curry
Curry
dishes prepared in the southern states of India
India
may be spiced with leaves from the curry tree.[2] There are many varieties of dishes called 'curries'. For example, in original traditional cuisines, the precise selection of spices for each dish is a matter of national or regional cultural tradition, religious practice, and, to some extent, family preference
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Tissa Wewa (Anuradhapura)
Tissa may refer to:Vitashoka, the brother of Ashoka, called Tissa in the Southern Buddhist tradition Tissa (King), Sri Lankan king who ruled from 454 to 437 BC Tissa Balasuriya (1924–2013), Sri Lankan Roman Catholic priest and theologian
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Sceptre
A sceptre (British English) or scepter (American English; see spelling differences) is a symbolic ornamental staff or wand held in the hand by a ruling monarch as an item of royal or imperial insignia. Figuratively, it means royal or imperial authority or sovereignty, either right or cruel. The ancient Indian work of Tirukkural
Tirukkural
dedicates a separate chapter each on the ethics of the right sceptre and the evils of the cruel sceptre. According to Valluvar, "it was not his spear but the sceptre which bound a king to his people."[1]Contents1 Antiquity 2 Christian era 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksAntiquity[edit]Statue of Jupiter in the Hermitage, holding the sceptre and orb.Further information: Pharaoh
Pharaoh
§ Scepters and staves The Was and other types of staffs were signs of authority in Ancient Egypt. For this reason they are often described as "sceptres", even if they are full-length staffs
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Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha[note 3] (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama,[note 4] Shakyamuni Buddha,[4][note 5] or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage,[4] on whose teachings Buddhism
Buddhism
was founded.[5] He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.[6][note 6] Gautama taught a Middle Way
Middle Way
between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the śramaṇa movement[7] common in his region. He later taught throughout other regions of eastern India
India
such as Magadha
Magadha
and Kosala.[6][8] Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism
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Elara (monarch)
Ellalan
Ellalan
(Tamil: எல்லாளன், translit. Ellāḷaṉ; Sinhalese: එළාර, translit. Eḷāra) was a member of the Tamil Chola dynasty, who upon capturing the throne became king of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, in present-day Sri Lanka, from 205-161 BCE.[2][3][4] Ellāḷaṉ is traditionally presented as being a just king even by the Sinhalese.[5] The Mahavams
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Dutthagamani Of Sri Lanka
Dutugamunu
Dutugamunu
(Sinhalese: දුටුගැමුණු, lit. 'දුටුගැමුණු', Tamil: துட்டகாமினி, lit. 'Tuṭṭakāmiṉi', also spelled as Dutthagamani, also known as Dutthagamani Abhaya "fearless Gamini"[1]), was a Sinhalese king of Sri Lanka[2] who reigned from 161 BC to 137 BC. He is renowned for defeating and overthrowing Ellalan, the usurping Tamil prince from the Chola Kingdom, who had invaded the Kingdom of Rajarata
Rajarata
in 205 BC
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Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 7°N 81°E / 7°N 81°E / 7; 81Democratic Socialist Republic
Republic
of Sri Lanka ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Sinhalese) Srī Lankā prajātāntrika samājavādī janarajaya இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சோசலிச குடியரசு (Tamil) Ilaṅkai jaṉanāyaka sōsalisa kuṭiyarasuFlagEmblemAnthem: "Sri
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Ancient Constructions Of Sri Lanka
The ancient Sinhalese excelled in the construction of tanks (Wevas) or reservoirs, dagobas (or stupas) and palaces in Sri Lanka, as evident from the ruins which displays a rich variety of architectural forms.Contents1 Irrigation
Irrigation
works1.1 Reservoirs2 Stupas of ancient Sri Lanka 3 Cave Temples of ancient Sri Lanka 4 Palaces of ancient Sri Lanka 5 Landscaping in ancient Sri Lanka 6 Royal Baths of ancient Sri Lanka 7 Sculpture in ancient Sri Lanka 8 References 9 External links Irrigation
Irrigation
works[edit]Tissa Wewa (Tissamaharama), an ancient reservoir Sigiriya
Sigiriya
moatMain article: Irrigation
Irrigation
works of ancient Sri Lanka Major irrigation schemes of Sri Lanka, as evident from the earliest written records in the Mahawansa, date back to the fourth century BCE (Parker, 1881;[1] Brohier, 1934)
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