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Miranda Do Douro
MIRANDA DO DOURO (Portuguese: ) or MIRANDA DE L DOURO (Mirandese: ) is a town and a municipality in the district of Bragança , northeastern Portugal
Portugal
. The population in 2011 was 7,482, in an area of 487.18 km². The town proper had a population of 1,960 in 2001. Referred to as the "Cidade Museu" of the Trás-os-Montes region, it is located 86 kilometres from Bragança , preserving many of its medieval and Renaissance-era traditions and architecture. It has a language of its own, Mirandese , which enjoys official status in Portugal, in addition to cultural and historical discontinuity with the rest of the Portuguese state. The town is located on the border with Spain, with the Douro River
Douro River
separating the two countries. The nearest town in Spain
Spain
is Zamora
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John III Of Portugal
JOHN III (Portuguese : João III Portuguese pronunciation: ; 7 June 1502 – 11 June 1557) was the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 13 December 1521 to 11 June 1557. He was the son of King Manuel I and Maria of Aragon , the third daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
. John succeeded his father in 1521, at the age of nineteen. During his rule, Portuguese possessions were extended in Asia and in the New World
New World
through the Portuguese colonization of Brazil . John III's policy of reinforcing Portugal's bases in India
India
(such as Goa
Goa
) secured Portugal's monopoly over the spice trade of cloves and nutmeg from the Maluku Islands
Maluku Islands
, as a result of which John III has been called the "Grocer King"
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John I Of Portugal
JOHN I (Portuguese : João, ; 11 April 1357 – 14 August 1433) was King of Portugal
King of Portugal
and the Algarve in 1385–1433. He was referred to as "the Good" (sometimes "the Great") or "of Happy Memory" in Portugal. More rarely, and especially in Spain, he was sometimes referred to as "the Bastard." He is recognized chiefly for his role in preserving the independence of the kingdom of Portugal from the kingdom of Castile . As part of his efforts to acquire Portuguese territories in Africa, he became the first king of Portugal to use the title "Lord of Ceuta." CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Acclamation * 3 Reign * 4 Marriages and descendants * 5 Ancestry * 6 Notes * 7 References EARLY LIFEJohn was born in Lisbon
Lisbon
as the natural son of King Peter I of Portugal by a woman named Teresa, who, according to the royal chronicler Fernão Lopes , was a noble Galician
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Diocese
The word DIOCESE (/ˈdaɪ.ə.sɪs/ ) is derived from the Greek term _διοίκησις_ meaning "administration". When now used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers to a territorial unit of administration. In the Western Church, the district is under the supervision of a bishop (who may have assistant bishops to help him or her) and is divided into parishes under the care of priests; but in the Eastern Church, the word denotes the area under the jurisdiction of a patriarch and the bishops under his jurisdiction administer parishes. This structure of church governance is known as episcopal polity . The word DIOCESAN means relating or pertaining to a diocese. It can also be used as a noun meaning the bishop who has the principal supervision of a diocese
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Papal Bull
A PAPAL BULL is a specific kind of public decree, letters patent , or charter issued by a pope of the Roman Catholic Church . It is named after the leaden seal (_bulla _) that was traditionally appended to the end in order to authenticate it. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Format * 3 Seal * 4 Content * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 Further reading HISTORY _ Printed text of Pope Leo X 's Bull against the errors of Martin Luther _, also known as _ Exsurge Domine _, issued in June 1520 Papal bulls have been in use at least since the 6th century, but the phrase was not used until around the end of the 13th century, and then only internally for unofficial administrative purposes. However, it had become official by the 15th century, when one of the offices of the Apostolic Chancery was named the "register of bulls" ("_registrum bullarum_")
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Seven Years' War
Anglo-Prusso-Portuguese Coalition victory * Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1762)
Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1762)
* Treaty of Hamburg (1762) * Treaty of Paris (1763)
Treaty of Paris (1763)
* Treaty of Hubertusburg
Treaty of Hubertusburg
(1763) Territorial changes Status quo ante bellum in Europe. Transfer of colonial possessions between Great Britain, France, Spain, and Portugal
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Trás-os-Montes Province
TRáS-OS-MONTES PROVINCE is one of the medieval provinces of Portugal . The northern part is covered by Alto Trás-os-Montes Subregion , the southern by Douro Subregion . SEE ALSO * Trás-os-Montes (region) * Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Province Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trás-os-Montes_Province additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Ferdinand IV Of Castile
FERDINAND IV OF CASTILE (6 December 1285 – 7 September 1312) called THE SUMMONED (el Emplazado), was a King of Castile and León from 1295 until his death. During his minority, his upbringing and the custody of his person were entrusted to his mother, Queen María de Molina
María de Molina
, while his tutorship was entrusted to the Infante Henry of Castile the Senator , son of King Fernando III of Castile . At that time, and also for the rest of his reign, his mother tried to placate the nobility, confronted her son's enemies, and repeatedly prevented Ferdinand IV from being dethroned
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Visigoth
The VISIGOTHS (UK : /ˈvɪzɪˌɡɒθs/ ; US : /ˈvɪzɪˌɡɑːθs/ ; Latin : Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, or Wisi; Italian : Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths . These tribes flourished and spread throughout the late Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in Late Antiquity , or what is known as the Migration Period . The Visigoths emerged from earlier Gothic groups (possibly the Thervingi ) who had invaded the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
beginning in 376 and had defeated the Romans at the Battle of Adrianople in 378. Relations between the Romans and the Visigoths were variable, alternately warring with one another and making treaties when convenient. The Visigoths invaded Italy
Italy
under Alaric I and sacked Rome in 410
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Denis Of Portugal
DENIS (Portuguese : Dinis or Diniz, IPA: ; Lisbon
Lisbon
, 9 October 1261 – Santarém , 7 January 1325), called THE FARMER KING (Rei Lavrador) and THE POET KING (Rei Poeta), was King of Portugal
Portugal
and the Algarve
Algarve
. The eldest son of Afonso III of Portugal by his second wife, Beatrice of Castile , and grandson of king Alfonso X of Castile
Alfonso X of Castile
(known as the Wise), Denis succeeded his father in 1279. His marriage to Elizabeth of Aragon , who was later canonised as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church, was arranged in 1281 when she was 10 years old. Denis ruled the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves for over 46 years and is remembered as a major contributor to the formation of a sense of national identity and an awareness of Portugal
Portugal
as a nation-state
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Douro
The DOURO (Portuguese : Douro
Douro
; Spanish : Duero ; Latin : Durius) is one of the major rivers of the Iberian Peninsula , flowing from its source near Duruelo de la Sierra in Soria Province across northern-central Spain
Spain
and Portugal
Portugal
to its outlet at Porto
Porto
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 2.1 Human geography * 3 Economy * 3.1 Dams * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY A 1908 image of boats along the Douro
Douro
River
River
The Latinized name Durius, likely came from the Celtic tribes that inhabited the area before Roman times: the Celtic root is *dubro-. In modern Welsh , dŵr is "water," as well as dour in modern Breton with cognate dobhar in Irish . In Roman times, the river was personified as a god, Durius
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Fresno River
The FRESNO RIVER is a river in Central California
California
and a major tributary of the San Joaquin River
San Joaquin River
. It runs approximately 68 miles (109 km) from the Sierra Nevada Range to the San Joaquin River. Although called the 'Fresno' River, it is one of the largest and longest river systems in Madera county. CONTENTS * 1 Course * 2 Lakes and dams * 3 Lower river * 4 Tributaries * 5 Towns * 6 Crossings * 7 References COURSEHeadwaters: The Fresno River
River
forms in the Oakhurst valley, near the western border of city limits. The primary source of the Fresno River is Lewis Fork Creek, which gathers water far northeastward into the hills adjactent to Fish Camp. Lewis Fork Creek itself has a major tributary from Nelder Creek, coming from the upper-montane Nelder Grove area and Speckerman Mountain(7600ft)
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Charles III Of Spain
CHARLES III (Spanish : _Carlos_; Italian : _Carlo_; 20 January 1716 – 14 December 1788) was King of Spain and the Spanish Indies (1759–1788), after ruling Naples as CHARLES VII and Sicily as CHARLES V (1734–1759), kingdoms he abdicated to his son Ferdinand . He was the fifth son of Philip V of Spain , and the eldest son of Philip's second wife, Elisabeth Farnese . A proponent of enlightened absolutism , he suceeded to the Spanish throne on 10 August 1759, upon the death of his half-brother King Ferdinand VI of Spain , who left no heirs. In 1731, the 15-year-old Charles became the Duke of Parma and Piacenza , as CHARLES I, following the death of his childless granduncle Antonio Farnese . In 1738 he married Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony , daughter of Polish king Augustus III and an educated, cultured woman who gave birth to 13 children, eight of whom reached adulthood
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Friar
A FRIAR is a member of one of the mendicant orders founded since the twelfth or thirteenth century; the term distinguishes the mendicants' itinerant apostolic character, exercised broadly under the jurisdiction of a superior general , from the older monastic orders ' allegiance to a single monastery formalized by their vow of stability. The most significant orders of friars are the Dominicans , Franciscans , Augustinians and Carmelites . CONTENTS * 1 Definition * 2 Etymology * 3 Orders * 3.1 Major Orders * 3.2 Lesser orders * 4 Uses by other Christian traditions * 5 Other usage of the name * 6 See also * 7 References DEFINITIONFriars are different from monks in that they are called to live the evangelical counsels (vows of poverty, chastity and obedience) in service to society, rather than through cloistered asceticism and devotion
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Figueira De Castelo Rodrigo Municipality
FIGUEIRA DE CASTELO RODRIGO (Portuguese pronunciation: ) is a municipality in the District of Guarda in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 6,260, in an area of 508.57 km². Located in the Riba Coa (near the River Coa), just like other municipalities around Riba Coa, such as Almeida, Meda, Pinhel and Sabugal. Known for its castle which is a listed National monument , as well as pine-wood forests and rolling hills. The municipality borders the frontier with Spain
Spain
, formed by the Águeda River , a tributary of the Douro
Douro
, which it joins at Barca D'Alva, approximately 18 km north of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo
Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo
town. The present Mayor is Paulo Langrouva, elected by the Socialist Party . The municipal holiday is July 7
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Granite
GRANITE ( /ˈɡrænᵻt/ ) is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture. Granites can be predominantly white, pink, or gray in color, depending on their mineralogy. The word "granite" comes from the Latin
Latin
_granum_, a grain, in reference to the coarse-grained structure of such a holocrystalline rock. Strictly speaking, granite is an igneous rock with between 20% and 60% quartz by volume, and at least 35% of the total feldspar consisting of alkali feldspar , although commonly the term "granite" is used to refer to a wider range of coarse grained igneous rocks containing quartz and feldspar. The term "granitic" means granite-like and is applied to granite and a group of intrusive igneous rocks with similar textures and slight variations in composition