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Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III
NAWAB MIR AKBAR ALI KHAN SIDDIQI BAYAFANDI BAHADUR SIKANDER JAH ASAF JAH III (11 November 1768 – 21 May 1829), Nizam of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
, was the ruler of Hyderabad State in India
India
from 1803 to 1829. CONTENTS * 1 Birth * 2 Marriage * 3 Official name * 4 Reign * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 External links BIRTHHe was born in Chow Mahalla in the Khilwath palace, the second son of Asaf Jah II and Tahniat un-nisa Begum. Issue ten sons and nine Daughters, among are 1.Mir Farqunda Ali khan Siddiqi (Naser Ud Daula Asaf Jah IV ), 2.Mir Basheer Uddin Ali Khan Sham Samul Mulk or Samsamad Daula, 3.Zulfakir ul Mulk Zulfakir ud Daula 4.Mir Gawhar Ali Khan (Mubariz Ud Daula) 5.Saif Ul Mulk Mir Taffazul Ali Khan 6. Munawar ud Daula Mir Munawar Ali Khan. 7.Jahandar Jah Mir Faiyaz Ali Khan Baber Jang. 8. Qutub ud Daula Mir Mahmud Ali Khan 9.Qamar ul Mulk Qamar ud Daula Mir Dilawar Ali Khan Sarwar Jung. 10.Muzafar Ul Mulk Muzafar ud Daula Mir Fateh Ali Khan Dilear Jung. Shazada Nawab Mir Tafazul Ali Khan Mir Badesha (Saif-ul-mulk) only son of Sikander Jah nizam III born with wife Jahan Parwar Begum Sahiba (Haji Begum) daughter of Nawab Saif Ul Mulk (Maali Mian) son of Arastu Jah (was the prime minister during the Asaf jah III)
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Nizam
The NIZAM-UL-MULK OF HYDERABAD, popularly known as the Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
, was a monarch of the Hyderabad State
Hyderabad State
, now divided into Telangana
Telangana
state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka
Karnataka
and Marathwada
Marathwada
region of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
. NIZAM, shortened from NIZAM-UL-MULK, meaning _Administrator of the Realm_, the title of the sovereigns of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
State, was the premier Prince of India, since 1724, belonging to the Asaf Jah dynasty. The Asaf Jah Dynasty was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-Din Siddiqi , a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughal Empire from 1713 to 1721. He intermittently ruled after Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
's death in 1707. In 1724, Mughal control lapsed, and Asaf Jah declared himself independent in Hyderabad. Following the decline of the Mughal power, the region of Deccan saw the rise of Maratha Empire . The Nizam
Nizam
himself saw many invasions by the Marathas in the 1720s, which resulted in the Nizam
Nizam
paying a regular tax (_ Chauth _) to the Marathas
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Hyderabad State
HYDERABAD STATE ( pronunciation (help ·info )), also known as HYDERABAD DECCAN, was an Indian princely state located in the south-central region of India
India
with its capital at the city of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
. It is now divided into Telangana
Telangana
state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka
Karnataka
and Marathwada region of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
. The state was ruled from 1724 until 1948 by a hereditary Nizam who was initially a Mughal governor of the Deccan before becoming independent. Hyderabad
Hyderabad
gradually became the first princely state to come under British paramountcy signing a subsidiary alliance agreement. After the Indian independence , the state signed a standstill agreement with the new dominion of India
India
, continuing all the previous arrangements except for the stationing of Indian troops in the state. However, with the rise of militant razakars , India found it necessary to station Indian troops and invaded the state in September 1948 to compel the Nizam. Subsequently, the Nizam signed an instrument of accession , joining India
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Nizam Of Hyderabad
The NIZAM-UL-MULK OF HYDERABAD, popularly known as the Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
, was a monarch of the Hyderabad State
Hyderabad State
, now divided into Telangana
Telangana
state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka
Karnataka
and Marathwada
Marathwada
region of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
. NIZAM, shortened from NIZAM-UL-MULK, meaning _Administrator of the Realm_, the title of the sovereigns of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
State, was the premier Prince of India, since 1724, belonging to the Asaf Jah dynasty. The Asaf Jah Dynasty was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-Din Siddiqi , a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
from 1713 to 1721. He intermittently ruled after Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
's death in 1707. In 1724, Mughal control lapsed, and Asaf Jah declared himself independent in Hyderabad. Following the decline of the Mughal power, the region of Deccan saw the rise of Maratha Empire . The Nizam
Nizam
himself saw many invasions by the Marathas in the 1720s, which resulted in the Nizam
Nizam
paying a regular tax (_ Chauth _) to the Marathas
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Ali Khan Asaf Jah II
NAWAB MIR NIZAM ALI KHAN SIDDIQI BAYAFANDI BAHADUR ASAF JAH II (7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803) was the Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803. He was born on 7 March 1734 as fourth son to Asaf Jah I
Asaf Jah I
and Umda Begum. His official name is Asaf Jah II, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Nizam 'Ali Khan Siddiqi Bayafandi Bahadur, Fath Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar
Subedar
of the Deccan. CONTENTS* 1 Nizam of Hyderabad * 1.1 Faujdar of the Deccan * 1.2 Shah Alam II\' - Subedar
Subedar
of the Deccan * 1.3 Supporting Shah Alam II
Shah Alam II
* 1.3.1 Nizam\'s incoherence with Hyder Ali * 2 Nizam\'s intervention against the Peshwa * 3 Fall of Mysore * 4 Death * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links NIZAM OF HYDERABADFAUJDAR OF THE DECCAN Nizam Ali was appointed as the leading commander and administrator of the Deccan in the year 1759, his successful methods of fighting against the Marathas had earned him much repute as a capable commander
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Nasir-ud-dawlah, Asaf Jah IV
NASIR AD-DAWLAH MIR FARQUNDA ALI KHAN SIDDIQI BAYAFANDI, ASAF JAH IV, Nizam of Hyderabad ( 25 April 1794 – 16 May 1857), was the ruler of Hyderabad state in India
India
from 1829 to 1857. He was the eldest son of Asaf Jah III
Asaf Jah III
. CONTENTS * 1 Reign * 2 Notes * 3 See also * 4 External links REIGNDuring his reign General C.B. Low took over as the Resident , he received a message from Lord Dalhousie to pay sixty-four lakh rupees which were due to the British for maintaining the Contingent. On 20 May 1853 a new treaty was concluded by which the strength of the Contingent force was settled for its payments. The Contingent ceased to be a part of the Nizam's Army and became a force kept by the British Government for the benefit of Hyderabad State
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Chowmahalla Palace
CHOWMAHALLA PALACE or CHOWMAHALLATUU (4 PALACES), is a palace of the Nizams of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
state . It was the seat of the Asaf Jahi dynasty and was the official residence of the Nizams of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
while they ruled their state. The palace remains the property of Barkat Ali Khan Mukarram Jah , heir of the Nizams. In Urdu
Urdu
, Hindi
Hindi
Char means four, and even in Persian , Chahar means four and in Urdu
Urdu
and Hindi
Hindi
Mahal means palaces, hence the name Chowmahalla/four palaces. The palace is located in the old city in Hyderabad
Hyderabad
near the Charminar All ceremonial functions including the accession of the Nizams and receptions for the Governor-General were held at this palace. The prestigious UNESCO
UNESCO
Asia Pacific Merit award for cultural heritage conservation was presented to Chowmahalla Palace
Chowmahalla Palace
on 15 March 2010. UNESCO
UNESCO
representative Takahiko Makino formally handed over the plaque and certificate to Princess Esra, former wife and GPA holder of Prince Mukarram Jah Bahadur
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Hyderabad
HYDERABAD (/ˈhaɪdərəˌbæd/ (_ listen ) HY-dər-ə-bad_ ; often /ˈhaɪdrəˌbæd/ ) is the capital of the southern Indian state of Telangana and _de jure _ capital of Andhra Pradesh . Occupying 650 square kilometres (250 sq mi) along the banks of the Musi River , it has a population of about 6.7 million and a metropolitan population of about 7.75 million, making it the fourth most populous city and sixth most populous urban agglomeration in India. At an average altitude of 542 metres (1,778 ft), much of Hyderabad is situated on hilly terrain around artificial lakes, including Hussain Sagar —predating the city's founding—north of the city centre. Established in 1591 by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah , Hyderabad remained under the rule of the Qutb Shahi dynasty for nearly a century before the Mughals captured the region. In 1724, Mughal viceroy Asif Jah I declared his sovereignty and created his own dynasty, known as the Nizams of Hyderabad . The Nizam\'s dominions became a princely state during the British Raj , and remained so for 150 years, with the city serving as its capital. The city continued as the capital of Hyderabad State after it was brought into the Indian Union in 1948, and became the capital of Andhra Pradesh after the States Reorganisation Act, 1956
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Mughal Empire
The MUGHAL EMPIRE ( Urdu : مغلیہ سلطنت‎, translit. _Mughliyah Salṭanat_) or MOGUL EMPIRE, self-designated as GURKANI (Persian : گورکانیان‎‎, _Gūrkāniyān_, meaning "son-in-law"), was an empire in the Indian subcontinent , established and ruled by a Muslim Turco-Mongol dynasty of Chagatai origin from Central Asia . The dynasty, though ethnically Turco-Mongol , was Persianate in culture, with local influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal empire extended over large parts of the Indian subcontinent and Afghanistan . The empire at its peak was the second largest to have existed in the Indian subcontinent , spanning 4 million square kilometres at its zenith after the Maurya Empire which spanned 5 million square kilometres. The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi , the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate , in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors were Central Asian Turco- Mongols belonging to the Timurid dynasty , who claimed direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire , through his son Chagatai Khan ) and Timur ( Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire )
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Telangana
^† Temporary Joint Capital with Andhra Pradesh Symbols of Telangana EMBLEM Kakatiya Kala Thoranam , Charminar LANGUAGE Telugu Urdu (regional) SONG Jaya Jaya He Telangana Janani Jayakethanam ANIMAL Spotted deer BIRD Indian Roller FLOWER Senna auriculata FRUIT Mango TREE Prosopis cineraria RIVER Godavari , Krishna River , Manjira River and Musi River SPORT Kabaddi TELANGANA (/tɛlənˈɡɑːnə/ ( listen )) is one of the 29 states in India , located in southern India . Formed on 2 June 2014 as the youngest state(29th) in India , from the northwestern part of the Joint State of Andhra Pradesh , Telangana has an area of 112,077 square kilometres (43,273 sq mi), and a population of 35,193,978 (2011 census). It is the twelfth largest state in India , and the twelfth most populated state in India . Its major cities include Hyderabad , Warangal , Khammam , Karimnagar and Nizamabad . Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north and north west, Chhattisgarh to the north, Karnataka to the west and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south
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India
INDIA, officially the REPUBLIC OF INDIA (_Bhārat Gaṇarājya_), is a country in South Asia . It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people ), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China , Nepal , and Bhutan to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives . India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia . The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste , emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires ; the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia
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British Raj
Other local languages GOVERNMENT Colony MONARCH OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND EMPEROR/EMPRESS A • 1858–1901 Victoria • 1901–1910 Edward VII • 1910–1936 George V • 1936 Edward VIII • 1936–1947 George VI VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL C • 1858–1862 (first) Charles Canning • 1947 (last)  Louis Mountbatten SECRETARY OF STATE • 1858–1859 (first) Edward Stanley • 1947 (last)  William Hare LEGISLATURE Imperial Legislative Council HISTORY • Battle of Plassey & Indian Rebellion 23 June 1757 text-align:center; border:0;"> Company rule in India Emirate of Afghanistan Dominion of India Dominion of Pakistan British rule in Burma Trucial States Colony of Aden Straits Settlements TODAY PART OF Bangladesh China (disputed) India Myanmar Pakistan Yemen a. Title existed 1876–1948 c. Full title was " Viceroy and Governor-General of India" PART OF A SERIES ON THE HISTORY OF INDIA Ancient * Neolithic , c. 7600 – c. 3300 BCE * Indus Valley Civilization , c. 3300 – c. 1700 BCE * Post Indus Valley Period , c. 1700 – c
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Mecca Masjid
MECCA MASJID (Arabic : مسجد مكة‎‎, Urdu : مکہ مسجد‎, Telugu : మక్కా మసీదు), also MAKKAH MASJID, is one of the oldest mosques in Hyderabad, Telangana
Telangana
in India , and it is one of the largest masajids in India. Makkah Masjid is a listed heritage building in the old city of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
, close to the historic landmarks of Chowmahalla Palace
Chowmahalla Palace
, Laad Bazaar
Laad Bazaar
, and Charminar . Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah
, the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty , commissioned bricks to be made from the soil brought from Mecca
Mecca
, the holiest site of Islam , and used them in the construction of the central arch of the mosque, thus giving the mosque its name. It formed the centerpiece around which the city was planned by Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah . CONTENTS * 1 History and construction * 2 Architecture and design * 2.1 Tombs * 3 Maintenance issue * 4 Legends * 5 Bombing * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY AND CONSTRUCTIONMakkah Masjid was built during the reign of Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the 5th Qutb Shahi
Qutb Shahi
Sultan of Golconda (now Hyderabad). The three arched facades have been carved from a single piece of granite, which took five years to quarry
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Dynasty
A DYNASTY (UK : /ˈdɪnəsti/ , US : /ˈdaɪnəsti/ ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family, usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system but sometimes also appearing in elective republics . The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house "; which may be styled "royal ", "princely ", "comital ", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states , such as Ancient Egypt , the Carolingian Empire and Imperial China , using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase"). The word "dynasty" itself is often dropped from such adjectival references ("a Ming vase "). Until the 19th century, it was taken for granted that a legitimate function of a monarch was to aggrandize his dynasty: that is, to increase the territory , wealth, and power of his family members. The longest-surviving dynasty in the world is the Imperial House of Japan , the Yamato dynasty , whose reign is traditionally dated to 660 BC. Dynasties throughout the world have traditionally been reckoned patrilineally , such as under the Frankish Salic law . Succession through a daughter when permitted was considered to establish a new dynasty in her husband's ruling house
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Asaf Jah II
NAWAB MIR NIZAM ALI KHAN SIDDIQI BAYAFANDI BAHADUR ASAF JAH II (7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803) was the Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India
South India
between 1762 and 1803. He was born on 7 March 1734 as fourth son to Asaf Jah I and Umda Begum. His official name is Asaf Jah II, Nizam
Nizam
ul-Mulk, Nizam
Nizam
ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Nizam
Nizam
'Ali Khan Siddiqi Bayafandi Bahadur, Fath Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar of the Deccan. CONTENTS* 1 Nizam of Hyderabad * 1.1 Faujdar of the Deccan
Deccan
* 1.2 Shah Alam II\' - Subedar of the Deccan
Deccan
* 1.3 Supporting Shah Alam II * 1.3.1 Nizam\'s incoherence with Hyder Ali * 2 Nizam\'s intervention against the Peshwa * 3 Fall of Mysore * 4 Death * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links NIZAM OF HYDERABADFAUJDAR OF THE DECCAN Nizam
Nizam
Ali was appointed as the leading commander and administrator of the Deccan
Deccan
in the year 1759, his successful methods of fighting against the Marathas had earned him much repute as a capable commander
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Asaf Jah IV
NASIR AD-DAWLAH MIR FARQUNDA ALI KHAN SIDDIQI BAYAFANDI, ASAF JAH IV, Nizam of Hyderabad ( 25 April 1794 – 16 May 1857), was the ruler of Hyderabad state in India
India
from 1829 to 1857. He was the eldest son of Asaf Jah III
Asaf Jah III
. CONTENTS * 1 Reign * 2 Notes * 3 See also * 4 External links REIGNDuring his reign General C.B. Low took over as the Resident , he received a message from Lord Dalhousie to pay sixty-four lakh rupees which were due to the British for maintaining the Contingent. On 20 May 1853 a new treaty was concluded by which the strength of the Contingent force was settled for its payments. The Contingent ceased to be a part of the Nizam's Army and became a force kept by the British Government for the benefit of Hyderabad State
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