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Ming Tombs
The MING TOMBS are a collection of mausoleums built by the emperors of the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
of China
China
. The first Ming emperor's tomb is located near his capital Nanjing
Nanjing
. However, the majority of the Ming tombs are located in a cluster near Beijing
Beijing
and collectively known as the Thirteen Tombs of the Ming Dynasty (Chinese : 明十三陵; pinyin : Míng Shísān Líng; literally: "Ming Thirteen Mausoleums"). They are within the suburban Changping District of Beijing
Beijing
Municipality, 42 kilometres (26 mi) north-northwest of Beijing
Beijing
city center. The site, on the southern slope of Tianshou Mountain (originally Huangtu Mountain), was chosen based on the principles of feng shui by the third Ming emperor, the Yongle Emperor
Yongle Emperor

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Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
The MING XIAOLING MAUSOLEUM (Chinese : 明孝陵; pinyin : _Míng Xiào Líng_; literally: "Ming filial mausoleum") is the tomb of the Hongwu Emperor , the founder of the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
. It lies at the southern foot of Purple Mountain
Purple Mountain
, located east of the historical centre of Nanjing
Nanjing
, China
China
. Legend says that in order to prevent robbery of the tomb, 13 identical processions of funeral troops started from 13 city gates to obscure the real burying site. The construction of the mausoleum began during the Hongwu Emperor 's life in 1381 and ended in 1405, during the reign of his son the Yongle Emperor , with a huge expenditure of resources involving 100,000 labourers. The original wall of the mausoleum was more than 22.5 kilometres long. The mausoleum was built under heavy guard of 5,000 troops
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World Heritage Site
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO
UNESCO
). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO
UNESCO
regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity
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Table Of World Heritage Sites By Country
HERITAGE may refer to: * History , "heritage" refers to events or processes that have a special meaning in group memory * National heritage site , a site having a value that has been registered by a governmental agency as being of national importance to the history of that nation * Historic site an official location where pieces of political, military, cultural, or social history have been preserved due to their historical importance*
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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World Heritage Committee
The WORLD HERITAGE COMMITTEE establishes the sites to be listed as UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Sites . It decides about inscriptions on the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, monitors the state of conservation of the World Heritage properties, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties. It is composed of 21 state parties that are elected by the GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF STATES PARTIES for a four-year term. According to the World Heritage Convention, a committee member's term of office is for six years, however many states parties choose voluntarily to be Members of the Committee for only four years, in order to give other states' parties an opportunity to be on the committee. All members elected at the 15th General Assembly (2005) voluntarily decided to reduce their period of term of office from six to four years
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List Of World Heritage In Danger
The LIST OF WORLD HERITAGE IN DANGER is compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO ) through the World Heritage Committee according to Article 11.4 of the World Heritage Convention, which was established in 1972 to designate and manage World Heritage Sites . Entries in the list are threatened World Heritage Sites for the conservation of which major operations are required and for which "assistance has been requested". The list is intended to increase international awareness of the threats and to encourage counteractive measures. Threats to a site can be either proven imminent threats or potential dangers that could have adverse effects on a site
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Ming Dynasty
The MING DYNASTY was the ruling dynasty of China
China
– then known as the EMPIRE OF THE GREAT MING – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol -led Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
. The Ming, described by Edwin O. Reischauer , John K. Fairbank and Albert M. Craig as "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history", was the last imperial dynasty in China
China
ruled by ethnic Han Chinese . Although the primary capital of Beijing
Beijing
fell in 1644 to a rebellion led by Li Zicheng (who established the Shun dynasty , soon replaced by the Manchu -led Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
), regimes loyal to the Ming throne – collectively called the Southern Ming – survived until 1683
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China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of over 1.381 billion . Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world's second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by total area . Governed by the Communist Party of China , it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin , Shanghai , and Chongqing ) and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau , also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan . China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower
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Nanjing
NANJING ( listen ), formerly romanized as NANKING and NANKIN, is a city situated in the heartland of the lower Yangtze River
Yangtze River
region in China
China
, which has long been a major centre of culture, education, research, politics, economy, transport networks and tourism. It is the capital city of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province of People\'s Republic of China
China
and the second largest city in the east China
China
region, with acreage about 6600 square kilometers and a total population of 8,230,000. The inner area of Nanjing
Nanjing
enclosed by the city wall is Nanjing
Nanjing
City (南京城), with acreage of 55 km2, while Nanjing
Nanjing
Metropolitan Region includes surrounding cities and areas, with acreage over 60 thousand km2 and population over 30 million
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Beijing
BEIJING, formerly romanized as PEKING, is the capital of the People\'s Republic of China and the world's third most populous city proper . It is also one of the world's most populous capital cities. The city, located in northern China , is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the national government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts . Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighbouring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast; together the three divisions form the Jingjinji metropolitan region and the national capital region of China
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Chinese Language
LEGEND: Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers Major Chinese-speaking settlements THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters
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Pinyin
PINYIN, or HàNYǔ PīNYīN, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
in mainland China
China
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, Singapore
Singapore
, and Taiwan . It is often used to teach Standard Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters
Chinese characters
. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones . Pinyin
Pinyin
without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang
Zhou Youguang
, based on earlier forms of romanization of Chinese . It was published by the Chinese government
Chinese government
in 1958 and revised several times
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Changping District
CHANGPING DISTRICT (simplified Chinese : 昌平区; traditional Chinese : 昌平區; pinyin : Chāngpíng Qū), formerly CHANGPING COUNTY (昌平县), is a district situated in the suburbs of northwest Beijing
Beijing
. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Administrative divisions * 3 Features * 4 Transport * 4.1 Metro * 5 Education * 5.1 Colleges and universities * 5.2 Primary and secondary schools * 6 Gallery * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHYChangping District, covering an area of 1,430 square kilometres (550 sq mi), contains two subdistricts of the city of Changping and 15 towns (five of which are suburbs of Beijing) with total population of 1.83 million (2012) , a rapid increase from the 614,821 recorded in the 2000 census. About 34 km (21 mi) from the city center, Changping is renowned for its numerous scenic spots and tourist facilities, like Datangshan museum
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Feng Shui
FENG SHUI or FENGSHUI (pinyin : _fēngshuǐ_, pronounced (_ listen )) is a Chinese philosophical system of harmonizing everyone with the surrounding environment. It is closely linked to Taoism . The term feng shui_ literally translates as "wind-water" in English. This is a cultural shorthand taken from the passage of the now-lost _Classic of Burial _ recorded in Guo Pu 's commentary : Feng shui is one of the Five Arts of Chinese Metaphysics, classified as physiognomy (observation of appearances through formulas and calculations). The feng shui practice discusses architecture in metaphoric terms of "invisible forces" that bind the universe, earth, and humanity together, known as _qi _. There is no replicable scientific evidence that feng shui's mystical claims are real, and it is considered by the scientific community to be pseudoscience
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