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Mikhailovsky Theatre
The Mikhailovsky Theatre
Mikhailovsky Theatre
(Russian: Миха́йловский теа́тр) is one of Russia's oldest opera and ballet houses. It was founded in 1833 and is situated in a historical building on the Arts Square in St. Petersburg. It is named after Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia.Contents1 History 2 Ballet
Ballet
Company 3 Recent developments 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] The theatre was established in 1833 by decree of Tsar Nicholas I. Before the 1917 Revolution, the Mikhailovsky did not have its own resident company. Performances were given either by a French company, hired by the Russian Imperial Theatres, or at the end of the century by the Mariinsky Theatre
Mariinsky Theatre
and Alexandrinsky Theatre
Alexandrinsky Theatre
companies
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Flames Of Paris
Flames of Paris
Flames of Paris
(Russian: Пла́мя Пари́жа) is a full-length ballet in four acts, choreographed by Vasily Vainonen to music by Boris Asafyev
Boris Asafyev
based on songs of the French Revolution. The libretto by Nicolai Volkov and Vladimir Dmitriev was adapted from a book by Felix Gras. It was premiered at the Kirov Theatre
Kirov Theatre
in Leningrad on 7 November 1932, with Natalia Dudinskaya
Natalia Dudinskaya
as Mireille de Poitiers, Vakhtang Chabukiani as Jérôme, Olga Jordan as Jeanne, Nina Anisimova as Thérèse, and Konstantin Sergeyev as Mistral
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Modest Mussorgsky
Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (Russian: Моде́ст Петро́вич Му́соргский, IPA: [mɐˈdɛst pʲɪˈtrovʲɪtɕ ˈmusərkskʲɪj]; 21 March [O.S. 9 March] 1839 – 28 March [O.S. 16 March] 1881) was a Russian composer, one of the group known as "The Five". He was an innovator of Russian music in the romantic period. He strove to achieve a uniquely Russian musical identity, often in deliberate defiance of the established conventions of Western music. Many of his works were inspired by Russian history, Russian folklore, and other national themes. Such works include the opera Boris Godunov, the orchestral tone poem Night on Bald Mountain
Night on Bald Mountain
and the piano suite Pictures at an Exhibition. For many years Mussorgsky's works were mainly known in versions revised or completed by other composers
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Russian Language
Russian (русский язык, tr. rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus
Caucasus
and Central Asia.[30][31] It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
until its dissolution on 25 December 1991.[32] Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel
Israel
and Mongolia. Russian belongs to the family of Indo-European languages, one of the four living members of the East Slavic languages, and part of the larger Balto-Slavic branch
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Shostakovich
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian:  Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич (help·info), tr. Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich, pronounced [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ˈdmʲitrʲɪjɪvʲɪtɕ ʂəstɐˈkovʲɪtɕ]; 25 September [O.S. 12 September] 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist. He is regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century.[1] Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government
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Vsevolod Meyerhold
Vsevolod Emilevich Meyerhold (Russian: Все́волод Эми́льевич Мейерхо́льд; born German: Karl Kasimir Theodor Meierhold; 9 February [O.S. 28 January] 1874 – 2 February 1940) was a Russian and Soviet theatre director, actor and theatrical producer. His provocative experiments dealing with physical being and symbolism in an unconventional theatre setting made him one of the seminal forces in modern international theatre
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The Queen Of Spades (opera)
The Queen of Spades, Op. 68 (Russian: Пиковая дама, Pikovaya dama, French: La Dame de Pique)[1] is an opera in 3 acts (7 scenes) by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
to a Russian libretto by the composer's brother Modest Tchaikovsky, based on a short story of the same name by Alexander Pushkin, but the plot was dramatically altered. The premiere took place in 1890 in St. Petersburg (at the Mariinsky Theatre), Russia.[2]Contents1 Composition history 2 Performance history 3 Roles 4 Synopsis4.1 Act 1 4.2 Act 2 4.3 Act 35 Principal arias and numbers 6 Instrumentation 7 In popular culture 8 Recordings 9 References 10 External linksComposition history[edit] The management of the Imperial Theatre offered a commission to Tchaikovsky to write an opera based on the plot sketch by Ivan Vsevolozhsky in 1887/88. After turning it down initially, Tchaikovsky accepted it in 1889
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World Premiere
A premiere or première is the debut (first public presentation) of a play, film, dance, or musical composition.[1] A work will often have many premières: a world première (the first time it is shown anywhere in the world) and its first presentation in each country. When a work originates in a country that speaks a different language from that in which it is receiving its national or international première, it is possible to have two premières for the same work in the same country—for example, the play The Maids by the French dramatist Jean Genet
Jean Genet
received its British première (which also happened to be its world première) in 1952, in a production given in the French language. Four years later, it was staged again, this time in English, which was its English-language première in Britain.Contents1 Etymology 2 See also 3 References 4 External linksEtymology[edit] Raymond F
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Prokofiev
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (/prəˈkɒfiɛf, proʊ-, -ˈkɔː-, -ˈkoʊ-, -jɛf, -jɛv, -iəf/;[1][2][3] Russian: Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев, tr. Sergej Sergejevič Prokofjev;[n 1][4][5] 23 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet
Soviet
composer, pianist and conductor. As the creator of acknowledged masterpieces across numerous musical genres, he is regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century
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Fyodor Lopukhov
Fyodor Lopukhov (Russian: Фёдор Васи́льевич Лопухо́в; 20 October 1886, Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
– 28 January 1973, Leningrad) was a choreographer in Soviet Russia. Biography[edit] Lopukhov was born into a family of dancers, which included his brother, Andrei, and his two sisters, Evgenia and the renowned Lydia Lopokova, who was a dancer for Sergei Diaghilev. He graduated from the Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
Theatre School in 1905 and began his career at the Mariinsky Theatre. He also toured with the Bolshoi in their 1910–11 season.[1] Following the Revolution of 1917, a period of experimentation in ballet ensued as a distaste for works which evoked the imperial court developed in post-revolutionary Russia
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Les Millions D'Arlequin
Les Millions d'Arléquin (en. Harlequin's Millions) (ru. "Миллионы Арлекина", Milliony Arlekina) also known under the title Harlequinade
Harlequinade
(ru. "Арлекинада", Arlekinada) is a ballet comique in two acts and two tableaux with libretto and choreography by Marius Petipa
Marius Petipa
and music by Riccardo Drigo. First presented at the Hermitage by the Imperial Ballet
Ballet
in St. Petersburg, Russia on 23 February [O.S. 10 February] 1900. The ballet was given a second premiere with the same cast at the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre on 26 February [O.S. 13 February] 1900. Riccardo Drigo's score for Les Millions d'Arléquin was celebrated in its own right and was issued in piano reduction by the publisher Zimmermann in 1901
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Polina Semionova
Polina Alexandrovna Semionova (Russian: Полина Александровна Семионова; born 13 September 1984) is a Russian ballet dancer who was previously a principal dancer and is currently principal dancer with the American Ballet Theatre
American Ballet Theatre
in New York and with the Berlin State Ballet.[1] She is a professor at the Berlin State Ballet School.[2]Contents1 Life 2 Partners 3 See also 4 ReferencesLife[edit] She grew up in Moscow
Moscow
and attended Ballet school with her older brother Dmitry Semionov, who is now a principal dancer with the Staatsballett Berlin
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Tchaikovsky
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
(/ˈɪljɪtʃ tʃaɪˈkɒfski/ IL-yitch chy-KOF-skee;[1] Russian: Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский;[a 1] 25 April/7 May 1840 – 25 October/6 November 1893),[a 2] often anglicized as Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky, was a Russian composer of the romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, bolstered by his appearances as a guest conductor in Europe and the United States. Tchaikovsky was honored in 1884 by Emperor Alexander III, and awarded a lifetime pension. Although musically precocious, Tchaikovsky was educated for a career as a civil servant. There was scant opportunity for a musical career in Russia at that time and no system of public music education
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Friedemann Vogel
Friedemann Vogel (born 1 August 1979) is a German ballet dancer who performs with Stuttgart
Stuttgart
Ballet as a Principal Dancer
Principal Dancer
and as a frequent guest artist at major ballet houses around the world including La Scala in Milan and the Bolshoi Ballet Theatre in Moscow
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La Bayadère
La Bayadère
La Bayadère
(en. The Temple Dancer) (ru. «Баядерка», Bayaderka) is a ballet, originally staged in four acts and seven tableaux by French choreographer Marius Petipa
Marius Petipa
to the music of Ludwig Minkus. The ballet was staged especially for the benefit performance of the Russian Prima ballerina
Prima ballerina
Ekaterina Vazem, who created the principal role of Nikiya. La Bayadère
La Bayadère
was first presented by the Imperial Ballet
Ballet
at the Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre
Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre
in St. Petersburg, Russia, on 4 February [O.S
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The Bronze Horseman (poem)
The Bronze Horseman: A Petersburg Tale (Russian: Медный всадник: Петербургская повесть, literally: "The Copper Horseman") is a narrative poem written by Alexander Pushkin in 1833 about the equestrian statue of Peter the Great
Peter the Great
in Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
and the great flood of 1824. While the poem was written in 1833, it was not published, in its entirety, until after his death as his work was under censorship due to the political nature of his other writings
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