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Mezquital Valley
The Mezquital Valley
Mezquital Valley
(Nahuatl: Teotlalpan
Teotlalpan
and Otomi: B’ot’ähi) is a series of small valleys and flat areas located in Central Mexico, about 60 kilometres (37 mi) north of Mexico City, located in the western part of the state of Hidalgo. It is part of the central Mexican highlands, with altitudes between 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) and 2,100 metres (6,900 ft) above sea level. It is one of Mexico's main semi-arid/area regions, whose native vegetation is dominated by cactus species, mesquite trees, and maguey with pine and oak trees in the highest elevations. It is considered to be part of the northern extension of Mesoamerica, with one major archeological site, Tula, which was the main city of the Toltecs, an important influence for the later Aztecs, this area was on two important Aztec regions, Teotlalpan[1][2] and Jilotepec Province
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Nahuatl Language
Nahuatl
Nahuatl
(English: /ˈnɑːwɑːtəl/;[4] Nahuatl pronunciation: [ˈnaːwatɬ] ( listen)[cn 1]), known historically as Aztec,[3] is a language or group of languages of the Uto-Aztecan language family. Varieties of Nahuatl
Nahuatl
are spoken by an estimated 1.5 million Nahua peoples, most of whom live in central Mexico. Nahuatl
Nahuatl
has been spoken in central Mexico
Mexico
since at least the seventh century CE.[5] It was the language of the Aztecs, who dominated what is now central Mexico
Mexico
during the Late Postclassic period of Mesoamerican history
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Echinocactus
See textSynonymsBrittonrosea Speg. Echinofossulocactus Lawr. Homalocephala Britton & Rose[1] Echinocactus
Echinocactus
is a genus of cacti in the subfamily Cactoideae.[1] The generic name derives from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
εχινος (echinos), meaning "spiny," and cactus. It and Ferocactus
Ferocactus
are the two genera of barrel cactus. Members of the genus usually have heavy spination and relatively small flowers. The fruits are copiously woolly, and this is one major distinction between Echinocactus
Echinocactus
and Ferocactus
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Cactus
See also Classification of the CactaceaeSynonyms[2]Opuntiaceae Desv. Leuchtenbergiaceae Salm-Dyck ex Pfeiff.Cultivated cacti in the Singapore Botanic GardensMany species of cactus have long, sharp spines, like this Opuntia.A cactus (plural: cacti, cactuses, or cactus)[3] is a member of the plant family Cactaceae,[Note 1] a family comprising about 127 genera with some 1750 known species of the order Caryophyllales.[4] The word "cactus" derives, through Latin, from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
κάκτος, kaktos, a name originally used by Theophrastus
Theophrastus
for a spiny plant whose identity is not certain.[5] Cacti occur in a wide range of shapes and sizes. Most cacti live in habitats subject to at least some drought. Many live in extremely dry environments, even being found in the Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on earth. Cacti show many adaptations to conserve water
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Agave
See text. See also full listing. Agave
Agave
(US: /əˈɡɑːvi/, UK: /əˈɡeɪvi/, /əˈɡɑːvi/,[1] Anglo-Hispanic: /əˈɡɑːveɪ/[2]) is a genus of monocots native to the hot and arid regions of Mexico
Mexico
and the Southwestern United States. Some agave species are also native to tropical areas of South America. The plants are perennial, but each rosette flowers once and then dies (see semelparity). Some species are known by the name "century plant".[3] Agave
Agave
tequilana, agave azul or blue agave, is used in the production of tequila
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Taxodium Mucronatum
Taxodium
Taxodium
distichum var. mucronatum (Ten.) A.Henry Taxodium
Taxodium
mexicanum Carrière Taxodium
Taxodium
distichum var
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Cupressus
See textThe genus Cupressus
Cupressus
is one of several genera within the family Cupressaceae
Cupressaceae
that have the common name cypress; for the others, see cypress. It is considered a polyphyletic group. Based on genetic and morphological analysis, the Cupressus
Cupressus
genus is found in the Cupressoideae subfamily.[1][2] The common name comes from Old French cipres and that from Latin
Latin
cyparissus, which is the latinisation of the Greek κυπάρισσος (kypárissos).[3] As currently treated, these cypresses are native to scattered localities in mainly warm temperate regions in the Northern Hemisphere, including western North America, Central America, northwest Africa, the Middle East, the Himalayas, southern China and northern Vietnam
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Pinus
See Pinus classification
Pinus classification
for complete taxonomy to species level. See list of pines by region for list of species by geographic distribution.Range of PinusA pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus, /ˈpiːnuːs/,[1] of the family Pinaceae
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Salix
About 400.[2] See List of Salix speciesWillows, also called sallows, and osiers, form the genus Salix, around 400 species[2] of deciduous trees and shrubs, found primarily on moist soils in cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Most species are known as willow, but some narrow-leaved shrub species are called osier, and some broader-leaved species are referred to as sallow (from Old English
Old English
sealh, related to the Latin
Latin
word salix, willow)
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Quercus
See List of Quercus speciesAn oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (/ˈkwɜːrkəs/;[1] Latin
Latin
"oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae. There are approximately 600 extant species of oaks. The common name "oak" also appears in the names of species in related genera, notably Lithocarpus (stone oaks), as well as in those of unrelated species such as Grevillea robusta
Grevillea robusta
(silky oaks) and the Casuarinaceae
Casuarinaceae
(she-oaks). The genus Quercus is native to the Northern Hemisphere, and includes deciduous and evergreen species extending from cool temperate to tropical latitudes in the Americas, Asia, Europe, and North Africa. North America
North America
contains the largest number of oak species, with approximately 90 occurring in the United States, while Mexico
Mexico
has 160 species of which 109 are endemic
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Vachellia Farnesiana
Vachellia
Vachellia
farnesiana, also known as Acacia farnesiana, and previously Mimosa farnesiana, commonly known as sweet acacia,[1] huisache[2] or needle bush, is so named because of the numerous thorns distributed along its branches. The native range of V. farnesiana is uncertain. While the point of origin is Mexico and Central America, the species has a pantropical distribution incorporating northern Australia and southern Asia. It remains unclear whether the extra-American distribution is primarily natural or anthropogenic.[3] It is deciduous over part of its range,[4] but evergreen in most locales.[5] The species grows to a height of up to 8 m (26 ft)[6] and has a lifespan of about 25–50 years.[7] The plant has been recently[when?] spread to many new locations as a result of human activity and it is considered a serious weed in Fiji, where locals call it Ellington's curse. It thrives in dry, saline, or sodic soils
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Ilex
About 600, see textIlex /ˈaɪlɛks/, or holly,[1] is a genus of 400 to 600 species of flowering plants in the family Aquifoliaceae, and the only living genus in that family. The species are evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs, and climbers from tropics to temperate zones worldwide.Contents1 Description 2 Etymology 3 History 4 Range 5 Ecology 6 Toxicity 7 Usage 8 Ornamental use 9 Culture 10 Selected species 11 Gallery 12 References 13 External linksDescription[edit]Ilex paraguariensisThe genus Ilex is widespread throughout the temperate and subtropical regions of the world. It includes species of trees, shrubs, and climbers, with evergreen or deciduous foliage and inconspicuous flowers. Its range was more extended in the Tertiary period and many species are adapted to laurel forest habitat
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Pachycereus
See textPachycereus is a genus of 9–12 species of large cacti native to Mexico and just into southern Arizona, United States. They form large shrubs or small trees up to 15 m or more tall, with stout stems up to 1 m in diameter. Pachycereus comes from the ancient Greek pakhus meaning "thick" and the Latin cereus meaning "torch".Selected speciesPachycereus gatesii Pachycereus gaumeri Pachycereus grandis Pachycereus hollianus Pachycereus marginatus Pachycereus militaris Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum Pachycereus pringlei - cardón cactus Pachycereus schottii - totem cactus, senita cactus Pachycereus weberiP. pringlei is the tallest cactus species in the world, with a maximum recorded height of 19.2 m.[1]SynonymyThese genera have been brought into synonymy with Pachycereus:Backebergia Bravo Lemaireocereus Britton & Rose Lophocereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose Marginatocereus (Backeb.) Backeb. Mitrocereus (Backeb.) Backeb. Pterocereus T.MacDoug
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Yucca
See text.SynonymsClistoyucca (Engelm.) Trel. Samuela Trel. Sarcoyucca (Engelm.) Linding.[1] Yucca
Yucca
is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae.[2] Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers
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Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt Pine-oak Forests
The Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt
pine-oak forests is a subtropical coniferous forest ecoregion of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt
of central Mexico.Contents1 Setting 2 Flora 3 Fau
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Hechtia
Hechtia
Hechtia
is a genus of the botanical family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Pitcairnioideae. Its species are native to Mexico, Central America, and Texas.[2][3][4][5][6] The genus is named for Julius Gottfried Conrad Hecht (1771–1837), German counselor to the King of Prussia.[7] Except for H. gayorum, the plants of this genus are dioecious. Species[edit] Hechtia
Hechtia
aquamarina I.Ramírez & C.F.Jiménez - Puebla Hechtia argentea
Hechtia argentea
Baker - Querétaro Hechtia
Hechtia
bracteata Mez - Citlaltépetl (Puebla + Veracruz) Hechtia caerulea
Hechtia caerulea
(Matuda) L.B.Sm. - San Luis Potosí, México State, Guerrero Hechtia capituligera Mez - San Luis Potosí Hechtia carlsoniae
Hechtia carlsoniae
Burt-Utley & J.Utley - Guerrero Hechtia caudata
Hechtia caudata
L.B.Sm
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