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Metropolitan Borough Of Stockport
The METROPOLITAN BOROUGH OF STOCKPORT is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England . As well as the town of Stockport , it includes the outyling areas of Cheadle , Cheadle Hulme , Marple , Bredbury , Reddish , Woodley and Romiley . In 2001, it had a population of 284,500. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Governance * 3.1 Parliamentary constituencies * 3.2 Parishes * 3.3 Unparished Areas * 3.4 Council * 4 Demography * 4.1 Population change * 5 Economy * 6 Landmarks * 7 Education * 8 Twin towns * 9 References * 9.1 Bibliography * 10 External links HISTORYThe borough was created in 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972 from the former area of the County Borough of Stockport and from the administrative county of Cheshire the urban districts of Bredbury and Romiley , Cheadle and Gatley , Hazel Grove and Bramhall and Marple . Stockport became a county borough in 1889 and was enlarged by gaining territory from Lancashire , including in 1906 Reddish and in 1913, the Four Heatons . The Marple Urban District of Cheshire, formed in 1894, gained parts of Derbyshire in 1936 including Mellor and Ludworth from Chapel en le Frith Rural District
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Stockport
STOCKPORT /ˈstɒkpɔːrt/ is a large town in Greater Manchester , England, 7 miles (11 km) south-east of Manchester city centre , where the River Goyt and Tame merge to create the River Mersey . The town is the largest settlement in the metropolitan borough of the same name . Historically , most of the town was in Cheshire , but the area to the north of the Mersey was in Lancashire . Stockport in the 16th century was a small town entirely on the south bank of the Mersey, and known for the cultivation of hemp and manufacture of rope . In the 18th century the town had one of the first mechanised silk factories in the British Isles . However, Stockport's predominant industries of the 19th century were the cotton and allied industries. Stockport was also at the centre of the country's hatting industry, which by 1884 was exporting more than six million hats a year; the last hat works in Stockport closed in 1997. Dominating the western approaches to the town is the Stockport Viaduct . Built in 1840, the viaduct's 27 brick arches carry the mainline railways from Manchester to Birmingham and London over the River Mersey. This structure featured as the background in many paintings by L. S. Lowry
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List Of Towns In England
This is a list of towns in England
England
. Historically, towns were any settlement with a charter, including market towns and ancient boroughs . The process of incorporation was reformed in 1835 and many more places received borough charters, whilst others were lost. All existing boroughs were abolished on 1 April 1974 and borough status was reformed as a civic honour for local government districts. At the same time a limited number of former boroughs and other settlements became successor parishes , with the right to be known as a town and preserve their charter. Boroughs that did not become successor parishes formed unparished areas , but were able to preserve their charters without a corporate body by appointing charter trustees . Since 1 April 1974 any parish council in England has the right to resolve to call itself a town council and many communities have taken up this right, including areas that preserved continuity with charter trustees. However, no successor parishes have exercised this right (e.g. Ilkley
Ilkley
). This list does not include cities in England
England

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Metropolitan Borough
A METROPOLITAN BOROUGH is a type of local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county . Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as METROPOLITAN DISTRICTS. However, all of them have been granted or regranted royal charters to give them borough status (as well as, in some cases, city status ). Metropolitan boroughs have been effectively unitary authority areas since the abolition of the metropolitan county councils by the Local Government Act 1985 . However, metropolitan boroughs pool much of their authority in joint boards and other arrangements that cover whole metropolitan counties, such as combined authorities . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Metropolitan district
Metropolitan district
councils * 3 List of metropolitan boroughs * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe term "metropolitan borough" was first used for administrative subdivisions of the County
County
of London between 1900 and 1965. However, the present boroughs of Greater London, which have different boundaries and functions, and are much larger in area, are known as London Boroughs rather than metropolitan boroughs
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Stockport Town Hall
STOCKPORT TOWN HALL is a building in Stockport , England
England
, that houses government and administrative functions. It was designed by architect Sir Alfred Brumwell Thomas who had previously designed Belfast City Hall. It was opened by the then Prince and Princess of Wales in July 1908. To commemorate the Royal visit, part of Heaton Lane, a main shopping street in the town, was renamed Prince's Street. Council and committee meetings take place during the evening in three oak-panelled committee rooms and in a traditional Council Chamber. The chamber has elaborate plasterwork, brass chandeliers and decorative carvings on oak benches. The civic collection of silver, some of which dates from the 15th century, lines the wall of the corridor outside the chamber. Stockport Town Hall is a licensed Wedding venue. Weddings and receptions are a frequent occurrence at the Town Hall. An imposing Italian marble entrance leads to the Edwardian Ballroom, which former poet laureate Sir John Betjeman described as "magnificent". This contains a Wurlitzer organ formerly installed in Manchester\'s Paramount Theatre and moved to Manchester's Free Trade Hall in 1977 subsequently being moved to Stockport Town Hall and being opened at Stockport in late 1999
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Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council
STOCKPORT METROPOLITAN BOROUGH COUNCIL is the local authority for the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport , Greater Manchester , England
England
. The council is currently in no overall control , as at the 2016 local elections the Liberal Democrats lost their majority. Currently, Labour have 23 seats, the Liberal Democrats have 21 and the Conservatives have 14. There are also 5 independent councillors, 3 that represent the Heald Green Ratepayers and 2 others that are Independent . CONTENTS * 1 Parliamentary representation * 2 Wards and Councillors * 3 Executive Councillors * 4 Structure * 5 Politics * 6 References * 7 External links PARLIAMENTARY REPRESENTATIONStockport is currently covered by four constituencies : Cheadle , Stockport , Hazel Grove and Denton and Reddish . WARDS AND COUNCILLORSThere are 21 wards, each represented by three councillors. COUNCIL WARDS 1 Bramhall North 2 Bramhall South 3 Bredbury & Woodley 4 Bredbury Green & Romiley 5 Brinnington & Central 6 Cheadle & Gatley 7 Cheadle Hulme North 8 Cheadle Hulme South 9 Davenport & Cale Green 10 Edgeley each has a separate portfolio containing responsibilities for different services and areas of the council. There are also six scrutiny committees which scrutinize decisions made by the executive. POLITICSStockport Council has 63 elected members, belonging to three different parties. No party has overall control
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Greater Manchester
GREATER MANCHESTER is a metropolitan county in North West England
England
, with a population of 2.8 million . It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs : Bolton
Bolton
, Bury
Bury
, Oldham
Oldham
, Rochdale
Rochdale
, Stockport , Tameside , Trafford
Trafford
, Wigan
Wigan
, and the cities of Manchester
Manchester
and Salford . Greater Manchester
Manchester
was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
; and designated a City Region on 1 April 2011. Greater Manchester
Manchester
spans 493 square miles (1,277 km2), which roughly covers the territory of the Greater Manchester
Manchester
Built-up Area , the second most populous urban area in the UK
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List Of Sovereign States
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognized to have _de facto_ status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world . The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe
Europe
. It is also the 21st-most populous country , with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants
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Countries Of The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries : England , Scotland , Wales and Northern Ireland . Within the United Kingdom, a unitary sovereign state , Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales have gained a degree of autonomy through the process of devolution . The UK Parliament and British Government deal with all _reserved matters _ for Northern Ireland and Scotland and all _non-transferred matters_ for Wales, but not in general matters that have been devolved to the Northern Ireland Assembly , Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales . Additionally, devolution in Northern Ireland is conditional on co-operation between the Northern Ireland Executive and the Government of Ireland (see North/South Ministerial Council ) and the British Government consults with the Government of Ireland to reach agreement on some non-devolved matters for Northern Ireland (see British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference ). England, comprising the majority of the population and area of the United Kingdom, remains fully the responsibility of the UK Parliament centralised in London . England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales are not themselves listed in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) list of countries
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery , which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language , the Anglican Church , and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations
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Regions Of England
The REGIONS (formerly known as the GOVERNMENT OFFICE REGIONS; GORS) are the highest tier of sub-national division in England . Between 1994 and 2011, nine regions had officially devolved functions within Government. While they no longer fulfil this role, they continue to be used for statistical and some administrative purposes. They define areas (constituencies) for the purposes of elections to the European Parliament . Eurostat also uses them to demarcate first level Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions ("NUTS 1 regions") within the European Union . The regions generally follow the boundaries of the former standard regions , established in the 1940s for statistical purposes. The London region (also known as Greater London ) has a directly elected Mayor and Assembly . Six regions have local authority leaders\' boards to assist with correlating the headline policies of local authorities. The remaining two regions no longer have any administrative functions, having abolished their regional local authority leaders' boards. In 1998, regional chambers were established in the eight regions outside of London, which produced strategic plans and recommendations to local authorities
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North West England
NORTH WEST ENGLAND, one of nine official regions of England , consists of the five counties of Cheshire , Cumbria , Greater Manchester , Lancashire and Merseyside . The North West had a population of 7,052,000 in 2011
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Ceremonial Counties Of England
The CEREMONIAL COUNTIES, also referred to as the LIEUTENANCY AREAS OF ENGLAND, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed. Legally the areas in England, as well as in Wales and Scotland, are defined by the Lieutenancies Act 1997 as COUNTIES AND AREAS FOR THE PURPOSES OF THE LIEUTENANCIES IN GREAT BRITAIN, in contrast to the areas used for local government . They are also informally known as GEOGRAPHIC COUNTIES, as often representing more permanent features of English geography, and to distinguish them from counties of England which have a present-day administrative function. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Shrieval counties * 3 Definition * 3.1 Ceremonial counties since 1997 * 4 Lieutenancy areas in 1890 * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Notes * 8 External links HISTORY Ceremonial counties before the creation of Greater London in 1965 (showing counties corporate as part of the main counties.) The distinction between a county for purposes of the Lieutenancy and a county for administrative purposes is not a new one: in some cases a county corporate that was part of a county was appointed its own Lieutenant (although the Lieutenant of the containing county would often be appointed to this position as well), and the three Ridings of Yorkshire had been treated as three counties for Lieutenancy purposes since the 17th century
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Local Government Act 1972
The LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT 1972 (c 70) is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that reformed local government in England and Wales
England and Wales
on 1 April 1974. Its pattern of two-tier metropolitan and non-metropolitan county and district councils remains in use today in large parts of England, although the metropolitan county councils were abolished in 1986, and both county and district councils were replaced with unitary authorities in many areas in the 1990s. In Wales, too, the Act established a similar pattern of counties and districts , but these have since been entirely replaced with a system of unitary authorities . It was one of the most significant Acts of Parliament to be passed by the Heath Government of 1970-74 and is surpassed only by the European Communities Act 1972 which took the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
into the European Communities . Elections were held to the new authorities in 1973, and they acted as "shadow authorities" until the handover date. Elections to county councils were held on 12 April, for metropolitan and Welsh districts on 10 May, and for non-metropolitan district councils on 7 June
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Borough Status In The United Kingdom
BOROUGH STATUS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM is granted by royal charter to local government districts in England , Wales and Northern Ireland . The status is purely honorary, and does not give any additional powers to the council or inhabitants of the district. In Scotland , similarly chartered communities were known as royal burghs , although the status is no longer granted. CONTENTS * 1 Origins of borough status * 2 Modern borough status * 2.1 England and Wales * 2.1.1 England * 2.1.2 Wales * 2.2 Northern Ireland * 3 See also * 4 References * 4.1 Sources * 4.2 Citations * 5 External links * 6 Sources ORIGINS OF BOROUGH STATUS Main article: Ancient borough Until the local government reforms of 1973 and 1974 , boroughs were towns possessing charters of incorporation conferring considerable powers, and were governed by a municipal corporation headed by a mayor. The corporations had been reformed by legislation beginning in 1835 (1840 in Ireland ). By the time of their abolition there were three types: * County boroughs * Municipal or non-county boroughs * Rural boroughs Many of the older boroughs could trace their origin to medieval charters or were boroughs by prescription, with Saxon origins
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