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Menteng
Menteng
Menteng
is a subdistrict of Central Jakarta, one of the administrative municipalities in the special capital territory of Jakarta, Indonesia. The subdistrict is best known as the location of the Menteng residential area, a new urban design developed in the 1910s to become a residential area for Dutch people and high officials. At the time of its development, the area was the first planned garden suburb in colonial Batavia. Supported by easy access to service centers and nearby to the central business district, this area has become one of the most expensive areas for residential real estate in Jakarta. Several important people such as former president Suharto
Suharto
take up residence in Menteng. The President of the United States Barack Obama spent his childhood in Menteng, attending local schools including Besuki Public School and St
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Subdistricts Of Indonesia
In Indonesia, a subdistrict (Indonesian: kecamatan)[1] is a subdivision of regencies (kabupaten) and cities (kota). A subdistrict is itself divided into administrative villages (kelurahan)
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Wolff Schoemaker
Charles Prosper Wolff Schoemaker
Charles Prosper Wolff Schoemaker
(25 July 1882 – 22 May 1949)[1] was a Dutch architect who designed several distinguished Art Deco buildings in Bandung, Indonesia, including the Villa Isola
Villa Isola
and Hotel Preanger.[2] He has been described as "the Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright
of Indonesia,"[2] and Wright had a considerable influence on Schoemaker's modernist designs.[3] Although he was primarily known as an architect, he was also a painter and sculptor.Contents1 Early life and formative years 2 Career 3 Legacy 4 Works 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksEarly life and formative years[edit] Wolff Schoemaker was born in Banyu Biru, Indonesia on the island of Java, where he would spend most of his life
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Rice Paddies
A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic rice. Paddy cultivation should not be confused with cultivation of deepwater rice, which is grown in flooded conditions with water more than 50 cm (20 in) deep for at least a month. Genetic evidence shows that all forms of paddy rice, both indica and japonica, spring from a domestication of the wild rice Oryza rufipogon
Oryza rufipogon
that first occurred 8,200–13,500 years ago South of the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
in present-day China.[1] However, the domesticated indica subspecies currently appears to be a product of the introgression of favorable alleles from japonica at a later date, so that there are possibly several events of cultivation and domestication.[2] Paddy fields are the typical feature of rice farming in east, south and southeast Asia
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Kampung
A Kampong or Kampung - (Malay and Indonesian spelling) is a village in Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore
Singapore
and Cambodia. The term applies to traditional villages, especially of indigenous peoples, and has also been used to refer to urban slum areas and enclosed developments and neighbourhoods within towns and cities in Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Cambodia, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and Christmas Island. The traditional kampung village designs and architecture have been targeted for reform by urbanists and modernists and have also been adapted by contemporary architects for various projects
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Garden City Movement
The garden city movement is a method of urban planning in which self-contained communities are surrounded by "greenbelts", containing proportionate areas of residences, industry, and agriculture
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Ebenezer Howard
Sir Ebenezer Howard
Ebenezer Howard
OBE (/ˌɛbɪˈniːzər ˈhaʊərd/; 29 January 1850[1] – 1 May 1928[2]), the English founder of the garden city movement, is known for his publication To-Morrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform (1898), the description of a utopian city in which people live harmoniously together with nature. The publication resulted in the founding of the garden city movement, and the building of the First Garden City, Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City, commenced in 1903. The second true Garden City was Welwyn Garden City
Welwyn Garden City
(1920) and the movement influenced the development of several model suburbs in other countries, such as Forest Hills Gardens designed by F. L
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Museum Perumusan Naskah Proklamasi
The Formulation of Proclamation Text Museum (Indonesian: Museum Perumusan Naskah Proklamasi) is a history museum in Jakarta, Indonesia. The building is where the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence was formulated.Contents1 History1.1 The building 1.2 The museum2 Collection 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] The building[edit]The building was converted into a residence for Rear Admiral Tadashi Maeda in 1942.The building was built in 1920 following the design of J.F.L. Blankenberg.[1] It is a two-floored, 1,138 m2 Art-Deco-style building over a 3,914 m2 plot of land.[2][3] In 1931, the building was bought by insurance company Jiwasraya.[3] During the Pacific War, the building was used by the British General Consulate
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Eduard Cuypers
Eduard Cuypers
Eduard Cuypers
(April 18, 1859 Roermond
Roermond
– June 1, 1927, The Hague) was a Dutch architect. He worked in Amsterdam
Amsterdam
and the Dutch East Indies. Cuypers was trained in the architectural practice of his uncle P.J.H. Cuypers and in 1881 set up his own office in Amsterdam. His good contacts with businessmen earned him commissions for offices, shops and houses. In spite of his training by his uncle, the country's major architect of neo-Gothic, his work was closely related to Neo-renaissance
Neo-renaissance
and Jugendstil. Although he designed several churches, unlike his uncle and his cousin Joseph Cuypers, Eduard did not confine himself solely to ecclesiastical architecture
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Henri Maclaine Pont
Henri Maclaine Pont
Henri Maclaine Pont
(21 June 1884 – 3 December 1971) was a Dutch architect and archaeologist active in Indonesia, acclaimed for his synthesis of Javanese and western architecture.[1] He is seen as the "father" of modern vernacular architecture of Indonesia. Biography[edit] Born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies
Batavia, Dutch East Indies
in 1884, Henri Maclaine Pont studied civil engineering in Delft. After graduation, he moved back to the Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
where in 1911 received his first major work, the design of the Semarang-Cheribon Steam Tram Company headquarters.[1] In Semarang
Semarang
he set up his own firm, which was later joined by Thomas Karsten
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Dutch Indies Country Houses
A landhuis (plural landhuizen) is a Dutch colonial country house, often the administrative heart of a particuliere land or private domain in the Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia. Many country houses were built by the Dutch in other colonial settlements, such as Galle, Cape Town, and Curaçao, but none as extensively or elaborately as in the Residency of Batavia (an area that includes parts of modern-day Jakarta, West Java
West Java
and Banten
Banten
provinces). Much of Batavia's reputation as 'Queen of the East' rested on the grandeur of these 18th-century mansions.[1] Architecturally, in the beginning, they were conceived as replicas of the Dutch architecture. Later, the design include features from Javanese vernacular architecture, partly to response to the tropical climate. This distinctive type of architecture, fusion of Western and Javanese architecture, became known later as the Indies Style from the Dutch East Indies
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Thomas Karsten
Herman Thomas Karsten
Thomas Karsten
(22 April 1884, Amsterdam–1945, Cimahi) was a Dutch engineer who gave major contributions to architecture and town planning in Indonesia
Indonesia
during Dutch colonial rule. Most significantly he integrated the practice of colonial urban environment with native elements; a radical approach to spatial planning for Indonesia
Indonesia
at the time. He introduced a neighborhood plan for all ethnic groups in Semarang, built public markets in Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta
and Surakarta, and a city square in the capital Batavia (now 'Jakarta'). Between 1915 and 1941 he was given responsibility for planning 12 out of 19 municipalities in Java, 3 out of 9 towns in Sumatra
Sumatra
and a town in Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo)
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Mansard Roof
A mansard or mansard roof (also called a French roof or curb roof) is a four-sided gambrel-style hip roof characterized by two slopes on each of its sides with the lower slope, punctured by dormer windows, at a steeper angle than the upper.[1][2][3] The steep roof with windows creates an additional floor of habitable space[4] (a garret), and reduces the overall height of the roof for a given number of habitable stories. The upper slope of the roof may not be visible from street level when viewed from close proximity to the building. The earliest known example of a mansard roof is credited to Pierre Lescot on part of the Louvre
Louvre
built around 1550
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Art Deco
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I.[1] Art Deco
Art Deco
influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.[2] It took its name, short for Arts Décoratifs, from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts) held in Paris
Paris
in 1925.[3] It combined modernist styles with fine craftsmanship and rich materials. During its heyday, Art Deco represented luxury, glamour, exuberance, and faith in social and technological progress. Art Deco
Art Deco
was a pastiche of many different styles, sometimes contradictory, united by a desire to be modern
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Nieuwe Zakelijkheid
Nieuwe Zakelijkheid, translated as New Objectivity
New Objectivity
or New Pragmatism, is a Dutch period of modernist architecture that started in the 1920s and continued into the 1930s. The term is also used to denote a (brief) period in art and literature (especially the early novels Blokken, Knorrende Beesten, and Bint by Ferdinand Bordewijk[1]). Related to and descended from the German movement Neue Sachlichkeit, Nieuwe Zakelijkheid
Nieuwe Zakelijkheid
is characterized by angular shapes and designs that are generally free of ornamentation and decoration. The architecture is based on functional considerations and often included open layouts that allowed spaces to be used with flexibility. Sliding doors were included in some of the designs.[2]CHV-silo in Veghel, by J.G
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Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
(/ˌɑːrt nuːˈvoʊ, ˌɑːr/; French: [aʁ nuvo]) is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.[1] A reaction to the academic art of the 19th century, it was inspired by natural forms and structures, particularly the curved lines of plants and flowers. English uses the French name Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
(new art)
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