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Member Of The Legislative Assembly
A MEMBER OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (MLA), or a MEMBER OF THE LEGISLATURE (ML), is a representative elected by the voters of a constituency to the legislature or legislative assembly of a sub-national jurisdiction. CONTENTS * 1 Australia * 2 Brazil * 3 Canada
Canada
* 4 Falkland Islands * 5 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
* 6 India * 7 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
* 8 United States of America
United States of America
* 9 Wales
Wales
* 10 References AUSTRALIAMembers of the Legislative Assembly use the suffix MP in New South Wales
Wales
and Queensland . In Western Australia , Northern Territory , Australian Capital Territory and Norfolk Island , members are known as MLAs. However the suffix MP is also commonly used. South Australia and Tasmania have a House of Assembly and denote its members MHA. In Victoria members can use either MP or MLA. In federal parliament, members of the House of Representatives are designated MP and not MHR. BRAZILIn Brazil, Members of all 26 Legislative Assemblies (Portuguese : Assembléias Legislativas) are called deputados estaduais (English: state deputies)
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Constituency
An ELECTORAL DISTRICT (also known as a CONSTITUENCY, LEGISLATIVE DISTRICT, RIDING, WARD, DIVISION, ELECTORAL AREA, or ELECTORATE) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body . Generally, only voters (constituents) who reside within the district are permitted to vote in an election held there. From a single district, a single member or multiple members might be chosen. Members might be chosen by a first-past-the-post system or a proportional representative system, or another voting method entirely. Members might be chosen through a direct election under universal suffrage , an indirect election , or another form of suffrage . CONTENTS * 1 Terminology * 2 District magnitude * 3 Apportionment and redistricting * 3.1 Gerrymandering * 4 Swing seats and safe seats * 5 Constituency work * 6 Special constituencies with additional membership requirements * 7 Voting without constituencies * 8 See also * 9 Notes TERMINOLOGY See also: List of electoral districts by nation The names for electoral districts vary across countries and, occasionally, for the office being elected. The term _constituency_ is commonly used to refer to an electoral district; it can also refer to the body of eligible voters within the represented area
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Legislature
A LEGISLATURE is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city . Legislatures form important parts of most governments ; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government. Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation . Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The members of a legislature are called legislators . In a democracy , legislators are most commonly popularly elected , although indirect election and appointment by the executive are also used, particularly for bicameral legislatures featuring an upper chamber . CONTENTS * 1 Internal organization * 2 Power * 2.1 Delegation * 3 Members * 4 Terminology * 5 Chambers * 6 Size * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading INTERNAL ORGANIZATIONEach chamber of legislature consists of a number of legislators who use some form of parliamentary procedure to debate political issues and vote on proposed legislation. There must be a certain number of legislators present to carry out these activities; this is called a quorum . Some of the responsibilities of a legislature, such as giving first consideration to newly proposed legislation, are usually delegated to committees made up of small selections of the legislators
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Legislative Assembly
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY is the name given in some countries to either a legislature , or to one of its branch. The name is used by a number of countries, including member-states of the Commonwealth of Nations
Commonwealth of Nations
and other countries. It is also used by their sub-national divisions, such as the Australian States and Canadian provinces
Canadian provinces
. CONTENTS* 1 Legislative assemblies in the Commonwealth * 1.1 Examples of legislative assemblies in Commonwealth countries * 1.2 Former legislative assemblies * 2 Legislative assemblies outside the Commonwealth * 3 See also LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES IN THE COMMONWEALTHThe modern-day legislative assembly in a Commonwealth country, either as a national or sub-national parliament, is in most cases an evolution of one of these colonial legislative chambers, whether the full legislature or a lower house . In a number of jurisdictions, the name House of Assembly is used instead. It is one of the main names used in everyday EXAMPLES OF LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES IN COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIESIn India
India
, the lower or sole house of each constituent state\'s parliament is called the legislative assembly, or Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
. The same name is also used for the lower house of the legislatures for two of the union territories , Delhi
Delhi
and language. Puducherry
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New South Wales Legislative Assembly
The NEW SOUTH WALES LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY is the lower of the two houses of the Parliament of New South Wales , an Australian state. The upper house is the New South Wales
New South Wales
Legislative Council . Both the Assembly and Council sit at Parliament House in the state capital, Sydney. The Assembly is presided over by the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly . The Assembly has 93 members, elected by single-member constituency , which are commonly known as seats. Voting is by the optional preferential system . NSW first Legislative Assembly – 1880 Members of the Legislative Assembly have the initialism MP after their names. From the creation of the assembly up to about 1990, the initialism "MLA" ( Member of the Legislative Assembly ) was used. The Assembly is often called the bearpit on the basis of the house's reputation for confrontational style during heated moments and the "savage political theatre and the bloodlust of its professional players" attributed in part to executive dominance. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Chamber * 3 Function * 4 Current distribution of seats * 5 Administrative officers * 5.1 Clerk * 5.2 Serjeant-at-arms * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYThe Legislative Assembly was created in 1856 with the introduction of a bicameral parliament for the Crown Colony of New South Wales
New South Wales

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Legislative Assembly Of Queensland
GOVERNMENT (42) Labor (42) OPPOSITION (41) Liberal National (41) CROSSBENCH (6) Katter\'s Australian (2) Independent (3) One Nation (1) ELECTIONS LAST ELECTION 31 January 2015 NEXT ELECTION 2018 or earlier MEETING PLACE Legislative Assembly Chamber, Parliament House , Brisbane , Queensland , Australia WEBSITE www.parliament.qld.gov.auThe LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF QUEENSLAND is the sole chamber of the unicameral Parliament of Queensland . Elections are held approximately once every three years. Voting is by the optional preferential voting form of the alternative vote system. The Assembly has 89 members , who have used the letters MP after their names since 2000 (previously they were styled MLAs ). There is approximately the same population in each electorate ; however, that has not always been the case (see Queensland\'s gerrymander ). The Assembly first sat in May 1860 and produced Australia's first Hansard in April 1864. Following the outcome of the 2015 election , successful amendments to the electoral act in early 2016 include: adding an additional four parliamentary seats from 89 to 93, changing from optional preferential voting to full-preferential voting , and moving from unfixed three-year terms to fixed four-year terms
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Western Australian Legislative Assembly
The WESTERN AUSTRALIAN LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Western Australia , an Australian state. The Parliament sits in Parliament House in the Western Australian capital, Perth . The Legislative Assembly today has 59 members, elected for four-year terms from single-member electoral districts . Members are elected using the preferential voting system. As with all other Australian states and territories, voting is compulsory for all Australian citizens over the legal voting age of 18. CONTENTS * 1 Role and operation * 2 History * 3 Electoral distribution and reform * 4 Current distribution of Assembly seats * 5 See also * 6 References ROLE AND OPERATIONMost legislation in Western Australia is initiated in the Legislative Assembly. The party or coalition that can command a majority in the Legislative Assembly is invited by the Governor to form a government. That party or coalition's leader, once sworn in , subsequently becomes the Premier of Western Australia , and a team of the leader's, party's or coalition's choosing (whether they be in the Legislative Assembly or in the Legislative Council ) can then be sworn in as ministers responsible for various portfolios. As Australian political parties traditionally vote along party lines, most legislation introduced by the governing party will pass through the House of Assembly
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Northern Territory Legislative Assembly
GOVERNMENT * Labor (18)OPPOSITION * Country Liberal (2)CROSSBENCH * Independent (5) ELECTIONS LAST ELECTION 27 August 2016 MEETING PLACE Parliament House , Darwin , Northern Territory, Australia WEBSITE parliament.nt.gov.au Chamber of the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly The LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF THE NORTHERN TERRITORY is the only house of the Parliament of the Northern Territory
Parliament of the Northern Territory
, Australia. The Legislative Assembly has 25 members each elected for single-member electorates . The voting method changed in February 2016 from full-preferential voting to optional preferential voting . The term of the Legislative Assembly is four years, and elections are on the fourth Saturday in August of the fourth year after the previous election, but can be earlier in the event of a no confidence vote in the Government . The last election for the Legislative Assembly was the 2016 election held on 27 August 2016 . The next election is scheduled for 22 August 2020. Persons who are qualified under the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 to vote for a member for the Northern Territory in the House of Representatives are qualified to vote at an election for the Legislative Assembly. Voting is compulsory for all those over 18 years of age
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Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly
The AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (formally, the Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory) is the unicameral legislature of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). It sits in the Legislative Assembly Building located on Civic Square, close to the centre of the city of Canberra . CONTENTS * 1 Creation * 2 Membership * 3 Local government functions * 4 Enactment of legislation * 5 Powers * 6 Current distribution of seats * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links CREATIONThe Assembly was created by four acts of the Commonwealth Parliament in 1988, including the Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988 . The first election was held on 4 March 1989 and the assembly first sat on 11 May that year. Until this point, the ACT had been directly administered by the Commonwealth Government. It replaced the House of Assembly (also known for a period as the Legislative Assembly), which existed from 1976 to 1986, but had no executive power, with a principal function of advising the Commonwealth on matters relating to the Territory. MEMBERSHIPSince October 2016, the Legislative Assembly has had five members elected from each of five electorates, Brindabella , Ginninderra , Kurrajong , Murrumbidgee and Yerrabi . Members are elected for four-year terms by the Hare-Clark system , a variation of the Single Transferable Vote form of proportional representation
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Norfolk Legislative Assembly
The NORFOLK LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY was the prime legislative body of Norfolk Island from 1979 to 2015. Formed after the Norfolk Island Act 1979 was passed in the Australian parliament, its first members were elected on 10 August 1979. The last assembly was the 14th, elected on 13 March 2013. On 17 June 2015, the Australian government abolished the assembly, ending self-government on the island, and beginning transition arrangements to a Norfolk Island Regional Council to be established on 1 July 2016. CONTENTS * 1 Membership * 2 Abolition * 3 See also * 4 References MEMBERSHIPThe assembly had 9 members, elected for a three-year term. The assembly was elected by a popular vote for a term of not more than three years. Electors each had nine equal votes, which could be divided in any way between candidates, but no more than two votes could be given to any particular individual candidate. This variation of cumulative voting is called the "weighted first past the post system ". All nine seats were held by independents, as Norfolk Island did not have major political parties. However, a local branch of the Australian Labor Party was active
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Members Of Parliament
A MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament . In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Members of parliament tend to form parliamentary groups (also called _parliamentary parties_) with members of the same political party . CONTENTS* 1 Westminster system * 1.1 Australia * 1.2 Bangladesh * 1.3 Canada * 1.4 India * 1.5 Ireland * 1.6 Jamaica * 1.7 Kenya * 1.8 Malaysia * 1.9 Malta * 1.10 Nauru * 1.11 New Zealand * 1.12 Pakistan * 1.13 Singapore * 1.14 Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
* 1.15 United Kingdom * 1.16 Zimbabwe * 2 Other systems * 2.1 Afghanistan * 2.2 Austria * 2.3 Azerbaijan * 2.4 Bulgaria * 2.5 Cambodia * 2.6 Czech Republic * 2.7 Germany * 2.8 Iceland * 2.9 Israel * 2.10 Italy * 2.11 Lebanon * 2.12 Republic of Macedonia * 2.13 Netherlands * 2.14 Norway * 2.15 Philippines * 2.16 Poland * 2.17 Portugal * 2.18 Spain * 2.19 Sweden * 2.20 Thailand
Thailand
* 2.21 Turkey * 2.22 Ukraine
Ukraine
* 3 See also * 4 Footnotes WESTMINSTER SYSTEM Main article: Westminster system The Westminster system is a democratic parliamentary system of government modelled after the politics of the United Kingdom
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South Australian House Of Assembly
The HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of South Australia . The other is the Legislative Council . It sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Adelaide . The fourth-term South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party has been in government since the 2002 election . The 47-seat house consists of 23 Labor , 20 Liberal and 4 independents . Following the 2014 election , the lower house consisted of 23 Labor, 22 Liberal and 2 independents, Geoff Brock and Bob Such . Martin Hamilton-Smith became an independent shortly after the election, reducing the Liberals to 21 seats. Both Hamilton-Smith and fellow independent Brock are in cabinet and provide confidence and supply while retaining the right to vote on conscience . Labor went from minority to majority government when Nat Cook won the 2014 Fisher by-election which was triggered by the death of Bob Such. Despite this, the Jay Weatherill Labor government kept crossbench MPs Brock and Hamilton-Smith in cabinet, giving the government a 26 to 21 parliamentary majority. Frances Bedford resigned from Labor and became an independent on 28 March 2017 after Jack Snelling was endorsed for Florey pre-selection as a result of the major electoral redistribution ahead of the 2018 election
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Victorian Legislative Assembly
GOVERNMENT Labor (46) OPPOSITION Liberal (30) National (8) CROSSBENCH Greens (2) Independent (2) COMMITTEES STANDING *Privileges Committee *Standing Orders Committee ELECTIONS LAST ELECTION 29 November 2014 NEXT ELECTION 24 November 2018 MEETING PLACE Legislative Assembly Chamber, Parliament House , Melbourne
Melbourne
, Victoria , Australia
Australia
WEBSITE Vic Legislative AssemblyThe VICTORIAN LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Victoria in Australia
Australia
; the upper house being the Victorian Legislative Council
Victorian Legislative Council
. Both houses sit at Parliament House in Spring Street , Melbourne
Melbourne
. The presiding officer of the Legislative Assembly is the Speaker . There are presently 88 members of the Legislative Assembly elected from single-member divisions. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Membership and elections * 2.1 Current membership * 2.1.1 Distribution of seats * 3 Officials * 3.1 Non-member officials * 4 2014 Victorian election * 4.1 Results * 5 Procedure * 5.1 Committees * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYVictoria was proclaimed a Colony on 1 July 1851 separating from the Colony of New South Wales by an act of the British Parliament
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Australian House Of Representatives
GOVERNMENT (76) Coalition Liberal (45) LNP (21) National (10) OPPOSITION (69) Labor (69) CROSSBENCH (5) Greens (1 ) Xenophon (1 ) Katter (1 ) Independent (2) ELECTIONS VOTING SYSTEM Instant-runoff voting LAST ELECTION 2 July 2016 NEXT ELECTION On or before 2 November 2019 MEETING PLACE House of Representatives chamber Parliament House Canberra , ACT , Australia WEBSITE House of Representatives AUSTRALIA This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Australia Constitution * Constitution of Australia * Statute of Westminster Adoption Act *
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Portuguese Language
PORTUGUESE (_português_ or, in full, _língua portuguesa_) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Brazil
Brazil
, Cape Verde , Portugal
Portugal
, Guinea-Bissau , Mozambique
Mozambique
, Angola
Angola
, and São Tomé and Príncipe . It also has co-official language status in East Timor
East Timor
, Equatorial Guinea and Macau
Macau
. As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese creole speakers are also found in Goa
Goa
, Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
in India; in Batticaloa on the east coast of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
; in the Indonesian island of Flores
Flores
; in Malacca
Malacca
of Malaysia
Malaysia
; and the ABC islands in the Caribbean where Papiamento is spoken, while Cape Verdean Creole is the most widely spoken Portuguese-based Creole. Portuguese is part of the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia
Kingdom of Galicia
, and has kept some Celtic phonology
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Federal District (brazil)
The FEDERAL DISTRICT (Portuguese : Distrito Federal; Portuguese pronunciation: ) is one of 27 federative units of Brazil
Brazil
. Located in the Central Plateau of the Brazilian Highlands
Brazilian Highlands
, the Federal District is divided into 31 administrative regions , and contains the Brazilian capital city , Brasília
Brasília
, which is also the seat of the three branches of the federal government of Brazil
Brazil
(legislative , executive and judiciary ). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Climate * 3 Demographics * 3.1 Subdivisions * 4 Geography * 5 Tourism and recreation * 6 Infrastructure * 7 Economy * 8 Education * 8.1 Educational institutions * 9 Infrastructure * 9.1 International Airport
Airport
* 9.2 Metro * 10 Sports * 11 Flag * 12 Voting rights * 13 See also * 14 References * 15 External links HISTORYThe capital of Brazil
Brazil
was transferred from Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
to Brasília
Brasília
on 21 April 1960 and its new territory was split off from Goiás
Goiás
. After the transfer the old Federal District (1891–1960) became Guanabara state, the only city-state Brazil
Brazil
ever had so far. This existed from 1960 until 1975 when it merged with Rio de Janeiro state
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