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Medical Subject Headings
MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MESH) is a comprehensive controlled vocabulary for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences; it serves as a thesaurus that facilitates searching. Created and updated by the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), it is used by the MEDLINE / PubMed
PubMed
article database and by NLM's catalog of book holdings. MeSH is also used by ClinicalTrials.gov registry to classify which diseases are studied by trials registered in ClinicalTrials.gov. MeSH was introduced in 1960, with the NLM's own index catalogue and the subject headings of the Quarterly Cumulative Index Medicus (1940 edition) as precursors. The yearly printed version of MeSH was discontinued in 2007 and MeSH is now available online only. It can be browsed and downloaded free of charge through PubMed
PubMed

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Anthropology
ANTHROPOLOGY is the study of various aspects of humans within past and present societies . Social anthropology and cultural anthropology study the norms and values of societies. Linguistic anthropology studies how language affects social life. Biological or physical anthropology studies the biological development of humans
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Sociology
SOCIOLOGY is a study of social beings. It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about social order , acceptance, and change. Many sociologists aim to conduct research that may be applied directly to social policy and welfare , while others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from the micro-sociology level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure . The traditional focuses of sociology include social stratification , social class , social mobility , religion , secularization , law , sexuality and deviance
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Methanethiol
METHANETHIOL /ˈmɛθeɪnˈθaɪɒl/ (also known as METHYL MERCAPTAN ) is an organosulfur compound with the chemical formula CH 3SH. It is a colorless gas with a distinctive putrid smell. It is a natural substance found in the blood and brain of humans and animals , as well as in plant tissues . It is disposed of through animal feces . It also occurs naturally in certain foods, such as some nuts and cheese . It is one of the main compounds responsible for bad breath and the smell of flatus . Methanethiol
Methanethiol
is classified as a thiol and is sometimes abbreviated as MESH. It is very flammable. CONTENTS * 1 Structure and reactions * 2 Occurrence * 3 Preparation * 4 Uses * 5 Safety * 6 References * 7 External links STRUCTURE AND REACTIONSThe molecule is tetrahedral at carbon, like methanol. It is a weak acid , with a pKa of ~10.4, but is about a million times more acidic than methanol
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Physical Sciences
Physical science is a branch of natural science that studies non-living or living systems, in contrast to life science . It in turn has many branches, each referred to as a "physical science", together called the "physical sciences". However, the term "physical" creates an unintended, somewhat arbitrary distinction, since many branches of physical science also study biological phenomena and branches of chemistry such as organic chemistry
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Biological Sciences
BIOLOGY is the natural science that involves the study of life and living organisms , including their physical and chemical structure , function , development and evolution . Modern biology is a vast field, composed of many branches . Despite the broad scope and the complexity of the science, there are certain unifying concepts that consolidate it into a single, coherent field. In general, biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basic unit of heredity , and evolution as the engine that propels the creation of new species . It is also understood that all organisms survive by consuming and transforming energy and by regulating their internal environment
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Psychiatry
PSYCHIATRY is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders . These include various abnormalities related to mood, behaviour, cognition , and perceptions. Initial psychiatric assessment of a person typically begins with a case history and mental status examination . Physical examinations and psychological tests may be conducted. On occasion, neuroimaging or other neurophysiological techniques are used. Mental disorders are often diagnosed in accordance with criteria listed in diagnostic manuals such as the widely used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA), and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), edited and used by the World Health Organization
World Health Organization
(WHO)
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Psychology
PSYCHOLOGY is the science of behavior and mind , including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as thought . It is an academic discipline of immense scope and diverse interests that, when taken together, seek an understanding of the emergent properties of brains, and all the variety of epiphenomena they manifest. As a social science it aims to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases. In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social , behavioral , or cognitive scientist . Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior , while also exploring the physiological and biological processes that underlie cognitive functions and behaviors
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Information Science
INFORMATION SCIENCE is an interdisciplinary field primarily concerned with the analysis, collection, classification , manipulation, storage, retrieval , movement, dissemination, and protection of information . Practitioners within and outside of the field study application and usage of knowledge in organizations along with the interaction between people, organizations, and any existing information systems with the aim of creating, replacing, improving, or understanding information systems
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Geographic
GEOGRAPHY (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description" ) is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth
Earth
. The first person to use the word "γεωγραφία" was Eratosthenes
Eratosthenes
(276–194 BC). Geography
Geography
is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of the Earth
Earth
and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. Geography
Geography
is often defined in terms of the two branches of human geography and physical geography . Human geography
Human geography
deals with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place
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International Statistical Classification Of Diseases And Related Health Problems
The INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology , health management and clinical purposes". Its full official name is INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES AND RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System . The ICD is designed as a health care classification system, providing a system of diagnostic codes for classifying diseases , including nuanced classifications of a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances, and external causes of injury or disease. This system is designed to map health conditions to corresponding generic categories together with specific variations, assigning for these a designated code, up to six characters long. Thus, major categories are designed to include a set of similar diseases
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ICD-11
The INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology , health management and clinical purposes". Its full official name is INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES AND RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization
World Health Organization
(WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System . The ICD is designed as a health care classification system, providing a system of diagnostic codes for classifying diseases , including nuanced classifications of a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances, and external causes of injury or disease. This system is designed to map health conditions to corresponding generic categories together with specific variations, assigning for these a designated code, up to six characters long
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ICD-9
The INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology , health management and clinical purposes". Its full official name is INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES AND RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization
World Health Organization
(WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System . The ICD is designed as a health care classification system, providing a system of diagnostic codes for classifying diseases , including nuanced classifications of a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances, and external causes of injury or disease. This system is designed to map health conditions to corresponding generic categories together with specific variations, assigning for these a designated code, up to six characters long
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Wikidata
WIKIDATA is a collaboratively edited knowledge base operated by the Wikimedia Foundation . It is intended to provide a common source of data which can be used by Wikimedia projects such as , and by anyone else, under a public domain licence. This is similar to the way Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
provides storage for media files and access to those files for all Wikimedia projects, and which are also freely available for reuse. Wikidata
Wikidata
is powered by the software Wikibase . CONTENTS * 1 Concepts * 2 Development history * 2.1 Phase 1 * 2.2 Phase 2 * 2.3 Phase 3 * 3 Reception * 4 Logo * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links CONCEPTS Screenshots Three statements from Wikidata\'s item on the planet Mars. Values include links to other items and to Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons

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National Library Of Medicine
The UNITED STATES NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE (NLM), operated by the United States
United States
federal government , is the world's largest medical library . Located in Bethesda, Maryland
Bethesda, Maryland
, the NLM is an institute within the National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
. Its collections include more than seven million books , journals , technical reports , manuscripts , microfilms , photographs , and images on medicine and related sciences, including some of the world's oldest and rarest works. The current director of the NLM is Patricia Flatley Brennan
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International Standard Serial Number
An INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER (ISSN) is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication . The ISSN is especially helpful in distinguishing between serials with the same title. ISSN are used in ordering, cataloging, interlibrary loans, and other practices in connection with serial literature. The ISSN system was first drafted as an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) international standard in 1971 and published as ISO 3297 in 1975. ISO subcommittee TC 46/SC 9 is responsible for maintaining the standard. When a serial with the same content is published in more than one media type , a different ISSN is assigned to each media type. For example, many serials are published both in print and electronic media . The ISSN system refers to these types as PRINT ISSN (P-ISSN) and ELECTRONIC ISSN (E-ISSN), respectively
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