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Maurya Empire
The MAURYA EMPIRE was a geographically extensive Iron Age
Iron Age
historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya
Chandragupta Maurya
which dominated ancient India between c. 322 and 187 BCE. Originating from the kingdom of Magadha in the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the eastern side of the Indian subcontinent , the empire had its capital city at Pataliputra
Pataliputra
(modern Patna
Patna
). The empire was the largest to have ever existed in the Indian subcontinent , spanning over 5 million square kilometres (1.9 million square miles) at its zenith under Ashoka
Ashoka

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Maurya (film)
MAURYA is a 2004 Kannada language film directed by S. Narayan . The film starred Puneet Rajkumar
Puneet Rajkumar
and Meera Jasmine in lead roles. It was Meera Jasmine's first Kannada film. The film is a remake of 2003 Telugu film Amma Nanna O Tamila Ammayi
Amma Nanna O Tamila Ammayi
which itself was based on the 1998 Hollywood movie Dance with Me . CONTENTS * 1 Production * 2 Cast * 3 Plot * 4 Soundtrack * 5 Box office * 6 References PRODUCTIONThis film is produced by Rockline Venkatesh
Rockline Venkatesh
. CAST * Puneeth Rajkumar
Puneeth Rajkumar
* Meera Jasmine * Roja * Devaraj * Komal * Doddanna * Sadhu Kokila PLOT THIS SECTION IS EMPTY. You can help by adding to it
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Talk
TALK may refer to: * Conversation , interactive communication between two or more people * Speech , the production of a spoken language * Interaction , face to face conversations * Compulsive talking , beyond the bounds of what is considered to be a socially acceptable amount of talking * Communication<
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Pataliputra
PATALIPUTRA ( IAST : Pāṭaliputra), adjacent to modern-day Patna
Patna
, was a city in ancient India, originally built by Magadha
Magadha
ruler Ajatashatru in 490 BCE as a small fort (Pāṭaligrāma) near the Ganges
Ganges
river
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Patna
PATNA /ˈpætnə, ˈpʌt-/ ( listen ), is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India. It had an estimated population of 1.68 million in 2011, making it the 19th largest city in India. With over 2 million people, its urban agglomeration is the 18th largest in India. Patna also serves as the seat of Patna High Court . One of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world . Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna , known as PATALIPUTRA , was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka , Nanda , Mauryan , Shunga , Gupta and Pala empires. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts. Patliputra was home to many astrologists and scholars including Aryabhata , Panini , Vātsyāyana , Chanakya and Kālidāsa
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Bihar
BIHAR (/bᵻˈhɑːr/ ; Hindustani pronunciation: ) is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India . It is the 13th-largest state of India, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-largest state of India by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges which flows from west to east. Bihar is an amalgamation of three main distinct regions, these are Magadh , Mithila and Bhojpur . On November 15, 2000, southern Bihar was ceded to form the new state of Jharkhand . Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh
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Old Indic
Pontic Steppe * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan
Kurgan
* Kurgan
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Sanskrit
A few attempts at revival have been reported in Indian and Nepalese newspapers. India : 14135 Indians claimed Sanskrit to be their mother tongue in the 2001 Census of India : Nepal : 1669 Nepalis in 2011 Nepal census reported Sanskrit as their mother tongue. LANGUAGE FAMILY Indo-European * Indo-Iranian * Indo-Aryan * SANSKRIT EARLY FORM Vedic Sanskrit WRITING SYSTEM No native script. Written in various Brahmic scripts
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Magadhi Prakrit
MAGADHI PRAKRIT (Ardhamāgadhī) is of one of the three Dramatic Prakrits , the written languages of Ancient India
India
following the decline of Pali
Pali
and Sanskrit
Sanskrit
. Magadhi Prakrit
Prakrit
was spoken in the eastern Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
, in a region spanning what is now eastern India
India
, Bangladesh
Bangladesh
, and Nepal
Nepal

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Prakrit
A PRAKRIT ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: प्राकृत _prākṛta_, Shauraseni : _pāuda_, Magadhi Prakrit : _pāua_) is any of several Middle Indo-Aryan languages . The Ardhamagadhi ("half-Magadhi ") Prakrit, which was used extensively to write the scriptures of Jainism
Jainism
, is often considered to be the definitive form of Prakrit, while others are considered variants thereof. Prakrit
Prakrit
grammarians would give the full grammar of Ardhamagadhi first, and then define the other grammars with relation to it. For this reason, courses teaching "Prakrit" are often regarded as teaching Ardhamagadhi
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Hinduism
HINDUISM is a religion, or a way of life, widely practiced in the Indian subcontinent . Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as _Sanātana Dharma _, "the eternal tradition," or the "eternal way," beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions, with diverse roots and no founder. This " Hindu synthesis" started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE following the Vedic period (1500 BCE to 500 BCE). Although Hinduism contains a broad range of philosophies, it is linked by shared concepts, recognisable rituals, cosmology , shared textual resources , and pilgrimage to sacred sites . Hindu texts are classified into Shruti ("heard") and Smriti ("remembered")
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Buddhism
BUDDHISM ( /ˈbʊdɪzəm/ or /ˈbuːdɪzəm/ ) is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions , beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to the Buddha
Buddha
. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia
Asia
, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada ( Pali
Pali
: "The School of the Elders") and Mahayana ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: "The Great Vehicle"). Buddhism
Buddhism
is the world\'s fourth-largest religion , with over 500 million followers or 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists
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Jainism
JAINISM (/ˈdʒeɪnɪzəm/ or /ˈdʒaɪnɪzəm/ ), traditionally known as JAIN DHARMA, is an ancient Indian religion . Jainism followers are called "Jains", a word derived from the Sanskrit word _jina _ (victor) and connoting the path of victory in crossing over life's stream of rebirths through an ethical and spiritual life. Jains trace their history through a succession of twenty-four victorious saviors and teachers known as _Tirthankaras _, with the first being Rishabhanatha , who is believed to have lived millions of years ago, and twenty-fourth being the Mahavira around 500 BCE. Jains believe that Jainism is an eternal _dharma _ with the Tirthankaras guiding every cycle of the Jain cosmology. The main religious premises of Jainism are _ahimsa _ ("non-violence"), _anekantavada _ ("many-sidedness"), _aparigraha _ ("non-attachment") and _asceticism _
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Ājīvika
VEDANTA * Advaita * Vishishtadvaita * Dvaita Vedanta * Bhedabheda * Dvaitadvaita * Achintya Bheda Abheda *
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Absolute Monarchy
ABSOLUTE MONARCHY, or DESPOTIC MONARCHY, is a form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature , or customs. These are often, but not always, hereditary monarchies . In contrast, in constitutional monarchies , the head of state 's authority derives from and is legally bounded or restricted by a constitution or legislature . Some monarchies have weak or symbolic legislatures and other governmental bodies the monarch can alter or dissolve at will. Countries where monarchs still maintain absolute power are: Brunei , Oman , Saudi Arabia , Swaziland , Vatican City and the individual emirates composing the United Arab Emirates , which itself is a free association of such monarchies – a federal monarchy
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Chanakya
CHANAKYA ( IAST
IAST
: Cāṇakya; pronunciation (help ·info ); fl. c. 4th century BCE ) was an Indian teacher, philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor. He is traditionally identified as KAUṭILYA or VISHNUGUPTA, who authored the ancient Indian political treatise, th