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Mariana And Palau Islands Campaign
Southeast AsiaIndochina (1940) Indian Ocean (1940–45) Philippines
Philippines
1941–42 Franco-Thai War Thailand Dutch East Indies Malaya Hong Kong Singapore Indochina (1945) Malacca Strait Jurist Tiderace Zipper Strategic bombing (1944–45)BurmaBurma (1941–42) Burma (1942–43) Burma (1944) Burma (1944–45)Southwest PacificDutch East Indies 1941–42 Portuguese Timor Australia New Guinea
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Kunio Nakagawa
World War IIBattle of Peleliu Kunio Nakagawa (中川 州男, Nakagawa Kunio, 23 January 1898 – 24 November 1944) was the commander of Japanese forces which defended the island of Peleliu
Peleliu
in the Battle of Peleliu
Peleliu
which took place from 15 September to 27 November 1944. He inflicted heavy losses on attacking U.S. Marines and held Peleliu
Peleliu
Island for almost three months. On the evening of 24 November, after the battle was lost, he performed seppuku (ritual suicide) in the tradition of Japanese samurai warriors. He was posthumously promoted to lieutenant general.Contents1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Death 4 ReferencesEarly life and education[edit] Nakagawa was a native of Kumamoto Prefecture, and was the third son of an elementary school principal
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Marshalls-Gilberts Raids
The Marshalls–Gilberts raids
Marshalls–Gilberts raids
were tactical airstrikes and naval artillery attacks by United States
United States
Navy aircraft carrier and other warship forces against Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy
(IJN) garrisons in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands
Gilbert Islands
on 1 February 1942. The Japanese garrisons were under the overall command of Vice Admiral
Vice Admiral
Shigeyoshi Inoue, commander of the 4th Fleet. Japanese aircraft in the islands belonged to the IJN's 24th Air Flotilla under Rear Admiral Eiji Gotō. The U.S. warship forces were under the overall command of Vice Admiral William Halsey, Jr.Contents1 Raids 2 Aftermath and significance 3 References3.1 Notes 3.2 Books 3.3 WebRaids[edit] The raids were carried out by two separate U.S
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Sadae Inoue
Sadae Inoue (井上 貞衛, Inoue Sadae, November 5, 1886 – October 26, 1961) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II. He commanded the Japanese forces at the Battle of Angaur.Contents1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Later life and death 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External linksEarly life and education[edit] Inoue was born in Kumamoto prefecture as the third son of a local police officer; however, he listed his official residence as Kōchi Prefecture. He attended military preparatory schools and was a graduate of the 20th class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in 1908. Career[edit] He was assigned to the IJA's 44th Infantry Regiment, and served during Japan's Siberian Intervention against Bolshevik forces in eastern Russia
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Kiyochi Ogata
Kiyochi Ogata (died August 1, 1944) was a colonel in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II. He committed seppuku after the Battle of Tinian. Biography[edit] Kiyochi Ogata was the commanding officer of Tinian, one of the Pacific Islands. He commanded 4,500 soldiers on the island, while the other troops were commanded either by the commander of the four airfields on Tinian, Captain Goichi Oya, or the commander of the naval forces stationed there, Admiral Kakuji Kakuta. Fortunately for the Japanese, the 50th Division arrived on the island after leaving Manchukuo. But when the United States invaded Tinian, Ogata's defenses were poor and the US troops made it onto the beaches without extensive resistance. He failed a counterattack, and was forced into the inner parts of the island
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Hideyoshi Obata
World War IIBattle of Guam † Hideyoshi Obata
Hideyoshi Obata
(小畑 英良, Obata Hideyoshi, 2 April 1890 – 11 August 1944) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
in World War II. In March, 1944, Obata was assigned to the newly created 31st Army in charge of the inner line of defense of Japan. This included the Marianas, Carolines, and the Volcano-Bonin Islands. The IJA 29th Division, IJA 53rd Division, and 109th Division, with approximately 80,000 men. The 109th was stationed at Chichi-jima[1] and command given to General
General
Tadamichi Kuribayashi. Biography[edit] Obata was a native of Osaka prefecture. He graduated from the 23rd class of the Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
Academy in December 1911, and was commissioned as a lieutenant in the cavalry
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Takeshi Takashina
Takeshi Takashina (高品 彪, Takashina Takeshi, 25 January 1891 – 28 July 1944) was an Imperial Japanese Army general who served in the Pacific War of World War II. He was killed in action during the Battle of Guam.Contents1 Biography 2 See also 3 References 4 External links 5 NotesBiography[edit] Takashina was born in Chiba Prefecture and was a graduate of the 25th class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in December 1913. He initially served with the IJA 66th Infantry Regiment. In November 1922, he graduated from the 34th class of the Army Staff College. During his career, he served at the Keelung Fortress in Taiwan, as a battalion commander with the IJA 50th Infantry Regiment, and from 1933-1934 as instructor at the Army Engineering College. From 1934-1935, he was attached to the 4th Regiment of the Imperial Guards, and from 1935-1936 was on the staff of the 16th Depot Division in Kyoto
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Kakuji Kakuta
World War IIIndian Ocean Raid Battle of Dutch Harbor Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands Naval Battle of Guadalcanal Battle of the Philippine Sea Battle of TinianIn this Japanese name, the family name is Kakuta. Kakuji Kakuta (角田 覚治, Kakuta Kakuji, 23 September 1890 – 2 August 1944), was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. He is noted for his role in commanding Japanese naval aviation units in the Pacific War.Contents1 Biography 2 References 3 Books 4 External linksBiography[edit] Kakuta was a native of rural Minamikanbara, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. He graduated from the 39th class of the Imperial Japanese Navy Academy, scoring 45th out of a class of 145 cadets in 1911. He served as midshipman on the cruiser Aso and battlecruiser Ibuki. On commissioning as ensign, he was assigned to the cruiser Chiyoda. Later, as a lieutenant, he served on the battleship Settsu and the cruiser Azuma during World War I
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Jisaburo Ozawa
Vice-Admiral
Vice-Admiral
Jisaburō Ozawa (小沢 治三郎, Ozawa Jisaburō, October 2, 1886 – November 9, 1966) was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. He was the last Commander-in-Chief of the Combined Fleet.[3] Many military historians regard Ozawa as one of the most capable Japanese flag officers.[4]Contents1 Biography 2 Notes 3 References3.1 Books4 External linksBiography[edit] Ozawa was born in rural Koyu County, Miyazaki prefecture
Miyazaki prefecture
on the island of Kyūshū, Japan. Ozawa graduated from the 37th class Imperial Japanese Naval Academy
Imperial Japanese Naval Academy
on November 19, 1909, placing 45th in a class of 179 cadets. He performed his midshipman service on the cruisers Soya and Kasuga and battleship Mikasa, and was commissioned an ensign on December 15, 1910
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Chuichi Nagumo
Chūichi Nagumo
Chūichi Nagumo
(南雲 忠一, Nagumo Chūichi, March 25, 1887 – July 6, 1944) was a Japanese admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during World War II
World War II
and onetime commander of the Kido Butai
Kido Butai
(the carrier battle group).[3] He killed himself during the Battle of Saipan.Contents1 Biography1.1 Early life2 World War II 3 Final days 4 Promotions 5 In popular culture 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksBiography[edit] Early life[edit]Nagumo family in 1943 with Chūichi Nagumo
Chūichi Nagumo
in the middleNagumo was born in the city of Yonezawa, Yamagata
Yonezawa, Yamagata
Prefecture in northern Japan
Japan
in 1887. He graduated from the 36th class of the IJN Academy in 1908, with a ranking of 8 out of a class of 191 cadets
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Killed In Action
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.[1] The United States
United States
Department of Defense, for example, says that those declared KIA need not have fired their weapons but have been killed due to hostile attack. KIAs do not come from incidents such as accidental vehicle crashes and other "non-hostile" events or terrorism. KIA can be applied both to front-line combat troops and to naval, air and support troops. Someone who is killed in action during a particular event is denoted with a † (dagger) beside their name to signify their death in that event or events. Further, KIA denotes one to have been killed in action on the battlefield whereas died of wounds (DOW) relates to someone who survived to reach a medical treatment facility
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Yoshitsugu Saito
World War IIBattle of Saipan †In this Japanese name, the family name is Saitō. Yoshitsugu Saitō (斎藤 義次, Saitō Yoshitsugu, 2 November 1890 – 6 July 1944) was a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.Contents1 Biography 2 References2.1 Books3 External links 4 NotesBiography[edit]Funeral of Yoshitsugu Saitō by American military personnel, Saipan, 1944A native of Tokyo, Saitō graduated from the 24th class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in 1912 as a cavalryman. He graduated from the 36th class of the Army Staff College in 1924. He rose steadily through the ranks with various cavalry regiment. In 1938, he became Chief of Staff of the IJA 5th Division, and was promoted to major general the following year when he was reassigned to the Kwangtung Army as chief of cavalry operations
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Paul J. Mueller
Major General Paul John Mueller (November 16, 1892 – September 25, 1964) was a highly decorated senior United States
United States
Army officer. He served overseas during World War I
World War I
and World War II, where he commanded the 81st Infantry Division in the Pacific War. He was part of "the class the stars fell on".Contents1 Biography1.1 Early life and military career 1.2 Between the wars 1.3 World War II 1.4 Postwar2 Decorations 3 References 4 Bibliography 5 External linksBiography[edit] Early life and military career[edit] Mueller was born on November 16, 1892 in Union, Missouri
Union, Missouri
and after attending the high school, he enrolled at the United States
United States
Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York
West Point, New York
in June 1911
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Harry Schmidt (USMC)
Harry Schmidt (September 25, 1886 – February 10, 1968) was a United States Marine Corps general. During World War II, he served as the Commanding General of the Fourth Marine Division during the battles of Kwajalein in the Marshall Islands and Saipan in the Mariana Islands, and as Commanding General of the Fifth Amphibious Corps during the battles of Tinian in the Marianas and Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands. Schmidt retired from the Marine Corps at age 61 in 1948 with 39 years of service. A contemporary described Schmidt as "a Buddha, a typical old-time Marine: he had been in China; he was regulation Old Establishment; a regular Marine."[citation needed]Contents1 U.S. Marine Corps career1.1 World War II 1.2 Post-war2 Death 3 Military awards 4 References 5 External linksU.S. Marine Corps career[edit] Schmidt was born in Holdrege, Nebraska, on 25 September 1886
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Roy Geiger
World War I Banana Wars United States
United States
occupation of Nicaragua United States
United States
occupation of HaitiWorld War IIBattle of Guadalcanal Battle of Bougainville Battle of Guam
Guam
(1944) Battle of OkinawaAwards Navy Cross (2) Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
(3) Army Distinguished Service MedalGeneral Roy Stanley Geiger (January 25, 1885 – January 23, 1947) was a United States
United States
Marine Corps four-star general who served in World War I and World War II
World War II
where he became the first Marine Corps general to lead an army-sized force. Geiger commanded the II I Amphibious Corps
I Amphibious Corps
in the Battle of Okinawa
Battle of Okinawa
in 1945 before assuming the command of the U.S. Tenth Army
U.S

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Holland Smith
Holland McTyeire "Howlin' Mad" Smith, KCB (April 20, 1882 – January 12, 1967) was a general in the United States
United States
Marine Corps during World War II. He is sometimes called the "father" of modern U.S. amphibious warfare. His nickname, "Howlin' Mad" Smith, had been given to him by his troops in the Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
in 1916.[1] On the eve of World War II, General Smith directed extensive Army, Navy, and Marine amphibious training, which was a major factor in successful U.S. landings in both the Atlantic and Pacific. He subsequently helped prepare U.S
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