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Margrave Charles Louis Of Baden
CHARLES LOUIS, HEREDITARY PRINCE OF BADEN (February 14, 1755 – December 16, 1801) was heir apparent of the Margraviate
Margraviate
of Baden . He was born in Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
. He was the son of Margrave Charles Frederick (who in 1803, after Charles Louis's death, became the elector and in 1806 the first Grand Duke of Baden) and Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (July 11, 1723 - April 8, 1783), the daughter of Landgrave Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt . He was an ancestor of Franz Joseph I of Austria
Franz Joseph I of Austria
, Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary , Nicholas II of Russia
Nicholas II of Russia
and his wife Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse) , Lord Mountbatten
Lord Mountbatten
and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh , among others
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Gustav IV Adolf Of Sweden
GUSTAV IV ADOLF or Gustav IV Adolph (1 November 1778 – 7 February 1837) was King of Sweden
Sweden
from 1792 until his abdication in 1809. He was also the last Swedish ruler of Finland
Finland
. The occupation of Finland
Finland
in 1808-09 by Russian forces was the immediate cause of Gustav's violent overthrow by officers of his own army. Following his abdication on 29 March 1809, an Instrument of Government was hastily written, which severely circumscribed the powers of the monarchy. The "Instrument" was adopted on 6 June 1809, a date which is celebrated to this day as the National Day of Sweden
Sweden
. It remained in force until replaced in 1974
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Alexander I Of Russia
ALEXANDER I (Russian : Александр Павлович, Aleksandr Pavlovich; 23 December 1777 – 1 December 1825 ) reigned as Emperor of Russia from 23 March 1801 to 1 December 1825. He was the son of Paul I and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg . Alexander was the first Russian King of Poland
King of Poland
, reigning from 1815 to 1825, as well as the first Russian Grand Duke of Finland . He was sometimes called ALEXANDER THE BLESSED. He was born in Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
to Grand Duke
Grand Duke
Paul Petrovich, later Emperor
Emperor
Paul I , and succeeded to the throne after his father was murdered. He ruled Russia during the chaotic period of the Napoleonic Wars . As prince and emperor, Alexander often used liberal rhetoric, but continued Russia\'s absolutist policies in practice
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Frederick William, Duke Of Brunswick
FREDERICK WILLIAM, DUKE OF BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBüTTEL (German : Friedrich Wilhelm; 9 October 1771 – 16 June 1815) was a German prince and Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Brunswick-Lüneburg
and Oels . Nicknamed "THE BLACK DUKE", he was a military officer who led the Black Brunswickers against French domination in Germany
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Grand Duke Of Baden
The GRAND DUCHY OF BADEN (German : Großherzogtum Baden) was a state in the southwest of German Empire
German Empire
on the east bank of the Rhine
Rhine
. It existed between 1806 and 1918. It came into existence in the 12th century as the Margraviate
Margraviate
of Baden
Baden
and subsequently split into different lines, which were unified in 1771. It then became the much-enlarged Grand Duchy
Duchy
of Baden through the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 1803–06 and was a sovereign country until it joined the German Empire
German Empire
in 1871, remaining a Grand Duchy
Duchy
until 1918 when it became part of the Weimar Republic as the Republic of Baden
Republic of Baden

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Rastatt
RASTATT (German: ) is a town and baroque residence in the District of Rastatt
Rastatt
, Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
, Germany
Germany
. It is located in the Upper Rhine
Rhine
Plain on the Murg river, 6 km (3.7 mi) above its junction with the Rhine
Rhine
and has a population of around 50,000 (2011). Rastatt
Rastatt
was an important place of the War of the Spanish Succession
War of the Spanish Succession
(Treaty of Rastatt
Rastatt
) and the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states
Revolutions of 1848 in the German states

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Louise Of Baden
PRINCESS LOUISE OF BADEN (13/24 January 1779 – 4 May/16 May 1826) was, later known as ELIZABETH ALEXEIEVNA (Russian : Елизавета Алексеевна), Empress
Empress
of Russia during her marriage with Emperor Alexander I . Born Princess Louise of Baden, she was a daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
Baden
, and his wife, Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt . She grew up in a close, warm family environment in Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
during the long reign of her grandfather Charles Frederick, Margrave of Baden
Baden
. Princess Louise came to Russia in November 1792, when she was chosen by Empress
Empress
Catherine II of Russia
Catherine II of Russia
as a bride for her eldest grandson, Grand Duke Alexander Pavlovich of Russia, the future Tsar Alexander I
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King Of Bavaria
KING OF BAVARIA was a title held by the hereditary Wittelsbach rulers of Bavaria
Bavaria
in the state known as the Kingdom of Bavaria
Kingdom of Bavaria
from 1805 until 1918, when the kingdom was abolished. It was the second kingdom, almost a thousand years after the short-lived Carolingian
Carolingian
kingdom of Bavaria. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Kings of Bavaria
Bavaria
* 2.1 Royal Bavaria
Bavaria
* 3 Current heir * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORYUnder the terms of the Treaty of Pressburg concluded 26 December 1805 between Napoleonic France
France
and Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
Francis II , several principalities allied to Napoleon were elevated to kingdoms
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Maximilian I Joseph Of Bavaria
MAXIMILIAN I JOSEPH (27 May 1756 – 13 October 1825) was Duke of Zweibrücken from 1795 to 1799, Prince- Elector of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1805, then King of Bavaria (as Maximilian I Joseph) from 1806 to 1825. He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Birkenfeld- Zweibrücken , a branch of the House of Wittelsbach
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Empress Sisi
ELISABETH OF BAVARIA (24 December 1837 – 10 September 1898) was Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary
Hungary
, and many others (see Grand title of the Empress of Austria ) by marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph I . Born into the royal Bavarian house of Wittelsbach
Wittelsbach
, Elisabeth (also called "Sisi") enjoyed an informal upbringing before marrying Emperor Franz Joseph
Franz Joseph
I at the age of sixteen. The marriage thrust her into the much more formal Habsburg
Habsburg
court life, for which she was unprepared and which she found uncongenial. Early in the marriage she was at odds with her mother-in-law, Archduchess Sophie , who took over the rearing of Elisabeth's daughters, one of whom, Sophie , died in infancy
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Elector Palatine
The ELECTOR OF THE PALATINATE (German : Kurfürst von der Pfalz) ruled the Palatinate of the Rhine
Rhine
in the Kingdom of Germany and the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
from 915 to 1803
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Elector Of Bavaria
The following is a LIST OF RULERS during the history of Bavaria
Bavaria
. Bavaria
Bavaria
was ruled by several dukes and kings , partitioned and reunited, under several dynasties . Since 1949, Bavaria
Bavaria
has been a democratic state in the Federal Republic of Germany
Germany

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Stéphanie De Beauharnais
STéPHANIE, GRAND DUCHESS OF BADEN (Stéphanie Louise Adrienne de Beauharnais; August 28, 1789 – January 29, 1860) was the Grand Duchess consort of Baden
Baden
by marriage to Karl, Grand Duke of Baden . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Children * 3 Titles and styles * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYBorn in Versailles at the beginning of the French Revolution
French Revolution
, Stéphanie was a great-granddaughter to Claude de Beauharnais (1680–1738) and Renée Hardouineau (1696–1744) who were married in La Rochelle
La Rochelle
during 1713. Their oldest son was François de Beauharnais , Marquess
Marquess
de la Ferte-Beauharnais (1714–1800) who served as a governor of Martinique
Martinique
. Their younger son was Claude de Beauharnais , 1st Count des Roches-Baritaud (1717–1784), Stephanie's paternal grandfather
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Wilhelmine Of Baden
PRINCESS WILHELMINE OF BADEN (21 September 1788 – 27 January 1836), was by birth Princess of Baden and by marriage Grand Duchess consort of Hesse and the Rhine. She was the youngest daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden and Amalia of Hesse-Darmstadt . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Issue * 3 Titles and styles * 4 Ancestry * 5 Sources LIFEIn Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
on 19 June 1804, Wilhelmine married the then Hereditary Prince Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt . The union proved to be unhappy due to Louis' affairs, and they separated after the birth of their three older children. In 1820 she acquired the Heiligenberg Castle , where she met her chamberlain Baron August von Senarclens de Grancy , with whom she maintained a longtime affair; her last four children, including Alexander and Marie , were believed to have been fathered by Senarclens de Grancy, although they were recognized by Grand Duke Louis II as his own
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Magdalena Wilhelmine Of Württemberg
MAGDALENA WILHELMINE OF WüRTTEMBERG (7 November 1677, Stuttgart – 30 October 1742, Karlsburg Castle , Durlach ) was a margravine of Baden . She had a place in the regency during the minority of her grandson in 1738-42. She was the daughter of Duke William Louis of Württemberg and Magdalena Sibylla of Hesse-Darmstadt . In order to strengthen the ties between Baden and Württemberg , she married on 27 June 1697 the Hereditary Prince of Baden and later Margrave Charles William of Baden- Durlach . As Magdalena Wilhelmine had a big nose and blemishes, she did not meet the ideals of beauty held by Karl Wilhelm, who loved beautiful women. After she bore him a son and heir, the couple separated
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William Louis, Duke Of Württemberg
WILLIAM LOUIS OF WüRTTEMBERG (7 January 1647 – 23 June 1677) was the ruler of the senior Duchy of Württemberg
Württemberg
from 1674 until his death in 1677. William Louis was born in Stuttgart
Stuttgart
, the ninth child of Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
Duke of Württemberg
, and his first wife Anna Katharina of Kyrburg. At the age of 30, the Duke died unexpectedly at the stop-over in Schloß Hirsau . His widow Magdalena Sibylla became regent of Württemberg
Württemberg
between 1677 and 1693, until her son reached adulthood
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