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Mao Zedong
Mao
Mao
Zedong[a] (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China
Chairman of the Communist Party of China
from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. His theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism. Mao
Mao
was the son of a wealthy farmer in Shaoshan, Hunan. He had a Chinese nationalist and anti-imperialist outlook early in his life, and was particularly influenced by the events of the Xinhai Revolution of 1911 and May Fourth Movement
May Fourth Movement
of 1919
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Traditional Chinese Characters
Traditional Chinese characters
Chinese characters
(traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字; simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字, Pinyin: Zhèngtǐzì/Fántǐzì) are Chinese characters
Chinese characters
in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946.[dubious – discuss] They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
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Qing Dynasty
Tael
Tael
(liǎng)Preceded by Succeeded byLater JinShunSouthern MingDzungarRepublic of ChinaMongoliaThe Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing (English: /tʃɪŋ/), was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
and succeeded by the Republic of China. The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for the modern Chinese state. It was the fourth largest empire in world history. The dynasty was founded by the Jurchen Aisin Gioro
Aisin Gioro
clan in Manchuria. In the late sixteenth century, Nurhaci, originally a Ming vassal, began organizing "Banners", military-social units that included Jurchen, Han Chinese, and Mongol elements
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Chinese Surname
Chinese surnames are used by Han Chinese
Han Chinese
and Sinicized ethnic groups in China, Brunei, Korea, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam
Vietnam
and among overseas Chinese communities. In ancient times two types of surnames existed, namely xing (Chinese: 姓; pinyin: xìng) or clan names, and shi (Chinese: 氏; pinyin: shì) or lineage names. Chinese family names are patrilineal, passed from father to children (in adoption, the adoptee usually also takes the same surname). Women do not normally change their surnames upon marriage, except sometimes in places with more western influences such as Hong Kong. Traditionally Chinese surnames have been exogamous in that people tend to marry those with different last names.[1][2] The colloquial expressions lǎobǎixìng (老百姓; lit. "old hundred surnames") and bǎixìng (百姓, lit
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Historical Membership Of The Politburo Standing Committee
—George Santayana History
History
(from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation")[2] is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.[3][4] Events occurring before written record are considered prehistory. It is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events
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Hunan First Normal University
Hunan
Hunan
First Normal University (simplified Chinese: 湖南第一师范学院; traditional Chinese: 湖南第一師範學院; pinyin: Húnán Dìyī Shīfàn Xuéyuàn), founded in 1903, is a higher education institution located in Yuelu District, Changsha, Hunan
Hunan
Province, China.[1] Hunan
Hunan
First Normal University covers a total area of 1346 mu, with more than 420,000 square meters of floor space
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Alma Mater
Alma mater
Alma mater
(Latin: alma "nourishing/kind", mater "mother"; pl. [rarely used] almae matres) is an allegorical Latin
Latin
phrase for a university or college. In English, this is largely a U.S. usage referring to a school or university from which an individual has graduated or to a song or hymn associated with a school.[1] The phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students.[2] Fine arts will often depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its current usage, Alma mater
Alma mater
was an honorific title for various Latin
Latin
mother goddesses, especially Ceres or Cybele,[3] and later in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary
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Central People's Government Of The People's Republic Of China (1949–54)
In the first five years of the People's Republic of China
China
(1949 to 1954), the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China
China
(the then official script—traditio
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Secretariat Of The Communist Party Of China
Current leadershipXi-Li Administration National leadersPresident (list): Xi JinpingVice President (list): Wang QishanProvincial leadersCommunist PartyHistory OrganizationNational Party Congress (19th)Central Committee (19th)General Secretary (list)Xi JinpingCentral Politburo (19th)Standing Committee (list)Central SecretariatTop-ranked secretary: Wang HuningCentral Military CommissionChairman: Xi JinpingVice Chairmen: Xu Qiliang, Zhang YouxiaNational Security CommissionChairman: Xi Jinping Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
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State Council Of The People's Republic Of China
Current leadershipXi-Li Administration National leadersPresident (list): Xi JinpingVice President (list): Wang QishanProvincial leadersCommunist PartyHistory OrganizationNational Party Congress (19th)Central Committee (19th)General Secretary (list)Xi JinpingCentral Politburo (19th)Standing Committee (list)Central SecretariatTop-ranked secretary: Wang HuningCentral Military CommissionChairman: Xi JinpingVice Chairmen: Xu Qiliang, Zhang YouxiaNational Security CommissionChairman: Xi Jinping Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
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National People's Congress
Wan Exiang, RCKMT Chen Zhu, CPWDP Since 4 March 2018 (at 1st presidium meeting of 1st session of 13th NPC)Secretary-General of NPCWang Chen, CPC Since 4 March 2018 (at a preparatory meeting for 1st session of 13th NPC)Chairman of NPCSCLi Zhanshu, CPC Since 17 March 2018Secretary-General of NPCSCYang Zhenwu, CPC Since 17 March 2018StructureSeats Since 5 March 2018: 2980 Members of NPC 166 Members of NPCSCNPC political groupsSince 24 February 2018: Government (2119):     CPC (2119)United Front, and Independent (861):     JS (64)      CDL (58)      CDNCA (57)      CAPD (55)      CPWDP (54)      RCCK (43)      CZGP (38)      TDSGL (13)      Independent (479)NPCSC political groupsSince 1
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Kuomintang
The Kuomintang
Kuomintang
of China[6][7] (/ˈkwoʊˌmɪnˈtɑːŋ, -ˈtæŋ/,[8] KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China)[9] is a major political party in the Republic of China
Republic of China
(ROC or Taiwan). The predecessor of the KMT, the Revolutionary Alliance
Revolutionary Alliance
(Tongmenghui), was one of the major advocates of the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty and the establishment of the Republic
Republic
of China. The KMT was founded by Song Jiaoren
Song Jiaoren
and Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
shortly after the Xinhai Revolution
Xinhai Revolution
of 1911. Sun was the provisional President, but he later ceded the presidency to Yuan Shikai
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Chinese Name
Chinese personal names are names used by those from mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and the Chinese diaspora
Chinese diaspora
overseas. Due to China's historical dominance of East Asian culture, many names used in Korea and Vietnam are adaptations of Chinese names, or have historical roots in Chinese, with appropriate adaptation to accommodate linguistic differences. Modern Chinese names consist of a surname known as xing (姓, xìng), which comes first and is usually but not always monosyllabic, followed by a personal name called ming (名, míng), which is nearly always mono- or disyllabic
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Mao (other)
Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong
was the founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao
Mao
may also refer to:
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Central Military Commission (China)
The Central Military Commission (CMC) refers to the parallel national defense organizations of the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
and the People's Republic of China: the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China, a Party organ under the CPC Central Committee, and the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China, a central state organ under the National People's Congress, being the military branch of the national government. The command and control of the People's Liberation Army, People's Armed Police and People's Liberation Army
People's Liberation Army
militia is exercised in name by the State CMC, supervised by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. The State CMC is nominally considered the supreme military policy-making body and its chairman, elected by the National People's Congress, is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces
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Simplified Chinese Characters
Simplified Chinese characters
Chinese characters
(简化字; jiǎnhuàzì)[1] are standardized Chinese characters
Chinese characters
prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
Characters for use in mainland China. Along with subsets Traditional Chinese
Traditional Chinese
characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China
China
in mainland China
China
has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy.[2] They are officially used in the People's Republic of China, Malaysia, and Singapore. Traditional Chinese
Traditional Chinese
characters are used in Hong Kong, Macau, and the Republic of China
China
(Taiwan)
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