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Manometer Pressure Pressure measurement is the analysis of an applied force by a fluid (liquid or gas) on a surface. Pressure Pressure is typically measured in units of force per unit of surface area. Many techniques have been developed for the measurement of pressure and vacuum. Instruments used to measure and display pressure in an integral unit are called pressure gauges or vacuum gauges. A manometer is a good example as it uses a column of liquid to both measure and indicate pressure [...More...]  "Manometer" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Force In physics, a force is any interaction that, when unopposed, will change the motion of an object.[1] A force can cause an object with mass to change its velocity (which includes to begin moving from a state of rest), i.e., to accelerate. Force Force can also be described intuitively as a push or a pull. A force has both magnitude and direction, making it a vector quantity. It is measured in the SI unit of newtons and represented by the symbol F. The original form of Newton's second law Newton's second law states that the net force acting upon an object is equal to the rate at which its momentum changes with time [...More...]  "Force" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

NIST The National Institute of Standards and Technology Technology (NIST) is a measurement standards laboratory, and a nonregulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce [...More...]  "NIST" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Torr The torr (symbol: Torr) is a unit of pressure based on an absolute scale, now defined as exactly 1/760 of a standard atmosphere (101.325 kPa). Thus one torr is exactly 7005101325000000000♠101325/760 pascals (≈ 133.32 Pa). Historically, one torr was intended to be the same as one "millimeter of mercury". However, subsequent redefinitions of the two units made them slightly different (by less than 6993150000000000000♠0.000015%) [...More...]  "Torr" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Pounds Per Square Inch The pound per square inch or, more accurately, poundforce per square inch (symbol: lbf/in2;[1] abbreviation: psi) is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units. It is the pressure resulting from a force of one poundforce applied to an area of one square inch. In SI units, 1 psi is approximately equal to 6895 N/m2. Pounds per square inch Pounds per square inch absolute (psia) is used to make it clear that the pressure is relative to a vacuum rather than the ambient atmospheric pressure. Since atmospheric pressure at sea level is around 14.7 psi, this will be added to any pressure reading made in air at sea level. The converse is pounds per square inch gauge (psig), indicating that the pressure is relative to atmospheric pressure [...More...]  "Pounds Per Square Inch" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Newton (unit) The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force. It is named after Isaac Newton Isaac Newton in recognition of his work on classical mechanics, specifically Newton's second law of motion. See below for the conversion factors.Contents1 Definition 2 Examples 3 Commonly seen as kilonewtons 4 Conversion factors 5 See also 6 Notes and referencesDefinition[edit] One newton is the force needed to accelerate one kilogram of mass at the rate of one metre per second squared in direction of the applied force. In 1946, Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures (CGPM) Resolution 2 standardized the unit of force in the MKS system of units to be the amount needed to accelerate 1 kilogram of mass at the rate of 1 metre per second squared [...More...]  "Newton (unit)" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Kilopascal The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI derived unit SI derived unit of pressure used to quantify internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus Young's modulus and ultimate tensile strength. It is defined as one newton per square metre.[1] It is named after the French polymath Blaise Pascal. Common multiple units of the pascal are the hectopascal (1 hPa = 100 Pa) which is equal to one millibar, and the kilopascal (1 kPa = 1000 Pa) which is equal to one centibar. The unit of measurement called standard atmosphere (atm) is defined as 101325 Pa.[2] Meteorological reports typically state atmospheric pressure in millibars.Contents1 Etymology 2 Definition 3 Standard units 4 Uses4.1 Hectopascal and millibar units5 See also 6 References 7 External linksEtymology[edit] The unit is named after Blaise Pascal, noted for his contributions to hydrodynamics and hydrostatics, and experiments with a barometer [...More...]  "Kilopascal" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Dyne The dyne (symbol dyn, from Greek δύναμις, dynamis, meaning power, force) is a unit of force specified in the centimetre–gram–second system of units (CGS), a predecessor of the modern SI. One dyne is equal to 10 micronewtons, 10−5 N or to 10 nsn (nanosthenes) in the old metre–tonne–second system of units. Equivalently, the dyne is defined as "the force required to accelerate a mass of one gram at a rate of one centimetre per second squared":1 dyn = 1 g⋅cm/s2 = 10−5 kg⋅m/s2 = 10−5 N1 N = 1 kg⋅m/s2 = 105 g⋅cm/s2 = 105 dynThe dyne per centimetre is a unit traditionally used to measure surface tension [...More...]  "Dyne" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Kilogramforce The kilogramforce (kgf or kgF), or kilopond (kp, from Latin pondus meaning weight), is a gravitational metric unit of force. It is equal to the magnitude of the force exerted by one kilogram of mass in a 7000980665000000000♠9.80665 m/s2 gravitational field (standard gravity, a conventional value approximating the average magnitude of gravity on Earth).[1] Therefore, one kilogramforce is by definition equal to 7000980665000000000♠9.80665 N.[2][3] Similarly, a gramforce is 6997980665000000000♠9.80665 mN, and a milligramforce is 6994980664999999999♠9.80665 μN [...More...]  "Kilogramforce" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Millimeter Of Mercury A millimeter of mercury is a manometric unit of pressure, formerly defined as the extra pressure generated by a column of mercury one millimetre high and now defined as precisely 7002133322387415000♠133.322387415 pascals.[1] It is denoted by the symbol mmHg[2] or mm Hg.[3] Although not an SI unit, the millimeter of mercury is still routinely used in medicine, meteorology, aviation, and many other scientific fields. One millimeter of mercury is approximately 1 Torr, which is 1/760 of standard atmospheric pressure (7005101325000000000♠101325/760 = 7002133322368421053♠133.322368421053 pascals) [...More...]  "Millimeter Of Mercury" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Poundforce The poundforce (symbol: lbf[1], sometimes lbf,[2]) is a unit of force used in some systems of measurement including English Engineering units and the British Gravitational System.[3] Pound force should not be confused with footpounds or poundfeet, which are units of torque, and may be written as "lbf⋅ft". They should not be confused with poundmass (symbol: lb), often simply called pounds, which is a unit of mass.Contents1 Definitions1.1 Product of avoirdupois pound and standard gravity2 Conversion to other units 3 Foot–pound–second (FPS) systems of units 4 See also 5 Notes 6 ReferencesDefinitions[edit] The poundforce is equal to the gravitational force exerted on a mass of one avoirdupois pound on the surface of Earth [...More...]  "Poundforce" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Square Metre The square metre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures) or square meter (American spelling) is the SI derived unit SI derived unit of area, with symbol m2 (33A1 in Unicode[1]). It is the area of a square whose sides measure exactly one metre. The square metre is derived from the SI base unit SI base unit of the metre, which itself is defined as the length of the path travelled by light in absolute vacuum during a time interval of 1/299 792 458 of a second. Adding and subtracting SI prefixes creates multiples and submultiples; however, as the unit is squared, the order of magnitude difference between units doubles from their comparable linear units [...More...]  "Square Metre" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

MmHg A millimeter of mercury is a manometric unit of pressure, formerly defined as the extra pressure generated by a column of mercury one millimetre high and now defined as precisely 7002133322387415000♠133.322387415 pascals.[1] It is denoted by the symbol mmHg[2] or mm Hg.[3] Although not an SI unit, the millimeter of mercury is still routinely used in medicine, meteorology, aviation, and many other scientific fields. One millimeter of mercury is approximately 1 Torr, which is 1/760 of standard atmospheric pressure (7005101325000000000♠101325/760 = 7002133322368421053♠133.322368421053 pascals) [...More...]  "MmHg" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Fluid In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress. Fluids are a subset of the phases of matter and include liquids, gases, plasmas, and to some extent, plastic solids. Fluids are substances that have zero shear modulus, or, in simpler terms, a fluid is a substance which cannot resist any shear force applied to it. Although the term "fluid" includes both the liquid and gas phases, in common usage, "fluid" is often used as a synonym for "liquid", with no implication that gas could also be present. For example, "brake fluid" is hydraulic oil and will not perform its required incompressible function if there is gas in it. This colloquial usage of the term is also common in medicine and in nutrition ("take plenty of fluids"). Liquids form a free surface (that is, a surface not created by the container) while gases do not. The distinction between solids and fluid is not entirely obvious [...More...]  "Fluid" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

InHg Inch of mercury Inch of mercury (inHg and ″Hg) is a unit of measurement for pressure [...More...]  "InHg" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 

Gravity Of Earth The gravity of Earth, which is denoted by g, refers to the acceleration that is imparted to objects due to the distribution of mass within Earth. In SI units this acceleration is measured in metres per second squared (in symbols, m/s2 or m·s−2) or equivalently in newtons per kilogram (N/kg or N·kg−1). Near Earth's surface, gravitational acceleration is approximately 9.8 m/s2, which means that, ignoring the effects of air resistance, the speed of an object falling freely will increase by about 9.8 metres per second every second [...More...]  "Gravity Of Earth" on: Wikipedia Yahoo Parouse 