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Mandatory Palestine
MANDATORY PALESTINE (Arabic : فلسطين‎‎ Filasṭīn; Hebrew : פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י)‎ Pālēśtīnā (EY), where "EY" indicates " Eretz Yisrael ", Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Southern Syria after World War I
World War I
. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948. During its existence the territory was known simply as Palestine, but, in later years, a variety of other names and descriptors have been used, including Mandatory or MANDATE PALESTINE, the BRITISH MANDATE OF PALESTINE and BRITISH PALESTINE. During the First World War (1914–18), an Arab uprising and the British Empire
British Empire
's Egyptian Expeditionary Force under General Edmund Allenby drove the Turks out of the Levant
Levant
during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign
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Alan G. Cunningham
General SIR ALAN GORDON CUNNINGHAM GCMG , KCB , DSO , MC (1 May 1887 – 30 January 1983) was a senior officer of the British Army noted for his victories over Italian forces in the East African Campaign during World War II . Later he served as the seventh and last High Commissioner of Palestine . He was the younger brother of Admiral of the Fleet Lord Cunningham of Hyndhope . CONTENTS * 1 Early life and military career * 2 Second World War * 3 Post-war * 4 Orders and decorations * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFE AND MILITARY CAREERCunningham was born in Dublin , Ireland , the third son of Scottish Professor Daniel John Cunningham and his wife Elizabeth Cumming Browne. He was educated at Cheltenham College and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich before taking a commission in the Royal Artillery in 1906
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Diocese Of The East
The DIOCESE OF THE EAST (Latin : Dioecesis Orientis, Greek : Ἑῴα Διοίκησις Heoa Dioíkesis) was a diocese of the later Roman Empire , incorporating the provinces of the western Middle East
Middle East
, between the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
and Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
. During late Antiquity , it was one of the major commercial, agricultural, religious and intellectual areas of the Empire, and its strategic location facing the Sassanid Empire
Sassanid Empire
and the unruly desert tribes gave it exceptional military importance. Its capital was at Antioch
Antioch
, and its governor had the special title of comes Orientis ("Count of the East", of the rank vir spectabilis and later vir gloriosus ) instead of the ordinary "vicarius "
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Druze
WESTERN * Revelation
Revelation
* Divine illumination * Divine light EASTERN * Jnana
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Christianity
CHRISTIANITY is a universalising Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life , teachings , and miracles of Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth
Nazareth
, known by Christians
Christians
as the Christ , or "Messiah", who is the focal point of the Christian
Christian
faiths . It is the world\'s largest religion , with over 2.4 billion followers, or 33% of the global population, known as Christians
Christians
. Christians
Christians
make up a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories . They believe that Jesus
Jesus
is the Son of God
God
and the savior of humanity whose coming as the Messiah
Messiah
(the Christ ) was prophesied in the Old Testament
Old Testament

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World War II
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations
League of Nations
* Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIED POWERS AXIS POWERS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS * Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
* Franklin D
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Syria Palaestina
SYRIA PALAESTINA was a Roman province
Roman province
between 135 and about 390. It was established by the merger of Roman Syria
Syria
and Roman Judaea , following the defeat of the Bar Kokhba Revolt
Bar Kokhba Revolt
in AD 135. Shortly after 193, the northern regions were split off as Syria
Syria
Coele in the north and Phoenice in the south, and the province Syria
Syria
Palaestina was reduced to Judea. The earliest numismatic evidence for the name Syria Palaestina comes from the period of emperor Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius

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Coele-Syria
COELE-SYRIA, COELE SYRIA, COELESYRIA (Greek : Κοίλη Συρία, Koílē Syría), also rendered as COELOSYRIA and CELESYRIA, otherwise HOLLOW SYRIA (Latin : Cava Syria, German : Hohl Syrien), was a region of Syria
Syria
in classical antiquity . It probably derived from the Aramaic for all of the region of Syria
Syria
but more often was applied to the Beqaa Valley between the Lebanon
Lebanon
and Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountain ranges. The area now forms part of the modern nations of Lebanon
Lebanon
, Syria
Syria
and Israel
Israel

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Prehistory Of The Levant
The PREHISTORY OF THE LEVANT includes the various cultural changes that occurred, as revealed by archaeological evidence, prior to recorded traditions in the area of the Levant
Levant
. Archaeological evidence suggests that Homo sapiens
Homo sapiens
and other hominid species originated in Africa (see hominid dispersal ) and that one of the routes taken to colonize Eurasia was through the Sinai desert and the Levant, which means that this is one of the most important and most occupied locations in the history of earth. Not only have many cultures and traditions of humans lived here, but also many species of the genus Homo
Homo
. In addition, this region is one of the centers for the development of agriculture
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Egyptian Pound
The EGYPTIAN POUND (Egyptian Arabic
Arabic
: جنيه مصرى‎‎ Genēh Maṣri ; sign : E£, ج.م; code : EGP) is the currency of Egypt
Egypt
. It is divided into 100 piastres , or ersh (Egyptian Arabic
Arabic
: قرش‎‎ ; plural قروش ), or 1,000 millimes (Egyptian Arabic
Arabic
: مليم‎‎ ; French : Millime). The Egyptian pound
Egyptian pound
is frequently abbreviated as LE or L.E., which stands for livre égyptienne (French for Egyptian pound). E£ and £E are commonly used on the internet. The name Genēh is derived from the Guinea coin , which had almost the same value of 100 piastres at the end of the 19th century
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Judaism
JUDAISM (originally from Hebrew יהודה‬, Yehudah, "Judah "; via Latin
Latin
and Greek ) is an ancient, monotheistic , Abrahamic religion with the Torah
Torah
as its foundational text. It encompasses the religion , philosophy and culture of the Jewish people . Judaism
Judaism
is considered by religious Jews
Jews
to be the expression of the covenant that God established with the Children of Israel
Israel
. Judaism
Judaism
includes a wide corpus of texts, practices, theological positions, and forms of organization. The Torah
Torah
is part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
, and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash
Midrash
and the Talmud
Talmud

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Baha'i Faith
The BAHá\'í FAITH (Persian : بهائی‎‎ Bahā'i) is an Abrahamic religion
Abrahamic religion
teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people. Established by Bahá\'u\'lláh in 1863, it initially grew in the Middle East
Middle East
and now has between 5-7 million adherents, known as BAHá\'íS, spread out into most of the world's countries and territories, with the highest concentrations in India
India
and Iran
Iran
. The religion was born in Iran
Iran
, where it has faced ongoing persecutions since its inception. It grew from the mid-19th century Bábí religion , whose founder reinterpreted Shia Islam
Shia Islam
and said that God
God
would soon send a prophet in the manner of Jesus
Jesus
or Muhammad
Muhammad

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Islam
ISLAM (/ˈɪslɑːm/ ) is a universalizing Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God
God
( Allah
Allah
) and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is a messenger of God. It is the world\'s second-largest religion and the fastest-growing major religion in the world , with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population, known as Muslims . Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries . Islam
Islam
teaches that God
God
is merciful , all-powerful , unique and has guided mankind through prophets , revealed scriptures and natural signs
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Palaestina Secunda
PALæSTINA SECUNDA or PALAESTINA II was a Byzantine
Byzantine
province from 390, until its conquest by the Muslim armies in 634–636. Palaestina Secunda, a part of the Diocese of the East
Diocese of the East
, roughly comprised the Galilee
Galilee
, Yizrael Valley , Bet Shean Valley and southern part of the Golan plateau , with its capital in Scythopolis ( Bet Shean ). The province experienced the rise of Christianity under the Byzantines, but was also a thriving center of Judaism, after the Jews had been driven out of Judea by the Romans in the 1st and 2nd centuries
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Flag Of Palestine
The PALESTINIAN FLAG (Arabic : علم فلسطين‎‎) is a tricolor of three equal horizontal stripes (black, white, and green from top to bottom) overlaid by a red triangle issuing from the hoist. This flag is derived from the Pan-Arab colors
Pan-Arab colors
and it is used to represent the State of Palestine
State of Palestine
and the Palestinian people . The flag is almost identical to that of the Hashemite
Hashemite
Kingdom of Hejaz and the Arab Socialist Ba\'ath Party (both use a 2:3 ratio as opposed to the Palestine's 1:2) as well as the short-lived Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan (which had an equilateral triangle at the hoist). It is also very similar to the Flag of Jordan
Flag of Jordan
and Flag of Western Sahara , all of which draw their inspiration from the Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule (1916–1918)
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the UK includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea
North Sea
to its east, the English Channel
English Channel
to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world
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