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Majordomo
A MAJORDOMO is a person who speaks, makes arrangements, or takes charge for another. Typically, the term refers to the highest (major) person of a household (domūs or domicile) staff, a head servant who acts on behalf of the owner of a large or significant residence. Similar terms include castellan , concierge , chamberlain , seneschal , mayor of the palace , maître d\'hôtel , head butler , and steward . The term also refers, more informally, to someone who oversees the day-to-day responsibilities of a business enterprise. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Examples in fiction * 3 See also * 4 References ETYMOLOGYThe origin is from maior domūs ( Latin , "principal" and "house"), and it was borrowed into English from Spanish "mayordomo" or obsolete Italian "maiordomo". Also found as French "majordome", modern Italian "maggiordomo", Portuguese and Galician "mordomo", in Romanian and Catalan "majordom"
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Majordomo (software)
MAJORDOMO is a mailing list manager (MLM) developed by Brent Chapman of Great Circle Associates. It is written in Perl and works in conjunction with sendmail on UNIX
UNIX
and related operating systems. The name majordomo is derived from the Latin
Latin
"major domus" meaning "master of the house"; in English, the word is used to refer to a large household's chief servant. The current version of Majordomo is 1.94.5, released 19 January 2000. The official website warns that it will not work with Perl versions 5.001 and 5.005_01 specifically. It recommends to use Perl 4.036 or the latest version available. Support for Perl 4.036 may not be kept for the future
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Mayordomo
MAYORDOMO or CHOCOLATE MAYORDOMO is a brand of Mexican chocolate para mesa (English: "table chocolate") produced by the company Chocolate Mayordomo
Mayordomo
De Oaxaca, S. De R.L. De C.V., and based in Oaxaca , Oaxaca , Mexico
Mexico
. The company manufactures mole sauce in addition to table chocolate. Unlike many other commercial chocolates, Mayordomo
Mayordomo
includes only four ingredients, sugar , roasted cacao beans , almonds and cinnamon . These ingredients are ground and blended forming a paste that is pressed into bars and discs. Due to its undissolved granulated sugar , and its rough and gritty texture, the table chocolate is not meant to be eaten like a chocolate bar , although Mayordomo
Mayordomo
bars can be eaten out of hand. The bars and discs are primarily used to make hot cocoa in traditional Mexican form
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Castellan
A CASTELLAN was the governor or captain of a castellany and its castle . The word stems from the Latin Castellanus, derived from castellum "castle". Sometimes also known as a CONSTABLE, GOVERNOR of the castle district or CAPTAIN, the Constable of the Tower of London is, in fact, a form of castellan. A castellan was almost always male, but could occasionally be female, as when, in 1194, Beatrice inherited her father's castellany of Bourbourg upon the death of her brother, Roger. CONTENTS * 1 Initial power * 2 Duties * 2.1 Castellans and Jews * 3 Regional differences * 3.1 France * 3.2 Germany * 3.3 Hungary * 3.4 Jerusalem * 3.5 Malta * 3.6 Poland * 3.7 Portugal * 4 Castellany * 5 See also * 6 References INITIAL POWERAfter the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
, many tribes migrated into western Europe , causing strife and war
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Concierge
A CONCIERGE (French pronunciation: ​ ) is an employee of an apartment building , hotel , airport , or office building. A modern concierge may also serve as a personal lifestyle manager , like a secretary . CONTENTS * 1 Duties and functions * 2 Hotels * 3 Concierge
Concierge
services * 4 Etymology * 5 Popular culture * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links DUTIES AND FUNCTIONSThe concierge serves guests of an apartment building, hotel, or office building with duties similar to those of a receptionist . The position can also be maintained by a security guard over the late night shift . A similar position, known as the portero, exists in Spanish-speaking regions. In medieval times, the concierge was an officer of the king who was charged with executing justice, with the help of his bailiffs
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Chamberlain (office)
A CHAMBERLAIN ( Medieval Latin : cambellanus or cambrerius, with charge of treasury camerarius) is a senior royal official in charge of managing a royal household . Historically, the chamberlain superintends the arrangement of domestic affairs and was often also charged with receiving and paying out money kept in the royal chamber. The position was usually honoured upon a high-ranking member of the nobility (nobleman) or the clergy , often a royal favourite . Roman emperors appointed this officer under the title of cubicularius . The papal chamberlain of the Pope
Pope
enjoys very extensive powers, having the revenues of the papal household under his charge. As a sign of their dignity, they bore a key, which in the seventeenth century was often silvered, and actually fitted the door-locks of chamber rooms, since the eighteenth century it had turned into a merely symbolic, albeit splendid, rank -insignia of gilded bronze
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Seneschal
A SENESCHAL (/ˈsɛnəʃəl/ ) was an administrative officer in the houses of important nobles in the Middle Ages and early Modern period , equivalent to a steward or stolnik . In a medieval noble household a seneschal was in charge of domestic arrangements and the administration of servants. In the French administrative system of the Middle Ages, the seneschal (French : _sénéchal_) was also a royal officer in charge of justice and control of the administration in southern provinces, equivalent to the northern French bailiff (_bailli _). CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 In France * 3 See also * 4 References * 4.1 Citations * 4.2 Bibliography * 5 External links ORIGINThe term, first attested in 1350–1400, was borrowed from Anglo-Norman _seneschal_ "steward", from Old Dutch *_siniscalc_ "senior retainer" (attested in Latin _siniscalcus_ (692 AD), Old High German _senescalh_), a compound of *_sini_- (cf
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Mayor Of The Palace
Under the Merovingian dynasty , the MAYOR OF THE PALACE (Latin : _maior palatii_) or MAJORDOMO (_maior domus_) was the manager of the household of the Frankish king . The office existed from the sixth century, and during the seventh it evolved into the "power behind the throne " in the northeastern kingdom of Austrasia . In 751, the mayor of the palace, Pepin the Short , orchestrated the deposition of the king, Childeric III , and was crowned in his place. The mayor of the palace held and wielded the real and effective power to make decisions affecting the kingdom, while the kings had been reduced to performing merely ceremonial functions, which made them little more than figureheads (_rois fainéants _, "do-nothing kings"). The office may be compared to that of the peshwa , shogun or prime minister , all of which have similarly been the real powers behind some ceremonial monarchs
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Maître D'hôtel
The MAîTRE D\'HôTEL (French: "master of hotel", pronounced ), HEAD WAITER, HOST, WAITER CAPTAIN or MAîTRE D\' (US : /ˈmeɪtər diː/ ) manages the public part , or "front of the house", of a formal restaurant . The responsibilities of a maître d'hôtel generally include supervising the waiting staff , welcoming guests and assigning tables to them, taking reservations and ensuring that guests are satisfied. In large organizations—such as hotels, or cruise ships with multiple restaurants—the maître d'hôtel is often responsible for the overall dining experience including room service and buffet services , while head waiters or supervisors are responsible for the specific restaurant or dining room they work in. In restaurants that partly prepare food at the table, the maître d’hôtel may be responsible for such operations as boning fish, mixing salads , and flambéing foods
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Butler
A BUTLER is a domestic worker in a large household . In great houses , the household is sometimes divided into departments with the butler in charge of the dining room , wine cellar , and pantry . Some also have charge of the entire parlour floor, and housekeepers caring for the entire house and its appearance. A butler is usually male, and in charge of male servants, while a housekeeper is usually a woman, and in charge of female servants. Traditionally, male servants (such as footmen) were rarer and therefore better paid and of higher status than female servants. The butler, as the senior male servant, has the highest servant status. He can also be sometimes used as a chauffeur . In older houses where the butler is the most senior worker, titles such as majordomo , butler administrator, house manager, manservant, staff manager, chief of staff , staff captain, estate manager and head of household staff are sometimes given
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Steward (office)
A STEWARD is an official who is appointed by the legal ruling monarch to represent them in a country, and may have a mandate to govern it in their name; in the latter case, synonymous with the position of regent , vicegerent , viceroy (for Romance languages
Romance languages
), governor , or deputy (the Roman rector , praefectus or vicarius )
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Latin
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine
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Spanish Language
(see many more ) REGULATED BY Association of Spanish Language Academies ( Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 es ISO 639-2 spa ISO 639-3 spa GLOTTOLOG stan1288 LINGUASPHERE 51-AAA-b Spanish language in the world SPANISH (/ˈspænᵻʃ/ (_ listen ); español_ (help ·info )), also called CASTILIAN (/kæˈstɪliən/ (_ listen ), castellano_ (help ·info )), is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese
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Italian Language
ITALIAN (_ italiano_ (help ·info ) or _lingua italiana_ ) is a Romance language . By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian, is the closest to Latin of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy , Switzerland , San Marino , Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia and Croatia ). It used to have official status in Albania , Malta and Monaco , where it is still widely spoken, as well as in former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa regions where it plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia . It has official minority status in Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Slovenia and Romania
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French Language
Phonological history * Oaths of Strasbourg * Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts * Anglo-Norman GRAMMAR * Adverbs * Articles and determiners * Pronouns (personal )* Verbs * (conjugation * morphology ) ORTHOGRAPHY * Alphabet * Reforms * Circumflex * Braille PHONOLOGY * Elision * Liaison * Aspirated h * Help:IPA for French * v * t * e FRENCH (_le français_ (_ listen ) or la langue française_ ) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire , as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted
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Portuguese Language
PORTUGUESE (_português_ or, in full, _língua portuguesa_) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Brazil
Brazil
, Cape Verde , Portugal
Portugal
, Guinea-Bissau , Mozambique
Mozambique
, Angola
Angola
, and São Tomé and Príncipe . It also has co-official language status in East Timor