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Magnus Lindberg
MAGNUS GUSTAF ADOLF LINDBERG (born 27 June 1958) is a Finnish composer and pianist. He was the New York Philharmonic 's composer-in-residence from 2009 to 2012 and has been the London Philharmonic Orchestra 's composer-in-residence since the beginning of the 2014-15 season. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Compositions and style * 3 Awards and honors * 4 Works * 4.1 Orchestral * 4.2 Chamber orchestra or ensemble * 4.3 Soloist(s) and orchestra * 4.4 Wind orchestra * 4.5 Small ensemble * 4.6 Solo instrument * 4.7 Vocal * 5 References * 6 Sources * 7 External links EARLY LIFELindberg was born in Helsinki , where he studied at the Sibelius Academy under Einojuhani Rautavaara and Paavo Heininen , beginning with piano. He attended summer courses in Siena (with Franco Donatoni ) and Darmstadt (with Brian Ferneyhough ). After graduating in 1981, he traveled widely in Europe, attending private studies with Vinko Globokar and Gérard Grisey in Paris , and observing Japanese drumming and punk rock in Berlin. COMPOSITIONS AND STYLELindberg's juvenilia include the large orchestral work Donor, composed at age 16. Quintetto dell’Estate (1979) is generally held to be Lindberg's first opus
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Finnish People
b No official statistics are kept on ethnicity. However, statistics of the Finnish population according to first language and citizenship are documented and available. c Finnish born population resident in Sweden. This figure likely includes Finnish-born ethnic Swedes repatriated to Sweden and as such might be a misleading figure. d Swedish population with at least partial Finnish background. FINNS or FINNISH PEOPLE (Finnish : _suomalaiset_, Swedish : _finnar_) are a Finnic ethnic group native to Finland . Finns are traditionally divided into smaller regional groups that span several countries adjacent to Finland, both those who are native to these countries as well as those who have resettled. Also, some of these may be classified as separate ethnic groups, rather than subgroups of Finns. These include the Kvens and Forest Finns in Norway , the Tornedalians in Sweden , and the Ingrian Finns in Russia. The most notable autochthonous group is the Finnish-speaking population of Sweden , who trace their origin to Second Swedish Crusade after which Finland came under Swedish rule . Finnish , the language spoken by most Finnic people, is closely related to other Finnic languages , e.g. Estonian and Karelian . The Finnic languages are a subgroup to the Uralic family of languages , which also includes Hungarian
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Composer
A COMPOSER ( Latin _compōnō_; literally "one who puts together") is a person who creates or writes music , which can be vocal music (for a singer or choir ), instrumental music (e.g., for solo piano , string quartet , wind quintet or orchestra ) or music which combines both instruments and voices (e.g., opera or art song , which is a singer accompanied by a pianist). The core meaning of the term refers to individuals who have contributed to the tradition of Western classical music through creation of works expressed in written musical notation (e.g., sheet music scores). Many composers are also skilled performers, either as singers, instrumentalists , or conductors . Examples of composers who are also well known for their ability as performers include J. S. Bach (an organist ), Mozart (violin and piano ), and Beethoven , Liszt and Chopin (all skilled pianists). Involvement in practical music-making provides a composer with insight into the diverse musical elements needed for a good piece of music and it can give them practical guidance with their compositions. In broader usage, "composer" can designate people who participate in other musical traditions who create music, as well as those who create music by means other than written notation: for example, Blues or folk singers and guitarists who create songs through improvisation and recording and popular music writers of musical theatre songs and arrangements
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New York Philharmonic
The NEW YORK PHILHARMONIC, officially the PHILHARMONIC-SYMPHONY SOCIETY OF NEW YORK, INC., globally known as NEW YORK PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA (NYPO) or NEW YORK PHILHARMONIC-SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA, is a symphony orchestra based in New York City in the United States. It is one of the leading American orchestras popularly referred to as the "Big Five ". The Philharmonic's home is David Geffen Hall , located in New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts . Founded in 1842, the orchestra is one of the oldest musical institutions in the United States and the oldest of the "Big Five" orchestras. Its record-setting 14,000th concert was given in December 2004
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Composer In Residence
ARTIST-IN-RESIDENCE PROGRAMS and other residency opportunities exist to invite artists , academicians, curators, and all manner of creative people for a time and space away from their usual environment and obligations. They provide a time of reflection, research, presentation, production and immersion into a new culture. They often allow an individual to explore their practice within another community; meeting new people, using new materials, experiencing life in a new location and potentially integrating elements of that experience into their art. Art residencies emphasize the importance of meaningful and multi-layered cultural exchange and immersion into another culture . Some residency programs are incorporated within larger institutions. Other organizations exist solely to support residential exchange programs. Residencies can be a part of museums, universities, galleries, studio spaces, theaters, artist-run spaces , municipalities, governmental offices, and even festivals. They can be seasonal, ongoing, or tied to a particular one-time event. They exist in urban spaces, rural villages, container ships and deep in nature. Hundreds of such opportunities and organizations exist throughout the world. There is no single model, and the expectations and requirements vary greatly. The relationship between the resident and the host is often an important aspect of a residency program
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London Philharmonic Orchestra
The LONDON PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA (LPO) is one of five permanent symphony orchestras based in London. It was founded by the conductors Sir Thomas Beecham and Malcolm Sargent in 1932 as a rival to the existing London Symphony and BBC Symphony Orchestras . The founders' ambition was to build an orchestra the equal of any European or American rival. Between 1932 and the Second World War the LPO was widely judged to have succeeded in this regard. After the outbreak of war the orchestra's private backers withdrew and the players reconstituted the LPO as a self-governing cooperative. In the post-war years the orchestra faced challenges from two new rivals; the Philharmonia and the Royal Philharmonic , founded respectively in 1946 and 1947, achieved a quality of playing not matched by the older orchestras, including the LPO. By the 1960s the LPO had regained its earlier standards, and in 1964 it secured a valuable engagement to play in the Glyndebourne Festival opera house during the summer months. In 1993 it was appointed resident orchestra of the Royal Festival Hall on the south bank of the Thames , one of London's major concert venues. Since 1995 the residency has been jointly held with the Philharmonia
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Helsinki
HELSINKI (/hɛlˈsɪŋki/ ; Finnish pronunciation: (_ listen ); Swedish : Helsingfors_; Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )) is the capital and largest city of Finland . It is in the region of Uusimaa , in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland . Helsinki has a population of 629,512, an urban population of 1,231,595, and a metropolitan population of over 1.4 million, making it the most populous municipality and urban area in Finland. Helsinki is located some 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn , Estonia , 400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm , Sweden , and 390 km (240 mi) west of Saint Petersburg , Russia . Helsinki has close historical connections with these three cities. The Helsinki metropolitan area includes the urban core of Helsinki, Espoo , Vantaa , Kauniainen , and surrounding commuter towns . It is the world's northernmost metro area of over one million people, and the city is the northernmost capital of an EU member state . The Helsinki metropolitan area is the third largest metropolitan area in the Nordic countries after Stockholm and Copenhagen , and the City of Helsinki being the third largest after Stockholm and Oslo
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Sibelius Academy
The SIBELIUS ACADEMY (Finnish : _Taideyliopisto Sibelius-Akatemia_, Swedish : _Konstuniversitetets Sibelius-Akademi_) is part of the University of the Arts Helsinki and a university-level music school which operates in Helsinki
Helsinki
and Kuopio , Finland
Finland
. It also has an adult education centre in Järvenpää and a training centre in Seinäjoki . The Academy is the only music university in Finland. It is among the biggest European music universities with roughly 1,700 enrolled students. The Sibelius Academy
Sibelius Academy
is one of the organizers of the International Jean Sibelius Violin Competition held every five years in Helsinki. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Degrees * 3 Degree programmes * 4 Notable students and faculty (past and present) * 4.1 Composers * 4.2 Conductors * 4.3 Instrumentalists * 4.4 Vocalists * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe academy was founded in 1882 by Martin Wegelius as _Helsingfors musikinstitut_ (" Helsinki
Helsinki
Music Institute") and renamed _Sibelius-Akatemia_ in 1939 to honour its own former student and Finland's most celebrated composer Jean Sibelius
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Einojuhani Rautavaara
EINOJUHANI RAUTAVAARA (Finnish pronunciation: ( listen ); 9 October 1928 – 27 July 2016) was a Finnish composer of classical music . He is among the most notable Finnish composers since Jean Sibelius (1865–1957). Rautavaara wrote a great number of works spanning various styles. These include eight symphonies , nine operas and twelve concertos , as well as numerous vocal and chamber works. Having written early works using 12-tone serial techniques, his later music may be described as neo-romantic and mystical. His major works include _ Cantus Arcticus _ and Symphony
Symphony
No. 7 " Angel
Angel
of Light" . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Music * 2.1 1960s * 2.2 1970s * 2.3 1980s and 1990s * 2.4 2000s * 3 Works * 4 Discography * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links LIFERautavaara was born in Helsinki
Helsinki
in 1928. His father Eino was an opera singer and cantor, and his mother Elsa was a doctor. Both of his parents died before he reached his 16th birthday, and he went to live with his aunt Hilja Teräskeli in a Helsinki
Helsinki
suburb. Rautavaara studied at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki
Helsinki
under Aarre Merikanto from 1948 to 1952
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Paavo Heininen
PAAVO JOHANNES HEININEN (born 13 January 1938 in Helsinki
Helsinki
) is a Finnish composer and pianist . He studied at the Sibelius Academy
Sibelius Academy
in Helsinki
Helsinki
, where he was taught composition by Aarre Merikanto , Einojuhani Rautavaara
Einojuhani Rautavaara
, Einar Englund , and Joonas Kokkonen . He continued his studies in Cologne
Cologne
with Bernd Alois Zimmermann ; at the Juilliard School of Music in New York with Vincent Persichetti and Eduard Steuermann ; and privately in Poland with Witold Lutosławski . He has also studied musicology at the University of Helsinki
Helsinki
. Heininen is one of the most important Finnish modernist composers. His works can be roughly divided into two periods: dodecaphonic (c. 1957–1975) and serialist (from 1976 onwards). Due to the hostile reactions to his early works, particularly the First Symphony, his works up to the 1980s can be roughly divided in two groups: more personal and complex pieces and more approachable, audience-friendly pieces such as the Second Symphony, "Petite symphonie joyeuse"
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Siena
SIENA (Italian pronunciation: ( listen ); in English sometimes spelled Sienna ) is a city in Tuscany , Italy. It is the capital of the province of Siena . The historic centre of Siena has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site . It is one of the nation's most visited tourist attractions, with over 163,000 international arrivals in 2008. Siena is famous for its cuisine , art , museums , medieval cityscape and the Palio , a horse race held twice a year. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 2.1 Climate * 3 Main sights * 4 Culture * 4.1 Contrade * 4.2 The Palio * 4.3 Art * 5 Economy * 5.1 Agriculture * 5.2 Industry and manufacturing * 5.3 Service industry, financial and light commerce * 6 Sports * 6.1 Professional sports * 6.2 Amateur sports * 7 Transport * 7.1 Road * 8 Twin towns * 9 Image gallery * 10 References * 11 Sources * 12 External links HISTORY Capitoline Wolf at Siena Duomo . According to a legend Siena was founded by Senius and Aschius , two sons of Remus. When they fled Rome , they took the statue of She-wolf to Siena, which became a symbol of the town. See also: Republic of Siena and Timeline of Siena Siena, like other Tuscan hill towns, was first settled in the time of the Etruscans (c
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Franco Donatoni
FRANCO DONATONI (9 June 1927 – 17 August 2000) was an Italian composer . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Works * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYBorn in Verona
Verona
, Donatoni started studying violin at the age of seven, and frequented the local Music Academy. Later he studied at the Milan Conservatory and, from 1948, at the Bologna Conservatory (Osmond-Smith 2001 ). At least three generations of composers studied with Donatoni. Among his Italian pupils were Sandro Gorli , Matteo D\'Amico , Roberto Carnevale , Giulio Castagnoli , Ivan Fedele , Luigi Manfrin , Giorgio Magnanensi , Luca Mosca , Riccardo Nova , Riccardo Piacentini , Fausto Romitelli , Pietro Borradori , Giuseppe Sinopoli , Alessandro Solbiati , Piero Niro , Claudio Scannavini , Giovanni Verrando , and among his foreign pupils Michael Dellaira , Pascal Dusapin , Esa-Pekka Salonen , Magnus Lindberg , Katia Tiutiunnik , Javier Torres Maldonado , Billy Cowie , and Juan Trigos . See: List of music students by teacher: C to F# Franco Donatoni . Donatoni died in Milan
Milan
in 2000, wishing to work in his second book of his monumental "Arte della Fuga”, for large orchestra, based on the original work of Johann Sebastian Bach
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Darmstadt
DARMSTADT (German pronunciation: ( listen )) is a city in the state of Hesse
Hesse
in Germany
Germany
, located in the southern part of the Rhine-Main-Area ( Frankfurt
Frankfurt
Metropolitan Region) . Darmstadt
Darmstadt
has a population around 150,000 (2013). The Darmstadt
Darmstadt
Larger Urban Zone has 430,993 inhabitants. Darmstadt
Darmstadt
holds the official title "City of Science" (German : Wissenschaftsstadt) as it is a major centre of scientific institutions, universities, and high-technology companies. The European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) is located in Darmstadt, as well as GSI Centre for Heavy Ion Research , where several chemical elements such as bohrium (1981), meitnerium (1982), hassium (1984), darmstadtium (1994), roentgenium (1994), and copernicium (1996) were discovered. The existence of the following elements were also confirmed at GSI Centre for Heavy Ion Research : nihonium (2012), flerovium (2009), moscovium (2012), livermorium (2010), and tennessine (2012). Darmstadt
Darmstadt
is also the seat of the world's oldest pharmaceutical company, Merck , which is the city's largest employer
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Brian Ferneyhough
BRIAN JOHN PETER FERNEYHOUGH (/ˈfɜːrnihoʊ/ ; born 16 January 1943) is a British composer , who has resided in California, United States since 1987. His work characterized by highly complex notation and the extensive use of irregular nested rhythmic tuplets , Ferneyhough is typically considered to be the central figure of the New Complexity movement. Ferneyhough taught composition at the Hochschule für Musik Freiburg and the University of California, San Diego , and currently, Stanford University
Stanford University
, and is a regular lecturer in the summer courses at Darmstädter Ferienkurse . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 New Complexity * 3 Selected works * 3.1 Works for string quartet * 3.2 Selected solo works * 3.3 For non-orchestral ensemble * 3.4 For orchestra * 3.5 Opera * 4 Reception * 5 Bibliography * 6 References * 7 Sources * 8 Further reading * 9 External links LIFEFerneyhough was born in Coventry
Coventry
and received formal musical training at the Birmingham School of Music and the Royal Academy of Music
Royal Academy of Music
from 1966–67, where he studied with Lennox Berkeley
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Vinko Globokar
VINKO GLOBOKAR (born 7 July 1934) is a French avant-garde composer and trombonist of Slovene descent. Globokar's work is noted for its use of unconventional and extended techniques , closely allying him to contemporaries Salvatore Sciarrino and Helmut Lachenmann . His music places great emphasis on spontaneity and creativity , and, unlike the work of Sciarrino and Lachenmann, often requires improvisation . His extensive output is largely unknown outside of experimental music circles. As a trombonist, he has premiered works by Luciano Berio , Mauricio Kagel , René Leibowitz , Karlheinz Stockhausen , and Toru Takemitsu , as well as his own compositions. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Musical style * 3 Works (selection) * 3.1 Stage works * 3.2 Orchestra works * 3.3 Ensemble works and vocal music * 3.4 Chamber music * 3.5 Solo works * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYGlobokar was born in Anderny , France
France
. In 1947 he moved to Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
, where he attended DIC in Ljubljana, Slovenia. Here, he played jazz trombone until 1955, at which point he relocated to Paris in order to study at the Conservatoire de Paris
Paris
. At the Conservatoire, he studied composition with René Leibowitz (a noted student of Arnold Schoenberg ) and trombone with Andre Lafosse
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Gérard Grisey
GéRARD GRISEY (/ˈɡrɪzi/ ; French: ; 17 June 1946 – 11 November 1998) was a French composer of contemporary music . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Musical style * 3 Works * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYGérard Grisey was born in Belfort , France on 17 June 1946. He studied at the Trossingen Conservatory in Germany from 1963 to 1965 before entering the Conservatoire de Paris , where he studied with Olivier Messiaen from 1965–67 and again from 1968–72, working with Henri Dutilleux at the Ecole Normale in 1968 (Anderson 2001 ). He won prizes for piano accompaniment, harmony, counterpoint, fugue, and composition at the Conservatoire. He also studied electroacoustics with Jean-Étienne Marie in 1969), composition with Iannis Xenakis and György Ligeti at the Darmstädter Ferienkurse in 1972, and acoustics with Emile Leipp at the Faculté des Sciences in 1974 (Anderson 2001 ). Other studies were undertaken in the summer of 1969 at the Accademia Chigiana in Siena and in Darmstadt with Karlheinz Stockhausen . Grisey won the highly coveted Prix de Rome and stayed at the Villa Medici in Rome from 1972 to 1974, and in 1973 founded a group called L’itinéraire with Tristan Murail , Roger Tessier and Michael Levinas , later to be joined by Hugues Dufourt . Dérives, Périodes, and Partiels were among the first pieces of spectral music
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