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Maggid Of Mezritch
Rabbi Dov Baer ben Avraham of Mezeritch
Mezeritch
(Hebrew: דֹּב בֶּר מִמֶּזְרִיטְשְׁ‬) (died December 1772 OS), also known as the Maggid of Mezritch, was a disciple of Rabbi Yisrael Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Hasidic
Hasidic
Judaism, and was chosen as his successor to lead the early movement. Rabbi Dov Baer is regarded as the first systematic exponent of the mystical philosophy underlying the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov, and through his teaching and leadership, the main architect of the movement.[1] He established his base in Mezhirichi
Mezhirichi
(in Wołyń), which moved the centre of Hasidism from the Baal Shem Tov's Medzhybizh
Medzhybizh
(in Podolia), where he focused his attention on raising a close circle of great disciples to spread the movement
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Wołyń
Volhynia
Volhynia
(/voʊˈlɪniə/),[citation needed] also Volynia or Volyn (Polish: Wołyń, Ukrainian: Волинь, translit. Volýn) is a historic region in Central and Eastern Europe
Central and Eastern Europe
straddling between south-eastern Poland, parts of south-western Belarus, and western Ukraine. The borders of the region are not clearly defined, while the territory that still carries the name is Volyn Oblast, located in western Ukraine. Volhynia
Volhynia
has changed hands numerous times throughout history and been divided among competing powers. Among important cities are Lutsk, Rivne, Volodymyr-Volynskyi (Volodymyr), Iziaslav, Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi
(Zviahel)
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Kabbalah
Kabbalah
Kabbalah
(Hebrew: קַבָּלָה‬, literally "parallel/corresponding," or "received tradition"[1][2]) is an esoteric method, discipline, and school of thought that originated in Judaism. A traditional Kabbalist in Judaism
Judaism
is called a Mekubbal (מְקוּבָּל‬). Kabbalah's definition varies according to the tradition and aims of those following it,[3] from its religious origin as an integral part of Judaism, to its later Christian, New Age, and Occultist/western esoteric syncretic adaptations. Kabbalah
Kabbalah
is a set of esoteric teachings meant to explain the relationship between an unchanging, eternal, and mysterious Ein Sof
Ein Sof
(infinity)[4] and the mortal and finite universe (God's creation). While it is heavily used by some denominations, it is not a religious denomination in itself. It forms the foundations of mystical religious interpretation
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Bear
†Amphicynodontinae †Hemicyoninae †Ursavinae †Agriotheriinae Ailuropodinae Tremarctinae UrsinaeBears are carnivoran mammals of the family Ursidae. They are classified as caniforms, or doglike carnivorans. Although only eight species of bears are extant, they are widespread, appearing in a wide variety of habitats throughout the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
and partially in the Southern Hemisphere. Bears are found on the continents of North America, South America, Europe, and Asia. Common characteristics of modern bears include large bodies with stocky legs, long snouts, small rounded ears, shaggy hair, plantigrade paws with five nonretractile claws, and short tails. While the polar bear is mostly carnivorous, and the giant panda feeds almost entirely on bamboo, the remaining six species are omnivorous with varied diets. With the exception of courting individuals and mothers with their young, bears are typically solitary animals
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Double-barrelled Name
In the Western tradition of surnames, there are several types of double surname (also double-barrelled surname[1]). If the two names are joined with a hyphen, it may also be called a hyphenated surname.In British tradition, a double surname is heritable, and mostly taken in order to preserve a family name which would have become extinct due to the absence of male descendants bearing the name, connected to the inheritance of a family estate. Examples include Harding-Rolls and Stopford Sackville. In Hispanic tradition, double surnames are the norm, and not an indication of social status. A person will take the (first) surname of their father, followed by the (first) surname of their mother (i.e. their maternal grandfather's surname). The double surname itself is not heritable. These names are combined without hyphen (but optionally combined using y "and")
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Mezritsh
Mezhirichi (Ukrainian: Вели́кі Межи́річі, translit. Velyki Mezhyrichi) is a village in the Korets Raion of the Rivne Oblast, Ukraine. It is located in western Ukraine, 21 kilometres (13 mi) west of Korets and 43 kilometres (27 mi) east of Rivne. Local government is administered by Velykomezhyritska village council.[1]Contents1 Names 2 Jewish life in Mezhirichi 3 History and Attractions 4 Gallery 5 Notable People from Mezhirichi 6 References 7 External linksNames[edit] Mezhirichi is also known as Polish: Międzyrzec Korecki, Yiddish: מעזריטש‎ Mezritsh, Hebrew: מזריטש גדול‬. Jewish life in Mezhirichi[edit]Memorial at the execution site of the Jews of the town.Undoubtedly the most significant event in the Jewish community of Mezhirichi was the arrival there of the Maggid, Rabbi Dov Ber. After the death of the founder of Hasidism, the Baal Shem Tov, in 1761, Rabbi Dov Ber became the next leader of the movement
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Rivne
Rivne
Rivne
(Ukrainian: Рівне [ˈriu̯nɛ]; Russian: Ровно, translit. Rovno; Polish: Równe) is a historic city in western Ukraine
Ukraine
and the historical region of Volhynia. It is the administrative center of Rivne Oblast
Rivne Oblast
(province), as well as the surrounding Rivne Raion
Rivne Raion
(district) within the oblast. Administratively, Rivne
Rivne
is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. Population: 247,356 (2017 est.)[1] Before World War II
World War II
the city was located in Poland
Poland
and during the German occupation in 1941–44 the city was designated as a capital of the German Ukraine
Ukraine
(Reichskommissariat Ukraine)
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Lokachi
Lokachi is an urban settlement (town) in Volyn Oblast (province), located in the historic region of the Volhynia. It is an administrative seat of the Lokachi Raion. Population: 3,887 (2015 est.)[1] History[edit] In June 1916, during the First World War, there was fighting in the vicinity between the forces of the Russian and Austrian Empires. This was part of the Brusilov Offensive. In 1921, the Jewish population of the village was 1,265. The total population of the town in 1937 was 1,790. The Germans entered the town on June 1941. A Judenrat was soon established. The Jews were forced to move to a ghetto in November 1941. The ghetto started to be closed in with a fence in February 1942. Many Jews of the ghetto were subjected to forced labor. On September 9, 1942, the German gendarmerie and the Ukrainian police liquidated the ghetto
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Jewish Encyclopedia
The Jewish Encyclopedia[n 1] is an English encyclopedia containing over 15,000 articles on the history, culture, and state of Judaism
Judaism
and the Jews
Jews
up to the early 20th century.[1] It was originally published in 12 volumes by Funk and Wagnalls
Funk and Wagnalls
of New York City
New York City
between 1901 and 1906 and reprinted in the 1960s by KTAV Publishing House. The work's scholarship is still highly regarded: the American Jewish Archives
American Jewish Archives
has called it "the most monumental Jewish scientific work of modern times"[2] and Rabbi
Rabbi
Joshua L
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Family Tree
A family tree, or pedigree chart, is a chart representing family relationships in a conventional tree structure. The more detailed family trees used in medicine and social work are known as genograms.Contents1 Family
Family
history representations1.1 Fan chart2 Graph theory 3 Notable examples 4 Other uses 5 See also 6 References 7 External links Family
Family
history representations[edit] Genealogical data can be represented in several formats, for example as a pedigree or ancestry chart. Family
Family
trees are often presented with the oldest generations at the top and the newer generations at the bottom. An ancestry chart, which is a tree showing the ancestors of an individual, will more closely resemble a tree in shape, being wider at the top than the bottom. In some ancestry charts, an individual appears on the left and his or her ancestors appear to the right
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Yochanan HaSandlar
Johanan HaSandlar
Johanan HaSandlar
(lit. "Johanan the Shoemaker" or "Johanan the Sandalmaker", alternatively "Johanan the Alexandrian") (Hebrew: יוחנן הסנדלר‬) (c. 100 CE – c. 150 CE) was one of the main students of Rabbi Akiva
Rabbi Akiva
and a contemporary of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai. He is one of the tannaim whose teachings are quoted in the Mishnah
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Talmud
—— Tannaitic ——Mishnah Tosefta—— Amoraic (Gemara) —— Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Talmud Babylonian Talmud—— Later ——Minor TractatesHalakhic Midrash—— Exodus ——Mekhilta of Rabbi
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Isaac Luria
Isaac (ben Solomon) Luria Ashkenazi
Ashkenazi
(1534[1] – July 25, 1572) (Hebrew: יִצְחָק בן שלמה לוּרְיָא אשכנזי‬ Yitzhak Ben Sh'lomo Lurya Ashkenazi), commonly known in Jewish religious circles as "Ha'ARI"[2] (meaning "The Lion"), "Ha'ARI Hakadosh" [the holy ARI] or "ARIZaL"[3] [the ARI, Of Blessed Memory (Zikhrono Livrakha)], was a foremost rabbi and Jewish mystic in the community of Safed
Safed
in the Galilee
Galilee
region of Ottoman Syria. He is considered the father of contemporary Kabbalah,[4] his teachings being referred to as Lurianic Kabbalah. While his direct literary contribution to the Kabbalistic school of Safed
Safed
was extremely minute (he wrote only a few poems), his spiritual fame led to their veneration and the acceptance of his authority. The works of his disciples compiled his oral teachings into writing
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Moshe Chaim Luzzatto
Moshe Chaim Luzzatto
Moshe Chaim Luzzatto
(Hebrew: משה חיים לוצאטו‬, also Moses
Moses
Chaim, Moses
Moses
Hayyim, also Luzzato) (1707 in Padua
Padua
– 16 May 1746 in Acre (26 Iyar 5506)), also known by the Hebrew acronym RaMCHaL (or RaMHaL, רמח"ל‬), was a prominent Italian Jewish rabbi, kabbalist, and philosopher.Contents1 Early life 2 Controversy 3 Departure from Italy 4 Writings 5 Amsterdam 6 Acre, Israel 7 Legacy 8 Bibliography 9 See also 10 References 11 External linksEarly life[edit] Moshe Chaim Luzzatto
Moshe Chaim Luzzatto
was born in 1707 in the Jewish Ghetto of Padua, Italy. The son of Jacob Vita and Diamente Luzzatto,[1] he received classical Jewish and Italian education, showing a predilection for literature at a very early age
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Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
Europe
is the eastern part of the European continent. There is no consensus on the precise area it covers, partly because the term has a wide range of geopolitical, geographical, cultural, and socioeconomic connotations. There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe
Europe
as there are scholars of the region".[1] A related United Nations
United Nations
paper adds that "every assessment of spatial identities is essentially a social and cultural construct".[2] One definition describes Eastern Europe
Europe
as a cultural entity: the region lying in Europe
Europe
with the main characteristics consisting of Greek, Byzantine, Eastern Orthodox, Russian, and some Ottoman culture influences.[3][4] Another definition was created during the Cold War and used more or less synonymously with the term Eastern Bloc
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Asceticism In Judaism
Asceticism is a term derived from the Greek verb ἀσκέω, meaning "to practise strenuously," "to exercise." Athletes were therefore said to go through ascetic training, and to be ascetics. In this usage the twofold application—to the mode of living and the results attained—which marks the later theological implication of the term is clearly discernible. From the arena of physical contests the word easily passed over to that of spiritual struggles, and pre- Christian
Christian
writers speak of the "askesis" of the soul or of virtue—the discipline of the soul, or the exercise in virtue. But the physical idea, no less than the moral, underlies the meaning of the term in medieval Christian
Christian
parlance
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