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Macbeth
MACBETH (/məkˈbɛθ/ ; full title THE TRAGEDY OF MACBETH) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare ; it is thought to have been first performed in 1606 . It dramatises the damaging physical and psychological effects of political ambition on those who seek power for its own sake. Of all the plays that Shakespeare wrote during the reign of James I , who was patron of Shakespeare's acting company , Macbeth most clearly reflects the playwright's relationship with his sovereign. It was first published in the Folio of 1623 , possibly from a prompt book , and is Shakespeare's shortest tragedy. A brave Scottish general named Macbeth receives a prophecy from a trio of witches that one day he will become King of Scotland . Consumed by ambition and spurred to action by his wife, Macbeth murders King Duncan and takes the Scottish throne for himself. He is then wracked with guilt and paranoia
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Fife
FIFE ( ; Scottish Gaelic : Fìobha) is a council area and historic county of Scotland
Scotland
. It is situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth
Firth of Forth
, with inland boundaries to Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire
Clackmannanshire
. By custom it is widely held to have been one of the major Pictish kingdoms , known as Fib, and is still commonly known as the KINGDOM OF FIFE within Scotland. It is a lieutenancy area , and was a county of Scotland
Scotland
until 1975. It was very occasionally known by the anglicisation Fifeshire in old documents and maps compiled by English cartographers and authors. A person from Fife
Fife
is known as a Fifer
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Ross (area)
ROSS (Ros in Scottish Gaelic ) is a region of Scotland and a former earldom and county . The name Ross allegedly derives from a Gaelic word meaning "headland", perhaps a reference to the Black Isle . Another possible origin is the West Norse word for Orkney – Hrossey – meaning horse island; the area once belonged to the Norwegian (West Norse ) earldom of Orkney. Ross is a historical comital region, perhaps predating the Mormaerdom of Ross . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Geology * 4 Climate and agriculture * 5 Other industries * 6 Antiquities * 7 Local government areas * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORYExcavations of a rock shelter and shell midden at Sand, Applecross on the coast of Wester Ross have shown that the coast was occupied by Mesolithic hunter-gatherers. It may be doubted whether the Romans ever effected even a temporary settlement in the area of the modern county
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Playing Company
In Renaissance
Renaissance
London
London
, PLAYING COMPANY was the usual term for a company of actors . These companies were organized around a group of ten or so shareholders (or "sharers"), who performed in the plays but were also responsible for management. The sharers employed "hired men" – that is, the minor actors and the workers behind the scenes. The major companies were based at specific theatres in London
London
; the most successful of them, William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
's company the King\'s Men , had the open-air Globe Theatre for summer seasons and the enclosed Blackfriars Theatre
Blackfriars Theatre
in the winters. The Admiral\'s Men occupied the Rose Theatre in the 1590s, and the Fortune Theatre in the early 17th century
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Scotland
SCOTLAND (/ˈskɒt.lənd/ ; Scots : ; Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
: Alba
Alba
( listen )) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
. It shares a border with England
England
to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea
North Sea
to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the south-west. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides . The Kingdom of Scotland
Kingdom of Scotland
emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages
Early Middle Ages
and continued to exist until 1707
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Prompt Book
The PROMPT BOOK, also called TRANSCRIPT, THE BIBLE or sometimes simply "the book," is the copy of a production script that contains the information necessary to create a theatrical production from the ground up. It is a compilation of all blocking , business, light, speech and sound cues , lists of properties , drawings of the set, contact information for the cast and crew , and any other relevant information that might be necessary to help the production run smoothly and nicely. In modern theatrical productions, the prompt book is generally maintained and kept by the stage manager , with differences in the specific construction and organization to suit the style of the stage manager keeping the book, and the type of production (legitimate theatre, musical theatre, dance, opera, etc.). CONTENTS * 1 Description and use * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Bibliography DESCRIPTION AND USE This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES
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Banquet
A BANQUET (/ˈbæŋk.wɪt/ ; French: ) is a large meal or feast, complete with main courses and desserts , always served with ad libitum alcoholic beverages, such as wine or beer. A banquet usually serves a purpose such as a charitable gathering, a ceremony, or a celebration , and is often preceded or followed by speeches in honor of someone. In the majority of banquets, the gathering is seated at round tables with around 8-10 people per table. CONTENTS * 1 Historic context * 2 Contemporary times * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORIC CONTEXTOverall, there is an archaeological debate of when feasting began. Archaeologist Brian Hayden argues that feasts were an important event because the surplus of food that resulted in feasts turned into social and political ties and a competition in order to display one's own wealth. During these feasts, luxury foods were offered to their guest. What these luxury goods were are still up to debate
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Caesarean Section
CAESAREAN SECTION, also known as C-SECTION or CAESAREAN DELIVERY, is the use of surgery to deliver one or more babies . A caesarean section is often performed when a vaginal delivery would put the baby or mother at risk. This may include obstructed labour , twin pregnancy , high blood pressure in the mother, breech birth , problems with the placenta or umbilical cord . A caesarean delivery may be performed based upon the shape of the mother's pelvis or history of a previous C-section. A trial of vaginal birth in some of these situations, including after C-section , may be possible. Some C-sections are also performed upon request . The World Health Organization recommends that they should be done based on medical need and in many cases they are lifesaving for the mother and baby. A C-section typically takes 45 minutes to an hour. It may be done with a spinal block such that the woman is awake or under general anesthesia
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Circa
CIRCA (from Latin , meaning 'around, about'), usually abbreviated C., CA. or CA (also CIRC. or CCA.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date. Circa is widely used in historical writing when the dates of events are not accurately known. When used in date ranges, circa is applied before each approximate date, while dates without circa immediately preceding them are generally assumed to be known with certainty. Circa should only be used for dates in the past. For example: * 1732–1799 or 1732–99: both years are known precisely. * c. 1732 – 1799: only the end year is known accurately; the start year is approximate. * 1732 – c. 1799: only the start year is known accurately; the end year is approximate. * c. 1732 – c. 1799: both years are approximate.SEE ALSO * Floruit REFERENCES * ^ "circa". Dictionary.com
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Witch
WITCHCRAFT or WITCHERY broadly means the practice of, and belief in, magical skills and abilities that are able to be exercised by individuals and certain social groups . Witchcraft
Witchcraft
is a complex concept that varies culturally and societally; therefore, it is difficult to define with precision and cross-cultural assumptions about the meaning or significance of the term should be applied with caution. Witchcraft
Witchcraft
often occupies a religious, divinatory or medicinal role, and is often present within societies and groups whose cultural framework includes a magical world view
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Northumberland
NORTHUMBERLAND (/nɔːrˈθʌmbərlənd/ locally /nɔːˈθʊmbələnd/ ) (abbreviated NORTHD) is a county in North East England
England
. The northernmost county of England, it borders Cumbria to the west, County Durham
County Durham
and Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
to the south and the Scottish Borders
Scottish Borders
to the north. To the east is the North Sea
North Sea
coastline with a 64-mile (103 km) long distance path. The county town is Alnwick
Alnwick
, although the county council is in Morpeth . The county of Northumberland
Northumberland
included Newcastle upon Tyne until 1400, when the city became a county of itself
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Soliloquy
A SOLILOQUY (from Latin solo "to oneself" + loquor "I talk") is a device often used in drama when a character speaks to himself or herself, relating thoughts and feelings, thereby also sharing them with the audience, giving off the illusion of being a series of unspoken reflections. If other characters are present, they keep silent and/or are disregarded by the speaker. The term soliloquy is distinct from a monologue or an aside : a monologue is a speech where one character addresses other characters; an aside is a (usually short) comment by one character towards the audience, though during the play it may seem like the character is addressing him or herself. Soliloquies were frequently used in dramas but went out of fashion when drama shifted towards realism in the late 18th century. Good examples in literature can be seen in the character of Iago in Shakespeare's Othello
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Henry Garnet
HENRY GARNET (July 1555 – 3 May 1606), sometimes HENRY GARNETT, was an English Jesuit
Jesuit
priest executed for his complicity in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Born in Heanor
Heanor
, Derbyshire, he was educated in Nottingham
Nottingham
and later at Winchester College
Winchester College
, before he moved to London in 1571, to work for a publisher. There he professed an interest in legal studies, and in 1575 he travelled to the continent and joined the Society of Jesus
Society of Jesus
. He was ordained in Rome some time around 1582. In 1586 Garnet returned to England as part of the Jesuit
Jesuit
mission, soon succeeding Father William Weston as Jesuit
Jesuit
superior , following the latter's capture by the English authorities
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Cawdor
CAWDOR (Scottish Gaelic : Caladar) is a village and parish in the Highland council area , Scotland . The village is situated 5 miles south south west of Nairn , and 12 miles from Inverness . The village is in the Historic County of Nairnshire . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Roman fort * 2 Local community * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe village is the location of Cawdor Castle , the seat of the Earl Cawdor . Macbeth , in Shakespeare's play of the same name, becomes Thane of Cawdor early in the narrative. However, since the oldest part of the structure dates from the 14th century, and has no predecessor , Shakespeare's version (and the tradition which came before it) is of extremely dubious historical authenticity. The name "Cawdor" is the English pronunciation and spelling of the ancient and original name Calder
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Jacobean Era
The JACOBEAN ERA refers to the period in English and Scottish history that coincides with the reign of James VI of Scotland
Scotland
(1567–1625), who also inherited the crown of England
England
in 1603 as James I. The Jacobean era
Jacobean era
succeeds the Elizabethan era
Elizabethan era
and precedes the Caroline era , and is often used for the distinctive styles of Jacobean architecture , visual arts, decorative arts, and literature which characterized that period
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