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MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory
MIT Computer
Computer
Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) is a research institute at the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Institute of Technology formed by the 2003 merger of the Laboratory for Computer
Computer
Science and the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. Housed within the Stata Center, CSAIL is the largest on-campus laboratory as measured by research scope and membership.Contents1 Research activities 2 History2.1 Project MAC 2.2 LCS and AI Lab 2.3 CSAIL3 Outreach activities 4 Notable researchers4.1 Notable alumni5 Directors 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External linksResearch activities[edit] CSAIL's research activities are organized around a number of semi-autonomous research groups, each of which is headed by one or more professors or research scientists
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Computer Science
Computer science
Computer science
is the study of the theory, experimentation, and engineering that form the basis for the design and use of computers. It is the scientific and practical approach to computation and its applications and the systematic study of the feasibility, structure, expression, and mechanization of the methodical procedures (or algorithms) that underlie the acquisition, representation, processing, storage, communication of, and access to, information. An alternate, more succinct definition of computer science is the study of automating algorithmic processes that scale. A computer scientist specializes in the theory of computation and the design of computational systems.[1] Its fields can be divided into a variety of theoretical and practical disciplines
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University Of Southern California
The University of Southern California
California
(USC[a] or SC) is a private research university located in Los Angeles, California. Founded in 1880, it is the oldest private research university in California.[9] USC has historically educated a large number of the region's business leaders and professionals. The university has also leveraged its location in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
to establish relationships with research and cultural institutions throughout Asia and the Pacific Rim
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Project Whirlwind
Whirlwind I
Whirlwind I
was a Cold War-era vacuum tube computer developed by the MIT
MIT
Servomechanisms Laboratory for the U.S. Navy. It was amongst the first digital electronic computers that operated in real-time for output, and the first that was not simply an electronic replacement of older mechanical systems. It was one of the first computers to calculate in parallel (rather than serial), and was the first to use magnetic core memory. Its development led directly to the Whirlwind II design used as the basis for the United States
United States
Air Force SAGE air defense system, and indirectly to almost all business computers and minicomputers in the 1960s.Contents1 Background 2 Technical description2.1 Design and construction 2.2 The memory subsystem3 Air defense networks 4 Legacy 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksBackground[edit] During World War II, the U.S. Navy
U.S

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Research Laboratory Of Electronics At MIT
The Research Laboratory of Electronics
Electronics
(RLE) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) was founded in 1946 as the successor to the famed MIT Radiation Laboratory
Radiation Laboratory
(Rad Lab) of World War II. During the war, large scale research at the RadLab was devoted to the rapid development of microwave radar. Projects included physical electronics, microwave physics, electromagnetic properties of matter, and microwave communication principles. The "Rad Lab" designed almost half of the radar deployed in World War II, created over 100 different radar systems, and constructed $1.5 billion worth of radar. At the height of its activities, the Rad Lab employed nearly 4,000 people working on several continents. What began as a British-American effort to make microwave radar work, evolved into a centralized laboratory committed to understanding the theories behind experimental radar while solving its engineering problems
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Lincoln Laboratory
The MIT Lincoln Laboratory, located in Lexington, Massachusetts, is a United States
United States
Department of Defense research and development center chartered to apply advanced technology to problems of national security. The Laboratory provides a technical base for military electronics ranging from radars to reentry physics.[1] Research and development activities focus on long-term technology development as well as rapid system prototyping and demonstration. These efforts are aligned within key mission areas. The laboratory works with industry to transition new concepts and technology for system development and deployment
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Semi Automatic Ground Environment
The Semi-Automatic Ground Environment
Semi-Automatic Ground Environment
(SAGE, a name selected to mean "wise") was a system of large computers and associated networking equipment that coordinated data from many radar sites and processed it to produce a single unified image of the airspace over a wide area. SAGE directed and controlled the NORAD
NORAD
response to a Soviet air attack, operating in this role from the late 1950s into the 1980s. Its enormous computers and huge displays remain a part of cold war lore, and a common prop in movies such as Dr. Strangelove
Dr. Strangelove
and Colossus. The processing power behind SAGE was supplied by the largest computer ever built, the AN/FSQ-7. Each SAGE Direction Center (DC) housed an FSQ-7 which occupied an entire floor, approximately 22,000 square feet not including supporting equipment
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Backronym
A backronym, or bacronym, is a constructed phrase that purports to be the source of a word that is an acronym. Backronyms may be invented with serious or humorous intent, or may be a type of false etymology or folk etymology. An acronym is a word derived from the initial letters of the words of a phrase:[1] For example, the word radar comes from "RAdio Detection And Ranging".[2] By contrast, a backronym is constructed by creating a new phrase to fit an already existing word, name, or acronym
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Robert Fano
Roberto Mario "Robert" Fano (11 November 1917 – 13 July 2016) was an Italian-American computer scientist and professor of electrical engineering and computer science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[1] Fano was born in Turin, Italy
Italy
in 1917.[2][3] He was known principally for his work on information theory, inventing (with Claude Shannon) Shannon–Fano coding[4] and deriving the Fano inequality
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J. C. R. Licklider
Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider (/ˈlɪklaɪdər/; March 11, 1915 – June 26, 1990), known simply as J. C. R. or "Lick", was an American psychologist[2] and computer scientist who is considered one of the most important figures in computer science and general computing history. He is particularly remembered for being one of the first to foresee modern-style interactive computing and its application to all manner of activities; and also as an Internet
Internet
pioneer with an early vision of a worldwide computer network long before it was built
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Project Genie
Project Genie was a computer research project started in 1964 at the University of California, Berkeley. It produced an early time-sharing system including the Berkeley Timesharing System, which was then commercialized as the SDS 940.Contents1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 External linksHistory[edit] Project Genie was funded by J. C. R. Licklider, the head of DARPA
DARPA
at that time. The project was a smaller counterpart to MIT's Project MAC. The system that Scientific Data Systems
Scientific Data Systems
(SDS, later XDS) would call the 940 was created by modifying an SDS 930 24-bit commercial computer so that it could be used for timesharing. The work was funded by ARPA and directed by Melvin W. Pirtle at and Wayne Lichtenberger at UC Berkeley. Butler Lampson, Chuck Thacker, and L
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University Of California, Berkeley
Urban Total 1,232 acres (499 ha) Core Campus 178 acres (72 ha)[5] Total land owned 6,679 acres (2,703 ha)[6]Colors Berkeley Blue, California
California
Gold[7]          Athletics NCAA Division I
NCAA Division I
FBS – Pac-12Nickname Golden BearsSporting affiliationsAm. East MPSFMascot Oski the BearWebsite www.berkeley.eduThe University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley
(UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California[8][9]) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.[9] Founded in 1868, Berkeley is the flagship institution of the ten research universities affiliated with the University of California
California
system
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Information Sciences Institute
The USC Information Sciences Institute
Information Sciences Institute
(ISI) is a component of the University of Southern California
University of Southern California
(USC) Viterbi School of Engineering, and specializes in research and development in information processing, computing, and communications technologies. It is located in Marina del Rey, California.[1] ISI actively participated in the information revolution, and it played a leading role in developing and managing the early Internet
Internet
and its predecessor ARPAnet.[2][3][4] The Institute conducts basic and applied research supported by more than 20 U.S. government agencies involved in defense, science, health, homeland security, energy and other areas
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Director (business)
A director is a person from a group of managers who leads or supervises a particular area of a company, program, or project.[1] Companies that use this term often have many directors spread throughout different business functions or roles (e.g. director of human resources).[2] The director usually reports directly to a vice president or to the CEO directly in order to let them know the progress of the organization. Large organizations also sometimes have assistant directors or deputy directors. Director commonly refers to the lowest level of executive in an organization, but many large companies use the title of associate director more frequently. Some companies also have regional directors and area directors. Regional directors are present in companies that are organized by location and have their departments under that. They are responsible for the operations for their particular country
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Marvin Minsky
Marvin Lee Minsky (August 9, 1927 – January 24, 2016) was an American cognitive scientist concerned largely with research of artificial intelligence (AI), co-founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's AI laboratory, and author of several texts concerning AI and philosophy.[12][13][14][15]Contents1 Biography 2 Contributions in computer science 3 Role in popular culture 4 Personal life4.1 Opinions 4.2 Death5 Bibliography (selected) 6 Awards and affiliations 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksBiography[edit] Marvin Lee Minsky was born in New York City, to an eye surgeon father, Henry, and to a mother, Fannie, who was an activist of Zionist affairs.[15][16] His family was Jewish. He attended the Ethical Culture Fieldston School and the Bronx High School of Science. He later attended Phillips Academy
Phillips Academy
in Andover, Massachusetts. He then served in the US Navy from 1944 to 1945. He received a B.A
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John McCarthy (computer Scientist)
Stanford University; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Dartmouth College; Princeton UniversityDoctoral advisor Solomon LefschetzDoctoral students Ruzena Bajcsy Ramanathan V. Guha Barbara Liskov Raj ReddyJohn McCarthy (September 4, 1927 – October 24, 2011) was an American computer scientist and cognitive scientist
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