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Luiseño People
The Luiseño, or Payómkawichum, are a Native American people who at the time of the first contacts with the Spanish in the 16th century inhabited the coastal area of southern California, ranging 50 miles from the present-day southern part of Los Angeles County to the northern part of San Diego County, and inland 30 miles. In the Luiseño
Luiseño
language, the people call themselves Payómkawichum (also spelled Payómkowishum), meaning "People of the West."[3] The tribe was named Luiseño
Luiseño
by the Spanish due to their proximity to the Mission San Luís Rey de Francia (The Mission of Saint Louis King of France.)[4] Known as the "King of the Missions," it was founded on June 13, 1798 by Father Fermín Francisco de Lasuén, located in what is now Oceanside, California, in northern San Diego County
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Luiseño Language
The Luiseño
Luiseño
language is a Uto-Aztecan language of California
California
spoken by the Luiseño, a Native American people who at the time of the first contacts with the Spanish in the 16th century inhabited the coastal area of southern California, ranging 50 miles (80 km) from the southern part of Los Angeles County, California, to the northern part of San Diego County, California, and inland 30 miles (48 km)
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Native American Fashion
Native American fashion
Native American fashion
(also known as Indigenous American fashion) encompasses the design and creation of high-fashion clothing and fashion accessories by the Native peoples of the Americas. Indigenous designers frequently incorporate motifs and customary materials into their wearable artworks, providing a basis for creating items for the haute couture and international fashion markets. Their designs may result from techniques such as beadwork, quillwork, leather, and textile arts, such as weaving, twining, and tufting
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Pauma Band Of Luiseno Mission Indians Of The Pauma And Yuima Reservation
The Pauma Band of Luiseño Mission Indians of the Pauma and Yuima Reservation is a federally recognized tribe of Luiseño Indians in San Diego County, California.[2] A total of five other federally recognized tribes of Luiseño are located in southern California.Contents1 Government 2 Reservation 3 Economic development 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksGovernment[edit] The Pauma Band is headquartered in Pauma Valley, California. The tribe is governed by a democratically elected four-person council. The current tribal administration is as follows.Tribal Chairman: Temet A
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Pechanga Band Of Luiseno Mission Indians Of The Pechanga Reservation
The Pechanga Band of Luiseño Mission Indians is a federally recognized tribe of Luiseño Indians based in Riverside County, California
California
where their reservation is located.[3] As of 2006, there were 1370 members of the nation.[2] There are five other federally recognized tribes of Luiseño bands based in southern California, and an organized band that has not received federal recognition as a tribe.Contents1 Government 2 Reservation 3 Economic development 4 Membership 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksGovernment[edit] The Pechanga Band is headquartered in Temecula, California, part of the historic territory associated with their historic ancestors. Today the tribe has a constitution, adopted in 1978, and is governed by a democratically elected, seven-person council, including the Tribal Chairperson. In the event of a voting tie, they would be the deciding vote
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Rincon Band Of Luiseño Indians
The Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians are a federally recognized tribe of Luiseño who live on the Rincon Indian Reservation
Indian Reservation
in the Valley Center CDP, San Diego
San Diego
County, California. It is one of six such tribes in Southern California
California
that are composed of Luiseño people.[1] The Luiseño are considered one of the groups of the California
California
Mission Indians. The band developed the Harrah's Resort Southern California
Harrah's Resort Southern California
(previously known as Harrah's Rincon Resort and Casino) that is located on the reservation, specifically in the city of Funner, California
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Soboba Band Of Luiseno Indians
The Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians is a federally recognized tribe of Cahuilla and Luiseño people, headquartered in Riverside County, California
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Bureau Of Indian Affairs
The Bureau of Indian Affairs
Bureau of Indian Affairs
(BIA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States within the U.S. Department of the Interior. It is responsible for the administration and management of 55,700,000 acres (225,000 km2) of land held in trust by the United States for Native Americans in the United States, Native American Tribes and Alaska Natives. The BIA is one of two bureaus under the jurisdiction of the Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs: the Bureau of Indian Affairs
Bureau of Indian Affairs
and the Bureau of Indian Education, which provides education services to approximately 48,000 Native Americans. The BIA’s responsibilities include providing health care to American Indians and Alaska Natives. In 1954 that function was transferred to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (now known as the U.S
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James Luna
James Luna
James Luna
(February 9, 1950 – March 4, 2018[1]) was a Payómkawichum, Ipi, and Mexican-American
Mexican-American
performance artist, photographer and multimedia installation artist
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Fritz Scholder
Fritz Scholder
Fritz Scholder
(October 6, 1937 – February 10, 2005) was a Native American artist. Born in Breckenridge, Minnesota, Scholder was one-quarter Luiseño,[1] a California Mission tribe. Scholder's most influential works were post-modern in sensibility and somewhat Pop Art in execution as he sought to deconstruct the mythos of the American Indian. A teacher at the Institute of American Indian Arts
Institute of American Indian Arts
in Santa Fe in the late 1960s, Scholder influenced a generation of Native American students.Contents1 Early career 2 Native Americans series 3 Recognition in the 1980s 4 Later exhibitions 5 Posthumous recognition 6 References 7 External linksEarly career[edit] Scholder knew what he had to do at an early age. As a high school student at Pierre, South Dakota, his teacher was Oscar Howe, a noted Yankton Dakota
Yankton Dakota
artist
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Freddy Herrera
Freddy Eladio Herrera Cheng (born December 17, 1973) is a right-handed outfielder who has played on the Panamanian National Baseball Team and is perhaps most notable for appearing in the 2006 World Baseball Classic. In the 1999 Pan American Games, he hit a two-run home run, but that wasn't enough to overcome Team USA. He hit .387 with seven doubles in the 2001 Baseball World Cup, and in the 2002 Intercontinental Cup
2002 Intercontinental Cup
he hit .324. In the 2005 Baseball World Cup, Herrera hit .389 with 10 runs and 10 RBI in 11 games. Herrera had only one hit in seven at-bats in the 2006 World Baseball Classic
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Pete Calac
Pedro "Pete" Calac (May 13, 1892 – January 30, 1968) was a professional football player who played in the Ohio League and during the early years of the National Football League. Over the course of his 10-year career he played for the Canton Bulldogs, Cleveland Indians, Washington Senators, Oorang Indians
Oorang Indians
and the Buffalo Bisons.Contents1 Biography1.1 Early life 1.2 Carlisle Indian School 1.3 US Army2 Football career2.1 Canton Bulldogs 2.2 Union Quakers 2.3 Washington Senators 2.4 Oorang Indians 2.5 Buffalo Bisons3 Family 4 Legacy 5 References 6 NotesBiography[edit] Early life[edit] Calac was born on May 13, 1892 to Felicidad Calac and listed Francisco Calac as Pete's father on his enrollment at Carlisle. Some are confused since his grandfather was also named Francisco Calac but there were 3 Francisco Calacs on the census of Rincon at the time of his birth, all of Valley Center, California
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Jamie Okuma
Jamie Okuma (born 1977) is a Native American visual artist and fashion designer from California.[1] She is known for beadwork, mixed-media soft sculpture, and fashion design.[2] She is Luiseño
Luiseño
and Shoshone-Bannock.[3]Contents1 Biography 2 Artwork 3 Career 4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit] Okuma was born in Glendale, California
California
and lived the first years of her life in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
where her mother, successful painter and bead artist Sandra Okuma (Luiseño/Shoshone-Bannock), worked as a graphic designer for MCA Records. When Okuma was five, her family moved to the La Jolla Indian Reservation
La Jolla Indian Reservation
in Pauma Valley, California.[4] At this time, Okuma began learning beadwork, encouraged by her mother.[3] As a child and teenager, Okuma beaded her own dance regalia for powwows and earned money sewing regalia for others
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Luiseño Traditional Narratives
Luiseño
Luiseño
traditional narratives include myths, legends, tales, and oral histories preserved by the Luiseño people
Luiseño people
of southwestern California. Luiseño
Luiseño
oral literature is very similar to that of the Luiseño's Takic-speaking relatives to the north and east, and also to that of their Yuman neighbors to the south. Particularly prominent are several versions of the Southern California
California
Creation Myth. (See also Traditional narratives (Native California).) On-Line Examples of Luiseño
Luiseño
Narratives[edit]Chinigchinich by Jerónimo Boscana
Jerónimo Boscana
(ca
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La Jolla Band Of Luiseno Mission Indians Of The La Jolla Reservation
The La Jolla
La Jolla
Band of Luiseño
Luiseño
Indians are a federally recognized tribe of Luiseño
Luiseño
Indians, located in northern San Diego
San Diego
County, California.[1] There are five other federally recognized tribes of Luiseño
Luiseño
in southern California. La Jolla
La Jolla
does not have casinos.Contents1 Government 2 Reservation 3 Origin of the name 4 History 5 Tribal programs and initiatives 6 Notes 7 External linksGovernment[edit] The La Jolla
La Jolla
Band are headquartered in Pauma Valley, California. They are governed by a democratically elected, five-member tribal council, who serve two-year terms
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Mission Indians
Mission Indians
Mission Indians
are the indigenous peoples of California
California
who lived in Southern California
Southern California
and were forcibly relocated from their traditional dwellings, villages, and homelands to live and work at 15 Franciscan missions in Southern California, and the Asisténcias and Estáncias established between 1796 and 1823 in the Las Californias
Las Californias
Province of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.Contents1 History 2 Reservations 3 Southern California
Southern California
locations 4 Northern California
California
missions 5 Mission tribes 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External linksHistory[edit] Spanish explorers arrived on California's coasts as early as the mid-16th century. In 1769 the first Spanish Franciscan
Franciscan
mission was built in San Diego
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