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Ludites
LUDIM is the Hebrew term for a people mentioned in Jeremiah and Ezekiel . In the Biblical Table of Nations Genesis 10:13 they were descended from Mizraim . The biblical scholar Victor P. Hamilton believes that the available evidence "suggests" that the Ludim are the Lydians . According to Josephus
Josephus
, their land was in Libya
Libya
which was west of Egypt near the tribes of Phut in the land of the Moors towards the extreme west of Africa and the Atlantic Ocean. Pliny in his natural history mentions the river Laud along south of the Atlas mountains near the river Fut (Phut). These Ludim should not be confused with another group who were said to descend from Lud , son of Shem , son of Noah
Noah
. Ludim is sometimes thought to be a scribal error for Lubim, in reference to Libyans . REFERENCES * ^ Victor P. Hamilton (31 October 1990)
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Shem
SHEM (/ʃɛm/ ; Hebrew : שֵׁם, Modern Shem, Tiberian Šēm; Greek : Σήμ Sēm; Ge\'ez : ሴም, Sēm; "renown; prosperity; name"; Arabic : سام Sām) was one of the sons of Noah
Noah
in the Hebrew Bible
Bible
as well as in Islamic literature
Islamic literature
. Genesis 10:21 refers to relative ages of Shem
Shem
and his brother Japheth , but with sufficient ambiguity to have yielded different English translations. The verse is translated in the KJV
KJV
as "Unto Shem
Shem
also, the father of all the children of Eber , the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born."
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Lud, Son Of Shem
LUD (Hebrew: לוּדֿ‎) was a son of Shem and grandson of Noah
Noah
, according to Genesis 10 (the " Table of Nations
Table of Nations
"). Lud should not be confused with the Ludim , said there to be descended from Mizraim , a son of Ham
Ham
. The descendants of Lud are usually, following Josephus
Josephus
, connected with various Anatolian peoples, particularly Lydia
Lydia
(Assyrian Luddu) and their predecessors, the Luwians ; cf. Herodotus
Herodotus
' assertion (Histories i. 7) that the Lydians were first so named after their king, Lydus (Λυδός). However, the chronicle of Hippolytus of Rome (c
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Noah
In the Abrahamic religions , NOAH (/ˈnoʊ.ə/ ; Hebrew : נֹחַ, נוֹחַ, Modern Noaẖ, Tiberian Nōăḥ; Syriac : ܢܘܚ‎ Nukh; Arabic : نُوح‎‎ Nūḥ; Ancient Greek : Νῶε) was the tenth and last of the pre-flood Patriarchs . The story of Noah\'s Ark is told in the Bible's Genesis flood narrative . The biblical account is followed by the story of the Curse of Canaan . Besides the Book of Genesis, Noah
Noah
is also mentioned in the First Book of Chronicles , and the books of Tobit , Wisdom , Sirach
Sirach
, Isaiah
Isaiah
, Ezekiel , 2 Esdras
2 Esdras
, 4 Maccabees
4 Maccabees
; in the New Testament , he is mentioned in the Gospel of Matthew , the Gospel of Luke
Gospel of Luke
, the Epistle to the Hebrews , 1st Peter and 2nd Peter
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Libya
LIBYA ( Arabic
Arabic
: ليبيا‎‎ Lībiyā) is a country in the Maghreb
Maghreb
region of North Africa
North Africa
, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the north, Egypt
Egypt
to the east, Sudan
Sudan
to the southeast, Chad
Chad
and Niger to the south and Algeria
Algeria
and Tunisia
Tunisia
to the west
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Pliny The Elder
PLINY THE ELDER (b. GAIUS PLINIUS SECUNDUS, AD 23 – 79) was a Roman author , naturalist and natural philosopher , a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, and friend of the emperor Vespasian . Spending most of his spare time studying, writing, and investigating natural and geographic phenomena in the field, Pliny wrote the encyclopedic Naturalis Historia (Natural History), which became an editorial model for encyclopedias . His nephew, Pliny the Younger
Pliny the Younger
, wrote of him in a letter to the historian Tacitus
Tacitus
: For my part I deem those blessed to whom, by favour of the gods, it has been granted either to do what is worth writing of, or to write what is worth reading; above measure blessed those on whom both gifts have been conferred. In the latter number will be my uncle, by virtue of his own and of your compositions
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Phut
PHUT or PUT (Hebrew: פוט pûṭ; Septuagint
Septuagint
Greek Φουδ Phoud) is the third son of Ham (one of the sons of Noah ), in the biblical Table of Nations (Genesis 10:6; cf. 1 Chronicles 1:8). The name Put (or Phut) is also used in the Bible for the people or nation said to be descended from him, usually placed in Ancient Libya
Ancient Libya
, but connections are sometimes proposed with the Land of Punt
Land of Punt
known from Ancient Egyptian annals. The Persian historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari
Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari
(c. 915) recounts a tradition that the wife of Put was named Bakht, a daughter of Batawil son of Tiras , and that she bore him the " Copts
Copts
"
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Book Of Jeremiah
The BOOK OF JEREMIAH (Hebrew : ספר יִרְמְיָהוּ‎‎; abbreviated JER. or JEREM. in citations) is the second of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
, and the second of the Prophets in the Christian
Christian
Old Testament
Old Testament
. The superscription at chapter 1:1–3 identifies it as "the words of Jeremiah son of Hilkiah," and places the prophet historically from the reforms of king Josiah
Josiah
in 627 BCE through to the assassination of the Babylonian-appointed governor of Judah in 582. Of all the prophets, Jeremiah comes through most clearly as a person, ruminating to his scribe Baruch about his role as a servant of God with little good news for his audience. Jeremiah is written in a very complex and poetic Hebrew (apart from verse 10:11, curiously written in Biblical Aramaic )
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Hebrew Language
HEBREW (/ˈhiːbruː/ ; עִבְרִית‎, Ivrit ( listen ) or ( listen )) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel
Israel
, spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew
Hebrew
in the Tanakh . The earliest examples of written Paleo- Hebrew
Hebrew
date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew
Hebrew
belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew
Hebrew
is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language . Hebrew
Hebrew
had ceased to be an everyday spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt
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Book Of Ezekiel
The BOOK OF EZEKIEL is the third of the Latter Prophets in the Tanakh and one of the major prophetic books in the Old Testament
Old Testament
, following Isaiah and Jeremiah . According to the book itself, it records six visions of the prophet Ezekiel
Ezekiel
, exiled in Babylon, during the 22 years 593-571 BCE, although it is the product of a long and complex history and does not necessarily preserve the very words of the prophet. The visions, and the book, are structured around three themes: (1) Judgment on Israel
Israel
(chapters 1–24); (2) Judgment on the nations (chapters 25–32); and (3) Future blessings for Israel
Israel
(chapters 33–48). Its themes include the concepts of the presence of God, purity, Israel
Israel
as a divine community, and individual responsibility to God
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Hebrew Bible
Outline of Bible-related topics Bible
Bible
book Bible
Bible
portal * v * t * e Page from an 11th-century Aramaic Targum
Targum
manuscript of the Hebrew Bible. HEBREW BIBLE or HEBREW SCRIPTURES ( Latin
Latin
: Biblia Hebraica) is the term used by biblical scholars to refer to the Tanakh (Hebrew : תנ"ך‎‎; Latin
Latin
: Thanach), the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is the common textual source of several canonical editions of the Christian
Christian
Old Testament . They are composed mainly in Biblical Hebrew , with some passages in Biblical Aramaic (in the books of Daniel , Ezra and a few others)
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Josephus
TITUS FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS (/dʒoʊˈsiːfəs/ ; 37 – c. 100), born YOSEF BEN MATITYAHU (Hebrew : יוסף הכהן בן מתתיהו‎, Yosef ben Matityahu; Greek: Ἰώσηπος Ματθίου), was a first-century Romano-Jewish scholar, historian and hagiographer , who was born in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
—then part of Roman Judea —to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry. He initially fought against the Romans during the First Jewish–Roman War as head of Jewish forces in Galilee
Galilee
, until surrendering in 67 CE to Roman forces led by Vespasian after the six-week siege of Jotapata . Josephus
Josephus
claimed the Jewish Messianic prophecies that initiated the First Roman-Jewish War made reference to Vespasian becoming Emperor of Rome
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Lydia
LYDIA (Assyrian : Luddu; Greek : Λυδία, Turkish : Lidya) was an Iron Age
Iron Age
kingdom of western Asia Minor
Asia Minor
located generally east of ancient Ionia
Ionia
in the modern western Turkish provinces of Uşak , Manisa
Manisa
and inland İzmir . Its population spoke an Anatolian language known as Lydian . At its greatest extent, the Kingdom of Lydia
Lydia
covered all of western Anatolia . Lydia
Lydia
(Sparda in Old Persian ) was a satrapy of the Achaemenid Persian Empire , with Sardis
Sardis
as its capital. Tabalus , appointed by Cyrus the Great , was the first satrap. Lydia
Lydia
was later the name of a Roman province . Coins are said to have been invented in Lydia
Lydia
around the 7th century BC
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Mizraim
MIZRAIM (Hebrew : מִצְרַיִם‎ / מִצְרָיִם‎, Modern Mitzráyim Tiberian Miṣrāyim / Miṣráyim ; cf. Arabic مصر, Miṣr) (/mɪt͡srai:m/) is the Hebrew and Aramaic name for the land of Egypt
Egypt
, with the dual suffix -āyim, perhaps referring to the "two Egypts": Upper Egypt
Egypt
and Lower Egypt
Egypt
. Neo-Babylonian texts use the term Mizraim for Egypt. The name was for instance inscribed in the famous Ishtar Gate of Babylon. Ugaritic inscriptions refer to Egypt
Egypt
as Mṣrm, in the Amarna tablets it is called Misri, and Assyrian records called Egypt
Egypt
Mu-ṣur. The Arabic word for Egypt
Egypt
is Miṣr (pronounced Maṣr in Egyptian colloquial Arabic), and Egypt's official name is Gumhuriyyat Miṣr al-‘Arabīyyah (the Arab Republic of Egypt)
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