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Lozisht
Ignatówka, also Lozisht,[1] was a Jewish shtetl (village) located in what is now western Ukraine
Ukraine
but which used to be part of the Second Polish Republic before the Nazi- Soviet invasion of Poland
Soviet invasion of Poland
in 1939. Ignatówka was bordering a Jewish shtetl in Zofjówka, located in the gmina Silno, powiat Łuck
Łuck
of the Wołyń Voivodeship, in prewar Poland.[2] The two villages were part of a joint Jewish community of Trochenbrod
Trochenbrod
and Lozisht.[1] Lozisht
Lozisht
and Trochenbrod
Trochenbrod
Jewery Holocaust memorial ( Holon
Holon
Cemetery, Israel)Ignatówka (Lozisht) was founded in 1838, and had grown to approximately 1,200 inhabitants by the beginning of World War II. Of those, only a few survived
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Stutthof Concentration Camp
Stutthof was a Nazi German
Nazi German
concentration camp established in a secluded, wet, and wooded area near the small town of Sztutowo (German: Stutthof) 34 km (21 mi) east of the city of Gdańsk in the former territory of the Free City of Danzig. The camp was set up around already existing structures after the invasion of Poland in World War II, used for the imprisonment of Polish intelligentsia.[1] The actual barracks were built in the following year by hundreds of prisoners enslaved in labour commandos.[2] Stutthof was the first Nazi camp set up outside German borders in World War II,[2] in operation from 2 September 1939. It was also the last camp liberated by the Allies on 9 May 1945. It is estimated that between 63,000 and 65,000 prisoners of Stutthof concentration camp and its subcamps died as a result of murder, epidemics, extreme labour conditions, evacuations, and lack of medical help. Some 28,000 of them were Jews
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Nazi Concentration Camps
Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
maintained concentration camps (German: Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War
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The Holocaust In Belgium
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah,[b] was a genocide during World War II
World War II
in which Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered some six million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.[c] Jews
Jews
were targeted for extermination as part of a larger event involving the persecution and murder of other groups, including in particular the Roma, ethnic Poles, and "incurably sick",[6] as well as political opponents, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Soviet prisoners of war.[7] Germany implemented the persecution in stages. Following Hitler's rise to power in 1933, the government passed laws to exclude Jews
Jews
from civil society, most prominently the Nuremberg Laws
Nuremberg Laws
in 1935
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The Holocaust In The Independent State Of Croatia
The Holocaust
Holocaust
in the Independent State of Croatia
Independent State of Croatia
refers primarily to the genocide of Jews, but sometimes also include that of Serbs
Serbs
(the "Serbian Genocide") and Romani (Porajmos), during World War II
World War II
within the Independent State of Croatia, a fascist puppet state ruled by the Ustashe
Ustashe
regime, that included most of the territory of modern-day Croatia, the whole of modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
and the eastern part of Syrmia
Syrmia
(Serbia)
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Rescue Of The Danish Jews
The rescue of the Danish Jews occurred during Nazi Germany's occupation of Denmark during World War II. On October 1, 1943, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
ordered Danish Jews to be arrested and deported. Despite great personal risk,[citation needed] the Danish resistance movement, with the assistance of many ordinary Danish citizens, managed to evacuate 7,220 of Denmark's 7,800 Jews, plus 686 non-Jewish spouses, by sea to nearby neutral Sweden.[1]Polish passport used in Denmark up to March 1940. The Jewish holder escaped to Sweden during the war.The rescue allowed the vast majority of Denmark's Jewish population to avoid capture by the Nazis and is considered to be one of the largest actions of collective resistance to aggression in the countries occupied by Nazi Germany
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The Holocaust In Estonia
The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Estonia
Estonia
refers to the Nazi crimes during the occupation of Estonia
Estonia
by Nazi Germany. Prior to the war, there were approximately 4,300 Estonian Jews. After the Soviet 1940 occupation about 10% of the Jewish population was deported to Siberia, along with other Estonians. About 75% of Estonian Jews, aware of the fate that awaited them from Nazi Germany, escaped to the Soviet Union; virtually all of those who remained (between 950 and 1,000 people) were killed by Einsatzgruppe A
Einsatzgruppe A
and local collaborators before the end of 1941. Roma people of Estonia
Estonia
were also murdered and enslaved by the Nazi occupiers and their collaborators
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The Holocaust In France
The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in France
France
refers to the persecution, deportation, and annihilation of Jews
Jews
and Roma between 1940 and 1944 in occupied France, metropolitan Vichy, and in Vichy-North Africa, during World War II. The persecution began in 1940, and culminated in deportations of Jews
Jews
from France
France
to concentration camps in Germany and Nazi-occupied Poland from 1942 which lasted until July 1944. Of the 340,000 Jews
Jews
living in metropolitan/continental France
France
in 1940, more than 75,000 were deported to death camps, where about 72,500 were killed. French Vichy
Vichy
government [1] and the French police participated in the roundup of Jews
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The Holocaust In Latvia
The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Latvia
Latvia
refers to the war crimes of Nazis and Nazi collaborators victimizing Jews during the occupation of
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The Holocaust In Lithuania
The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in German occupied Lithuania resulted in the near total destruction of Lithuanian (Litvaks) and Polish Jews,[a] living in Generalbezirk Litauen of Reichskommissariat Ostland
Reichskommissariat Ostland
within the Nazi-controlled Lithuanian SSR. Out of approximately 208,000-210,000 Jews, an estimated 190,000–195,000 were murdered before the end of World War II
World War II
(wider estimates are sometimes published), most between June and December 1941. More than 95% of Lithuania's Jewish
Jewish
population was massacred over the three-year German occupation — a more complete destruction than befell any other country affected by the Holocaust
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The Holocaust In Norway
In 1941–1942[1] during the occupation of Norway
Norway
by Nazi
Nazi
Germany, there were at least 2,173 Jews in Norway. At least 775 of them were arrested, detained and/or deported
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The Holocaust In Russia
The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Russia refers to the Nazi crimes during the occupation of Russia (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) by Nazi Germany.Contents1 On the eve of the Holocaust 2 World War II 3 After World War II 4 Perpetrators and commanders 5 Executor units5.1 German security and police units 5.2 Volunteers in German armed forces 5.3 Collaborationist parties5.3.1 European front 5.3.2 Pacific front6 See also 7 ReferencesOn the eve of the Holocaust[edit]Russia. Jewish women and children being forced out of their homes
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The Holocaust In Ukraine
The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Ukraine
Ukraine
took place in Reichskommissariat Ukraine during the occupation of the Soviet Ukraine
Ukraine
by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in World War II.[6] Between 1941 and 1944 approximately 250,000 Jews amounting to 17 percent of the pre-Holocaust population of 1,500,000 Jewish men, women and children living in Ukrainian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
were murdered as part of Generalplan Ost
Generalplan Ost
and the Final Solution
Final Solution
extermination policies.[5][7] According to Yale historian Timothy D
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Extermination Camp
Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
built extermination camps (also called death camps or killing centers) during World War II
World War II
(1939–45) to systematically kill millions of Jews, Slavs, Communists, and others whom the Nazis considered "Untermenschen" ("subhumans")
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The Holocaust In Poland
The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in German-occupied Poland was the last and the most lethal phase of the Nazi " Final Solution
Final Solution
of the Jewish Question" (Endlösung der Judenfrage) marked by the construction of death camps on German-occupied Polish soil
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Auschwitz Concentration Camp
The Auschwitz
Auschwitz
concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in occupied Poland during World War II. It consisted of Auschwitz
Auschwitz
I (the original concentration camp), Auschwitz
Auschwitz
II–Birkenau (a combination concentration/extermination camp), Auschwitz
Auschwitz
III– Monowitz
Monowitz
(a labor camp to staff an IG Farben
IG Farben
factory), and 45 satellite camps. Auschwitz
Auschwitz
I was first constructed to hold Polish political prisoners, who began to arrive in May 1940. The first extermination of prisoners took place in September 1941
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