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Lovamahapaya
Lovamahapaya
Lovamahapaya
is a building situated between Ruwanweliseya and Sri Mahabodiya in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is also known as the Brazen Palace or Lohaprasadaya because the roof was covered with bronze tiles. In ancient times, the building included the refectory and the uposathagara (Uposatha house). There was also a Simamalake where the Sangha assembled on Poya
Poya
days to recite the sutra of the confessional. The famous Lohaprasada built by King Dutugemunu, described as an edifice of nine stories, was a building of this class. One side of the building was 400 ft (120 m) in length. There are 40 rows, each row consisting of 40 stone pillars, for a total of 1600 pillars. It is believed that it took six years for the construction of the building and the plan was brought from the heavens
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Ruwanwelisaya
The Ruwanwelisaya
Ruwanwelisaya
is a stupa, a hemispherical structure containing relics, in Sri Lanka, considered sacred to many Buddhists all over the world.[1] It was built by King Dutugemunu[citation needed] c. 140 B.C., who became lord of all Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
after a war in which the Chola King Ellalan, was defeated. It is also known as "Mahathupa", "Swarnamali Chaitya", "Suvarnamali Mahaceti" (in Pali) and "Rathnamali Dagaba". This is one of the "Solosmasthana" (the 16 places of veneration) and the "Atamasthana" (the 8 places of veneration in the ancient sacred city of Anuradhapura). The stupa is one of the world's tallest monuments, standing at 103 m (338 ft) and with a circumference of 290 m (951 ft).[2] The Kaunghmudaw Pagoda in Sagaing, Myanmar
Myanmar
is modeled after this stupa.[3] The stupa was a ruin in the 19th century
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Bronze
Bronze
Bronze
is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon. These additions produce a range of alloys that may be harder than copper alone, or have other useful properties, such as stiffness, ductility, or machinability. The archeological period where bronze was the hardest metal in widespread use is known as the Bronze
Bronze
Age. The beginning of the Bronze Age in Western Eurasia
Eurasia
and South Asia
Asia
is conventionally dated to the mid-4th millennium BC, and to the early 2nd millennium BC in China;[1] everywhere it gradually spread across regions
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Sangha (Buddhism)
Sangha
Sangha
(Pali: saṅgha; Sanskrit: saṃgha; Sinhalese: සංඝයා; Thai: พระสงฆ์; Tamil: சங்கம்; Chinese: 僧伽; pinyin: Sēngjiā[1]; Wylie: dge 'dun[2]) is a word in Pali
Pali
and Sanskrit
Sanskrit
meaning "association", "assembly", "company" or "community" and most commonly refers in Buddhism
Buddhism
to the monastic community of bhikkhus (monks) and bhikkhunis (nuns). These communities are traditionally referred to as the bhikkhu-sangha or bhikkhuni-sangha
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Poya
Poya
Poya
is the name given to the Lunar monthly Buddhist holiday of Uposatha
Uposatha
in Sri Lanka, where it is a civil and bank holiday. Full moon day is normally considered as the poya day in every month. The 2018 dates are January 1, January 14, March 1, March 31, April 29, May 29, June 27, July 27, August 25, September 24, October 24, November 22, and December 22.[1] Poya[edit] A Poya
Poya
occurs every full moon.[2][3] Uposatha
Uposatha
is important to Buddhists all around the world, who have adopted the lunar calendar for their religious observances
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King Dutugemunu
Dutugamunu
Dutugamunu
(Sinhalese: දුටුගැමුණු, lit. 'දුටුගැමුණු', Tamil: துட்டகாமினி, lit. 'Tuṭṭakāmiṉi', also spelled as Dutthagamani, also known as Dutthagamani Abhaya "fearless Gamini"[1]), was a Sinhalese king of Sri Lanka[2] who reigned from 161 BC to 137 BC. He is renowned for defeating and overthrowing Ellalan, the usurping Tamil prince from the Chola Kingdom, who had invaded the Kingdom of Rajarata
Rajarata
in 205 BC
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Jetavanaramaya
Coordinates: 8°21′06″N 80°24′13″E / 8.35167°N 80.40361°E / 8.35167; 80.40361JetavanaramayaජේතවනාරාමයJetavanaramayaFormer names Denanaka and DenaveheraGeneral informationType TempleLocation Anuradhapura,North Central Province, Sri LankaHeight 122 m (400 ft)DimensionsOther dimensions 233,000 m2 (2,508,000 sq ft)Technical detailsFloor area 5.6 HectaresThe Jetavanaramaya
Jetavanaramaya
(world's tallest stupa) is a stupa located in the ruins of Jetavana
Jetavana
in the sacred world heritage city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka
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Abhayagiriya
Abhayagiri Vihāra was a major monastery site of Mahayana, Theravada and Vajrayana
Vajrayana
Buddhism
Buddhism
that was situated in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is one of the most extensive ruins in the world and one of the most sacred Buddhist
Buddhist
pilgrimage cities in the nation. Historically it was a great monastic centre as well as a royal capital, with magnificent monasteries rising to many stories, roofed with gilt bronze or tiles of burnt clay glazed in brilliant colors. To the north of the city, encircled by great walls and containing elaborate bathing ponds, carved balustrades and moonstones, stood "Abhayagiri", one of seventeen such religious units in Anuradhapura
Anuradhapura
and the largest of its five major viharas. One of the focal points of the complex is an ancient stupa, the Abhayagiri Dagaba
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Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
(/ˈbʊdɪzəm/, US also /ˈbuːd-/)[1][2] is the world's fourth-largest religion[3][4] with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.[web 1][5] Buddhism
Buddhism
encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in ancient India
India
as a Sramana
Sramana
tradition sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, spreading through much of Asia
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.[1] To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geodetic datum 3 Horizontal coordinates3.1 Latitude
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Special
Special
Special
or the specials or variation, may refer to:.mw-parser-output .tocright float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left clear:left .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both clear:both .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none clear:none Contents1 Policing 2 Literature 3 Film and television 4 Music4.1 Albums 4.2 Songs5 Computing 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolicing[edit] Specials, Ulster
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Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi
Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi
Bodhi
(Sinhala: ජය ශ්‍රී මහා බොධිය) is a sacred fig tree in the Mahamewna Gardens, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is said to be the right-wing branch (southern branch) from the historical Sri Maha Bodhi
Bodhi
at Buddha
Buddha
Gaya in India
India
under which Lord Buddha
Buddha
attained Enlightenment. It was planted in 288 BC,[1][2][3] and is the oldest living human-planted tree in the world with a known planting date.[4] Today it is one of the most sacred relics of the Buddhists in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and respected by Buddhists all over the world. The other fig trees that surround the sacred tree protect it from storms and animals such as monkeys, bats, etc.[citation needed] In April 2014, the government banned all construction within 500 meters of the tree
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Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 7°N 81°E / 7°N 81°E / 7; 81Democratic Socialist Republic
Republic
of Sri Lanka ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Sinhalese) Srī Lankā prajātāntrika samājavādī janarajaya இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சோசலிச குடியரசு (Tamil) Ilaṅkai jaṉanāyaka sōsalisa kuṭiyarasuFlagEmblemAnthem: "Sri
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Anuradhapura Kingdom
The Anuradhapura
Anuradhapura
Kingdom (Sinhala: අනුරාධපුර රාජධානිය, Tamil:அனுராதபுர இராச்சியம்), named for its capital city, was the first established kingdom in ancient Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and Sinhalese people. Founded by King Pandukabhaya in 377 BC, the kingdom's authority extended throughout the country, although several independent areas emerged from time to time, which grew more numerous towards the end of the kingdom
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Atamasthana
Atamasthana
Atamasthana
(අටමස්ථානය) or Eight sacred places are a series of locations in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
where the Buddha
Buddha
had visited during his three visits to the country. The sacred places are known as Jaya Sri Maha Bodhiya, Ruwanwelisaya, Thuparamaya, Lovamahapaya, Abhayagiri Dagaba, Jetavanarama, Mirisaveti Stupa
Mirisaveti Stupa
and Lankarama. They are situated in Anuradhapura, the capital of the ancient Anuradhapura Kingdom. The sacred city of Anuradhapura
Anuradhapura
exerted a considerable influence on the development of architecture in the country during several centuries
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Lovamahapaya
Lovamahapaya
Lovamahapaya
is a building situated between Ruwanweliseya and Sri Mahabodiya in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is also known as the Brazen Palace or Lohaprasadaya because the roof was covered with bronze tiles. In ancient times, the building included the refectory and the uposathagara (Uposatha house). There was also a Simamalake where the Sangha assembled on Poya
Poya
days to recite the sutra of the confessional. The famous Lohaprasada built by King Dutugemunu, described as an edifice of nine stories, was a building of this class. One side of the building was 400 ft (120 m) in length. There are 40 rows, each row consisting of 40 stone pillars, for a total of 1600 pillars. It is believed that it took six years for the construction of the building and the plan was brought from the heavens
[...More...]