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Louis Philippe I
Louis Philippe I
Louis Philippe I
(6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King
King
of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist
Orléanist
party. As a member of the cadet branch of the Royal House of France
France
and a cousin of King
King
Louis XVI of France
Louis XVI of France
by reason of his descent from their common ancestors Louis XIII
Louis XIII
and Louis XIV, he had earlier found it necessary to flee France
France
during the period of the French Revolution
French Revolution
in order to avoid imprisonment and execution, a fate that actually befell his father Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans. He spent 21 years in exile after he left France
France
in 1793
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England
England
England
is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.[5][6][7] It shares land borders with Wales
Wales
to the west and Scotland
Scotland
to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England
England
and the Celtic Sea
Celtic Sea
lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe
Europe
by the North Sea
North Sea
to the east and the English Channel
English Channel
to the south
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Louise Marie Adélaïde De Bourbon
Adelaide
Adelaide
is the capital city of South Australia. Adelaide
Adelaide
may also refer to:Con
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Claremont (country House)
Lancelot "Capability" Brown Henry HollandArchitectural style(s) PalladianOwnerHouse: Claremont Fan Court School Gardens: National TrustListed Building – Grade IOfficial name: Claremont HouseDesignated 14 August 1953Reference no. 1030202Official name: ClaremontDesignated 1 June 1984Reference no. 1000324Location of Claremont House and Estate in SurreyClaremont, also known historically as 'Clermont', is an 18th-century Palladian
Palladian
mansion less than a mile south of the centre of Esher
Esher
in Surrey, England. The buildings are now occupied by Claremont Fan Court School, and its landscaped gardens are owned and managed by the National Trust
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Surrey
Surrey
Surrey
(/ˈsʌri/ SURR-ee)[2] is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties. It borders Kent
Kent
to the east, Sussex
Sussex
to the south, Hampshire
Hampshire
to the west, Berkshire
Berkshire
to the north-west and Greater London
London
to the north-east. The county town is popularly considered to be Guildford
Guildford
although Surrey County Council
Surrey County Council
sits outside its jurisdiction in Kingston upon Thames, part of Greater London
Greater London
since 1965
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United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Ireland
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland
was a sovereign country in western Europe, the predecessor to the modern United Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland. It was established on 1 January 1801 by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. Britain financed the European coalition that defeated France in 1815 in the Napoleonic Wars. Britain, with its unsurpassed Royal Navy
Royal Navy
and British Empire, became the foremost world power for the next century. The Crimean War
Crimean War
with Russia and the Boer wars were relatively small operations in a largely peaceful century.[1] Rapid industrialisation that began in the decades prior to the state's formation continued up until the mid-19th century
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Dynasty
A dynasty (UK: /ˈdɪnəsti/, US: /ˈdaɪnəsti/) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,[1] usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics. The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house",[2] which may be styled as "royal", "princely", "ducal", "comital", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states, such as Ancient Egypt, the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
and Imperial China, using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase")
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Prime Minister Of France
The French Prime Minister (French: Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government and of the Council of Ministers of France.[1] During the Third and Fourth Republics, the head of government position was called President of the Council of Ministers (French: Président du Conseil des Ministres), generally shortened to President of the Council (French: Président du Conseil). The Prime Minister proposes a list of ministers to the President of the Republic. Decrees and decisions of the Prime Minister, like almost all executive decisions, are subject to the oversight of the administrative court system. Few decrees are taken after advice from the Council of State (French: Conseil d'État). All prime ministers defend the programs of their ministry, and make budgetary choices
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Roman Catholicism
GodTrinity Pater Filius Spiritus Sanctus Consubstantialitas Filioque Divinum illud munusDivine Law Decalogus Ex Cathedra DeificatioRealms beyond the States of the Church Heaven Purgatory Limbo HellMysterium Fidei Passion of Jesus Crucifixion
Crucifixion
of Jesus Harrowing of Hell Resurrection AscensionBeatæ Mariæ Semper Virginis Mariology Veneration Immaculate Conception Mater Dei Perpetual virginity Assumption TitlesOther teachings Josephology Morality Body Lectures Sexuality Apologetics Divine grace Salvation Original sin Saints DogmaTexts Biblia Sacra S
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Franz Xaver Winterhalter
Franz Xaver Winterhalter
Franz Xaver Winterhalter
(20 April 1805 – 8 July 1873) was a German painter and lithographer, known for his portraits of royalty in the mid-nineteenth century. His name has become associated with fashionable court portraiture
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Paris
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Paris
Paris
(French pronunciation: ​[paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and most populous city in France, with an administrative-limits area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and an official population of 2,206,488 (2015).[5] The city is a commune and department, and the heart of the 12,012-square-kilometre (4
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Louis XIII
Louis XIII (French pronunciation: ​[lwi tʁɛz]; 27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was a monarch of the House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
who ruled as King of France
King of France
from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre
King of Navarre
(as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged with the French crown. Shortly before his ninth birthday, Louis became king of France
France
and Navarre after his father Henry IV was assassinated. His mother, Marie de' Medici, acted as regent during his minority
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Louis XIV
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi Soleil), was King of France
King of France
from 14 May 1643 until his death in 1715. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country in European history.[1][a] In the age of absolutism in Europe, Louis XIV's France
France
was a leader in the growing centralisation of power.[2] Louis began his personal rule of France
France
in 1661, after the death of his chief minister, the Italian Cardinal Mazarin.[3] An adherent of the concept of the divine right of kings, Louis continued his predecessors' work of creating a centralised state governed from the capital
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Kingdom Of France
La Parisienne (1830–1848) "The Parisian"The Kingdom of France
France
in 1789.Capital Paris
Paris
(987–1682) Versailles (1682–1789)
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French Provisional Government Of 1848
The Provisional government was a short-lived government formed on 24 February 1848 at the start of the French Second Republic, after the Cabinet of François-Pierre Guizot
Cabinet of François-Pierre Guizot
and the July Monarchy
July Monarchy
had been thrown out of power. It was succeeded by the Executive Commission of 1848.Contents1 Formation 2 Ministers 3 Key events 4 References 5 SourcesFormation[edit] The Provisional Government was formed after three days of street fighting in Paris that ended in the abdication of King Louis Philippe I at noon on February 24. The leaders of the government were selected by acclamation in two different meetings later that day, one at the Chamber of Deputies and the other at the Hôtel de Ville
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List Of French Monarchs
The monarchs of the Kingdom of France
Kingdom of France
and its predecessors (and successor monarchies) ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks
Franks
in 486 until the fall of the Second French Empire
Second French Empire
in 1870, with several interruptions. Sometimes included as "Kings of France"[1] are the kings of the Franks of the Merovingian dynasty, which ruled from 486 until 751,[2] and of the Carolingians, who ruled until 987 (with some interruptions). The Capetian dynasty, the male-line descendants of Hugh Capet, included the first rulers to adopt the title of "King of France" for the first time with Philip II (r. 1180–1223). The Capetians ruled continuously from 987 to 1792 and again from 1814 to 1848
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