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Los Portadores De La Antorcha
LOS, or LOS, or LOS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Science, technology, medicine and biology * 2 Arts and entertainment * 2.1 Games and sports * 3 Locations * 4 Business * 5 Other uses * 6 See also SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY * Level of service , a measure used by traffic engineers * Level of significance , a measure of statistical significance * Line-of-sight (other) * Loss of signal , in radio communications * Loss of significance , undesirable effect in calculations using floating-point arithmetic * Lipooligosaccharide, a shorter form of lipopolysaccharide * Lower oesophageal sphincter * Loss of signal, see fading * Land of stories (by: Chris Colfer) * Length of Stay (in a hospital) , a term to describe the duration of a single episode of hospitalization.ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT *
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Level Of Service
LEVEL OF SERVICE (LOS) is a qualitative measure used to relate the quality of traffic service. LOS is used to analyze highways by categorizing traffic flow and assigning quality levels of traffic based on performance measure like speed, density,etc. CONTENTS* 1 Level-of-Service in North America * 1.1 Multimodal LOS * 1.2 LOS for At-Grade Intersections * 1.2.1 Modern Roundabouts * 1.3 LOS in other Transportation Network Elements * 1.4 Theoretical Considerations * 1.4.1 Walking * 1.4.2 Queuing * 1.4.3 Stairs * 2 LOS in the UK * 3 LOS in Australia * 4 References LEVEL-OF-SERVICE IN NORTH AMERICAThe following section pertains to only North American highway LOS standards as in the Highway Capacity Manual (HCM) and AASHTO Geometric Design of Highways and Streets ("Green Book"), using letters A through F, with A being the best and F being the worst, similar to academic grading. A: free flow. Traffic flows at or above the posted speed limit and motorists have complete mobility between lanes. The average spacing between vehicles is about 550 ft(167 m) or 27 car lengths. Motorists have a high level of physical and psychological comfort. The effects of incidents or point breakdowns are easily absorbed. LOS A generally occurs late at night in urban areas and frequently in rural areas. B: reasonably free flow. LOS A speeds are maintained, maneuverability within the traffic stream is slightly restricted
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Level Of Significance
In statistical hypothesis testing , a TYPE I ERROR is the incorrect rejection of a true null hypothesis (a "false positive"), while a TYPE II ERROR is incorrectly retaining a false null hypothesis (a "false negative"). More simply stated, a type I error is the (false) detection of an effect that is not present, while a type II error is the failure to detect an effect that is present. CONTENTS * 1 Definition * 2 Statistical test theory * 2.1 Type I error * 2.2 Type II error * 2.3 Table of error types * 3 Examples * 3.1 Example 1 * 3.2 Example 2 * 3.3 Example 3 * 3.4 Example 4 * 4 Etymology * 5 Related terms * 5.1 Null hypothesis * 5.2 Statistical significance * 6 Application domains * 6.1 Inventory control * 6.2 Computers * 6.2.1 Computer security * 6.2.2 Spam filtering * 6.2.3 Malware * 6.2.4 Optical character recognition * 6.3 Security screening * 6.4 Biometrics * 6.5 Medicine * 6.5.1 Medical screening * 6.5.2 Medical testing * 6.6 Paranormal investigation * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links DEFINITIONIn statistics , a null hypothesis is a statement that one seeks to nullify with evidence to the contrary. Most commonly it is a statement that the phenomenon being studied produces no effect or makes no difference
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Line-of-sight (other)
LINE-OF-SIGHT or LINE OF SIGHT may refer to: * Line-of-sight (missile) , the straight line between the missile and the target * Line-of-sight propagation , electro-magnetic waves travelling in a straight line * Line of sight (gaming) , visibility on a gaming field, i.e. who can see what * Direct fire or line-of-sight fire, shooting directly at a visible target on a relatively flat trajectory * Radial velocity or line-of-sight velocity, an object's speed straight towards or away from an observer * Sightline
Sightline
, an unobstructed line-of-sight between a subject and object * Leonardo da Vinci's term for a structure within the human eye, according to eye movement in reading * a line-of-sight double star , one in which the two stars are only coincidentally close together as seen from EarthSEE ALSO * Line of Sight: Vietnam a video game This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title LINE-OF-SIGHT. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Line-of-sight additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Pass (spaceflight)
A PASS, in spaceflight and satellite communications , is the period in which a satellite or other spacecraft is above the local horizon and available for radio communication with a particular ground station , satellite receiver , or relay satellite (or, in some cases, for visual sighting). The beginning of a pass is termed acquisition of signal; the end of a pass is termed loss of signal. The point at which a spacecraft comes closest to a ground observer is the time of closest approach. CONTENTS * 1 Timing and duration * 2 Prediction and visibility * 3 See also * 4 References TIMING AND DURATIONThe timing and duration of passes depends on the characteristics of the orbit a satellite occupies, as well as the ground topography and any occulting objects on the ground (such as buildings), or in space (for planetary probes, or for spacecraft using relay satellites). An observer directly on the ground track of the satellite will experience the greatest ground pass duration. Path loss is greatest toward the start and end of a ground pass, as is Doppler shifting for Earth-orbiting satellites. Satellites in geosynchronous orbit may be continuously visible from a single ground station, whereas satellites in low Earth orbit only offer short-duration ground passes (although longer contacts may be made via relay satellite networks such as TDRSS )
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Loss Of Significance
LOSS OF SIGNIFICANCE is an undesirable effect in calculations using finite-precision arithmetic. It occurs when an operation on two numbers increases relative error substantially more than it increases absolute error , for example in subtracting two nearly equal numbers (known as CATASTROPHIC CANCELLATION). The effect is that the number of significant digits in the result is reduced unacceptably. Ways to avoid this effect are studied in numerical analysis . CONTENTS * 1 Demonstration of the problem * 2 Workarounds * 3 Loss of significant bits * 4 Instability of the quadratic equation * 4.1 A better algorithm * 5 See also * 6 References DEMONSTRATION OF THE PROBLEMThe effect can be demonstrated with decimal numbers. The following example demonstrates loss of significance for a decimal floating-point data type with 10 significant digits: Consider the decimal number 0.1234567891234567890 A floating-point representation of this number on a machine that keeps 10 floating-point digits would be 0.1234567891 which is fairly close when measuring the error as a percentage of the value. It is very different when measured in order of precision. The first is accurate to 6981099999999999999♠10×10−20, while the second is only accurate to 6991100000000000000♠10×10−10
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Lipopolysaccharide
LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES (LPS), also known as lipoglycans and ENDOTOXINS, are large molecules consisting of a lipid and a polysaccharide composed of O-antigen, outer core and inner core joined by a covalent bond ; they are found in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria , and elicit strong immune responses in animals. The term _lipooligosaccharide_ ("LOS") is used to refer to a low-molecular-weight form of bacterial lipopolysaccharides. CONTENTS * 1 Discovery * 2 Functions in bacteria * 3 Composition * 3.1 O-antigen * 3.2 Core * 3.3 Lipid A * 4 Lipooligosaccharides * 5 LPS modifications * 6 Biosynthesis and transport * 7 Biological effects on hosts infected with gram-negative bacteria * 7.1 Immune response * 7.2 Effect of variability on immune response * 8 Health effects * 8.1 Endotoxemia * 8.2 Auto-immune disease * 8.3 Link to obesity * 9 Laboratory research and biotechnology production systems * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links DISCOVERYThe toxic activity of LPS was first discovered and termed "endotoxin" by Richard Friedrich Johannes Pfeiffer , who distinguished between exotoxins , which he classified as a toxin that is released by bacteria into the surrounding environment, and endotoxins, which he considered to be a toxin kept "within" the bacterial cell and released only after destruction of the bacterial cell wall
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Lower Esophageal Sphincter
The ESOPHAGUS ( American English ) or OESOPHAGUS ( British English ) (/ᵻˈsɒfəɡəs/ ), commonly known as the FOOD PIPE or GULLET, is an organ in vertebrates through which food passes, aided by peristaltic contractions , from the pharynx to the stomach . The esophagus is a fibromuscular tube, about 25 centimetres long in adults, which travels behind the trachea and heart , passes through the diaphragm and empties into the uppermost region of the stomach . During swallowing, the epiglottis tilts backwards to prevent food from going down the larynx and lungs. The word esophagus is the Greek word οἰσοφάγος oisophagos, meaning "gullet". The wall of the esophagus from the lumen outwards consists of mucosa , submucosa (connective tissue), layers of muscle fibers between layers of fibrous tissue , and an outer layer of connective tissue. The mucosa is a stratified squamous epithelium of around three layers of squamous cells, which contrasts to the single layer of columnar cells of the stomach. The transition between these two types of epithelium is visible as a zig-zag line. Most of the muscle is smooth muscle although striated muscle predominates in its upper third. It has two muscular rings or sphincters in its wall, one at the top and one at the bottom. The lower sphincter helps to prevent reflux of acidic stomach content. The esophagus has a rich blood supply and venous drainage
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Fading
In wireless communications , FADING is variation of the attenuation of a signal with various variables. These variables include time, geographical position, and radio frequency. Fading is often modeled as a random process . A FADING CHANNEL is a communication channel that experiences fading. In wireless systems, fading may either be due to multipath propagation , referred to as MULTIPATH INDUCED FADING, weather (particularly rain), or shadowing from obstacles affecting the wave propagation , sometimes referred to as SHADOW FADING. CONTENTS * 1 Key concepts * 2 Slow versus fast fading * 3 Block fading * 4 Selective fading * 5 Fading models * 6 Mitigation * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Literature * 10 External links KEY CONCEPTSThe presence of reflectors in the environment surrounding a transmitter and receiver create multiple paths that a transmitted signal can traverse. As a result, the receiver sees the superposition of multiple copies of the transmitted signal, each traversing a different path. Each signal copy will experience differences in attenuation , delay and phase shift while travelling from the source to the receiver. This can result in either constructive or destructive interference, amplifying or attenuating the signal power seen at the receiver
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Length Of Stay
LENGTH OF STAY (LOS) is a term to describe the duration of a single episode of hospitalization . Inpatient days are calculated by subtracting day of admission from day of discharge. CONTENTS * 1 Analysis * 2 Quality metric * 3 Non-health usages * 4 References ANALYSISA common statistic associated with length of stay is the AVERAGE LENGTH OF STAY (ALOS), a mean calculated by dividing the sum of inpatient days by the number of patients admissions with the same diagnosis-related group classification. A variation in the calculation of ALOS can be to consider only length of stay during the period under analysis. Length of stay is typically highly skewed , so statistical approaches taking that into account are recommended. While the mean length of stay is useful from the point of view of costs, it may be a poor statistic in terms of representing a typical length of stay; the median may be preferred. It is useful to be able to predict an individual's expected length of stay or to model length of stay to determine factors that affect it. Various analyses have sought to model length of stay in different condition contexts. This has usually been done with regression models , but Markov chain methods have also been applied. Within regression approaches, linear, log-normal and logistic regression approaches have been applied, but have been criticised by other researchers. Carter "> * ^ A B C Carter, E.M., Potts, H.W.W. (4 April 2014)
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Leftover Salmon
LEFTOVER SALMON is a jam band from Boulder, Colorado , formed in 1989. Their unique blend of bluegrass , rock, country , and Cajun /Zydeco , which the band calls "Polyethnic Cajun Slamgrass", has found favor with the jam band scene. The band took a hiatus in 2005, and spent parts of 2007 in a reunion. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Band members * 2.1 Current members * 2.2 Former members * 3 Discography * 3.1 Albums * 3.1.1 Leftover Salmon * 3.1.2 Collaboration * 3.2 Videos * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe band formed by accident in 1989 , when a local band, the Salmon Heads (Vince Herman), asked some members of the Left Hand String Band (Drew Emmitt, Glenn Keefe, Mark Vann) to fill some missing spots in its lineup. The synergy worked and the result was Leftover Salmon. The lineup would change significantly over the years, but the "Big Three" – Drew Emmitt, Vince Herman and Mark Vann—remained the heart of the band until Vann's death in 2002. After the independent release of Bridges to Bert in 1993 and the 1995 live follow-up Ask the Fish, Leftover Salmon gained a spot on the H.O.R.D.E. festival tour and a contract with Hollywood Records . Their Hollywood debut and second studio album, Euphoria with guest keyboardist Pete Sears , continued to define their eclectic sound and introduced many songs that would become classics for the band
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Crimson King
The CRIMSON KING, known to some as LOS\' or RAM ABBALAH, is a fictional character created by Stephen King . He is the primary antagonist of King's eight-volume Dark Tower series , as well as the novels Insomnia and Black House . Described as "Gan 's crazy side", the Crimson King
Crimson King
is the ultimate ruler of the Red (also called the RANDOM and the OUTER DARK), and the archetypal embodiment of evil in Stephen King's fictional multiverse . His goal is to topple the Dark Tower which serves as the linchpin of time and space, destroying the multitude of universes which revolve around it so that he can rule in the primordial chaos which follows. CONTENTS* 1 Appearances * 1.1 Literature * 1.2 Comics * 2 Characteristics * 3 In other King works * 4 References * 5 External links APPEARANCESLITERATUREThe Crimson King
Crimson King
is introduced in the Stephen King novel Insomnia , where he is depicted as a powerful and mysterious entity that forces others to do his bidding. He seeks to kill a child named Patrick Danville who is prophesied to aid in bringing the King down; he is defeated during a confrontation with that novel's protagonist, Ralph Roberts. He makes his next appearance at the end of Black House , where he is revealed to be responsible for the events of that novel and is seen to have been weakened by the actions of protagonist Jack Sawyer and his allies
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Los (band)
LOS was a British indie rock band , formed and based in Surrey . As of 2008, the band comprises Helen Sargent (vocals and synth), Daniel Hale (drums) and Chris Hamilton (guitars). Their distinctive sound had been described as a mixture of rock , punk , blues and grunge , citing influences such as Jeff Buckley , Led Zeppelin , Nirvana and Nina Simone . The band have toured the UK and released two singles in 2008. They toured the UK four more times in 2009 before recording their debut five track E.P 'Whale' released in late 2009, which was play listed on BBC Radio 6 Music and XFM Radio and achieved 9/10 in the November 2009 issue of Rocksound Magazine. BBC Radio 6 Music's Tom Robinson described 'Ba Ba Ba' as 'Quite Brilliant' on his Twitter page before inviting the band in for a live radio interview. The band changed their name to That Mouth in May 2011 after clashes on iTunes with an American rapper going by the same name. It was officially announced on 25 September 2011 that after the release of their full length debut album 'Sometimes I feel like I've lost my soul' on limited edition 12" vinyl on 10 October 2011, the band would be parting ways to pursue other musical projects. DISCOGRAPHY * "My Hands Smell of Smoke" / "Under the Dragon's Wing" 7" AA-side & Download (30 April 2008) - Self Release (LOS001) * "Ba Ba Ba" 7" & Download (November 2008) - Self Release (LOS002) * "Whale" 5 Track E.P CD "> * ^ "My Hands Smell of Smoke Review". Organ Magazine
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Los (Blake)
In the mythological writings of William Blake , LOS is the fallen (earthly or human) form of Urthona , one of the four Zoas . He is referred to as the "eternal prophet" and creates the visionary city of Golgonooza . Los is regularly described as a smith, beating with his hammer on a forge, which is metaphorically connected to the beating of the human heart. The bellows of his forge are the human lungs. Los's emanation, Enitharmon , represents spiritual beauty and embodies pity, but at the same time creates the spatial aspect of the fallen world, weaving bodies for men and creating sexual strife through her insistence upon chastity. In the Book of Urizen (1794), Los and Enitharmon have the child, Orc , who is the embodiment of the spirit of revolution. The name Los is, by common critical acceptance, an anagram of Sol , the Latin word for "sun". Such innovations are common in many of Blake's prophetic poems. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Character * 3 Appearances * 4 Notes * 5 References BACKGROUNDBlake attributed the origin of Los and many of his prophetic works to his home in Lambeth: "Los descended to me... trembling I stood... in the Vale of Lambeth; but he kissed me and wished me health". CHARACTER Los' Spectre torments him at his smithy in Jerusalem . This image comes from Copy E. of the work, printed in 1821 and in the collection of the Yale Center for British Art Los is the divine aspect of the imagination
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Reise, Reise
REISE, REISE (German pronunciation: , a German wake-up call , literally "(a)rise, (a)rise", although it can also be interpreted as meaning "journey, journey", or as a command "travel, travel") is Neue Deutsche Härte band Rammstein 's fourth studio album. It was released on September 27, 2004 in Germany and followed shortly by its release across Europe. It was released in North America on November 16, 2004. The album was recorded in a span of two years at El Cortijo Studios in Málaga, Spain . It was produced by the band themselves along with Swedish record producer Jacob Hellner . The album charted in the top ten in several European charts and was a number one hit in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Iceland, Finland, Estonia and Mexico. As of February 2006, the album has shipped 1.5 million copies globally. CONTENTS * 1 Recording * 2 Concept and music * 2.1 Themes * 2.2 Songs and lyrics * 3 Release and artwork * 4 Critical reception * 5 Commercial performance * 6 Track listing * 7 Personnel * 8 Charts * 9 Certifications * 10 Release history * 11 References RECORDINGThe album was recorded in Spain (El Cortijo Studio, Malaga) and produced by Jacob Hellner and Rammstein . The band recorded several songs during the sessions for "Reise, Reise" which were omitted from the album's final track listing and were later released on their follow-up album Rosenrot
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