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Los Angeles Philharmonic
The LOS ANGELES PHILHARMONIC (LA Phil, LAP,) is an American orchestra based in Los Angeles, California, United States. It has a regular season of concerts from October through June at the Walt Disney Concert Hall , and a summer season at the Hollywood Bowl from July through September. Gustavo Dudamel is the current Music Director, and Esa-Pekka Salonen is Conductor Laureate. Deborah Borda is the current President and CEO. Music critics have described the orchestra as the most "contemporary minded", "forward thinking", "talked about and innovative", "venturesome and admired" orchestra in America. According to Salonen, "We are interested in the future. We are not trying to re-create the glories of the past, like so many other symphony orchestras." “Especially since we moved into the new hall,” continues Borda, “our intention has been to integrate 21st-century music into the orchestra’s everyday activity.” Since the opening of the Walt Disney Concert Hall on October 23, 2003, the Los Angeles Philharmonic has presented 57 world premieres, 1 North American premiere, 26 U.S. premieres and has commissioned or co-commissioned 63 new works
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Orchestra
An ORCHESTRA (/ˈɔːrkᵻstrə/ or US : /ˈɔːrˌkɛstrə/ ; Italian: ) is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music , which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin , viola , cello and double bass , as well as brass , woodwinds , and percussion instruments , each grouped in sections. Other instruments such as the piano and celesta may sometimes appear in a fifth keyboard section or may stand alone, as may the concert harp and, for performances of some modern compositions, electronic instruments . The term _orchestra_ derives from the Greek ὀρχήστρα (_orchestra_), the name for the area in front of a stage in ancient Greek theatre reserved for the Greek chorus . A full-size orchestra may sometimes be called a _symphony orchestra_ or _philharmonic orchestra_. The actual number of musicians employed in a given performance may vary from seventy to over one hundred musicians, depending on the work being played and the size of the venue. The term _chamber orchestra_ (and sometimes _concert orchestra_) usually refers to smaller-sized ensembles of about fifty musicians or fewer
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Walt Disney Concert Hall
Civic Center/ Grand Park ( Regional Connector future) OWNER Los Angeles Music Center TYPE Concert hall
Concert hall
SEATING TYPE Reserved CAPACITY 2,265 CONSTRUCTION BUILT 1999–2003 OPENED October 24, 2003 CONSTRUCTION COST $130 million (plus $110 million for parking garage) TENANTS Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
, Los Angeles Master Chorale WEBSITE Venue websiteThe WALT DISNEY CONCERT HALL at 111 South Grand Avenue in Downtown of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
, California, is the fourth hall of the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Music Center and was designed by Frank Gehry
Frank Gehry
. It opened on October 24, 2003. Bounded by Hope Street, Grand Avenue , and 1st and 2nd Streets, it seats 2,265 people and serves, among other purposes, as the home of the Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
orchestra and the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Master Chorale . The hall is a compromise between an arena seating configuration, like the Berliner Philharmonie by Hans Sharon , and a classical shoebox design like the Vienna Musikverein or the Boston Symphony Hall
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Hollywood Bowl
The HOLLYWOOD BOWL is an amphitheater in Hollywood
Hollywood
, California
California
. The Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl is known for its band shell , a distinctive set of concentric arches that graced the site from 1929 through 2003, before being replaced with a larger one beginning in the 2004 season. The shell is set against the backdrop of the Hollywood
Hollywood
Hills and the famous Hollywood Sign to the northeast. The "bowl" refers to the shape of the concave hillside the amphitheater is carved into. The bowl is owned by the County of Los Angeles and is the home of the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl Orchestra , the summer home of the Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
and the host of hundreds of musical events each year. It is at 2301 North Highland Avenue , north of Hollywood
Hollywood
Boulevard and the Hollywood/Highland subway station and south of Route 101
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Gustavo Dudamel
GUSTAVO ADOLFO DUDAMEL RAMíREZ (born January 26, 1981) is a Venezuelan conductor and violinist. He is the music director of the Orquesta Sinfónica Simón Bolívar and the Los Angeles Philharmonic . CONTENTS* 1 Life and career * 1.1 Early life * 1.2 Conducting career * 1.3 Music director, Los Angeles Philharmonic * 1.4 Awards and media * 1.5 Personal life * 2 Discography * 3 References * 4 External links LIFE AND CAREEREARLY LIFEDudamel was born in Barquisimeto , Venezuela , the son of a trombonist and a voice teacher. He studied music from an early age, becoming involved with El Sistema , the famous Venezuelan musical education program, and took up the violin at age ten. He soon began to study composition . He attended the Jacinto Lara Conservatory, where José Luis Jiménez was among his violin teachers. He then went on to work with José Francisco del Castillo at the Latin-American Violin Academy. Dudamel began to study conducting in 1995, first with Rodolfo Saglimbeni , then later with José Antonio Abreu . In 1999, he was appointed music director of the Orquesta Sinfónica Simón Bolívar , the national youth orchestra of Venezuela, and toured several countries. He attended Charles Dutoit 's master class in Buenos Aires in 2002, and worked as assistant for Simon Rattle in Berlin and Salzburg in 2003
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Esa-Pekka Salonen
ESA-PEKKA SALONEN ( pronunciation (help ·info ): ; born June 30, 1958) is a Finnish orchestral conductor and composer . He is currently Principal Conductor and Artistic Advisor of the Philharmonia Orchestra in London
London
, Conductor Laureate of the Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
, Composer-In-Residence at the New York Philharmonic , Artistic Director and cofounder of the Baltic Sea Festival, and Artist in Association at the Finnish National Opera
Finnish National Opera
and Ballet
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Deborah Borda
DEBORAH BORDA is the president and chief executive officer of the New York Philharmonic . Previously with the New York Philharmonic for eight seasons as its executive director, Borda spent 17 years as the president and chief executive officer of the Los Angeles Philharmonic prior to returning to the New York Philharmonic in 2017. She graduated from Bennington College with a BA in music in 1971, and from the Royal College of Music . She has previously served as executive director of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra , president and managing director of the Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra , and both general manager and artistic administrator of the San Francisco Symphony . Borda is the first David C. Bohnett Presidential Chair of the Los Angeles Philharmonic Association. This title stems from a $10 million endowment made by David Bohnett to the LA Phil in 2014, "in honor of Deborah Borda's continuing accomplishments with the Los Angeles Philharmonic." During her time with the Los Angeles Philharmonic, Borda oversaw the completion of the Walt Disney Concert Hall . Borda joined the Harvard Kennedy School ’s Center for Public Leadership as a Leader-In-Residence in 2015, making her the first fine arts executive to join the center. AWARDS * John C
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Music Journalism
MUSIC JOURNALISM (or "MUSIC CRITICISM") is media criticism and reporting about popular music topics, including pop music , rock music , and related styles. Journalists began writing about music in the eighteenth century, providing commentary on what is now thought of as classical music . In the 2000s, a more prominent branch of music journalism is an aspect of entertainment journalism , covering popular music and including profiles of singers and bands , live concert, and album reviews. CONTENTS * 1 Origins in classical music criticism * 2 Classical * 3 Popular * 3.1 20th century rock criticism * 3.2 Critical trends of the 21st century * 3.2.1 2000s * 3.2.2 2010s * 3.3 Gender and race theory * 4 See also * 5 References ORIGINS IN CLASSICAL MUSIC CRITICISM For more details on this topic, see music criticism . Hector Berlioz , active as a music journalist in Paris in the 1830s and 1840s. Music journalism has its roots in classical music criticism , which has traditionally comprised the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of music that has been composed and notated in a score and the evaluation of the performance of classical songs and pieces, such as symphonies and concertos
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William Andrews Clark, Jr.
WILLIAM ANDREWS CLARK JR. (March 29, 1877 – June 14, 1934) was a Los Angeles -based philanthropist and the youngest surviving son of copper baron and U.S. Senator William Andrews Clark Sr. and his first wife, Katherine. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career and hobbies * 2.1 Book collection * 2.2 Philanthropy * 3 Personal life * 3.1 Death * 4 References * 5 Sources EARLY LIFE William Andrews Clark Jr. was born on March 29, 1877 in Deer Lodge, Montana . His father was William A. Clark and his mother was Katherine Louise Stauffer. He was educated in France and in the New York area and graduated from the University of Virginia with a bachelor's degree in law in 1899. CAREER AND HOBBIESClark was a partner in the law firm Clark "> * ^ "Daughter of Connellsville\'s controversial billionaire dies". The Tribune-Review. May 28, 2011. Retrieved Jan 6, 2017. * ^ "Records of William Andrews Clark Jr. and the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library Clarkive.Pre-1934". www.oac.cdlib.org. Retrieved 2016-07-16. * ^ "MRS. W. A. CLARK JR., DEAD.; Was Daughter-in-Law of Montana Senator--Illness Dated from Birth of Her Son.". Retrieved 2016-07-16. * ^ SOURCES * William Andrews Clark Jr
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Sergei Rachmaninoff
SERGEI VASILIEVICH RACHMANINOFF (Russian : Серге́й Васи́льевич Рахма́нинов, tr. _Sergéj Vasíl'evič Rahmáninov_; IPA: ; 1 April 1873 – 28 March 1943) was a Russian virtuoso pianist, composer, and conductor of the late-Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular in the classical repertoire. Born into a musical family, Rachmaninoff took up the piano at age four. He graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in 1892 and had composed several piano and orchestral pieces by this time. In 1897, following the critical reaction to his Symphony No. 1 , Rachmaninoff entered a four-year depression and composed little until successful therapy allowed him to complete his enthusiastically received Piano Concerto No. 2 in 1901. After the Russian Revolution , Rachmaninoff and his family left Russia and resided in the United States , first in New York City . Demanding piano concert tour schedules caused his output as composer to slow tremendously; between 1918 and 1943, he completed just six compositions, including _Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini _, Symphony No. 3 , and _Symphonic Dances _. In 1942, Rachmaninoff moved to Beverly Hills , California . One month before his death from advanced melanoma , Rachmaninoff acquired American citizenship
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Walter Henry Rothwell
WALTER HENRY ROTHWELL (22 September 1872 – 13 March 1927) was an English conductor . He was born in London to an English father and an Austrian mother. After initial training from his mother, who had been a piano pupil of Friedrich Wieck , he entered the Royal Academy of Music in Vienna at the age of nine. On graduating from the Academy he undertook further studies in piano and composition in Vienna before becoming a coach at the Court Opera in that city. In this role he was discovered by an impresario named Pollini who brought him to Hamburg where he was assistant conductor to Gustav Mahler . After a two-year apprenticeship under Mahler, Rothwell left Hamburg to conduct operatic performances in many European cities, becoming director of the Royal Opera in Amsterdam . In 1904-5 he went on a large tour of the United States with the Henry W. Savage company conducting Parsifal by Wagner : this was so successful that he later undertook a similar tour of Madama Butterfly by Puccini (eventually marrying Elizabeth Wolff, the soprano in the latter work's title role). He returned to Europe to conduct opera in Frankfurt , but soon sought release to take the podium of the St Paul Symphony Orchestra , deciding that he preferred symphonic conducting to opera
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Gustav Mahler
GUSTAV MAHLER (German: ; 7 July 1860, Kaliště in Bohemia
Bohemia
, now Czech Republic
Czech Republic
– 18 May 1911, Vienna
Vienna
in Austria-Hungary ) was an Austrian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era . After 1945 his compositions were rediscovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century. Born in Bohemia
Bohemia
(then part of Austrian Empire ) as a German-speaking Jew of humble circumstances, Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna
Vienna
Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna
Vienna
Court Opera (Hofoper)
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Trinity Auditorium
The TRINITY AUDITORIUM, later known as the EMBASSY HOTEL, is a historic building in Los Angeles, California , USA. It was built as a plant for the Methodist Episcopal Church, South in 1914. The Los Angeles Philharmonic debuted in this auditorium in 1919. It was used for jazz and rock concerts as well as labor union meetings from the 1920s to the 1950s. It was an annex of the University of Southern California from 1987 to 1998, when it was sold to the New York-based Chetrit Group . As of 2015, it has been vacant for more than a decade, with plans to remodel it into a new hotel. LOCATIONThe building is located on the corner of 9th Street and Grand Avenue in Downtown Los Angeles . Reverend Charles Claud Selecman. HISTORYThe nine-storey building was constructed with steel and concrete from 1911 to 1914. It was dedicated on September 20, 1914. It cost US$1 million to build. It was designed in the Beaux-Arts architectural style by Frank George Krucker as the main architect, assisted by Thornton Fitzhugh and Harry C. Deckbar . The building was a church planting for the Methodist Episcopal Church, South , with a large auditorium boasting the largest pipe organ in the Western United States and a men-only hotel on the six upper floors (renamed the Embassy Hotel in 1930)
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Georg Schnéevoigt
GEORG LENNART SCHNéEVOIGT (8 November 1872 – 28 November 1947) was a Finnish conductor and cellist , born in Vyborg , Grand Duchy of Finland , which is now in Russia . Schnéevoigt began his career as a cellist performing throughout Europe in the 1890s. He was principal cellist of the Helsinki Philharmonic from 1896 to 1902. After this, he conducted many orchestras including the Kaim Orchestra (now the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra ), Riga Philharmonic Orchestra which he founded, Oslo Philharmonic (1919–1921), the Stockholm Concert Society (later the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra ), the Sydney Symphony , and the Los Angeles Philharmonic . From 1930 until his death in 1947, Schnéevoigt was chief conductor of the Malmö Symphony Orchestra. Schnéevoigt was a close friend of composer Jean Sibelius and often performed Sibelius's orchestral music. He conducted the first performance in Finland of Luonnotar in January 1914. He discovered the manuscripts of Sibelius's tone poems "Lemminkäinen and the Maidens" and "Lemminkäinen in Tuonela" (from the Lemminkäinen Suite ), which had been thought lost, and gave their first performance since 1894. He also made the first recording of Sibelius's Symphony No. 6 . In Europe young Schneevoigt was considered at best a genius
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Artur Rodziński
ARTUR RODZIńSKI (1 January 1892 – 27 November 1958) was a Polish conductor of opera and symphonic music. He is especially noted for his tenures as music director of the Cleveland Orchestra and the New York Philharmonic in the 1930s and 1940s. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early years * 1.2 Los Angeles and Cleveland * 1.3 New York and Chicago * 1.4 Last years * 2 Family * 3 Recordings * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYEARLY YEARSRodziński was born in Split , the capital of Dalmatia
Dalmatia
on 1 January 1892. Soon after, his father, of Polish descent, and a general in the army of the Habsburg empire returned with his family to Lwów , Poland, where Artur studied music. He later studied law in Vienna, where he simultaneously enrolled at the Academy of Music; his teachers there included Josef Marx and Franz Schreker (composition), Franz Schalk (conducting), and Emil von Sauer and Jerzy Lalewicz (piano). He returned to Lwów where he was engaged as chorus master at the Opera House, making his debut as a conductor in 1920 with Verdi's Ernani . The following year saw him conducting the Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra and at the Warsaw Opera House
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Otto Klemperer
OTTO NOSSAN KLEMPERER (14 May 1885 – 6 July 1973) was a German-born conductor and composer. He is widely regarded as one of the leading conductors of the 20th century. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early life * 1.2 1930s move to United States * 1.3 The early 1950s and health problems * 1.4 His EMI period * 1.5 Final years * 2 Composer * 3 Klemperer\'s recordings * 4 Discography * 5 References * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYEARLY LIFE Otto Klemperer was born in Breslau , Silesia Province , then in Germany (now Wrocław, Poland ), as a son of Nathan Klemperer, a native of Prague, Bohemia (today's Czech Republic ). His parents were Jewish . Klemperer studied music first at the