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London Underground
The LONDON UNDERGROUND (also known simply as THE UNDERGROUND, or by its nickname THE TUBE) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire , Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. The world's first underground railway, the Metropolitan Railway , which opened in 1863, is now part of the Circle , Hammersmith the first line to operate underground electric traction trains , the City later, smaller, roughly circular tunnels – which gave rise to its nickname, the Tube – were dug through at a deeper level. The system has 270 stations and 250 miles (400 km) of track. Despite its name, only 45% of the system is actually underground in tunnels, with much of the network in the outer environs of London being on the surface. In addition, the Underground does not cover most southern parts of Greater London, with less than 10% of the stations located south of the River Thames . The early tube lines, originally owned by several private companies, were brought together under the "UndergrounD" brand in the early 20th century and eventually merged along with the sub-surface lines and bus services in 1933 to form _London Transport_ under the control of the London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB)
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London Overground
The LONDON OVERGROUND (also known as THE OVERGROUND) is a suburban rail network in the United Kingdom. Established in 2007, it serves a large part of Greater London
Greater London
and parts of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
, with 112 stations on several routes. The network forms part of the National Rail network, but under the franchise control and branding of Transport for London
Transport for London
(TfL). Operation has been contracted to Arriva Rail London since 13 November 2016. The Overground has been assigned the colour orange as a mode specific colour by TfL. This colour is used in the Overground version of the TfL roundel, for the representation of Overground routes on the tube map , in train interiors and elsewhere
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London Underground (album)
LONDON UNDERGROUND is an album by flautist Herbie Mann recorded in London in 1973 and released on the Atlantic label. The album features Mann with British rock musicians performing versions of contemporary British hit singles. CONTENTS * 1 Reception * 2 Track listing * 3 Personnel * 4 References RECEPTION PROFESSIONAL RATINGS REVIEW SCORES SOURCE RATING Allmusic The Allmusic site awarded the album 3 stars stating: "There are a couple of clunkers here ("Layla" doesn't work), but for fans of late-'60s/early-'70s rock, not a bad ride"
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Central Line (london Underground)
1992 Tube Stock 8 cars per trainset TECHNICAL LINE LENGTH 74 km (46 mi) TRACK GAUGE 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) TRANSPORT FOR LONDON RAIL LINES LONDON UNDERGROUND Bakerloo Central Circle District Hammersmith & City Jubilee Metropolitan Northern Piccadilly Victoria Waterloo "> * v * t * e The CENTRAL LINE is a London Underground
London Underground
line that runs through central London, from Ealing
Ealing
and Ruislip
Ruislip
in the west to Epping , Essex in the north-east. Coloured red on the tube map , the line serves 49 stations, in 46 miles (74 km). It is the longest tube line. It is also one of only two lines on the London Underground
London Underground
network to cross the Greater London boundary, the other being the Metropolitan . One of London's deep-level tube railways , the trains are smaller than those on British main lines. The line was opened as the Central London Railway in 1900, crossing central London on an east–west axis, as the third deep-level tube line to be built after electric trains made them possible. It was later extended to the western suburb of Ealing. After the Second World War, the line was expanded considerably into the recently constructed suburbs, taking over steam-hauled outer suburban routes to the borders of London and beyond to the east
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Lancaster Gate Tube Station
LANCASTER GATE is a London Underground station located on the Central line near Lancaster Gate
Lancaster Gate
on Bayswater Road
Bayswater Road
in Bayswater (City of Westminster ), to the north of Kensington Gardens . It is between Queensway and Marble Arch on the Central line and is in Travelcard Zone 1 . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Renovation * 2 Location * 3 Connections * 4 Gallery * 5 References HISTORY Lancaster Gate
Lancaster Gate
station was opened on 30 July 1900 by the Central London Railway (now the Central line). The original station building was typical of the work of the line's original architect Harry Bell Measures . It was demolished and a new surface building constructed as part of the development above in 1968. The development was designed by T P Bennett "> to include Lancaster Gate
Lancaster Gate
as a means of getting from Paddington to destinations on the Central line. CONNECTIONS London Buses routes 46 , 274 , 94 , 148 and night route N207 serve the station GALLERY Wikimedia Commons has media related to LANCASTER GATE TUBE STATION .* 1992 stock on a westbound service * Eastbound platform * Westbound platform * Roundel on platform REFERENCES * ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLS). Transport for London . May 2011
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Ealing Broadway Tube Station
EALING BROADWAY is a National Rail and London Underground station in Ealing , west London
London
. On the National Rail network the station is on the Great Western Main Line , 5 miles 56 chains (9.2 km) down-line from London
London
Paddington and is situated between Acton Main Line and West Ealing . The station and the main line trains serving it are currently operated by Great Western Railway . From late 2017 Transport for London
London
will take over the running of the station. On the London
London
Underground, Ealing Broadway is one of three western termini of the District line , preceded by Ealing Common , and it is one of two western termini of the Central line , preceded by West Acton . It is in Travelcard Zone 3 . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Accidents and incidents * 2 The station today * 3 Services * 3.1 Timetable * 4 Connections * 5 Forthcoming improvements * 6 Proposals * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYThe Great Western Railway (GWR) opened its pioneering broad gauge tracks through Ealing Broadway between Paddington and Taplow on 6 April 1838, although Ealing Broadway station did not open until the following 1 December. As the only station in the area when it opened, it was initially named 'Ealing'
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Metropolitan Line
The METROPOLITAN LINE is a London Underground line that runs from Aldgate , in the City of London , to Amersham and Chesham in Buckinghamshire , with branches to Watford in Hertfordshire , and Uxbridge in the London Borough of Hillingdon formerly in Middlesex . Coloured magenta ( Pantone 235) on the tube map , the line is 41.4 miles (66.7 km) in length and serves 34 stations. Unlike the tube railways, tunnels are just below the surface (cut and cover ) and of similar size to those for mainline trains. Just under 67 million passenger journeys were made on the line in 2011/12. The line is distinguished as being more of a suburban railway; it is one of only two London Underground lines to cross the Greater London boundary (the other being the Central line ) and it is also the only London Underground line with an express service (although currently this only runs at peak times). The longer distance between stops allows trains on this line to achieve the system's highest speeds of over 60 miles per hour (100 km/h) on some sections
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Farringdon Station
FARRINGDON is a London Underground and connected main line National Rail station in Clerkenwell , in the London Borough of Islington , just outside of the City of London
City of London
. It was opened in 1863 as the terminus of the Metropolitan Railway
Metropolitan Railway
, which was the world's first underground railway. Today the Underground station is served by the Circle , Hammersmith & City , and Metropolitan lines between Kings Cross St. Pancras and Barbican . The National Rail station is one of the less important main line central London stations, being a stop on the Thameslink route between St Pancras and City Thameslink , but that is expected to change when it becomes a major interchange station between the two largest transport infrastructure programmes currently under construction in the city: Crossrail and the Thameslink Programme
Thameslink Programme
, both scheduled for completion in 2018–2019
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Aldgate Tube Station
ALDGATE is a London Underground
London Underground
station which serves the Aldgate area on the eastern edge of the City of London
City of London
. It is situated within the City ward of Portsoken , which neighbours the Aldgate ward. The station is on the Circle line between Tower Hill and Liverpool Street , and it is the eastern terminus of the Metropolitan line
Metropolitan line
. It is in Travelcard Zone 1 . Aldgate was opened in 1876 with its entrance on Aldgate High Street. A station named Aldgate East opened nearby eight years later and is served today by the District and Hammersmith & City lines . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Services * 3 Connections * 4 Cultural References * 5 References * 6 Further reading HISTORYThe route first proposed ran south from Moorgate to Cannon Street , but this was soon amended to the present alignment to allow connection with three additional termini: Liverpool Street, Broad Street , and Fenchurch Street . However, this change also forced an awkward doubling-back at Aldgate, reducing the desirability of the line for local traffic and greatly increasing the cost of construction due to high prices in the City of London. Construction was also complicated because the station was on the site of a plague pit which contains an estimated 1,000 bodies
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Greater London
LONDON, or GREATER LONDON, is a county and region of England which forms the administrative boundaries of London . It is organised into 33 local government districts : the 32 London boroughs (which makes up the ceremonial county of Greater London) and the City of London (which is a separate county but still part of the region). The Greater London Authority , based in Southwark , is responsible for strategic local government across the region and consists of the Mayor of London and the London Assembly . The county of Greater London was created on 1 April 1965 through the London Government Act 1963 . Administratively, Greater London was first established as a _sui generis _ council area under the Greater London Council between 1963 and 1986. The area was re-established as a region in 1994, and the Greater London Authority formed in 2000. The region covers 1,572 km2 (607 sq mi) and had a population of 8,174,000 at the 2011 census. In 2012, it had the highest GVA per capita in the United Kingdom at £37,232. The Greater London Built-up Area —used in some national statistics—is a measure of the continuous urban area of London, and therefore includes areas outside of the administrative region
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Buckinghamshire
BUCKINGHAMSHIRE (/ˈbʌkɪŋəmʃər/ or /-ʃɪər/ ), abbreviated BUCKS, is a county in South East England
England
which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire
Berkshire
to the south, Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
to the west, Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
to the east. Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
is one of the home counties and towns such as High Wycombe , Amersham
Amersham
, Chesham
Chesham
and the Chalfonts in the east and southeast of the county are parts of the London commuter belt, forming some of the most densely-populated parts of the county. Development in this region is restricted by the Metropolitan Green Belt
Metropolitan Green Belt
. Other large settlements include the county town of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
, Marlow in the south near the Thames and Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
in the west near Oxford. Some areas without direct rail links to London, such as around the old county town of Buckingham
Buckingham
and near Olney in the northeast, are much less populous
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Essex
ESSEX /ˈɛsᵻks/ is a county in the East of England
England
immediately north-east of London
London
and is one of the home counties . It borders the counties of Suffolk
Suffolk
and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
to the west, Kent
Kent
across the estuary of the River Thames
River Thames
to the south and London
London
to the south-west. The county town is Chelmsford , which is the only city in the county. Essex
Essex
occupies the eastern part of the former Kingdom of Essex , which existed before it and the other Anglian and Saxon
Saxon
kingdoms united to make England
England
a single nation state. As well as rural areas, the county also includes London
London
Stansted Airport , the new towns of Basildon and Harlow , Lakeside Shopping Centre , the port of Tilbury and the city of Southend-on-Sea
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Hertfordshire
HERTFORDSHIRE (/ˈhɑːrtfərdʃɪər/ ( listen ) ; often abbreviated HERTS) is a county in southern England , bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south. For government statistical purposes, it is placed in the East of England region. In 2013, the county had a population of 1,140,700 living in an area of 634 square miles (1,640 km2). Four towns have between 50,000 and 100,000 residents: Hemel Hempstead , Stevenage , Watford and St Albans . Hertford , once the main market town for the medieval agricultural county, derives its name from a hart (stag) and a ford , used as the components of the county's coat of arms and flag. Elevations are high for the region in the north and west. These reach over 240m in the western projection around Tring which is in the Chilterns . The county's borders are approximately the watersheds of the Colne and Lea ; both flowing to the south; each accompanied by a canal. Hertfordshire's undeveloped land is mainly agricultural and much is protected by green belt . The county's landmarks span many centuries, ranging from the Six Hills in the new town of Stevenage built by local inhabitants during the Roman period, to Leavesden Film Studios
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Rapid Transit
RAPID TRANSIT, also known as HEAVY RAIL, METRO, SUBWAY, TUBE, or UNDERGROUND, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas . Unlike buses or trams , rapid transit systems are electric railways that operate on an exclusive right-of-way , which cannot be accessed by pedestrians or other vehicles of any sort, and which is often grade separated in tunnels or on elevated railways . Modern services on rapid transit systems are provided on designated lines between stations typically using electric multiple units on rail tracks , although some systems use guided rubber tyres, magnetic levitation , or monorail . The stations typically have high platforms, without steps inside the trains, requiring custom-made trains in order to minimize gaps between train and platform. They are typically integrated with other public transport and often operated by the same public transport authorities . However, some rapid transit systems have at-grade intersections between a rapid transit line and a road or between two rapid transit lines. It is unchallenged in its ability to transport large numbers of people quickly over short distances with little use of land. Variations of rapid transit include people movers , small-scale light metro , and the commuter rail hybrid S-Bahn
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Reporting Mark
A REPORTING MARK is an alphabetic code of one to four letters used to identify owners or lessees of rolling stock and other equipment used on certain railroad networks. In North America the mark, which consists of an alphabetic code of one to four letters, is stenciled on each piece of equipment, along with a one- to six-digit number. This information is used to uniquely identify every such rail car or locomotive, thus allowing it to be tracked by the railroad they are traveling over, which shares the information with other railroads and customers. CONTENTS* 1 Standard practices * 1.1 North America * 1.1.1 List of North American reporting marks * 1.2 Europe * 1.3 Europe 1964 until 2005 * 1.4 United Kingdom * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links STANDARD PRACTICESNORTH AMERICA A covered hopper with SHPX markings The Association of American Railroads (AAR) assigns marks to all carriers, under authority granted by the U.S. Surface Transportation Board , Transport Canada , and Mexican Government. Under current practice, the first letter must match the initial letter of the railroad name. As it also acts as a Standard Carrier Alpha Code , the reporting mark cannot conflict with codes in use by other nonrail carriers
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National Rail
In Great Britain, NATIONAL RAIL is the trading name licensed for use by the Rail Delivery Group , an unincorporated association whose membership consists of the passenger train operating companies (TOCs) of Great Britain
Great Britain
that run the passenger services previously provided by the British Railways Board , from 1965 using the brand name British Rail . National Rail
National Rail
generally does not include services that do not have a BR history; this distinction is important because National Rail services share a ticketing structure and inter-availability that do not necessarily extend to other services. The name and the accompanying double arrow symbol are the intellectual property of the Secretary of State for Transport . The National Rail
National Rail
(NR) logo was introduced by ATOC in 1999, and was used on the Great Britain
Great Britain
public timetable for the first time in the edition valid from 26 September in that year. Rules for its use are set out in the Corporate Identity Style Guidelines published by the Rail Delivery Group, available on its website. “In 1964 the Design Research Unit—Britain’s first multi-disciplinary design agency founded in 1943 by Misha Black, Milner Gray and Herbert Read—was commissioned to breathe new life into the nation’s neglected railway industry..."
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