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Lok Sabha
Coordinates : 28°37′3″N 77°12′30″E / 28.61750°N 77.20833°E / 28.61750; 77.20833 Lok Sabha House of the People 16th Lok Sabha Emblem of India TYPE TYPE Lower house of the Parliament of India TERM LIMITS 5 years LEADERSHIP SPEAKER Sumitra Mahajan , BJP Since 6 June 2014 DEPUTY SPEAKER M. Thambidurai , AIADMK Since 13 August 2014 LEADER OF THE HOUSE Narendra Modi , BJP Since 26 May 2014 LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION Vacant, as none of the opposition parties has more than 10% of the seats
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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16th Lok Sabha
EXECUTIVE : * President * Vice President * Prime Minister * Union Council of Ministers * Cabinet Secretary of India * Civil Services of India -------------------------PARLIAMENT : * Rajya Sabha * Lok Sabha * The Chairman * The Speaker -------------------------JUDICIARY : * Supreme Court of India * Chief Justice of India * High Courts * District Courts Elections ELECTION COMMISSION : * Chief Election Commissioner Political parties * National parties * State parties -------------------------NATIONAL COALITIONS: * National Democratic Alliance (NDA) * United Progressive Alliance (UPA) State Govt. and Local Govt. * Governor * Chief Minister * Chief Secretary -------------------------STATE LEVEL : * Vidhan Sabha * Vidhan Parishad -------------------------LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: * Divisional Commissioner * District Magistrate * Sub-Divisional Magistrate * _Rural Bodies_ * Zilla panchayats * Mandal Or Taluka Panchayats * Gram Panchayats * _Urban Bodies_ * Municipal Corporations * Municipal councils * Nagar Panchayats * Other countries * Atlas * v * t * e Members of the 16TH LOK SABHA were elected during the 2014 Indian general election
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State Emblem Of India
The STATE EMBLEM OF INDIA, as the national emblem of India is called, is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath , preserved in the Varanasi Sarnath Museum in India. It was adopted on 26 January 1950, the day that India became a republic. The emblem forms a part of the official letterhead of the Government of India and appears on all Indian currency as well. It also functions as the national emblem of India in many places and appears prominently on Indian passports . The Ashoka Chakra (wheel) on its base features in the centre of the national flag of India . The usage of the emblem is regulated and restricted under State Emblem of India (Prohibition of Improper Use) Act, 2005 . No individual or private organisation is permitted to use the emblem for official correspondence. The actual Sarnath capital features four Asiatic lions standing back to back, symbolizing power, courage, confidence and pride mounted on a circular base. At the bottom is a horse and a bull, and at its centre is a beautiful wheel (Dharma chakra). The abacus is girded with a frieze of sculptures in high relief of The Lion of the North, The Horse of the West, The Bull of the South and The Elephant of the East, separated by intervening wheels, over a lotus in full bloom, exemplifying the fountainhead of life and creative inspiration
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Lower House
A LOWER HOUSE is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature , the other chamber being the upper house . Inside the Australian House of Representatives Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power. A legislature composed of only one house is described as unicameral . CONTENTS * 1 Common attributes * 2 Titles of lower houses * 2.1 Common names * 2.2 Unique Names * 3 See also * 4 References COMMON ATTRIBUTESIn comparison with the upper house, lower houses frequently display certain characteristics: Powers * In a parliamentary system : * Much more power, usually based on restrictions against the upper house. * Able to override the upper house in some ways. * Can vote a motion of no confidence against the government. * Exceptions are Australia, where the Senate has considerable power approximate to that of the House of Representatives, and Italy, where the Senate has exactly the same powers as the Chamber of Deputies.* In a presidential system : * Somewhat less power, as the upper house alone gives advice and consent to some executives decisions (e..g
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Parliament Of India
Coordinates : 28°37′2″N 77°12′29″E / 28.61722°N 77.20806°E / 28.61722; 77.20806 PARLIAMENT OF INDIA Emblem of India
India
TYPE TYPE Bicameral HOUSES Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
HISTORY FOUNDED 26 January 1950 (67 years ago) (1950-01-26) PRECEDED BY Constituent Assembly of India
Constituent Assembly of India
LEADERSHIP PRESIDENT Ram Nath Kovind Since 25 July 2017 CHAIRMAN OF RAJYA SABHA (VICE-PRESIDENT ) Mohammad Hamid Ansari Since 25 August 2012 DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF THE RAJYA SABHA P. J. Kurien , INC Since 21 August 2012 SPEAKER OF THE LOK SABHA Sumitra Mahajan , BJP Since 6 June 2014 DEPUTY SPEAKER OF THE LOK SABHA M
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Speaker Of The Lok Sabha
The SPEAKER OF THE LOK SABHA is the presiding officer of the Lok Sabha , the lower house of the Parliament of India
Parliament of India
. The speaker is elected in the very first meeting of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
following general elections. Serving for a term of five years, the Speaker chosen from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha, and is by convention a member of the ruling party or alliance. The current speaker is Sumitra Mahajanof the Bharatiya Janata Party , who is presiding over the 16th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
. She is the second woman to hold the office, after her immediate predecessor Meira Kumar. CONTENTS * 1 Powers and functions of the Speaker * 2 Removal of the Speaker * 3 Protem Speaker * 4 List of Speakers * 5 References * 6 External links POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE SPEAKERThe Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
conducts the business in house; and decides whether a bill is a money bill or not. They maintain discipline and decorum in the house and can punish a member for their unruly behaviour by suspending them. They also permit the moving of various kinds of motions and resolutions such as a motion of no confidence , motion of adjournment , motion of censure and calling attention notice as per the rules. The Speaker decides on the agenda to be taken up for discussion during the meeting
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Sumitra Mahajan
SUMITRA JAYANT MAHAJAN (Marathi : सुमित्रा महाजन) (born 12 April 1943) is an Indian politician who is the Speaker of the 16th Lok Sabha . She belongs to Bharatiya Janata Party . In 2014, she got elected to the Lok Sabha for the eighth time, one of three members of the 16th Lok Sabha to do so, and is currently the longest-serving woman member. She has represented the Indore constituency of Madhya Pradesh since 1989. She served for a time as a Union Minister . She was minister from 2002 to 2004, holding the portfolios for Human Resources, Communications and Petroleum. She is the eldest and senior most among woman Members of Parliament in the 16th Lok Sabha. She is the second woman after Meira Kumar to be elected as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. An active parliamentarian, she not only headed important committees, but has also been a keen debater and avid questioner in the house. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Political career * 2.1 Positions held * 3 Speaker of the Lok Sabha * 4 References EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION Sumitra Mahajan was born in a Chitpavan family to Usha and Purushotam Sathe in Chiplun , Maharashtra . She received her MA and LLB from Indore University (now Devi Ahilya University ) after marrying Jayant Mahajan of Indore
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Bharatiya Janata Party
The BHARATIYA JANATA PARTY (pronounced ( listen ); translation : INDIAN PEOPLE\'S PARTY; abbr. BJP) is one of the two major political parties in India
India
, along with the Indian National Congress . As of 2016 , it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament and state assemblies, and it is the world's largest party in terms of primary membership. The BJP is a right-wing party, with close ideological and organisational links to the Hindu nationalist
Hindu nationalist
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh . The BJP's origins lie in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh , formed in 1951 by Syama Prasad Mookerjee
Syama Prasad Mookerjee
. After the State of Emergency in 1977, the Jana Sangh merged with several other parties to form the Janata Party ; it defeated the incumbent Congress party in the 1977 general election . After three years in power, the Janata party dissolved in 1980 with the members of the erstwhile Jana Sangh reconvening to form the BJP. Although initially unsuccessful, winning only two seats in the 1984 general election , it grew in strength on the back of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement
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Deputy Speaker Of The Lok Sabha
EXECUTIVE : * President * Vice President * Prime Minister * Union Council of Ministers * Cabinet Secretary of India * Civil Services of India -------------------------PARLIAMENT : * Rajya Sabha * Lok Sabha * The Chairman * The Speaker -------------------------JUDICIARY : * Supreme Court of India * Chief Justice of India * High Courts * District Courts Elections ELECTION COMMISSION : * Chief Election Commissioner Political parties * National parties * State parties -------------------------NATIONAL COALITIONS: * National Democratic Alliance (NDA) * United Progressive Alliance (UPA) State Govt. and Local Govt
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M. Thambidurai
Madras Christian College community = Kongu Vellalar Gounder MUNISAMY THAMBIDURAI is an Indian politician who serves as the current Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha and leader of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) in the Lok Sabha , the lower house of the Indian Parliament . He had served as the Cabinet Minister of Law, Justice and Company Affairs and as the Minister of State of Surface Transport from March 1998 to April 1999. He had also served as the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 1985 to 1989. Thambidurai started his political career as a youth worker and student activist of the erstwhile united DMK in 1965 at the age of 18, when he was in the first year as a student of Madras Christian College . He participated in the anti-Hindi agitation of 1965 and courted arrest. He worked his way up in the Party as a hard working organizer, starting as a worker at the booth level for Municipal and Legislative Assembly polls in 1967 and 1971 for the DMK, and also as an Agitprop coordinator in universities and colleges. He was among the founding-members and first generation of the AIADMK in 1972 when the party split with M.G. Ramachandran
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All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
ALL INDIA ANNA DRAVIDA MUNNETRA KAZHAGAM (EARLIER - ANNA DRAVIDA MUNNETRA KAZHAGAM) (AIADMK) (lit. ALL INDIA ANNA DRAVIDIAN PROGRESS FEDERATION) is an Indian political party in the states of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry . It is currently in power in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and is the third largest party in the Indian Parliament . It is a Dravidian party and was founded by M. G. Ramachandran (popularly known as MGR) on 17 October 1972 as a breakaway faction of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). From 1989 to 2016, AIADMK was led by Jayalalithaa
Jayalalithaa
, who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
on several occasions. The party has won majorities in the Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Legislative Assembly seven times, making it the most successful political outfit in the state's history. The party headquarters is located in Royapettah , Chennai
Chennai
, Tamil Nadu , which was donated to the party in 1986 by Janaki Ramachandran , MGR's wife. Following the death of Jayalalithaa
Jayalalithaa
on December 5, 2016, V. K. Sasikala was chosen unanimously as the General Secretary of AIADMK on December 29, 2016. Sasikala attempted to be sworn in as Chief Minister without facing election. O. Panneerselvam and his supporting MLAs and MPs started claiming the party leadership
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Leader Of The House (India)
LEADER OF THE LOK SABHA , the Lower House of the Indian Parliament, is the Prime Minister by default if he is a member of the Lok Sabha . If the Prime Minister is not a member of the Lower House of Parliament he can nominate another minister as the Leader of the House. NO. NAME PORTRAIT TOOK OFFICE LEFT OFFICE 1 Jawaharlal Nehru 2 April 1952 4 April 1957 5 April 1957 31 March 1962 2 April 1962 27 May 1964 2 Gulzari Lal Nanda 27 May 1964 9 June 1964 3 Lal Bahadur Shastri 9 June 1964 11 January 1966 4 Gulzari Lal Nanda 11 January 1966 24 January 1966 5 Satya Narayan Sinha 24 January 1966 3 March 1967 6 Indira Gandhi 4 March 1967 27 December 1970 15 March 1971 18 January 1977 7 Morarji Desai 24 March 1977 28 August 1979 8 Charan Singh 28 August 1979 22 August 1979 9 Indira Gandhi 14 January 1980 31 October 1984 10 Rajiv Gandhi 31 October 1984 27 September 1989 11 Vishwanath Pratap Singh
Vishwanath Pratap Singh
2 December 1989 10 November 1990 12 Chandra Shekhar 10 November 1990 13 March 1991 13 Arjun Singh
Arjun Singh
9 July 1991 5 December 1991 14 P.V. Narasimha Rao
P.V

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Narendra Modi
EARLY POLITICAL CAREER -------------------------* Gujarat Legislative Assembly * 2002 * 2007 * 2012 -------------------------PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA -------------------------* Campaign * Achhe din aane waale hain * Swearing-in * Council of Ministers * Timeline * _ Mann Ki Baat _ * International trips * Premiership ------------------------- National policy * Union budgets * 2014 * 2015 * 2016 * Railway budgets * 2014 * 2015 * 2016 ------------------------- * Social/Rural Schemes* * Antyodaya * Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao * Sukanya Samriddhi * Ujjwala * OROP * Housing for All * * Adarsh Gram Yojana * Gram Jyoti * Soil health cards * UDAY * Krishi Sinchai *
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Leader Of The Opposition (India)
The LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION is the politician who leads the official opposition in either House of the Parliament of India . While the position also existed in the former Central Legislative Assembly of British India, and holders of it there included Motilal Nehru , it received statutory recognition through the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977 which defines the term "Leader of the Opposition" as that member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha who, for the time being, is the Leader of that House of the Party in Opposition to the Government having the greatest numerical strength and recognised, as such, by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha or the Speaker of the Lok Sabha . However, in order to get formal recognition, the concerned party must have at least 10% of the total strength of the House (55 seats in the Lok Sabha). If any party fails to get 10% seats in opposition, the House will not have recognised leader of the opposition. A single party has to meet the 10% seat criteria, not an alliance. This is the most accepted or most spoken rule of appointing this post but when we refer to "Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977" by which the post has got official and statutory status, the majority required is decided by the heads of the houses, that is speaker and chairman as the case maybe.Refer to definition of Leader of Opposition in the act
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Official Opposition (India)
OFFICIAL OPPOSITION is a term used in India
India
to designate the political party which has secured the largest number of seats in the Lower House of parliament ( Lok Sabha ) but is not a part of the ruling party or coalition. A political party is officially accorded the status of an opposition party in Lok Sabha, only if it secures at least 10 percent of the seats. * 1950-1977: No party achieved the said 10% of total seats, other than ruling congress (+coalition). * 1977- 1979 : Indian National Congress * 1984-1989 : Telugu Desam Party (Only regional party to hold office) * 1989 - 1991: Indian National Congress * 1991 - 1998: Bharatiya Janata Party * 1998 - 2004: Indian National Congress * 2004 - 2009: Bharatiya Janata Party * 2009 - 2014: Bharatiya Janata Party * 2014 - 2019: None, Among all the parties none has secured 10% of the total seats (54/543).The Opposition’s main role is to question the government of the day and hold them accountable to the public.The Opposition is equally responsible in upholding the best interests of the people of the country. They have to ensure that the Government does not take any steps, which might have negative implications on the people of the country. The role of the opposition in parliament is basically to check the excesses of the ruling or dominant party, and not to be totally antagonistic
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