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Location Map United Kingdom City Of Lancaster
LANCASTER, may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Lands and titles * 2 Places * 2.1 Australia * 2.2 Canada * 2.3 United Kingdom * 2.4 United States * 3 People * 4 Military * 5 Sports * 6 Computers * 7 Businesses * 8 Transport * 9 See also LANDS AND TITLES * The County Palatine of Lancaster, a synonym for Lancashire
Lancashire
* Duchy of Lancaster , one of only two British royal duchies * Duke of Lancaster
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Lancashire
LANCASHIRE (/ˈlæŋkəʃər/ , /ˈlæŋkəʃɪər/ or, locally, ; archaically the COUNTY PALATINE OF LANCASTER; abbreviated Lancs.) is a non-metropolitan ceremonial county in north west England . The county town is Lancaster although the county's administrative centre is Preston . The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians. The history of Lancashire begins with its founding in the 12th century. In the _ Domesday Book _ of 1086, some of its lands were treated as part of Yorkshire . The land that lay between the Ribble and Mersey , _Inter Ripam et Mersam_, was included in the returns for Cheshire . When its boundaries were established, it bordered Cumberland , Westmorland , Yorkshire, and Cheshire. Lancashire emerged as a major commercial and industrial region during the Industrial Revolution . Liverpool and Manchester grew into its largest cities, dominating global trade and the birth of modern industrial capitalism . The county contained several mill towns and the collieries of the Lancashire Coalfield . By the 1830s, approximately 85% of all cotton manufactured worldwide was processed in Lancashire
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Duchy Of Lancaster
The DUCHY OF LANCASTER is, since 1399, the private estate of the British sovereign as Duke of Lancaster . The principal purpose of the estate is to provide a source of independent income to the Sovereign. The estate consists of a portfolio of lands, properties, and assets held in trust for the Sovereign, and is administered separately from the Crown Estate . The duchy consists of 18,433 ha (45,550 acres) of land holdings (including rural estates and farmland), urban developments, historic buildings, and some commercial properties across England and Wales, particularly in Cheshire , Staffordshire , Derbyshire , Lincolnshire , Yorkshire , Lancashire and the Savoy Estate in London . The Duchy of Lancaster is one of two royal duchies : the other is the Duchy of Cornwall , which provides income to the Prince of Wales . In the financial year ending 31 March 2015, the estate was valued at about £ 472 million. The net income of the Duchy is paid to the reigning Sovereign as Duke of Lancaster: it amounts to about £16 million per year. As the Duchy is an inalienable asset of the Crown held in trust for future Sovereigns, the Sovereign is not entitled to the portfolio's capital or capital profits. The Duchy of Lancaster is not subject to tax, although the Sovereign has voluntarily paid both income and capital gains tax since 1993
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Duke Of Lancaster
The DUKE OF LANCASTER is an ancient title which is informally used within Lancaster to describe Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
, the monarch of the United Kingdom and owner of the estates of the Duchy of Lancaster . The Duchy of Lancaster exists as a separate entity from the Crown Estate and currently provides income for the British monarch. There were several Dukes of Lancaster in the 14th and early 15th centuries. There were three creations of the Dukedom of Lancaster. The first creation was on 6 March 1351, for Henry of Grosmont, 4th Earl of Lancaster , a great-grandson of Henry III; he was also 4th Earl of Leicester , 1st Earl of Derby , 1st Earl of Lincoln and Lord of Bowland . He died in 1361 and the peerage expired. The second creation was on 13 November 1362, for John of Gaunt, 1st Earl of Richmond , who was both the 1st Duke's son-in-law and also fourth son of King Edward III . John had married Blanche of Lancaster, 6th Countess of Lancaster , daughter of Henry Grosmont and heiress to his estates. When John of Gaunt, the 1st Duke of this creation died on 4 February 1399, the Dukedom passed to his son, Henry of Bolingbroke, 1st Duke of Hereford . Later that same year, the new 2nd Duke usurped the throne of England from Richard II , ascending the throne as Henry IV, at which point the Dukedom merged in the crown
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Earl Of Lancaster
The title of EARL OF LANCASTER was created in the Peerage of England in 1267, merging in the crown in 1399. It was succeeded by the Duke of Lancaster . The title was created when Henry III of England created the Earldom of Lancaster—from which the house was named—for his second son Edmund Crouchback in 1267. Edmund had already been created Earl of Leicester in 1265 and was granted the lands and privileges of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester , after de Montfort's death and attainder at the end of the Second Barons\' War . When Edmund's son Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster , inherited his father-in-law's estates and title of Earl of Lincoln he became at a stroke the most powerful nobleman in England, with lands throughout the kingdom and the ability to raise vast private armies to wield power at national and local levels. This brought him—and Henry , his younger brother—into conflict with their cousin Edward II of England , leading to Thomas's execution. Henry inherited Thomas's titles and he and his son, who was also called Henry , gave loyal service to Edward's son— Edward III of England
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House Of Lancaster
The HOUSE OF LANCASTER was the name of two cadet branches of the royal House of Plantagenet . The first house was created when Henry III of England created the Earldom of Lancaster —from which the house was named—for his second son Edmund Crouchback in 1267. Edmund had already been created Earl of Leicester in 1265 and was granted the lands and privileges of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester , after de Montfort's death and attainder at the end of the Second Barons\' War . When Edmund's son Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster , inherited his father-in-law's estates and title of Earl of Lincoln he became at a stroke the most powerful nobleman in England, with lands throughout the kingdom and the ability to raise vast private armies to wield power at national and local levels. This brought him—and Henry , his younger brother—into conflict with their cousin Edward II of England , leading to Thomas's execution. Henry inherited Thomas's titles and he and his son, who was also called Henry , gave loyal service to Edward's son— Edward III of England . The second house of Lancaster was descended from John of Gaunt , who married the heiress of the first house. Edward III married all his sons to wealthy English heiresses rather than following his predecessors' practice of finding continental political marriages for royal princes
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Lancaster, Victoria
LANCASTER is a locality in the Goulburn Valley
Goulburn Valley
region of Victoria , Australia
Australia
. The town is located in Shire of Campaspe and the City of Greater Shepparton . At the 2011 census , Lancaster had a population of 351. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Today * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYThe locality was named after Thomas Lancaster, an early settler in the region and the father of the state parliamentarian, Samuel Lancaster. The Post Office opened on 15 November 1878 and a Kyabram
Kyabram
East office opened on 28 November 1878. In 1881 the Lancaster office closed and Kyabram
Kyabram
East was renamed Lancaster. This office closed in 1994. TODAYThe town has an Australian Rules
Australian Rules
football team competing in the Kyabram
Kyabram
"> * ^ A B Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Lancaster (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 December 2014. * ^ Rollison, Kay. "Lancaster, Samuel (1852 - 1918)". Australian Dictionary of Biography . Australian National University . Retrieved 2007-05-09. * ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List"
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Lancaster, New Brunswick
LANCASTER was a small city on the west side of the Saint John River at its mouth into the Bay of Fundy
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Lancaster, Ontario
SOUTH GLENGARRY is a township in eastern Ontario
Ontario
, Canada
Canada
on the Saint Lawrence River in the United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry . The township was created on 1 January 1998, by amalgamating the townships of CHARLOTTENBURGH and LANCASTER with the independent village of LANCASTER. CONTENTS * 1 Communities * 2 History * 3 Sport * 4 Notable people * 5 Demographics * 6 Culture * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links COMMUNITIESThe township comprises the communities of Avondale, Bainsville, Bayview Estates, Bridge End, Brown House Corner, Camerons Point, Cashions Glen, Curry Hill, Dalhousie Mills, Glen Brook, Glendale Subdivision, Glen Falloch, Glen Nevis, Glen Norman, Glenroy, Glen Walter, Green Valley, Lancaster, Lancaster Heights, Loon Island, MacGillivrays Bridge, Martintown, Munroes Mills, North Branch, North Lancaster, North Lancaster Station, Pine Hill, Redwood Estates, South Lancaster, Summerstown, Summerstown Station, St. Raphaels, Tyotown, and Williamstown. HISTORY See also: Glengarry County, Ontario
Ontario
; Glengarry Highland Games ; Canadian Gaelic
Canadian Gaelic
; and Eastern Ontario
Ontario
Charlottenburgh and Lancaster were two of the original eight "Royal Townships", established along the Saint Lawrence River in Upper Canada in the 1780s
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Lancaster Sound
LANCASTER SOUND ( Inuktitut
Inuktitut
ᑕᓪᓗᕈᑎᐅᑉ ᑕᕆᐅᖓ Tallurutiup Tariunga ) is a body of water in the Qikiqtaaluk Region , Nunavut
Nunavut
, Canada. It is located between Devon Island and Baffin Island , forming the eastern entrance to the Parry Channel and the Northwest Passage . East of the sound lies Baffin Bay ; to the west lies Viscount Melville Sound . Further west a traveller would enter the M\'Clure Strait before heading into the Arctic Ocean . Lancaster Sound
Lancaster Sound
was named in 1616 by explorer William Baffin for Sir James Lancaster , one of the three main financial supporters of his exploratory expeditions. The abortive expedition by the British explorer John Ross in 1818 ended when he saw what he believed were mountains blocking the end of Lancaster Sound. In 1819 William Edward Parry got through it and went as far west as Melville Island . The sound was thoroughly explored during an extensive aerial mapping program of Northern Canada
Canada
by the Canadian Government which took from the 1930s until the late 1950s to complete. Coincidentally, the type of aircraft that was used to complete the mapping program was the Avro Lancaster , a World War II heavy bomber which had been converted for mapping
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Lancaster, Lancashire
LANCASTER /ˈlæŋkəstər/ , or /ˈlæŋˌkæstər/ is a city and the county town of Lancashire
Lancashire
, England
England
. It is situated on the River Lune and has a population of 45,952. Lancaster is a constituent settlement of the wider City of Lancaster , a local government district which has a population of 138,375 and encompasses several outlying settlements, including neighbouring Morecambe
Morecambe
. Long existing as a commercial, cultural and educational centre, Lancaster is the settlement that gives Lancashire
Lancashire
its name. Lancaster has several unique ties to the British monarchy ; the House of Lancaster was a branch of the English royal family , whilst the Duchy of Lancaster holds large estates on behalf of Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
, who herself is also the Duke of Lancaster
Duke of Lancaster
in her capacity as monarch. Lancaster was granted city status in 1937 for its "long association with the crown" and because it was "the county town of the King's Duchy of Lancaster". With its history based on its port and canal, Lancaster is an ancient settlement, dominated by Lancaster Castle
Lancaster Castle
, Lancaster Priory Church and the Ashton Memorial
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Lancaster University
" Quaker Grey" and red AFFILIATIONS N8 Group , ACU , AACSB , AMBA , NWUA , EQUIS , Universities UK WEBSITE www.lancaster.ac.ukLANCASTER UNIVERSITY, also officially known as the UNIVERSITY OF LANCASTER, is a public research university in the City of Lancaster , Lancashire , England. The university was established by Royal Charter in 1964, one of several new universities created in the 1960s. The university was initially based in St Leonard's Gate in the city centre, until moving to a purpose-built 300 acres (120 ha) campus at Bailrigg in 1968. The campus buildings are arranged around a central walkway known as the Spine, which is connected to a central plaza , named Alexandra Square in honour of its first chancellor , Princess Alexandra . Lancaster is one of only six collegiate universities in the UK ; the colleges are weakly autonomous . The eight undergraduate colleges are named after places of interest in the North West of England , and have their own campus residence blocks, common rooms, administration staff and bar. It is currently one of only seven universities to be ranked in the top 10 across all national league tables of UK universities . Along with the universities of Durham , Leeds , Liverpool , Manchester , Newcastle , Sheffield and York , Lancaster is a member of the N8 Group of research universities
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Lancaster (UK Parliament Constituency)
LANCASTER was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1867, centred on the historic city of Lancaster in north-west England. It was represented by two Members of Parliament until the constituency was disenfranchised for corruption in 1867. Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 , Lancaster was re-established for the 1885 general election as a county constituency . It then returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom , with elections held under the first-past-the-post system. This constituency in turn was abolished when it was largely replaced by the new Lancaster and Wyre constituency for the 1997 general election
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City Of Lancaster
The CITY OF LANCASTER (/ˈlæŋkæstər/ ) is a local government district of Lancashire , England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district . It is named after its largest settlement, Lancaster , but covers a far larger area, which includes the towns of Morecambe , Heysham , and Carnforth , as well as outlying villages, farms, rural hinterland and (since 1 August 2016) a section of the Yorkshire Dales National Park . The district has a population of 143,500 (mid-2016 est.), and an area of 222.5 square miles (576.2 km2). The current city boundaries were set as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 , and cover an amalgamation of five former local government districts—the municipal boroughs of Lancaster and Morecambe and Heysham , together with the Carnforth Urban District and rural districts of Lancaster and Lunesdale , all from the administrative county of Lancashire. The city council's primary responsibility is refuse collection
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Lancaster House
LANCASTER HOUSE (previously known as YORK HOUSE and STAFFORD HOUSE) is a mansion in the St James\'s district in the West End of London
London
. It is close to St. James\'s Palace and much of the site was once part of the palace complex. This Grade I listed building is now managed by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 In popular culture * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Bibliography * 6 External links HISTORYConstruction of the house commenced in 1825 for the Duke of York and Albany , the second son of King George III , and it was initially known as York House. :155 Sir Robert Smirke was originally hired to design the house, until under the influence of the Duke's mistress the Duchess of Rutland, he was replaced by Benjamin Dean Wyatt who mainly designed the exterior. :155 The house was only a shell by the time of the death of the Duke in 1827. It is constructed from Bath stone , in a neo-classical style, being the last great London
London
mansion to use this essentially Georgian style. The house was purchased by and completed for the 2nd Marquess of Stafford (later 1st Duke of Sutherland
Duke of Sutherland
) and was known as Stafford House for almost a century. It was assessed for rating purposes (i.e. for property taxes) as the most valuable private house in London
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Lancaster, California
LANCASTER /ˈlæn.kæstər/ is a charter city in northern Los Angeles County , in the Antelope Valley of the western Mojave Desert in Southern California. As of 2013, Lancaster was the 31st largest city in California
California
. Lancaster is part of a twin city complex with its southern neighbor Palmdale and together they are the principal cities within the Antelope Valley region and California's High Desert . Lancaster is located approximately 70 miles (110 km) north (by highway) of downtown Los Angeles
Los Angeles
, near the Kern County line. It is separated from the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin by the San Gabriel Mountains to the south, and from Bakersfield and the San Joaquin Valley by the Tehachapi Mountains to the north. The population of Lancaster grew from 37,000 at the time of its incorporation in 1977 to over 156,000 in 2010. According to the Greater Antelope Valley Economic Alliance report of 2015, Lancaster has a population of 168,049
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