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Lloyds Building
The LLOYD\'S BUILDING (sometimes known as THE INSIDE-OUT BUILDING) is the home of the insurance institution Lloyd\'s of London
London
. It is located on the former site of East India House in Lime Street , in London's main financial district, the City of London
London
. The building is a leading example of radical Bowellism architecture in which the services for the building, such as ducts and lifts , are located on the exterior to maximise space in the interior. Twenty-five years after completion in 1986, the building received Grade I listing in 2011; it was the youngest structure ever to obtain this status. It is said by Historic England
Historic England
to be "universally recognised as one of the key buildings of the modern epoch"
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Barrel-vault
A BARREL VAULT, also known as a TUNNEL VAULT or a WAGON VAULT, is an architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve (or pair of curves, in the case of a pointed barrel vault) along a given distance. The curves are typically circular in shape, lending a semi-cylindrical appearance to the total design. The barrel vault is the simplest form of a vault : effectively a series of arches placed side by side (i.e., one after another). It is a form of barrel roof . As with all arch-based constructions, there is an outward thrust generated against the walls underneath a barrel vault. There are several mechanisms for absorbing this thrust. One is, of course, to make the walls exceedingly thick and strong - this is a primitive and sometimes unacceptable method. A more elegant method is to build two or more vaults parallel to each other; the forces of their outward thrusts will thus negate each other
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Quill
A QUILL pen is a writing implement made from a moulted flight feather (preferably a primary wing-feather) of a large bird . Quills were used for writing with ink before the invention of the dip pen , the metal-nibbed pen, the fountain pen , and, eventually, the ballpoint pen . The hand-cut goose quill is rarely used as a calligraphy tool, because many papers are now derived from wood pulp and wear down the quill very quickly. However, it is still the tool of choice for a few professionals and provides an unmatched sharp stroke as well as greater flexibility than a steel pen. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Sources * 3 Uses * 4 History * 5 Today * 6 Music * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links DESCRIPTIONIn a carefully prepared quill the slit does not widen through wetting and drying with ink. It will retain its shape adequately and only requires infrequent sharpening and can be used time and time again until there is little left of it
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William Petty, 2nd Earl Of Shelburne
WILLIAM PETTY, 1ST MARQUESS OF LANSDOWNE, KG , PC (2 May 1737 – 7 May 1805), known as THE EARL OF SHELBURNE between 1761 and 1784, by which title he is generally known to history, was an Irish -born British Whig statesman who was the first Home Secretary
Home Secretary
in 1782 and then Prime Minister in 1782–83 during the final months of the American War of Independence
American War of Independence
. He succeeded in securing peace with America and this feat remains his most notable legacy. He was also well known as a collector of antiquities and works of art. Lord Shelburne was born in Dublin
Dublin
in 1737 and spent his formative years in Ireland. After attending Oxford University
Oxford University
he served in the British army during the Seven Years\' War taking part in the Raid on Rochefort and the Battle of Minden
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Robert Adam
ROBERT ADAM FRSE FRS FSA (Scot) FSA FRSA (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a British neoclassical architect , interior designer and furniture designer . He was the son of William Adam (1689–1748), Scotland's foremost architect of the time, and trained under him. With his older brother John , Robert took on the family business, which included lucrative work for the Board of Ordnance , after William's death. In 1754, he left for Rome, spending nearly five years on the continent studying architecture under Charles-Louis Clérisseau
Charles-Louis Clérisseau
and Giovanni Battista Piranesi
Giovanni Battista Piranesi

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Twentieth Century Society
THE TWENTIETH CENTURY SOCIETY (abbreviated as C20) is a British charity which campaigns for the preservation of architectural heritage from 1914 onwards. The society's interests embrace buildings and artefacts that characterise 20th-century Britain. It is formally recognised as one of the National Amenity Societies , and as such is a statutory consultee on alterations to listed buildings within its period of interest, and must be notified of any proposed work to a listed building which involves any element of demolition. The society was formed as the The Thirties Society in 1979, the year in which the prominent "Thirties – British art and design before the War" exhibition was shown at the Hayward Gallery
Hayward Gallery
. Its establishment was inspired by and loosely modelled on the Victorian Society , which aims to protect pre-1914 Victorian and Edwardian buildings
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Archigram
ARCHIGRAM was an avant-garde architectural group formed in the 1960s - based at the Architectural Association , London
London
- that was neofuturistic , anti-heroic and pro-consumerist, drawing inspiration from technology in order to create a new reality that was solely expressed through hypothetical projects. The main members of the group were Peter Cook , Warren Chalk , Ron Herron , Dennis Crompton , Michael Webb and David Greene . Designer Theo Crosby was the "hidden hand" behind the group. He gave them coverage in Architectural Design magazine (where he was an editor from 1953–62), brought them to the attention of the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) in London, where, in 1963, they mounted an exhibition called Living Cities, and in 1964 brought them into the Taylor Woodrow Design Group, which he headed, to take on experimental projects
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Renzo Piano
RENZO PIANO, OMRI , OMCA (Italian: ; born 14 September 1937) is an Italian architect and engineer . His notable buildings include the Centre Georges Pompidou
Centre Georges Pompidou
in Paris (with Richard Rogers
Richard Rogers
, 1977), The Shard in London
London
(2012), and the Whitney Museum of American Art
Whitney Museum of American Art
in New York City (2015). He won the Pritzker Architecture Prize
Pritzker Architecture Prize
in 1998
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Facadism
FACADISM, FAçADISM (or FAçADOMY ) refers to an architectural and construction practice where the facade of a building was designed or constructed separately from the rest of a building. More often it refers to the practice where only the facade of a building is preserved with new buildings erected behind or around it. There are aesthetic and historical reasons for preserving building facades. Facadism
Facadism
can be the response to the interiors of a building becoming unusable, such as being damaged by fire. In developing areas, however, the practice is sometimes used by property developers seeking to redevelop a site as a compromise to preservationists who wish to preserve buildings of historical or aesthetic interest. It can be regarded as a compromise between historic preservation and demolition and thus has been lauded as well as decried. There is sometimes a blurred line between renovation , adaptive reuse , reconstruction and facadism
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Richard Rogers And Partners
ROGERS STIRK HARBOUR + PARTNERS (RSH+P) is a British architectural firm , founded in 1977 and originally known as the RICHARD ROGERS PARTNERSHIP. Its main offices are located in the Leadenhall Building , London. Previously they were at the Thames Wharf Studios . In its various incarnations it is known for many important buildings including Lloyd\'s building and the Millennium Dome
Millennium Dome
in London
London
and the National Assembly for Wales
Wales
building in Cardiff
Cardiff
. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Awards * 4 Notable projects * 5 Key personnel * 5.1 Current personnel * 5.2 Previous personnel * 6 Notes * 7 External links DESCRIPTIONThe firm's principal offices are located at Leadenhall Building in London. It also maintains offices in Shanghai
Shanghai
and Sydney
Sydney

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Bovis Lend Lease
1885 as Bovis ( London
London
) Acquired by Lend Lease Corporation in 1999 FOUNDER C. W. Bovis HEADQUARTERS London
London
, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
AREA SERVED Global KEY PEOPLE Ray Spencer (CEO) SERVICES Construction
Construction
and project management NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 10,000 (approx) PARENT Lend Lease Group DIVISIONS Retail, Commercial, Residential, Telecommunications, Infrastructure, Multi-Sites WEBSITE www.lendlease.comLENDLEASE PROJECT MANAGEMENT & CONSTRUCTION (formerly BOVIS LEND LEASE, trading as LENDLEASE) is the international project management and construction division of Lendlease Group
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Centre Georges Pompidou
CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU (French pronunciation: ​ , commonly shortened to CENTRE POMPIDOU and also known as the POMPIDOU CENTRE in English, is a complex building in the Beaubourg area of the 4th arrondissement of Paris
Paris
, near Les Halles
Les Halles
, rue Montorgueil , and the Marais . It was designed in the style of high-tech architecture by the architectural team of Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano
, along with Gianfranco Franchini . It houses the Bibliothèque publique d'information (Public Information Library), a vast public library; the Musée National d\'Art Moderne , which is the largest museum for modern art in Europe; and IRCAM , a centre for music and acoustic research. Because of its location, the Centre is known locally as Beaubourg (IPA: )
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Ping An Insurance
PING AN INSURANCE known also as PING AN OF CHINA (Chinese : 中国平安; pinyin : Zhōngguó Píng Ān), full name PING AN INSURANCE (GROUP) COMPANY OF CHINA, LTD. is a holding company whose subsidiaries mainly deal with insurance , banking , and financial services . The company was founded in 1988 and has its headquarter in Shenzhen
Shenzhen
. Ping An literally means "safe and well". Ping An Insurance
Insurance
is one of the top 50 companies in the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Ping An is also a component of Hang Seng Index
Hang Seng Index
, an index of the top 50 companies in the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Stock Exchange. Ping An Insurance
Insurance
was also included in the pan- China
China
stock indices CSI 300 Index , FTSE China A50 Index and Hang Seng China 50 Index
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Five Star
FIVE STAR (also styled as 5 STAR) are a British pop /R&B group, formed in 1983 and comprising siblings Stedman, Lorraine, Denise, Doris and Delroy Pearson. Between 1985 and 1988, Five Star had four top 20 albums and 15 Top 40 singles in the UK, including the top 10 hits " System Addict " (1986), "Can\'t Wait Another Minute " (1986), " Find the Time " (1986), "Rain or Shine " (1986), "Stay Out of My Life " (1987) and " The Slightest Touch " (1987). They won the 1987 Brit Award for Best British Group. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Members * 3 Discography * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYThe five-piece group of siblings from Romford
Romford
were masterminded by their father and manager, Buster Pearson , in the style of The Jackson 5
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Climbing Great Buildings
CLIMBING GREAT BUILDINGS is a British television series made for the BBC
BBC
by ITN Productions . The series, first broadcast on BBC Two
BBC Two
from 6 to 28 September 2010, consists of fifteen half-hour programmes each featuring one famous British structure from the last 1000 years. The presentation team use rock climbing techniques to access internal and external parts of each building to illustrate construction techniques and materials and other details not usually visible. The team consists of the architect Dr Jonathan Foyle , the climber Lucy Creamer and camera operator Ian Burton, assisted by a rigging team. Foyle is known for his television presentations of architectural history, which subject he also teaches for Cambridge University 's International Division. Creamer provides expert advice and encouragement to Foyle, as well as being a sounding-board for his on-site explanations
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Guardians Of The Galaxy (film)
GUARDIANS OF THE GALAXY (retroactively referred to as GUARDIANS OF THE GALAXY VOL. 1) is a 2014 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
superhero team of the same name , produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures
Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures
. It is the tenth film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe
Marvel Cinematic Universe
. The film was directed by James Gunn
James Gunn
, who wrote the screenplay with Nicole Perlman , and features an ensemble cast including Chris Pratt , Zoe Saldana , Dave Bautista , Vin Diesel
Vin Diesel
, Bradley Cooper
Bradley Cooper
, Lee Pace
Lee Pace
, Michael Rooker , Karen Gillan
Karen Gillan
, Djimon Hounsou , John C
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