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Little Girl In Kindergarten Uniform Of Japan
Kindergarten
Kindergarten
(/ˈkɪndərˌɡɑːrtən/, US: /-dən/ (listen); from German [ˈkɪndɐˌɡaːɐ̯tn̩] (listen)[1]) is a preschool educational approach based on playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school. Such institutions were originally created in the late 18th century in Bavaria
Bavaria
and Alsace
Alsace
to serve children whose parents both worked outside home. The term was coined by the German Friedrich Fröbel, whose approach globally influenced early-years education
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Preschool Education
A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school. It may be publicly or privately operated, and may be subsidised from public funds.Contents1 Terminology 2 History2.1 Origins 2.2 Spread3 Developmental areas 4 Funding 5 Advocacy 6 Curricula 7 National variations7.1 India 7.2 China 7.3 Lithuania 7.4 Turkey 7.5 Japan 7.6 North Korea 7.7 United States7.7.1 Cooperative
Cooperative
preschools 7.7.2 Head Start7.8 United Kingdom7.8.1 England 7.8.2 Wales 7.8.3 Northern Ireland 7.8.4 Scotland7.9 Ireland8 See also 9 References 10 Sources 11 Further reading 12 External linksTerminology[edit] Terminology varies by country
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North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine- Westphalia
Westphalia
(German: Nordrhein-Westfalen, pronounced [ˌnɔʁtʁaɪ̯n vɛstˈfaːlən] (listen); Low Franconian: Noordrien-Wesfale; Kölsch: Noodrhing-Wäßßfaale, commonly shortened to NRW in both written and spoken language) is a state of Germany. North Rhine- Westphalia
Westphalia
is located in western Germany
Germany
covering an area of 34,084 square kilometres (13,160 sq mi). With a population of 17.9 million in 2017, it is the most populous state of Germany. It is also the most densely populated German state apart from the city-states of Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg, and the fourth-largest by area. The state capital is Düsseldorf
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German Language
German (Deutsch, [dɔʏtʃ] (listen)) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol
South Tyrol
in Italy, the German-speaking Community
German-speaking Community
of Belgium
Belgium
and Liechtenstein. It is one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship
Opole Voivodeship
in Poland. The languages that are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch, including Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group
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Bavaria
Bavaria
Bavaria
(/bəˈvɛəriə/; German and Bavarian: Bayern [ˈbaɪɐn]), officially the Free State of Bavaria
Bavaria
(German and Bavarian: Freistaat Bayern [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈbaɪɐn]), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres (27,200 sq mi), Bavaria
Bavaria
is the largest German state by land area comprising roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia
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Strasbourg
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.Part of the series onAlsaceRot un Wiss, traditional flag of AlsaceHistory Germania Superior
Germania Superior
(Pagus Alsatiae) (83–475)
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Friedrich Fröbel
Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel or Froebel (German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈʔaʊɡʊst ˈfʁøːbl̩] (listen); 21 April 1782 – 21 June 1852) was a German pedagogue, a student of Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, who laid the foundation for modern education based on the recognition that children have unique needs and capabilities. He created the concept of the "kindergarten" and coined the word, which soon entered the English language as well
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Educational Institution
An educational institution is a place where people of different ages gain an education, including preschools, childcare, primary-elementary schools, secondary-high schools, and universities
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Learning Space
Learning space
Learning space
or learning setting refers to a physical setting for a learning environment, a place in which teaching and learning occur.[1] The term is commonly used as a more definitive alternative to "classroom,"[2] but it may also refer to an indoor or outdoor location, either actual or virtual. Learning spaces are highly diverse in use, learning styles, configuration, location, and educational institution
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Max Liebermann
Max Liebermann
Max Liebermann
(20 July 1847 – 8 February 1935) was a German painter and printmaker of Ashkenazi Jewish
Ashkenazi Jewish
ancestry, and one of the leading proponents of Impressionism
Impressionism
in Germany.Contents1 Biography 2 Commemoration 3 Gallery 4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit] Martha Liebermann by Anders Zorn, 1896 The son of a Jewish fabric manufacturer turned banker[1] from Berlin, Liebermann grew up in an imposing town house alongside the Brandenburg Gate.[2] He first studied law and philosophy at the University of Berlin, but later studied painting and drawing in Weimar
Weimar
in 1869, in Paris
Paris
in 1872, and in the Netherlands
Netherlands
in 1876–77. During the Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
(1870–71), Liebermann served as a medic with the Order of St
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Johann Friedrich Oberlin
J. F. Oberlin
J. F. Oberlin
(31 August 1740 – 1 June 1826) was an Alsatian pastor and a philanthropist. He has been known as John Frederic(k) Oberlin in English, Jean-Frédéric Oberlin in French, and Johann Friedrich Oberlin in German.Contents1 Life 2 Legacy 3 References 4 Sources 5 Further reading 6 External linksLife[edit] Oberlin was born the son of Johann Georg Oberlin (1701–1770), a teacher, and Maria Magdalena (1718–1787), daughter of lawyer Johann Heinrich Feltz, on the 31 August 1740 in the German-speaking city of Strasbourg, where he studied theology. In 1766 he became Protestant pastor of Waldbach (now Waldersbach), a remote and barren region in the Steinthal (Ban de la Roche/Steintal), a valley in the Vosges
Vosges
on the borders of Alsace and Lorraine.[1] Oberlin set out to improve both the material and the spiritual condition of the inhabitants
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Pauline Zur Lippe
Pauline Christine Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Bernburg (also: Princess Pauline of Lippe; 23 February 1769 – 29 December 1820) was a princess consort of Lippe, married in 1796 to Leopold I, Prince of Lippe. She served as the regent of Lippe during the minority of her son from 1802 to 1820. She is regarded as one of the most important rulers of Lippe. On 1 January 1809, she abolished serfdom by princely decree. She managed to keep the principality independent during the Napoleonic Wars. She wrote a constitution, in which the power of the estates was reduced
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Detmold
Detmold
Detmold
(German pronunciation: [ˈdɛtmɔlt]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, with a population of about 73,400 (2013). It was the capital of the small Principality of Lippe
Principality of Lippe
from 1468 until 1918 and then of the Free State of Lippe
Free State of Lippe
until 1947. Today it is the administrative center of the district of Lippe
Lippe
and of the Regierungsbezirk
Regierungsbezirk
Detmold. The Church of Lippe
Lippe
has its central administration located in Detmold
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Robert Owen
Robert Owen
Robert Owen
(/ˈoʊɪn/; 14 May 1771 – 17 November 1858), a Welsh textile manufacturer, philanthropic social reformer, and one founder of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement, is best known for efforts to improve working conditions for his factory workers and his promotion of experimental socialistic communities. In the early 1800s, he became wealthy as an investor and eventual manager of a large textile mill at New Lanark, Scotland. He initially trained as a draper in Stamford, Lincolnshire
Stamford, Lincolnshire
and worked in London, before relocating aged 18 to Manchester
Manchester
and going into business as a textile manufacturer. In 1824, Owen travelled to America, where he invested most of his fortune in an experimental socialistic community at New Harmony, Indiana, the preliminary model for Owen's utopian society. It lasted only about two years
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Parenting
Parenting
Parenting
or child rearing is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Parenting
Parenting
refers to the intricacies of raising a child and not exclusively for a biological relationship.[1] The most common caretaker in parenting is the father or mother, or both, biological parent(s) of the child in question, although a surrogate may be an older sibling, a grandparent, a legal guardian, aunt, uncle or other family member, or a family friend.[2] Governments and society may also have a role in child-rearing. In many cases, orphaned or abandoned children receive parental care from non-parent or non-blood relations. Others may be adopted, raised in foster care, or placed in an orphanage
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Pedagogue
Pedagogy
Pedagogy
(/ˈpɛdəɡɒdʒi, -ɡoʊdʒi, -ɡɒɡi/), most commonly understood as the approach to teaching, refers to the theory and practice of learning, and how this process influences, and is influenced by, the social, political and psychological development of learners. Pedagogy, taken as an academic discipline, is the study of how knowledge and skills are imparted in an educational context, and it considers the interactions that take place during learning
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