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List Of Crew Served Weapons Of The US Armed Forces
This list contains weapons that are classified as crew-serve or crew service, often mislabeled as crew-served, as the term is used in the United States
United States
military. While the general understanding is that crew-serve weapons, unlike individual service weapons, require more than one person to operate them, there are important exceptions in the case of both squad automatic weapons (SAW) and special application rifles (SAR). Within the Table of Organization and Equipment
Table of Organization and Equipment
for both the United States Army and the U.S
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Crew Served Weapon
A crew-served[1] (crew-serve or crew service) weapon is any weapon system that requires a crew of more than one individual, as opposed to an individual service weapon, to function at optimum efficiency due to its operational complexity, such as requiring one person to load while another fires. The weight and bulk of the system often also necessitates multiple personnel for transportation. Crew-served weapons operated by infantry include high-precision/special application rifles, anti-materiel rifles, medium machine guns, heavy machine guns, automatic grenade launchers, mortars with calibers less than 120 mm (4.72 inches), anti-tank guns, anti-aircraft guns, recoilless rifles, shoulder-launched missile weapons, and static anti-tank and anti-aircraft missiles. These weapons are chiefly used as infantry support weapons
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M1919 Browning Machine Gun
400–600 round/min (1200–1500 for AN/M2 variant)Muzzle velocity 2,800 ft/s (850 m/s)Effective firing range 1,500 yd (1,400 m) (maximum effective range)Feed system 250-round beltThe M1919 Browning is a .30 caliber medium machine gun that was widely used during the 20th century, especially during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam
Vietnam
War. The M1919 saw service as a light infantry, coaxial, mounted, aircraft, and anti-aircraft machine gun by the U.S. and many other countries. Many M1919s were rechambered for the new 7.62×51mm NATO
7.62×51mm NATO
round and remain in service to this day. The M1919 was an air-cooled development of the standard US machine gun of World War I, the John M. Browning-designed water-cooled M1917
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FG 42
The FG 42
FG 42
(German: Fallschirmjägergewehr 42, "paratrooper rifle 42") is a selective-fire automatic rifle[1][2] produced in Nazi Germany during World War II. The weapon was developed specifically for the use of the Fallschirmjäger airborne infantry in 1942 and was used in very limited numbers until the end of the war. It combined the characteristics and firepower of a light machine gun in a lightweight form no larger than the standard-issue Kar 98k bolt-action rifle
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MG42
Mauser
Mauser
Werke AG Wilhelm-Gustloff-Stiftung Steyr-Daimler-Puch, Großfuß AG, MAGET (Maschinenbau und Gerätebau GmbH, Berlin-Tegel)Produced 1942–1945 (Nazi Germany)No. built 423,600[6]Variants MG 45/MG 42V, MG 1, MG 2, Rheinmetall
Rheinmetall
MG 3, M53, MG 74SpecificationsWeight 11.57 kg (25.51 lb)Length 1,220 mm (48 in)Barrel length 533 mm (21.0 in)Cartridge 7.92×57mm MauserAction Recoil-operated, roller-lockedRate of fire 1,200 rounds/min (varied between 900–1,500 rounds/min with different bolts) Practical: 153 rounds/min[7]Muzzle velocity 740 m/s (2,428 ft/s) (s.S
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M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle
The Browning Automatic Rifle
Rifle
(BAR) is a family of American automatic rifles and machine guns used by the United States
United States
and numerous other countries during the 20th century. The primary variant of the BAR series was the M1918, chambered for the .30-06 Springfield
.30-06 Springfield
rifle cartridge and designed by John Browning
John Browning
in 1917 for the U.S. Expeditionary Corps in Europe as a replacement for the French-made Chauchat
Chauchat
and M1909 Benét–Mercié machine guns that US forces had previously been issued. The BAR was designed to be carried by infantrymen during an assault[1] advance while supported by the sling over the shoulder, or to be fired from the hip
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M1941 Johnson Machine Gun
The M1941 Johnson Light Machine Gun, also known as the Johnson and the Johnny gun,[1] was an American recoil-operated light machine gun designed in the late 1930s by Melvin Johnson. It shared the same operating principle and many parts with the M1941 Johnson rifle
M1941 Johnson rifle
and the M1947 Johnson auto carbine.Contents1 Design 2 Users 3 Aftermath 4 Users 5 See also 6 Notes 7 Books and References 8 External linksDesign[edit] The M1941 light machine gun was designed by a Boston
Boston
lawyer and Captain in the Marine Corps Reserve named Melvin Johnson Jr. His goal was to build a semi-automatic rifle that would outperform the M1 the Army had adopted. By late 1937, he had designed, built, and successfully tested both a semi-automatic rifle and a prototype light machine gun
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United States Army Rangers
The United States Army
United States Army
Rangers are an elite rapid-deployment military formation of the United States Army, that serve in designated U.S. Army Ranger units or are graduates from the U.S. Army Ranger School.[1] The term ranger has been in use unofficially in a military context since the early 17th century. The first military company officially commissioned as rangers were English soldiers fighting in King Philip's War
King Philip's War
(1676) and from there the term came into common official use in the French and Indian Wars. There have been American military companies officially called Rangers since the American Revolution. The 75th Ranger Regiment
75th Ranger Regiment
is an elite airborne light infantry combat formation within the United States Army
United States Army
Special
Special
Operations Command (USASOC)
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United States Special Operations Forces
United States special operations forces
United States special operations forces
(SOF) are components of the Department of Defense's United States Special
Special
Operations Command (USSOCOM). The U.S. military definition of Special
Special
Operations Forces according to the Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms is "Those Active and Reserve Component forces of the Military Services designated by the Secretary of Defense and specifically organized, trained, and equipped to conduct and support special operations
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M14 Rifle
The M14 rifle, officially the United States
United States
Rifle, 7.62 mm, M14,[5] is an American automatic rifle that fires 7.62×51mm NATO (commercial .308 Winchester) ammunition. It gradually replaced the M1 Garand rifle in U.S. Army
U.S. Army
service by 1961 and in U.S. Marine Corps service by 1965. It was the standard-issued infantry rifle for U.S. military personnel in the contiguous United States, Europe, and South Korea from 1959[6] until the M16 began replacing it in 1964. The M14 was used for U.S. Army, Navy and Marine Corps basic and advanced individual training (AIT) from the mid-1960s to the early 1970s. The M14 was the last American battle rifle issued in quantity to U.S. military personnel. It was replaced by the M16 assault rifle, a lighter weapon using a lower caliber intermediate cartridge. The M14 rifle remains in limited service in all branches of the U.S
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M15 Rifle
The M14 rifle, officially the United States
United States
Rifle, 7.62 mm, M14,[5] is an American automatic rifle that fires 7.62×51mm NATO (commercial .308 Winchester) ammunition. It gradually replaced the M1 Garand rifle in U.S. Army
U.S. Army
service by 1961 and in U.S. Marine Corps service by 1965. It was the standard-issued infantry rifle for U.S. military personnel in the contiguous United States, Europe, and South Korea from 1959[6] until the M16 began replacing it in 1964. The M14 was used for U.S. Army, Navy and Marine Corps basic and advanced individual training (AIT) from the mid-1960s to the early 1970s. The M14 was the last American battle rifle issued in quantity to U.S. military personnel. It was replaced by the M16 assault rifle, a lighter weapon using a lower caliber intermediate cartridge. The M14 rifle remains in limited service in all branches of the U.S
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M16 Rifle
The M16 rifle, officially designated Rifle, Caliber 5.56 mm, M16, is a United States
United States
military adaptation of the ArmaLite
ArmaLite
AR-15 rifle.[12][13][14][n 1] The original M16 was a selective fire 5.56mm rifle with a 20-round magazine. In 1964, the M16 entered U.S. military service and the following year was deployed for jungle warfare operations during the Vietnam
Vietnam
War.[1] In 1969, the M16A1 replaced the M14 rifle
M14 rifle
to become the U.S. military's standard service rifle.[17][18] The M16A1 improvements include a bolt-assist, chrome plated bore and a new 30-round magazine.[1] In 1983, the U.S. Marine Corps adopted the M16A2 rifle and the U.S. Army adopted it in 1986
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Stoner 63
The Stoner 63, is a 5.56×45mm NATO, Modular Weapon System, using a variety of modular components, it can be configured as a rifle, a carbine, a top-fed light machine gun, a belt-fed squad automatic weapon, or a vehicle mounted weapon. Also known as the M63, XM22, XM23, XM207 or the Mk 23 Mod 0 machine gun, it was designed by Eugene Stoner in the early 1960s. Cadillac Gage
Cadillac Gage
was the primary manufacturer of the Stoner 63
Stoner 63
during its history. The Stoner 63
Stoner 63
saw very limited combat use by United States forces during the Vietnam
Vietnam
War, including the Navy SEALs and Marine Corps
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Lewis Gun
The Lewis gun
Lewis gun
(or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom,[1] and widely used by British and British Empire
British Empire
troops during the war. With its distinctive barrel cooling shroud (containing a finned, aluminum breech-to-muzzle heat sink to cool the gun barrel) and top-mounted pan magazine, the Lewis served to the end of the Korean War
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CAR-15
The Colt Automatic Rifle-15 or CAR-15
CAR-15
was a family of M16 rifle
M16 rifle
based firearms marketed by Colt in the 1960s and early 1970s. However, the term "CAR-15" is most commonly associated with the Colt Commando (AKA: XM177), these select-fire carbines have ultrashort 10.5-inch (270 mm) and 11.5-inch (290 mm) barrels with over-sized flash suppressors. The CAR-15
CAR-15
name was an attempt to re-associate the AR-15 name with Colt, since the AR initially stood for ArmaLite
ArmaLite
Rifle, the original manufacturer of the ArmaLite
ArmaLite
AR-15. Colt later abandoned the CAR-15 concept, but continued to make carbine variations, using the "M16" brand for select-fire models and the "Colt AR-15" brand for semi-automatic models
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Chauchat
The Chauchat
Chauchat
was the standard light machine gun or "machine rifle" of the French Army
French Army
during World War I
World War I
(1914–18). Its official designation was "Fusil Mitrailleur Modele 1915 CSRG" ("Machine Rifle Model 1915 CSRG"). Beginning in June 1916, it was placed into regular service with French infantry, where the troops called it the FM Chauchat, after Colonel Louis Chauchat, the main contributor to its design
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