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List Of Common Chinese Surnames
These are LISTS OF THE MOST COMMON CHINESE SURNAMES in China (People's Republic of China), Taiwan
Taiwan
(Republic of China), and the Chinese diaspora overseas as provided by authoritative government or academic sources. Chinese names also form the basis for many common Vietnamese , Korean , and Japanese surnames in both translation and transliteration into those languages. The conception of China
China
as consisting of the "old 100 families " (Chinese : 老百姓; pinyin : Lǎo Bǎi Xìng; literally: "Old Hundred Surnames") is an ancient and traditional one, the most notable tally being the Song -era Hundred Family Surnames (Chinese : 百家姓; pinyin : Bǎi Jiā Xìng)
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Midnight
MIDNIGHT is the transition time from one day to the next – the moment when the date changes. In ancient Roman timekeeping , midnight was halfway between sunset and sunrise (i.e., solar midnight), varying according to the seasons . By clock time, midnight is the opposite of noon , differing from it by 12 hours. SOLAR MIDNIGHT is the time opposite to solar noon , when the Sun is closest to the nadir , and the night is equidistant from dusk and dawn . Due to the advent of time zones , which make time identical across a range of meridians , and daylight saving time , it rarely coincides with 12 midnight on the clock. Solar midnight depends on longitude and time of the year rather than on time zone
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State Post Bureau
The STATE POST BUREAU is the government agency that regulates China Post , the postal service of the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
. The agency used to report to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology . The agency has been annexed by the Ministry of Transport . The bureau is headed by the Director General. The current Director General is Ma Junsheng. Its responsibilities includes protecting state interests and consumer rights, the development of the national postal network and universal postal delivery services. The SPB has post bureaus in all the administrative divisions of the country which serve as public utility enterprises. CONTENTS* 1 Administration * 1.1 Management * 1.2 Departmental structure * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links ADMINISTRATIONMANAGEMENTThe agency is directed by a Director General and four Deputy Directors General. POSITION NAME CHINESE Director-General Mr
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Indonesia
Coordinates : 5°S 120°E / 5°S 120°E / -5; 120 Republic
Republic
of Indonesia Republik Indonesia
Indonesia
(Indonesian ) Flag National emblem MOTTO:
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Liu (surname)
劉 / 刘 (LIU, LAO, LAU, LOW, LAUV, LIEH, LIEU, LIEW, LOO, LEW, LIOU or YU) is a common Chinese family name . The LIU (/ˈljuː/ ) as transcribed in English can represent several different surnames written in different Chinese characters
Chinese characters
: * 劉 (traditional ) / 刘 (simplified ), pinyin : Liú ,Lau(Hokkien). A very common surname, as it was the family name of Han Dynasty emperors. * 柳 pinyin: Liǔ in Mandarin Chinese
Mandarin Chinese
, Lau : Cantonese * 留 pinyin: Liú in Mandarin, Lau : Cantonese * 六 pinyin: Liù in Mandarin, Lyuk : Cantonese * 廖 Cantonese pinyin : Liu
Liu
6, Mandarin : Liao, WuIn Cantonese transliteration , 刘/劉 (Liú) is LAU , LAO is also transliteration of 刘/劉 in Min Nan and Taiwanese Minnan Chinese language, whilst LIU is a different surname, 廖, pinyin : Liào
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1982 Chinese Census
The THIRD NATIONAL POPULATION CENSUS OF THE PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), also referred to as the 1982 CHINESE CENSUS, was conducted by the People\'s Republic of China with a zero hour of 1 July 1982. A summary of the results were issued by the State Security Bureau and reported in the People\'s Daily on October 27, 1982. Preparations for the census were begun in 1976, with fact-finding missions sent to the United States and Japan to review their methods. Computers were installed in every provincial capital except Tibet; these were linked to a central processing unit at the Beijing
Beijing
office of the State Statistical Bureau . Pretests and trial runs occurred in 1980 and 1981. It was not until after this census had begun that the second census of 1964 was officially acknowledged to have occurred at all. It had been an eighteen-year hiatus, and it wouldn't be until 1987 that China adopted a decennial plan, beginning with the 1990 census
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Ministry Of Public Security Of The People's Republic Of China
The MINISTRY OF PUBLIC SECURITY (MPS) is the principal police and security authority of the People\'s Republic of China
China
and the government agency that exercises oversight over and is ultimately responsible for day-to-day law enforcement. It currently has 1.9 million officers. It is headed by the Minister of Public Security . Prior to 1954, it was known as the MINISTRY OF PUBLIC SECURITY OF THE CENTRAL PEOPLE\'S GOVERNMENT. The Ministry operates the system of Public Security Bureaus , which are broadly the equivalent of police forces or police stations in other countries. The candidate for the minister of the MPS is nominated by the Premier of the People\'s Republic of China
China
and approved by the National People\'s Congress
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Factoid
A FACTOID is either a false or spurious statement presented as a fact or a true, but brief or trivial, item of news or information. The term was coined in 1973 by American writer Norman Mailer to mean a piece of information that becomes accepted as a fact even though it is not actually true, or an invented fact believed to be true because it appears in print. Since its creation in 1973, the term has evolved, now often being used to describe a brief or trivial item of news or information. CONTENTS * 1 Usage * 2 Versus factlet * 3 See also * 4 References USAGEThe Oxford English Dictionary
Oxford English Dictionary
defines a factoid as a brief or trivial item of news or information and as an item of unreliable information that is repeated so often that it becomes accepted as fact. The term was coined by American writer Norman Mailer in his 1973 biography of Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe

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Guinness Book Of World Records
GUINNESS WORLD RECORDS, known from its inception in 1955 until 1998 as THE GUINNESS BOOK OF RECORDS and in previous United States
United States
editions as THE GUINNESS BOOK OF WORLD RECORDS, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world. The book itself holds a world record, as the best-selling copyrighted book of all time. As of the 2017 edition, it is now in its 63rd year of publication, published in 100 countries and 23 languages. The international franchise has extended beyond print to include television series and museums. The popularity of the franchise has resulted in Guinness
Guinness
World Records becoming the primary international authority on the cataloging and verification of a huge number of world records; the organization employs official record adjudicators authorized to verify the authenticity of the setting and breaking of records
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Chinese Language
LEGEND: Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers Major Chinese-speaking settlements THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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People's Republic Of China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia
East Asia
and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of over 1.381 billion . Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world's second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by total area . Governed by the Communist Party of China
China
, it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin
Tianjin
, Shanghai
Shanghai
, and Chongqing
Chongqing
) and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
, also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan
Taiwan

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Huang (surname)
HUANG (/ˈhwɑːŋ/ , simplified Chinese : 黄; traditional Chinese : 黃) is a Chinese surname
Chinese surname
that means "Yellow". While Huáng is the pinyin romanization of the word, it may also be romanised as Hwang , Huong, Houang, Hoang, Wong , Waan, Wan, Waon, Hwong, Vong, Hung, Hong, Bong, Eng, Ng , Uy, Wee, Oi, Oei, Oey
Oey
, or Ooi, Ong, or Ung due to pronunciations of the word in different dialects and languages. This surname is known as HWANG in Korean . In Vietnamese , the name is known as HOàNG or HUỳNH. Huang is the 7th most common surname in China
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Zhao (surname)
ZHAO (/dʒaʊ/ ; simplified Chinese : 赵; traditional Chinese : 趙), also romanized CHAO, CHO, CHIU, TIO, and various other forms, is a Chinese family name , ranking as the 7th most common surname in Mainland China
Mainland China
and carried mainly by people of Mandarin-speaking regions. Zhao is the 1st surname in the famous Hundred Family Surnames – the traditional list of all Chinese surnames – because it was the emperor's surname of the Song Dynasty
Song Dynasty
(960–1279) when the list was compiled. The romanized spelling is shared with the much rarer family name Zhào (兆). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Modern Culture * 3 Prominent people with the family name * 3.1 Historical figures * 3.2 Modern figures * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYZhao is one of the most ancient of Chinese surnames, and its origins are partly shrouded in legend
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Luo (surname)
LUO or LO refers to the Mandarin romanizations of the Chinese surnames 羅 ( Simplified Chinese
Simplified Chinese
: 罗, pinyin : Luó, Jyutping
Jyutping
: Lo4) and 駱 ( Simplified Chinese
Simplified Chinese
: 骆, pinyin : Luò, Jyutping
Jyutping
: Lok3). Of the two surnames, 羅 is much more common among Chinese people. In Cantonese
Cantonese
, 羅 is usually romanized as LAW or LO, and sometimes LOH, or LOWE, and 駱 is usually romanized as LOK or LOC, though the more Western-appearing romanization LOCKE can sometimes be found. In Teochew , 罗/羅 is most commonly transliterated as LOR or LAW while 骆/駱 is written as LOK. In North Korea
North Korea
, 羅 is transcribed as 라 (RA) and South Korea
South Korea
is transcribed as 나 (NA)
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Zheng (surname)
ZHèNG (Hanyu Pinyin ) or CHENG ( Wade-Giles ) is a Chinese surname and also the name of an ancient state in today's Henan
Henan
province. It is written as 鄭 in traditional Chinese and 郑 in simplified Chinese . In 2006, Zheng (Cheng/Chang) ranked 21st in China's list of top 100 most common surnames . Zheng (Cheng/Chang) belongs to the second major group of ten surnames which makes up more than 10% of the Chinese population. Zheng (Cheng/Chang) was a major surname of the rich and powerful during China's Tang dynasty. In Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Taiwan
Taiwan
, the name is normally romanized as CHENG or TCHENG, but it is occasionally romanized as CHANG in Hong Kong
Hong Kong

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Liang (surname)
LIANG ( Romanization
Romanization
used in China
China
, Chinese : 梁) is an East Asian surname of Chinese origin. Meaning "a beam", "a bridge", or "an elevation", or "a mast", the surname is often transliterated as LEUNG (in Hong Kong) or LEONG (in Macau, Malaysia, and Singapore) according to its Cantonese
Cantonese
and Hakka pronunciation, NEO / NIO / NIU (Hokkien , Teochew , Hainan
Hainan
), or LIONG (Foochow ). To Indonesia, it is known as LIANG or NIO. It is also common in Korea
Korea
, where it is written YANG 양 or RYANG 량 . In Vietnam
Vietnam
, it's pronounced as LươNG
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