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List Auf Sylt
LIST AUF SYLT (known as LIST until 31 December 2008 ) is the northernmost municipality in Germany
Germany
, located on the North Sea
North Sea
island of Sylt
Sylt
close to Denmark
Denmark
in the district of Nordfriesland
Nordfriesland
in the state of Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Geography * 3.1 Subdivisions * 4 Demographics * 5 Economy * 6 Attractions * 7 Government * 8 Infrastructure * 8.1 Transport * 9 Education * 10 Notable people * 11 References * 12 External links ETYMOLOGYList derived from the Middle Low German
Middle Low German
Liste (ledge, bar or edge). :230 HISTORYList was originally a Danish settlement. It was first mentioned in 1292 (Lystum). The original village was destroyed by the great flood of 1364
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World War II
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations * Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War (more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIES AXIS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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Treaty Of Versailles
The TREATY OF VERSAILLES (French : Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I
World War I
to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers . It was signed on 28 June 1919 in Versailles
Versailles
, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand . The other Central Powers on the German side of World War I
World War I
signed separate treaties. Although the armistice , signed on 11 November 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of Allied negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations
League of Nations
on 21 October 1919
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Flight And Expulsion Of Germans (1944–50)
During the later stages of World War II
World War II
and the post-war period, German citizens and people of German ancestry were expelled from various Eastern European countries and sent to the remaining territory of Germany
Germany
and Austria. After 1950, some emigrated to the United States, Australia, and other countries from there. The areas affected included the former eastern territories of Germany
Germany
, which were annexed by Poland and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
after the war, as well as Germans
Germans
who were living within the prewar borders of Poland , Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia, and the Baltic States
Baltic States
. The Nazis
Nazis
had made plans —only partially completed before the Nazi defeat—to remove many Slavic and Jewish people from Eastern Europe and settle the area with Germans
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Heligoland
HELIGOLAND (/ˈhɛlᵻɡoʊlænd/ ; German : Helgoland ; Heligolandic Frisian : deät Lun lit. "the Land") is a small German archipelago in the North Sea . The islands were at one time Danish and later British possessions. The islands (population 1,127) are located in the Heligoland
Heligoland
Bight (part of the German Bight
German Bight
) in the southeastern corner of the North Sea. They are the only German islands not in the immediate vicinity of the mainland. They lie approximately 69 kilometres (43 miles) by sea from Cuxhaven at the mouth of the River Elbe
River Elbe
. During the period of British possession, the lyrics to " Deutschlandlied
Deutschlandlied
", which became the national anthem of Germany, were written on one of the islands by August Heinrich Hoffmann in 1841, while he was vacationing there
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Kiel
KIEL (German: ( listen )) is the capital and most populous city in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
, with a population of 240,832 (June 2014). Kiel
Kiel
lies approximately 90 kilometres (56 mi) north of Hamburg
Hamburg
. Due to its geographic location in the north of Germany, the southeast of the Jutland
Jutland
peninsula and the southwestern shore of the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
, Kiel
Kiel
has become one of the major maritime centres of Germany. For instance, the city is known for a variety of international sailing events, including the annual Kiel Week
Kiel Week
, which is the biggest sailing event in the world. The Olympic sailing competitions of the 1936 and the 1972 Summer Olympics were held in Bay of Kiel
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Lufthansa
DEUTSCHE LUFTHANSA AG (FWB : LHA) (German pronunciation: ), commonly known as LUFTHANSA (sometimes also as Lufthansa
Lufthansa
German Airlines), is the largest German airline and, when combined with its subsidiaries, also the largest airline in Europe , in terms of fleet size, and the second largest airline in terms of passengers carried during 2016. It operates services to 18 domestic destinations and 197 international destinations in 78 countries across Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe, using a fleet of more than 270 aircraft. Lufthansa
Lufthansa
is one of the five founding members of Star Alliance , the world's largest airline alliance , formed in 1997. The name of the company is derived from Luft 'air' and Hansa, the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League

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Deutsche Verkehrsfliegerschule
The DEUTSCHE VERKEHRSFLIEGERSCHULE (DVS), German Air Transport School, was a covert military-training organization operating as a flying school in Germany
Germany
. It began during the Weimar Republic
Weimar Republic
in Staaken
Staaken
, Berlin
Berlin
in 1925 and its head office was transferred in 1929 to Broitzem airfield near Braunschweig
Braunschweig
. The DVS was outwardly a flying school for commercial pilots, but in fact became a secret military arm training military aviators for the future Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
. This training facility grew in importance in the initial stages of Nazi Germany
Germany
, while camouflaging as a harmless civilian organization (Tarnorganisation), at the time of Germany\'s rearmament in violation of the Versailles Treaty
Versailles Treaty

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Second Schleswig War
Austro-Prussian victory * Treaty of Vienna (1864)
Treaty of Vienna (1864)
Territorial changes Denmark
Denmark
surrenders control over
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Prussia
PRUSSIA (German : Preußen (help ·info )) was a historical state originating out of the Duchy of Prussia and the Margraviate of Brandenburg , and centred on the region of Prussia
Prussia
. For centuries, the House of Hohenzollern ruled Prussia, successfully expanding its size by way of an unusually well-organised and effective army. Prussia, with its capital in Königsberg
Königsberg
and from 1701 in Berlin
Berlin
, shaped the history of Germany
Germany
. In 1871, German states united to create the German Empire
German Empire
under Prussian leadership. In November 1918, the monarchies were abolished and the nobility lost its political power during the German Revolution of 1918–19
German Revolution of 1918–19

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Schleswig Plebiscites, 1920
The SCHLESWIG PLEBISCITES were two plebiscites , organized according to section XII, articles 109 to 114 of the Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
of June 28, 1919, in order to determine the future border between Denmark and Germany
Germany
through the former duchy of Schleswig
Schleswig
. The process was monitored by a commission with representatives from France
France
, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, Norway
Norway
and Sweden
Sweden
. The plebiscites were held on 10 February and 14 March 1920, and the result was that the larger northern portion (Zone I) voted to join Denmark, while the smaller southern portion (Zone II) voted to remain part of Germany
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World War I
Allied victory (exception: Russian defeat) * Fall of the German , Russian , Ottoman , and Austro-Hungarian empires * Formation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East * Transfer of German colonies
German colonies
and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers * Establishment of the League of Nations . (more..
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Bundeswehr
The BUNDESWEHR (German: ( listen ), Federal Defence) is the unified armed forces of Germany
Germany
and their civil administration and procurement authorities. The States of Germany
Germany
are not allowed to maintain armed forces of their own, since the German Constitution states that matters of defense fall into the sole responsibility of the federal government . The Bundeswehr
Bundeswehr
is divided into a military part (armed forces or Streitkräfte) and a civil part with the armed forces administration (Wehrverwaltung). The military part of the federal defense force consists of the Heer (Army), Marine (Navy), Luftwaffe (Air Force), Streitkräftebasis (Joint Support Service), Zentraler Sanitätsdienst (Joint Medical Service), and the Kommando Cyber- und Informationsraum (Cyber and Information Space Command) branches
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Heath
A HEATH is a shrubland habitat found mainly on free-draining infertile, acidic soils and is characterised by open, low-growing woody vegetation. Moorland
Moorland
is generally related to high-ground heaths with—especially in Great Britain
Great Britain
—a cooler and more damp climate. Heaths are widespread worldwide, but are fast disappearing and considered a rare habitat in Europe. They form extensive and highly diverse communities across Australia
Australia
in humid and sub-humid areas where fire regimes with recurring burning are required for the maintenance of the heathlands. Even more diverse though less widespread heath communities occur in Southern Africa
Southern Africa
. Extensive heath communities can also be found in the California
California
chaparral , New Caledonia , central Chile
Chile
and along the shores of the Mediterranean Sea
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Wolfgang Von Gronau
HANS WOLFGANG VON GRONAU (25 February 1893 - 17 March 1977) was a German aviation pioneer. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Honours * 3 Bibliography * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHY Wolfgang von Gronau
Wolfgang von Gronau
was born in Berlin
Berlin
in a family hailing from the ancient dynasty of the House of Berg . He was the son of artillery General Hans von Gronau (1850–1940) and Luise Gerischer (1867–1926). Right before World War I
World War I
he joined the Imperial German Navy where he was put in charge of a flying boat squadron. After the disbandment of the imperial military in 1919 von Gronau had reached the rank of Oberleutnant zur See , highest lieutenant grade in the German Navy
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