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Likud
LIKUD (Hebrew : הַלִּיכּוּד‎, translit. _HaLikud_, lit. _The Consolidation_), officially the LIKUD–NATIONAL LIBERAL MOVEMENT, is a center-right to right-wing political party in Israel . A secular party, it was founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin and Ariel Sharon in an alliance with several right-wing and liberal parties. Likud's landslide victory in the 1977 elections was a major turning point in the country's political history, marking the first time the left had lost power. In addition, it was the first time in Israel that a right-wing party won the plurality of the votes. However, after ruling the country for most of the 1980s, the party lost the Knesset election in 1992. Nevertheless, Likud's candidate Benjamin Netanyahu did win the vote for Prime Minister in 1996 and was given the task of forming a government after the 1996 elections . Netanyahu's government fell apart after a vote of no confidence, which led to elections being called in 1999 and Likud losing power to the One Israel coalition led by Ehud Barak . In 2001, Likud's Ariel Sharon , who replaced Netanyahu following the 1999 election, defeated Barak in an election called by the Prime Minister following his resignation. After the party recorded a convincing win in the 2003 elections , Likud saw a major split in 2005 when Sharon left to form the Kadima party
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Benjamin Netanyahu
BENJAMIN "BIBI" NETANYAHU (Hebrew : בִּנְיָמִין "בִּיבִּי" נְתַנְיָהוּ‎ (help ·info ); born 21 October 1949) is the current Prime Minister of Israel
Prime Minister of Israel
. Netanyahu also currently serves as a member of the Knesset
Knesset
and Chairman of the Likud party. Born in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
to secular Jewish parents, Netanyahu is the first Israeli prime minister born in Israel
Israel
after the establishment of the state . Netanyahu joined the Israel
Israel
Defense Forces shortly after the Six-Day War in 1967, and became a team leader in the Sayeret Matkal special forces unit. Netanyahu took part in many missions, including Operation Inferno (1968), Operation Gift (1968) and Operation Isotope (1972), during which he was shot in the shoulder. Netanyahu fought on the front lines in the War of Attrition and the Yom Kippur War
Yom Kippur War
in 1973, taking part in special forces raids along the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
, and then leading a commando assault deep into Syrian territory. Netanyahu achieved the rank of captain before being discharged. After graduating from MIT
MIT
with Bachelor of Science (SB) and Master of Science (SM) degrees, Netanyahu was recruited as an economic consultant for the Boston Consulting Group
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Menachem Begin
MENACHEM BEGIN (_ listen (help ·info ); Hebrew
Hebrew
: מְנַחֵם בֵּגִין‎ Menaḥem Begin_, Polish : _Mieczysław Biegun_; Russian : Менахем Вольфович Бегин _Menakhem Volfovich Begin_; 16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politician, founder of Likud and the sixth Prime Minister of Israel
Prime Minister of Israel
. Before the creation of the state of Israel, he was the leader of the Zionist militant group Irgun
Irgun
, the Revisionist breakaway from the larger Jewish paramilitary organization Haganah
Haganah
. He proclaimed a revolt , on 1 February 1944, against the British mandatory government , which was opposed by the Jewish Agency . As head of the Irgun, he targeted the British in Palestine. Later, the Irgun
Irgun
fought the Arabs during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine . Begin was elected to the first Knesset, as head of Herut , the party he founded, and was at first on the political fringe, embodying the opposition to the Mapai -led government and Israeli establishment. He remained in opposition in the eight consecutive elections (except for a national unity government around the Six-Day War ), but became more acceptable to the political center. His 1977 electoral victory and premiership ended three decades of Labor Party political dominance
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Ariel Sharon
ARIEL SHARON (Hebrew : אריאל שרון‎‎; IPA: (_ listen ), Ariʼēl Sharōn_, also known by his diminutive Arik, אַריק, born ARIEL SCHEINERMANN, אריאל שיינרמן‎; February 26, 1928 – January 11, 2014) was an Israeli general and politician who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Israel
Prime Minister of Israel
from March 2001 until April 2006. Sharon was incapacitated by a stroke in January 2006. Sharon was a commander in the Israeli Army from its creation in 1948. As a soldier and then an officer, he participated prominently in the 1948 War of Independence , becoming a platoon commander in the Alexandroni Brigade and taking part in many battles, including Operation Bin Nun Alef . He was an instrumental figure in the creation of Unit 101 and the reprisal operations , as well as in the 1956 Suez Crisis , the Six-Day War of 1967, the War of Attrition , and the Yom-Kippur War of 1973. As Minister of Defense, he directed the 1982 Lebanon War . Sharon was considered the greatest field commander in Israel's history, and one of the country's greatest military strategists and tacticians. Upon retirement from the military, Sharon entered politics, joining the Likud , and served in a number of ministerial posts in Likud-led governments in 1977–92 and 1996–99
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Gahal
GAHAL (Hebrew : גח"ל‎‎, an acronym for Gush Herut-Liberalim (Hebrew: גוש חרות-ליברלים), lit. Herut-Liberals Bloc) was the major right-wing political alliance in Israel
Israel
led by Menachem Begin from its founding in 1965 until the establishment of Likud in 1973. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Electoral results * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORY Gahal was formed by an alliance of Herut and the Liberal Party towards the end of the fifth Knesset in preparation for the 1965 elections . The alliance brought together the only two right-wing parties in the Knesset , each with 17 seats at the time. The Liberal Party had only been formed in 1961 by a merger of the General Zionists and the Progressive Party . The Gahal platform largely incorporated Herut's approach to security and foreign affairs and the Liberal Party's approach to economics and finance. However, several former Liberal Party members were unhappy with the alliance, identifying Herut and its leader, Menachem Begin
Menachem Begin
as too right-wing. As a result, seven MKs broke away from the Liberal Party to form the Independent Liberals , which later merged into the left-wing Alignment
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Herut
HERUT (Hebrew : חרות‎, Freedom) was the major right-wing nationalist political party in Israel
Israel
from 1948 until its formal merger into Likud in 1988. It was an adherent of Revisionist Zionism and was initially known in part for its militia actions; it became more moderate from 1951. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Platform * 3 Opposition to Herut
Herut
* 4 Decline * 5 Begin\'s return * 6 Gahal alliance * 7 Government participation * 8 Herut – The National Movement * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORY Herut
Herut
was founded by Menachem Begin on 15 June 1948 as a successor to the Revisionist Irgun , a militant paramilitary group in Mandate Palestine . The new party was a challenge to the Hatzohar party established by Ze\'ev Jabotinsky . Herut
Herut
also established an eponymous newspaper , with many of its founding journalists defecting from Hatzohar's HaMashkif . Herut's political expectations were high as the first election approached in 1949. It took credit for driving the British government out and as a young movement, reflecting the esprit of the nation, it perceived its image as being more attractive than the old establishment
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Liberal Party (Israel)
The ISRAELI LIBERAL PARTY (Hebrew : מפלגה ליברלית ישראלית‎‎, Miflega Libralit Yisraelit) was a political party in Israel
Israel
and is one of the ancestors of the modern-day Likud . The party was created by a merger between the centrist Progressive Party and the General Zionists
General Zionists
, forming a right-leaning, middle-class-based party. The Progressives soon seceded to form the Independent Liberals in 1964. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 List of chairperson * 3 Electoral results * 4 External links * 5 References HISTORYThe Liberal Party had its roots in the General Zionists
General Zionists
, centrists who sought to unify all Zionists without regard to socialist, revisionist , or religious leanings, and stressed industrial development and private enterprise. The group split into two wings in 1935; the majority, General Zionists
General Zionists
A, led by Chaim Weizman , were on the left; General Zionists
General Zionists
B were on the right. Both were made up of industrialists, merchants, landlords, white-collar professionals, and intellectuals. They merged again in 1946 to form the General Zionist party, but split again in 1948 when group A helped form the Progressive Party
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Free Centre
The FREE CENTRE (Hebrew : המרכז החופשי‎‎, HaMerkaz HaHofshi) was a political party in Israel , and is one of the ancestors of the modern-day Likud . BACKGROUNDThe party was created on 29 March 1967 during the sixth Knesset when Shmuel Tamir led a breakaway of three Herut members (the other two being Eliezer Shostak and Avraham Tiar ) after a leadership dispute with Menachem Begin . Before the next election they were joined by Shlomo Cohen-Tzidon who had also left Gahal and failed in an attempt to create a one-man parliamentary group named the Popular Faction. In the 1969 elections the Free Centre only just passed the electoral threshold of 1%, claiming 1.2% of the vote and 2 seats, which were taken by Tamir and Shostak. Before the 1973 elections it joined the Likud alliance formed by Herut , the Liberal Party (which had formerly been allied as Gahal ), the National List and the Movement for Greater Israel . The new alliance won 39 seats, with four taken by the Free Centre; Tamir and Shostak were joined by Ehud Olmert and Akiva Nof . In 1974, internal conflict led to Shostak and Ehud Olmert leaving the Free Centre to establish the Independent Centre , which later merged into the La\'am faction
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National List
The NATIONAL LIST (Hebrew : רשימה ממלכתית‎‎, Reshima Mamlakhtit), sometimes translated as the STATE LIST, was a political party in Israel
Israel
. Despite being founded by David Ben-Gurion , one of the fathers of the Israeli left, the party is an ancestor of the modern-day Likud , Israel's largest right-wing bloc. BACKGROUNDThe National List had been formed by Ben-Gurion prior to the 1969 elections after his former party, Rafi , had merged into the Alignment against his wishes. The new party won four seats in the seventh Knesset, and Ben Gurion was joined in the Knesset by Meir Avizohar , Isser Harel
Isser Harel
and Yigal Hurvitz . During the session Avizohar defected to the Alignment, leaving the party with three seats. Ben-Gurion resigned from the Knesset in 1970, and was replaced by Zalman Shoval . Without Ben Gurion's leadership, the party began to disintegrate. Before the 1973 elections it joined the Likud alliance formed by Herut , the Liberal Party (which had formerly been allied as Gahal ), Free Centre and the Movement for Greater Israel
Israel
. The new alliance won 39 seats, with Hurvitz and Shoval being elected to the Knesset on its list
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Movement For Greater Israel
The MOVEMENT FOR GREATER ISRAEL (Hebrew : התנועה למען ארץ ישראל השלמה‎‎, HaTenu'a Lema'an Eretz Yisrael HaSheleima, officially called themselves in English Land of Israel Movement) was a political organisation in Israel
Israel
during the 1960s and 1970s which subscribed to an ideology of Greater Israel
Greater Israel
. The organization was formed in July 1967, a month after Israel captured the Gaza Strip , the Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
, the West Bank
West Bank
, and the Golan Heights
Golan Heights
in the Six-Day War . It called on the Israeli government to keep the captured areas and to settle them with Jewish populations. Its founders were a mixture of Labor Zionists , Revisionists , writers and poets, including Nathan Alterman
Nathan Alterman
, Aharon Amir , Haim Gouri
Haim Gouri
, Rachel Yanait Ben-Zvi , Yitzhak Tabenkin
Yitzhak Tabenkin
, Icchak Cukierman , Zivia Lubetkin , Eliezer Livneh , Moshe Shamir , Shmuel Katz , Zev Vilnay , Uri Zvi Greenberg , Shmuel Yosef Agnon , Isser Harel , Israel
Israel
Eldad , Dan Tolkovsky and Avraham Yoffe
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Metzudat Ze'ev
METZUDAT ZE\'EV (Hebrew : מצודת זאב‎‎, lit. "Ze'ev's fortress / stronghold") is an office building located on 38 King George Street in Tel-Aviv , Israel
Israel
. It is also known as Beit Jabotinsky (Hebrew : בית ז'בוטינסקי‎‎, lit. "Jabotinsky's House") or sometimes simply as HaMetzuda (Hebrew : המצודה‎‎, lit. "the fortress / stronghold"). Built in a Brutalist style, the building was planned in 1936 and its construction lasted until 1963. Upon completion, at 60 metres (200 ft), it was one of the tallest buildings in Tel Aviv. The building is named after the founder of the Revisionist Zionism
Revisionist Zionism
movement, Ze\'ev Jabotinsky and serves as the headquarters of the Israeli right-wing Likud party. HISTORY Metzudat Ze'ev
Metzudat Ze'ev
is one of the oldest towers in Tel Aviv. It is built on the site of the shack that, during the 1930s, served as the headquarters of the Revisionist Zionism
Revisionist Zionism
movement, Betar
Betar
youth movement, and as the secret meeting place of the Irgun fighters. In 1936, these movements consolidated a plan for a new building. The building's architect was Mordechai Ben-Horin , and the construction work lasted for a considerable number of years
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King George Street (Tel Aviv)
KING GEORGE STREET (Hebrew : רחוב המלך ג'ורג'‎‎ Rehov ha-Melekh Jorj) is a street in Tel Aviv . The street extends from Masaryk Square in the north to Magen David Square in the south, where it meets with Allenby Street
Allenby Street
, the Carmel Market
Carmel Market
, Nahalat Binyamin Street , and Simta Plonit . The street is named for King George V of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
who reigned during the British Mandate . At the beginning of the 1920s, the street was called "Carmel Street." In 1935, it was changed to its current name to mark the occasion of the king's Silver Jubilee . The western section of the street is still called "Carmel Street", which is where the Carmel Market
Carmel Market
is located. The street is a bustling commercial centre with many stores, restaurants and coffee shops. It is adjacent to the Carmel Market
Carmel Market
, as well as Dizengoff Center
Dizengoff Center
mall on Dizengoff Street
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Tel Aviv
TEL AVIV-YAFO (Hebrew : תֵּל אָבִיב-יָפוֹ‎, , Arabic : تل أَبيب-يافا‎‎) is a major city in Israel , located on the country\'s Mediterranean coastline . It is the financial center and the technology hub of Israel, with a population of 432,892, making it Israel's second-largest city. Tel Aviv is the largest city in the Gush Dan region of Israel. Tel Aviv is also a focal point in the high-tech concentration known as the Silicon Wadi . Tel Aviv is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality , headed by Ron Huldai , and is home to many foreign embassies . Tel Aviv is a global city , and is the 32nd most important financial center in the world. Tel Aviv is known to have the third-largest economy of any city in the Middle East after Abu Dhabi and Kuwait City , and has the 31st highest cost of living in the world. The city receives over a million international visitors annually. Known as "The City that Never Sleeps" and a "party capital", it has a lively nightlife and 24-hour culture. The city was founded in 1909 by Jewish immigrants on the outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa (Hebrew : יָפוֹ‎ _Yafo_). It is named after the Hebrew translation of Theodor Herzl's 1902 novel, _Altneuland_ , meaning "Old New Land"
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Israel
Coordinates : 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35 State of Israel * מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew ) * دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: " Hatikvah " (Hebrew for "The Hope") Capital and largest city Jerusalem _(internationally unrecognized )_ 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES * Hebrew * Arabic ETHNIC GROUPS (2016) * 74.8% Jewish * 20.8% Arab * 4.4% other RELIGION * 74.8% Jewish * 17.6% Muslim * 2% Christian * 1.6% Druze * 4% other DEMONYM Israeli GOVERNMENT Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic • PRESIDENT Reuven Rivlin • PRIME MINISTER
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Pride In The Likud
LIKUD PRIDE (Hebrew : גאווה בליכוד; Ga'ava BaLikud) is a conservative LGBT organization founded in 2011 and linked to the Israeli
Israeli
right-wing Likud party. The groups chairman is Amir Ohana
Amir Ohana
, who is also one of its founders, Amir Ohana
Amir Ohana
, was designated in 2015 as the Likud's first openly gay member of the Knesset and also of the Israeli
Israeli
right-wing. They see themselves as a grouping with a Zionist and liberal nationalist ideology, that integrates the values of the political party to which they belong. The group contributes actively to participate in different public manifestations in favor of the rights of the LGBT people in Israel, such as pride parades and festivals, as well as the LGBT Day in the Knesset . During the annual Tel Aviv Pride 2015, group leaders received threats, especially from political opposition members of the Israeli
Israeli
left-wing. REFERENCES * ^ A B גאווה בליכוד * ^ " Knesset Member, Amir Ohana". * ^ "How Amir Ohana, 1st openly gay Likud MK, came out of the ‘political closet’". JNS.org. Retrieved 2017-07-23. * ^ Lior, Ilan (2015-12-21). "Likud\'s First Openly Gay Lawmaker to Be Sworn in Following Silvan Shalom\'s Resignation". Haaretz. Retrieved 2017-07-23
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List Of Political Ideologies
In social studies , a political ideology is a certain set of ethical ideals , principles, doctrines , myths or symbols of a social movement , institution , class or large group that explains how society should work, and offers some political and cultural blueprint for a certain social order. A political ideology largely concerns itself with how to allocate power and to what ends it should be used. Some parties follow a certain ideology very closely, while others may take broad inspiration from a group of related ideologies without specifically embracing any one of them. The popularity of an ideology is in part due to the influence of moral entrepreneurs, who sometimes act in their own interests. Political ideologies have two dimensions: * Goals: how society should be organized. * Methods: the most appropriate way to achieve this goal.An ideology is a collection of ideas. Typically, each ideology contains certain ideas on what it considers to be the best form of government (e.g. democracy or autocracy ) and the best economic system (e.g. capitalism or socialism ). Sometimes the same word is use