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Levi Eshkol
Levi Eshkol
Levi Eshkol
(Hebrew: לֵוִי אֶשְׁכּוֹל‬;  listen (help·info), born Levi Yitzhak Shkolnik (Hebrew: לוי יצחק שקולניק‬)‎ 25 October 1895 – 26 February 1969) was an Israeli statesman who served as the third Prime Minister of Israel[1] from 1963 until his death from a heart attack in 1969. A founder of the Israeli Labor Party, he served in numerous senior roles, including Minister of Defense (1963–67) and Minister of Finance (1952–63). Eshkol was first appointed as Prime Minister following the resignation of David Ben-Gurion. He then led the party in the elections to the Sixth Knesset
Knesset
(1965) and won, remaining in office for six consecutive years
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Histadrut
Histadrut
Histadrut
or the General Organization of Workers in Israel
Israel
originally (Hebrew: ההסתדרות הכללית של העובדים בארץ ישראל‬, Ha Histadrut
Histadrut
HaKlalit shel HaOvdim B'Eretz Yisrael) is Israel's national trade union centre, representing the majority of trade unionists in the State of Israel. Established in December 1920 in Mandatory Palestine, it soon become one of the most powerful institutions in the Yishuv
Yishuv
(the body of Jewish residents in the region prior to the establishment of the state).Contents1 History 2 Goals 3 Leadership 4 Criticism 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] Histadrut
Histadrut
headquarters in Tel AvivThe Histadrut
Histadrut
was founded in December 1920 in Haifa
Haifa
to look out for the interests of Jewish workers
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Shtetl
Shtetlekh (Yiddish: שטעטל‎, shtetl (singular), שטעטלעך, shtetlekh (plural))[1] were small towns with large Jewish populations, which existed in Central and Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
before the Holocaust. Shtetlekh were mainly found in the areas that constituted the 19th century Pale of Settlement
Pale of Settlement
in the Russian Empire, the Congress Kingdom of Poland, Galicia (Ukraine) and Romania
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Israel
Coordinates: 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35State of Israelמְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew) دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic)FlagEmblemAnthem: "Hatikvah" (Hebrew for "The Hope")(pre-) 1967 border (Green Line)Capital and largest city Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(limited recognition)[fn 1] 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217Official languagesHebrew ArabicEthnic groups (2017)74.7% Jewish 20.8% Arab 4.5% other[5]Religion (2016)74.7% Jewish 17.
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Hapoel Hatzair
Hapoel Hatzair (The Young Worker) was a Zionist
Zionist
group active in Palestine from 1905 until 1930.[1] It was founded by A.D. Gordon, Yosef Aharonovich, Yosef Sprinzak
Yosef Sprinzak
and followed a non-Marxist, Zionist, socialist agenda
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Hasidic Judaism
Hasidism, sometimes Hasidic Judaism
Judaism
(Hebrew: חסידות‎, translit. hasidut, [χaˈsidus]; originally, "piety"), is a Jewish religious group. It arose as a spiritual revival movement in contemporary Western Ukraine
Western Ukraine
during the 18th century, and spread rapidly throughout Eastern Europe. Today, most affiliates reside in the United States, Israel, and the United Kingdom. Israel
Israel
Ben Eliezer, the " Baal Shem
Baal Shem
Tov", is regarded as its founding father, and his disciples developed and disseminated it. Present-day Hasidism is a sub-group within Ultra-Orthodox ("Haredi") Judaism, and is noted for its religious conservatism and social seclusion
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Vinnytsia Oblast
Vinnytsia
Vinnytsia
Oblast (Ukrainian: Вінницька область, translit. Vinnyts’ka oblast’; also referred to as Vinnychchyna - Ukrainian: Вінниччина) is an oblast of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Vinnytsia
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Haganah
Haganah
Haganah
(Hebrew: הַהֲגָנָה‬, lit
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Hebrew Language
Hebrew (/ˈhiːbruː/; עִבְרִית, Ivrit [ʔivˈʁit] ( listen) or [ʕivˈɾit] ( listen)) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel, spoken by over 9 million people worldwide.[8][9] Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites
Israelites
and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh.[note 1] The earliest examples of written Paleo-Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE.[10] Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family
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Second Knesset
Elections for the second Knesset were held in Israel on 30 July 1951. Voter turnout was 75.1%.[1]Contents1 Results 2 The Second Knesset2.1 Third government 2.2 Fourth government 2.3 Fifth government 2.4 Sixth government3 See also 4 References 5 External linksResults[edit]Party Votes % Seats +/−Mapai ¹ 256,456 37.3 45 −1General Zionists ² 111,394 16.2 20 +13Mapam ¹ 86,095 12.5 15 −4Hapoel HaMizrachi 46,347 6.8 8 +1Herut 45,651 6.6 8 −6Maki ¹ 27,334 4.0 5 +1Progressive Party 22,171 3.2 4 −1Democratic List for Israeli Arabs 16,370 2.0 3 NewAgudat Yisrael 13,799 2.0 3 +1Sephardim and Oriental Communities ² 12,002 1.8 2 −2Poalei Agudat Yisrael 11,194 1.6 2 −1Mizrachi 10,383 1.5 2 −2Progress and Work 8,067 1.2 1 NewYemenite Association 7,965 1.2 1 0Agriculture and Development 7,851 1.1 1 NewSepharadim-Ashkenazim Unity 4
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Zionist Congress
The Zionist
Zionist
Congress was established in 1897 by Theodor Herzl
Theodor Herzl
as the supreme organ of the Zionist
Zionist
Organization (ZO) and its legislative authority. In 1960 the names were changed to World Zionist Organization (Hebrew: הקונגרס הציוני העולמי‎ HaKongres HaTsioni HaOlami) and World Zionist Organization
World Zionist Organization
(WZO), respectively
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Jewish Agency
The Jewish
Jewish
Agency for Israel
Israel
(Hebrew: הסוכנות היהודית לארץ ישראל‎, HaSochnut HaYehudit L'Eretz Yisra'el) is the largest Jewish
Jewish
nonprofit organization in the world
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Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson (/ˈlɪndən ˈbeɪnz/; August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States
President of the United States
from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963. A Democrat from Texas, he also served as a United States Representative and as the Majority Leader in the United States Senate. Johnson is one of only four people who have served in all four federal elected positions.[a] Born in a farmhouse in Stonewall, Texas, Johnson was a high school teacher and worked as a Congressional aide before winning election to the House of Representatives in 1937. He won election to the Senate in 1948, and was appointed the position of Senate Majority Whip in 1951. He became the Senate Minority Leader in 1953 and the Senate Majority Leader in 1955
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Mekorot
Mekorot (Hebrew: מקורות‬, lit. "Sources") is the national water company of Israel and the country's top agency for water management.[1] Founded in 1937, it supplies Israel with 90% of its drinking water and operates a cross-country water supply network known as the National Water Carrier. Mekorot and its subsidiaries have partnered with numerous countries around the world in areas including desalination and water management.Contents1 Water supply system 2 National Water Carrier 3 Water tariffs 4 Water filtering 5 Global presence 6 International political controversy 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksWater supply system[edit] Mekorot supplies 80% of Israel's drinking water and 70% of its water supplies. The company runs 3,000 installations throughout the country for water supply, water quality, infrastructure, sewage purification, desalination, rain enhancement, etc
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Zionist Movement
Zionism
Zionism
(Hebrew: צִיּוֹנוּת‬ Tsiyyonut [t͡sijo̞ˈnut] after Zion) is the national movement of the Jewish people
Jewish people
that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of
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Ottoman Palestine
The history of Palestine is the study of the past in the region of Palestine, generally defined as a geographic region in the Southern Levant between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River (where Israel and Palestine are today), and various adjoining lands. Situated at a strategic point between Europe, Asia, and Africa, and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity,[1] the region has a long and tumultuous history as a crossroads for religion, culture, commerce, and politics
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