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Leopoldo De' Medici
Leopoldo de' Medici
Leopoldo de' Medici
(6 November 1617 – 10 November 1675) was an Italian cardinal, scholar, patron of the arts and Governor of Siena. He was the brother of Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.Contents1 Biography 2 Titles, styles, honours and arms2.1 Titles and styles3 Ancestors 4 ReferencesBiography[edit] Prince Leopoldo was born at the Palazzo Pitti
Palazzo Pitti
in Florence, the capital of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Grand Duchy of Tuscany
then ruled by his father, Grand Duke Cosimo II. His mother Maria Magdalena of Austria was a sister of Queen Margarita of Spain and Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor. Leopoldo was educated under Jacopo Soldano, Father Flaviano Michelini and Evangelista Torricelli. When his brother was elected Grand Duke, Leopoldo acted as his advisor for manufactures, agriculture and trades
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Maria Salviati
Maria Salviati
Maria Salviati
(17 July 1499 – 29 December 1543) was an Italian noblewoman, the daughter of Lucrezia di Lorenzo de' Medici
Lucrezia di Lorenzo de' Medici
and Jacopo Salviati. She married Giovanni dalle Bande Nere
Giovanni dalle Bande Nere
and was the mother of Cosimo I de Medici. Her husband died 30 November 1526, leaving her a widow at the age of 27. Salviati never remarried; after her husband's death she adopted the somber garb of a novice, which is how she is remembered today as numerous late portraits show her attired in black and white.[1]Contents1 Family 2 Life 3 Descendants 4 Bia de' Medici 5 Ancestors 6 Descendants 7 References 8 Sources 9 See alsoFamily[edit] Maria Salviati
Maria Salviati
was born in Florence. She descended from two of Florence's most powerful banking families: the Salviati on her father's side, and the Medici on her mother's
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Pedro Álvarez De Toledo
Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Zúñiga, jure uxoris Marquis of Villafranca del Bierzo (Spanish: Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Zúñiga, Marqués de Villafranca del Bierzo; July 13, 1484 – February 21, 1553) was a Spanish politician
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Rome
Rome
Rome
(/roʊm/ ROHM; Italian: Roma i[ˈroːma]; Latin: Roma [ˈroːma]) is the capital of Italy
Italy
and a special comune (named Comune
Comune
di Roma Capitale). Rome
Rome
also serves as the capital of the Lazio
Lazio
region. With 2,874,558 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi),[1] it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union
European Union
by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4.3 million residents.[2] Rome
Rome
is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber
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Christiaan Huygens
Christiaan Huygens, FRS (/ˈhaɪɡənz, ˈhɔɪɡənz/[3] HY-guns or HOY-guns; Dutch: [ˈɦœyɣə(n)s] ( listen); Latin: Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution. He is known particularly as a physicist, astronomer, probabilist and horologist. In physics, Huygens made groundbreaking contributions in optics and mechanics, while as an astronomer Huygens is chiefly known for his studies of the rings of Saturn
Saturn
and the discovery of its moon Titan. As an inventor, Huygens improved the design of the telescope with the invention of the Huygenian eyepiece. His most famous invention, however, was the invention of the pendulum clock in 1656, which was a breakthrough in timekeeping and became the most accurate timekeeper for almost 300 years[citation needed]
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Vladislaus II Of Bohemia And Hungary
Vladislaus II, also known as Vladislav II,[1][2] Władysław II[3] or Wladislas II[4] (1 March 1456 – 13 March 1516; Czech: Vladislav Jagellonský; Hungarian: II. Ulászló; Polish: Władysław II Jagiellończyk; Croatian: Vladislav II. Jagelović; Slovak: Vladislav II. Jagelovský), was King of Bohemia
King of Bohemia
from 1471 to 1516, and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1490 to 1516. As the eldest son of Casimir IV Jagiellon, he was expected to inherit Poland and Lithuania. George of Poděbrady, the Hussite ruler of Bohemia, offered to make Vladislaus his heir in 1468. Poděbrady needed Casimir IV's support against the rebellious Catholic noblemen and their ally, Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary. The Diet of Bohemia elected Vladislaus king after Poděbrady's death, but he could only rule Bohemia proper, because Matthias (whom the Catholic nobles had elected king) occupied Moravia, Silesia
Silesia
and Lusatia
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Charles II Of Austria
Charles II Francis of Austria (German: Karl II. Franz von Innerösterreich) (3 June 1540 – 10 July 1590) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria
Inner Austria
(Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from 1564. He was a member of the House of Habsburg.Contents1 Life 2 Marriage and children 3 Ancestors 4 Notes 5 ReferencesLife[edit] Seckau
Seckau
Abbey, " Habsburg
Habsburg
mausoleum", cenotaphA native of Vienna, he was the third son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Anne of Bohemia and Hungary, daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary and his wife Anne of Foix-Candale. In 1559 and again from 1564–1568 there were negotiations for a marriage between Charles and Elizabeth I of England. Emperor Ferdinand I expected Elizabeth to promise in the proposed marriage treaty that Charles, as her widower, would succeed her if she died childless
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Uffizi
The Uffizi
Uffizi
Gallery (Italian: Galleria degli Uffizi, pronounced [ɡalleˈriːa deʎʎ ufˈfittsi]) is a prominent art museum located adjacent to the Piazza della Signoria
Piazza della Signoria
in the Historic Centre of Florence
Florence
in the region of Tuscany, Italy. One of the most important Italian museums, and the most visited, it is also one of the largest and best known in the world, and holds a collection of priceless works, particularly from the period of the Italian Renaissance. After the ruling house of Medici died out, their art collections were gifted to the city of Florence
Florence
under the famous Patto di famiglia negotiated by Anna Maria Luisa, the last Medici heiress. The Uffizi
Uffizi
is one of the first modern museums
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Joanna Of Castile
Joanna (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), known historically as Joanna the Mad (Spanish: Juana la Loca), was Queen of Castile from 1504, and of Aragon from 1516. Modern Spain evolved from the union of these two crowns. Joanna was married by arrangement to Philip the Handsome, Archduke of the House of Habsburg, on 20 October 1496.[1] Following the deaths of her brother, Don Juan in 1497, her elder sister Isabella in 1498, and her nephew Miguel in 1500, Joanna became the heir presumptive to the crowns of Castile and Aragon. When her mother Queen Isabella I of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
died in 1504, Joanna became Queen of Castile, while her father, King Ferdinand II of Aragon, proclaimed himself 'Governor and Administrator of Castile'.[2] In 1506 Archduke Philip became King of Castile jure uxoris, initiating the rule of the Habsburgs
Habsburgs
in Spain, and died that same year
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Eleonora Di Toledo
Eleanor of Toledo
Eleanor of Toledo
(Italian: Eleonora di Toledo (1522 – 17 December 1562), born Doña
Doña
Leonor Álvarez de Toledo y Osorio, was a Spanish noblewoman who was Duchess of Florence from 1539, after Margaret of Austria.[1][2] Although, Eleanor is often referred to as the Grand Duchess of Tuscany, she predeceased the creation of the Grand Duke of Tuscany.[2] She is credited with being the first modern first lady, or consort
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Pope Clement IX
Pope
Pope
Clement IX (Latin: Clemens IX; 28 January 1600 – 9 December 1669), born Giulio Rospigliosi, was Pope
Pope
from 20 June 1667 to his death in 1669.Contents1 Biography1.1 Early life and education 1.2 Episcopate and cardinalate2 Pontificate2.1 Papal election 2.2 Actions 2.3 Other actions 2.4 Art reforms 2.5 Defence against the Turks3 Death and burial 4 Artistic works4.1 Libretti5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksBiography[edit] Early life and education[edit] Giulio Rospigliosi was born in 1600 to the Rospigliosi family, a noble family of Pistoia
Pistoia
in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Grand Duchy of Tuscany
to Giacomo and Caterina Rospigliosi. He studied at the Seminario Romano and later at the University of Pisa as a pupil of the Jesuits. He would receive doctorates in theology, philosophy and both canon and civil law in 1623
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Maria Osorio
Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Zúñiga, jure uxoris Marquis of Villafranca del Bierzo (Spanish: Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Zúñiga, Marqués de Villafranca del Bierzo; July 13, 1484 – February 21, 1553) was a Spanish politician
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Francis I, Duke Of Lorraine
Francis I (French: François Ier de Lorraine) (23 August 1517 – 12 June 1545) was Duke of Lorraine
Duke of Lorraine
from 1544–1545. History[edit] Born in Nancy, he was the eldest son of Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
Duke of Lorraine
and Renée of Bourbon-Montpensier, daughter of Gilbert, Count of Montpensier. He was briefly engaged in the mid-1530s to Anne of Cleves, who in 1540 would become the fourth wife of King Henry VIII of England. Francis married the princess of Denmark, Christina of Denmark. The princess was a daughter of King Christian II and Isabella of Burgundy (who had herself been a potential bride of Henry VIII)
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Charles III, Duke Of Lorraine
Charles III (18 February 1543 – 14 May 1608), known as the Great,[1] was Duke of Lorraine
Duke of Lorraine
from 1545 until his death.Contents1 Life 2 Family 3 Ancestors 4 See also 5 ReferencesLife[edit] He was the eldest surviving son of Francis I, Duke of Lorraine,[1] and Christina of Denmark. In 1545, his father died, and his mother served as the regent during his minority. During his childhood, his aged great-grandmother, Philippa of Gelderland, died in 1547, leaving also her inheritance to the young Charles. His dynasty claimed the Kingdom of Jerusalem
Kingdom of Jerusalem
and used also the title of Duke of Calabria as symbol of their claims to the Kingdom of Naples
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Christina Of Denmark
Christina of Denmark
Denmark
(Danish: Christine af Danmark; November 1521 – 10 December 1590) was a Danish princess, the younger surviving daughter of King Christian II
Christian II
of Denmark
Denmark
and Norway
Norway
and Isabella of Austria. She became the duchess-consort of Milan, then duchess-consort of Lorraine. She served as the regent of Lorraine from 1545 to 1552 during the minority of her son. She was also a claimant to the thrones of Denmark, Norway
Norway
and Sweden
Sweden
in 1561-1590
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Christina Of Lorraine
Christina of Lorraine
Christina of Lorraine
or Christine de Lorraine (16 August 1565 – 19 December 1637) was a member of the House of Lorraine
House of Lorraine
and was the Grand Duchess of Tuscany by marriage. She served as Regent of Tuscany jointly with her daughter-in-law during the minority of her grandson from 1621 to 1628.Contents1 Princess
Princess
of Lorraine 2 Grand Duchess of Tuscany 3 Grand Duke Cosimo II 4 Co-Regency of Tuscany 5 Patronage5.1 Science 5.2 Female monasteries6 Issue 7 Ancestry 8 Titles and styles 9 Notes 10 External links Princess
Princess
of Lorraine[edit] Born Christine de Lorraine in Nancy, she was the daughter of Charles III of Lorraine and his wife Claude of Valois, and granddaughter of Catherine de' Medici
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