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Lenny Breau
LEONARD HAROLD BREAU (August 5, 1941 – August 12, 1984) was an American guitarist and music educator. One of the most admired guitarists of his generation in musician's circles in the U.S., he was known for blending many styles of music, including jazz , country, classical, and flamenco. Inspired by country guitarists like Chet Atkins, Breau used fingerstyle techniques not often used in jazz guitar . By using a seven-string guitar and approaching the guitar like a piano, he opened up possibilities for the instrument. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Canadian country * 1.2 Turning to jazz * 2 Posthumous honors * 3 Technique and guitars * 4 Discography * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links BIOGRAPHYCANADIAN COUNTRYBreau was born August 5, 1941, in Auburn , Maine
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Auburn, Maine
AUBURN is a city in and the county seat of Androscoggin County , Maine
Maine
, United States
United States
. The population was 23,055 at the 2010 census . Auburn and Lewiston (directly across the Androscoggin River
Androscoggin River
from each other) are known locally as the Twin Cities or Lewiston–Auburn (L–A)
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Jazz
JAZZ is a music genre that originated in African American communities of New Orleans , United States , in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime . Since the 1920s Jazz Age , jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression. It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African American and European American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes , call and response vocals , polyrhythms and improvisation . Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression , and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime , as well as European military band music
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Country Music
COUNTRY MUSIC (frequently referred to as just COUNTRY) is a musical genre that originated in the Southern United States
Southern United States
in the 1920s. It takes its roots from genres such as folk music (especially Appalachian folk music ) and blues . Country music
Country music
often consists of ballads and dance tunes with generally simple forms and harmonies accompanied by mostly string instruments such as banjos , electric and acoustic guitars , steel guitars (such as pedal steels and dobros ), and fiddles as well as harmonicas . Blues
Blues
modes have been used extensively throughout its recorded history . According to Lindsey Starnes, the term _country music_ gained popularity in the 1940s in preference to the earlier term _hillbilly music_; it came to encompass Western music , which evolved parallel to hillbilly music from similar roots, in the mid-20th century
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Classical Music
CLASSICAL MUSIC is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music , including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a more accurate term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period ), this article is about the broad span of time from roughly the 11th century to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common-practice period
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Flamenco
FLAMENCO (Spanish pronunciation: ), in its strictest sense, is a professionalized art-form based on the various folkloric music traditions of Southern Spain
Spain
in the autonomous communities of Andalusia
Andalusia
, Extremadura and Murcia . In a wider sense, it refers to these musical traditions and more modern musical styles which have themselves been deeply influenced by and become blurred with the development of flamenco over the past two centuries. It includes _cante _ (singing), _toque _ (guitar playing), _baile_ (dance), _jaleo_ (vocalizations), _palmas _ (handclapping) and _pitos_ (finger snapping). The oldest record of flamenco dates to 1774 in the book _Las Cartas Marruecas_ by José Cadalso . The genre originated in the music and dance styles of Andalusia
Andalusia
, of much older origin
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RCA Records
RCA RECORDS is an American record label owned by Sony Music , a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America . It is one of SME's three flagship record labels, alongside Columbia Records and Epic Records . The label has released multiple genres of music, including pop , rock , hip hop , R"> Classic RCA logo, first retired in 1968; revived in 1987 until 2015. Still used by RCA in the UK. In 1929, the Radio Corporation of America ( RCA ) purchased the Victor Talking Machine Company , then the world's largest manufacturer of phonographs (including the famous "Victrola ") and phonograph records (in British English , "gramophone records"). The company then became RCA VICTOR but retained use of the Victor Records name on their labels until the beginning of 1946 when the labels were finally switched over to RCA Victor
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Adelphi Records
ADELPHI RECORDS is an American independent record label founded in 1968 and incorporated in 1970 by Gene Rosenthal. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Recordings * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe label name was crafted by Rosenthal to suggest a combination of the Greek oracle , nearby Adelphi, Maryland
Adelphi, Maryland
, as well as a tip of the hat to a John Fahey song, "The Downfall of the Adelphi Rolling Grist Mill". Extensive field recordings were begun in1964 and expanded to include film documentation beginning in early/mid 1969, including sessions in Chicago, St. Louis, Memphis and the Mississippi delta. In the 1970s the label began issuing Folk, Jazz
Jazz
& blues-rock albums. the latter were significantly important to the development of that genre. In the mid-1970's two of Adelphi's biggest selling artists were the Nighthawks and the Rosslyn Mountain Boys
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Three
3 (THREE; /ˈθriː/ ) is a number , numeral , and glyph . It is the natural number following 2 and preceding 4 . CONTENTS* 1 Evolution of the glyph * 1.1 Flat top 3 * 2 In mathematics * 2.1 In numeral systems * 2.2 List of basic calculations * 3 In science * 3.1 In protoscience * 3.2 In pseudoscience * 4 In philosophy * 5 In religion * 5.1 In Christianity
Christianity
* 5.2 In Judaism * 5.3 In Buddhism
Buddhism
* 5.4 In Shinto * 5.5 In Taoism
Taoism
* 5.6 In Hinduism * 5.7 In Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
* 5.8 In Norse mythology
Norse mythology
* 5.9 In other religions * 5.10 In esoteric tradition * 5.11 As a lucky or unlucky number * 6 In sports * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links EVOLUTION OF THE GLYPHThree is the largest number still written with as many lines as the number represents
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Chet Atkins
CHESTER BURTON ATKINS (June 20, 1924 – June 30, 2001), known as "MR. GUITAR" and "THE COUNTRY GENTLEMAN", was an American musician, occasional vocalist, songwriter, and record producer , who along with Owen Bradley and Bob Ferguson , among others, created the country music style that came to be known as the Nashville sound , which expanded country music's appeal to adult pop music fans. He was primarily known as a guitarist. He also played the mandolin, fiddle, banjo, and ukulele. Atkins' signature picking style was inspired by Merle Travis . Other major guitar influences were Django Reinhardt , George Barnes , Les Paul , and, later, Jerry Reed . His distinctive picking style and musicianship brought him admirers inside and outside the country scene, both in the United States and abroad
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Fingerstyle
FINGERSTYLE GUITAR is the technique of playing the guitar by plucking the strings directly with the fingertips, fingernails, or picks attached to fingers, as opposed to flatpicking (plucking individual notes with a single plectrum , commonly called a "pick"). The term "fingerstyle" is something of a misnomer, since it is present in several different genres and styles of music—but mostly, because it involves a completely different technique, not just a "style" of playing, especially for the guitarist's picking/plucking hand. The term is often used synonymously with FINGERPICKING, although fingerpicking can also refer to a specific tradition of folk , blues and country guitar playing in the US. See below
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Jazz Guitar
The term JAZZ GUITAR may refer to either a type of guitar or to the variety of guitar playing styles used in the various genres which are commonly termed "jazz ". The jazz-type guitar was born as a result of using electric amplification to increase the volume of conventional acoustic guitars. Conceived in the early 1930s, the electric guitar became a necessity as jazz musicians sought to amplify their sound to be heard over loud big bands . When guitarists in big bands only had acoustic guitars, all they could do was play chords ; they could not play solos because the acoustic guitar is not a loud instrument. Once guitarists switched from acoustic guitar to semi-acoustic guitar and began using guitar amplifiers , it made the guitar much easier to hear, which enabled guitarists to play guitar solos . Arguably, no other musical instrument had greater influence on how jazz evolved since the beginning of the twentieth century
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Seven-string Guitar
The SEVEN-STRING GUITAR adds one additional string, commonly used to extend the bass range (usually a low B) but it can also be used to extend the treble range of the 6 string guitar. The additional string is added in one of two different ways: by increasing the width of the fingerboard such that the additional string may be fretted by the left hand; or, by leaving the fingerboard unchanged and adding a "floating" bass string. In the latter case, the extra bass string lies next to the existing bass strings, but free of the fingerboard in similar fashion as the archlute and theorbo . Such unfrettable bass strings were historically known as diapasons or bourdons. Some types of seven-string guitars are specific to certain cultures such as the Russian and Brazilian guitars
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Betty Cody
BETTY CODY (August 17, 1921 – July 1, 2014) was an American country music singer. CONTENTS * 1 Early years * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 Death * 5 References EARLY YEARSShe was born RITA FRANCIS COTE to Alphonse and Albina Cote in Sherbrooke , Quebec, Canada, the sixth of 11 children. When still a child she moved to Auburn, Maine
Auburn, Maine
. In 1979, Cody was inducted into the Maine
Maine
Country Music Hall Of Fame. Her main singles were "Tom Tom Yodel" (hit from 1952) and "Please Throw Away The Glass". CAREERIn 1940, Betty Cody married Harold Breau, a musician who performed as Hal Lone Pine. The couple started performing together and she adopted the stage name of Betty Cody. Cody signed a contract with RCA Records in the early 1950s. In 1952 she had her hit in the U.S. country charts with "Tom Tom Yodel". Her 1953 hit single "I Found Out More Than You Ever Knew" reached No
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New Brunswick
NEW BRUNSWICK (French : Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French pronunciation: ( listen )) is one of Canada
Canada
's three Maritime provinces (together with Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island
and Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
) and is the only constitutionally bilingual (English–French) province. The principal cities are Fredericton , the capital, Greater Moncton , currently the largest metropolitan (CMA ) area and the most populous city, and the port city of Saint John , which was the first incorporated city in Canada
Canada
and largest in the province for 231 years until 2016. In the Canada
Canada
2016 Census , Statistics Canada
Canada
estimated the provincial population to have been 747,101, down very slightly from 751,171 in 2011, on an area of almost 73,000 km2
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Moncton
MONCTON (/ˈmʌŋktən/ ; French pronunciation: ​ ) is the largest city in the Canadian province of New Brunswick
New Brunswick
. Situated in the Petitcodiac River Valley, Moncton
Moncton
lies at the geographic centre of the Maritime Provinces
Maritime Provinces
. The city has earned the nickname "Hub City" due to its central inland location in the region and its history as a railway and land transportation hub for the Maritimes. The city proper has a population of 71,889 (2016) and has a land area of 142 km2 (55 sq mi). The Moncton