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Legislative Districts Of The Philippines
The LEGISLATIVE DISTRICTS OF THE PHILIPPINES are the divisions of the Philippines
Philippines
' provinces and cities for representation in the House of Representatives . The first composition of legislative districts was enshrined in the Ordinance appended to the Constitution . Changes in the composition of legislative districts were later added as new provinces and cities were created, and the composition was modified through laws enacted by Congress . Apportionment on local legislatures is also possible. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Senatorial districts * 3 Representative districts * 4 Local districts * 5 See also * 6 References HISTORYRepresentation to the legislature traces its origin to the Spanish era, when the Philippines
Philippines
was granted very limited representation to the Spanish Cortes . During the American period, when the Philippine Bill of 1902 was enacted, the first Philippine Assembly was established as the lower house and the then-existing Philippine Commission as the upper house. Representation in the assembly was apportioned among the provinces with respect to their population, provided that no province shall have less than one member. In 1916, the Philippine Legislature was reconstituted with a Senate as the upper house and the Assembly retained as the lower house
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16th Congress Of The Philippines
The SIXTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE PHILIPPINES (Filipino : Ikalabing-anim na Kongreso ng Pilipinas) was the meeting of the national legislature of the Republic of the Philippines , composed of the Senate and House of Representatives. The convention of the 16th Congress was followed by the 2013 Senate election , which replaced half of the Senate membership, and the 2013 House of Representatives elections which elected the entire membership of the House of Representatives
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Philippines
Coordinates : 13°N 122°E / 13°N 122°E / 13; 122 Republic of the Philippines _Republika ng Pilipinas_ (Filipino ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: " Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa
Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa
" "For God, People, Nature, and Country" ANTHEM: _ Lupang Hinirang
Lupang Hinirang
_ _Chosen Land_ GREAT SEAL _ Dakilang Sagisag ng Pilipinas _ (Tagalog) Great Seal of the Philippines CAPITAL
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Provinces Of The Philippines
------------------------- * SENATE * Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III ------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez * Districts * Party-list representation -------------------------* Local legislatures * ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly * Provinces * Cities * Municipalities * Barangays Executive * PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Rodrigo Duterte _ * VICE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Leni Robredo ------------------------- * Cabinet * Executive departments * Local government Judiciary * SUPREME COURT * Chief Justice
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Cities Of The Philippines
------------------------- * SENATE * Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III ------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez * Districts * Party-list representation -------------------------* Local legislatures * ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly * Provinces * Cities * Municipalities * Barangays Executive * PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Rodrigo Duterte
Rodrigo Duterte
* VICE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES *
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House Of Representatives Of The Philippines
Since July 25, 2016 * _Vacant_ * Pia Cayetano (Nacionalista ) * Gwendolyn Garcia ( PDP-Laban ) * Mylene Garcia-Albano ( PDP-Laban ) * Sharon Garin (AAMBIS-OWA Partylist) Since August 15, 2016 MAJORITY FLOOR LEADER Rodolfo Fariñas (Nacionalista ) Since July 25, 2016 MINORITY FLOOR LEADER Danilo E. Suarez (Lakas ) Since July 27, 2016 STRUCTURE SEATS 297 representatives 238 from geographical districts 59 party-list representatives POLITICAL GROUPS * PDP-Laban (123) * NPC (33) * Liberal (27) * NUP (20) * Nacionalista (19) * Lakas (5) * UNA (3) * LDP (1) * CDP (1) * Local parties (3) * Independent (1) * Sectoral (57) * Vacant (4) COMMITTEES 58 standing committees and 14 special committees LENGTH OF TERM 3 years AUTHORITY Article VI, Constitution of the Philippines ELECTIONS VOTING SYSTEM Parallel voting LAST ELECTION May 9, 2016 NEXT ELECTION May 13, 2019 REDISTRICTING Districts are redistricted by Congress after each census (has never been done since 1987) By statute (most frequent method)
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Constitution Of The Philippines
The CONSTITUTION OF THE PHILIPPINES (Filipino : _Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas_) is the constitution or supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines . Its final draft was completed by the Constitutional Commission on October 12, 1986 and was ratified by a nationwide plebiscite on February 2, 1987. Three other constitutions have effectively governed the country in its history: the 1935 Commonwealth Constitution, the 1973 Constitution, and the 1986 Freedom Constitution. The earliest constitution establishing a "Philippine Republic," the 1899 Malolos Constitution, was never fully implemented throughout the Philippines and did not establish a state that was internationally recognized, due in great part to the impending American occupation during its adoption
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Congress Of The Philippines
------------------------- * SENATE * Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III ------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez * Districts * Party-list representation -------------------------* Local legislatures * ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly * Provinces * Cities * Municipalities * Barangays Executive * PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Rodrigo Duterte _ * VICE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Leni Robredo ------------------------- * Cabinet * Executive departments * Local government Judiciary * SUPREME COURT * Chief Justice
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Spanish Cortes
The CORTES GENERALES (Spanish pronunciation: , _General Courts_) is the legislature of Spain
Spain
. It is a bicameral parliament, composed of the Congress of Deputies (the lower house ) and the Senate (the upper house ). The Cortes has power to enact any law and to amend the constitution . Moreover, the lower house has the power to confirm and dismiss the President of the Government (prime minister ). CONTENTS * 1 Feudal Age (8th–12th centuries) * 2 Rise of bourgeoisie (12th–15th centuries) * 2.1 The Catholic Monarchs
Catholic Monarchs
(15th century) * 3 Imperial Cortes (16th–17th centuries) * 4 Cortes in Aragon
Aragon
and in Navarre * 5 Cádiz cortes (1808–14) and three liberal years (1820–23) * 6 First republican parliament (1873–1874) * 7 Restoration Cortes (1874–1930) * 8 Second Republican parliament (1931–1939) * 9 Cortes Generales under Franco regime (1939–1975) * 10 1978 Constitution * 11 See also * 12 References * 13 Further reading * 14 External links FEUDAL AGE (8TH–12TH CENTURIES) Saint Isidoro Basilic, where Cortes of León were celebrated. The system of _Cortes_ arose in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
as part of feudalism . A "Corte" was an advisory council made up of the most powerful feudal lords closest to the king. The Cortes of León was the first parliamentary body in Western Europe
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Philippine Assembly
The PHILIPPINE ASSEMBLY (sometimes called the PHILIPPINE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY) was the lower house of the Philippines
Philippines
from 1907 to 1916. Along with an upper house (the appointed Philippine Commission ), it formed the bicameral Philippine Legislature during part of the American Colonial Period . The Assembly was created by the 1902 Philippine Organic Act of the United States Congress
United States Congress
, which established the Insular Government of the Philippines
Philippines
. In 1916, the Jones Act replaced the Philippine Organic Act and the Assembly became the current House of Representatives of the Philippines
Philippines
. The first Philippine Assembly
Philippine Assembly
elections were held on July 30, 1907. These were the first nationwide elections ever held in the Philippines. The Assembly was inaugurated on October 16, 1907 with Sergio Osmeña as Speaker of the Assembly, Manuel L. Quezon as majority leader , and Vicente Singson as minority leader
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Philippine Commission
------------------------- * SENATE * Senate President
President
Aquilino Pimentel III------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez
Pantaleon Alvarez
* Districts * Party-list representation -------------------------* Local legislatures * ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly * Provinces * Cities
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National Assembly Of The Philippines
The NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF THE PHILIPPINES (Tagalog : Kapulungáng Pambansâ ng Pilipinas, Spanish : Asamblea Nacional de Filipinas) refers to the legislatures of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1941, and of the Second Philippine Republic during Japanese occupation. The National Assembly of the Commonwealth was created under the 1935 Constitution , which served as the Philippines' fundamental law to prepare it for its independence from the United States of America . The National Assembly during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during the Second World War in the Pacific was created under the 1943 Constitution . With the invasion of the Philippines, the Commonwealth government had gone into exile in the United States. It left behind a skeletal bureaucracy whose officials formed a government under the Japanese Imperial Army . In an attempt to win the loyalty of Filipinos , the Japanese established a nominally independent Republic of the Philippines, with a National Assembly as its legislative body. The Second Philippine Republic was only recognized by the Axis powers
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Senate Of The Philippines
------------------------- * SENATE * Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III ------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez * Districts * Party-list representation -------------------------* Local legislatures * ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly * Provinces * Cities * Municipalities * Barangays Executive * PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Rodrigo Duterte _ * VICE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Leni Robredo ------------------------- * Cabinet * Execu
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Batasang Pambansa
The BATASANG PAMBANSâ (often referred to simply as just the BATASAN; English : NATIONAL ASSEMBLY, literally "National Legislature") was the former parliament of the Philippines , established as an interim assembly in 1978 and later as an official body in 1984. It was the fourth unicameral parliament in Philippine history . Members of the Batasang Pambansâ were referred to as "Mambabatas Pambansâ," (English : Member of Parliament, literally "national lawmaker"), shortened to "MP," similar to the Westminster system . The Batasan was instituted under the 1973 Constitution promulgated by then-President Ferdinand Marcos , replacing the earlier Congress of the Philippines established by the 1935 Commonwealth Constitution . It was abolished immediately after the People Power Revolution in 1986, and Congress was restored with the passage of the 1987 Constitution. HISTORYThe original provisions of the 1973 Constitution , which was ratified on 17 January 1973, provided for the establishment of a unicameral National Assembly. Upon its ratification, an interim National Assembly composed of the President and Vice President of the Philippines , those who served as President of the 1971 Constitutional Convention, the Members of the Senate and the House of Representatives, and those Delegates to the 1971 Constitutional Convention, was established and functioned as the Legislature. However, the regular National Assembly under the 1973 Constitution was not convened
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Senatorial Districts Of The Philippines
------------------------- * SENATE * Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III ------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez * Districts * Party-list representation -------------------------* Local legislatures * ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly * Provinces * Cities * Municipalities * Barangays Executive * PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Rodrigo Duterte * VICE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Leni Robredo ------------------------- * Cabinet * Executive departments * Local government Judiciary * SUPREME COURT * Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno ------------------------- * Court of Appeals * Court of Tax Appeals * Sandiganbayan * Ombudsman * Regional Trial Courts * Barangay justice Constitutional commissions * Civil Service Commission * Commission on Elections * Commission on Audit Elections * Recent elections* * General: 2007 * 2010 * 2013 * 2016 Political parties * Lakas * Liberal * Nacionalista * NPC * NUP * PDP–Laban * UNA Administrative divisions * Capital * Regions * Provinces * Cities * Municipalities * Barangays * Poblacions * Sitios * Puroks Related topics * Foreign relations * Human rig
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Politics Of The Philippines
Elections are administered by an independent Commission on Elections every three years starting 1992. Held every second Monday of May, the winners in the elections take office on the following June 30. Local government is produced by local government units from the provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays. While the most regions do not have political power, and exist merely for administration purposes, autonomous regions have expanded powers more than the other local government units. While local government units enjoy autonomy, much of their budget is derived from allocations from the national government, putting their true autonomy in doubt. CONTENTS * 1 Legislature * 2 Executive * 3 Judiciary * 4 Elections * 5 Local government * 6 History * 6.1 Pre-Spanish era * 6.2 Spanish era * 6.3 American era * 6.4 Independent era * 6.5 Post-People Power era * 7 See also * 8 References LEGISLATURE The Batasang Pambansa Complex is the seat of the House of Representatives. The Senate shares its building with the Government Service Insurance System . Congress is a bicameral legislature. The upper house , the Senate , is composed of 24 senators elected via the plurality-at-large voting with the country as one at-large "district." The senators elect amongst themselves a Senate President
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