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Left-wing Populism
Left-wing populism
Left-wing populism
is a political ideology which combines left-wing politics and populist rhetoric and themes
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Viktor Orbán
Viktor Mihály Orbán[1] (Hungarian: [ˈviktor ˈorbaːn] ( listen); born 31 May 1963) is a Hungarian politician and jurist. He is the current Prime Minister of Hungary, in office since 2010. He also served as Prime Minister from 1998 to 2002. He is the present leader of the national conservative Fidesz
Fidesz
party, a post he has held since 2003 and, previously, from 1993 to 2000. On 19 November 2016, Orbán surpassed István Bethlen
István Bethlen
as the 3rd longest-serving Prime Minister in Hungarian history. Born in Székesfehérvár, Orbán studied law at Eötvös Loránd University, graduating in 1987. He briefly studied political science at Pembroke College, Oxford
Pembroke College, Oxford
before entering politics in the wake of the Autumn of Nations at the head of the reformist Alliance of Young Democrats (Fiatal Demokraták Szövetsége) student movement—the nascent Fidesz
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Ferdinand Marcos
President of the PhilippinesFirst TermPhilippine presidential election, 19651st Inauguration Presidency Communist insurgency Moro conflictSecond TermPhilippine presidential election, 19692nd Inauguration First Quarter Storm Martial Law Plaza Miranda bombing Vietnam WarThird TermPresidential election and referendum, 1981 Assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr. People Power Revolution Philippine presidential election, 1986Order of Sikatuna Philippine Legion of Honor Silver Star Purple Heartv t eFerdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat[1][2][3][4][5] who was President of the Philippines
President of the Philippines
from 1965 to 1986
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Lula Da Silva
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva[3] (born 27 October 1945),[4] known simply as Lula,[5] is a Brazilian politician. He served as the 35th President of Brazil from 2003 to 2011.[6] He was a founding member of the Workers' Party (PT) and ran unsuccessfully for president three times before achieving victory in the 2002 election. He was re-elected in the 2006 election.[7] The introduction of social programs, such as Bolsa Família
Bolsa Família
and Fome Zero were hallmarks of his time in office
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Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
Hitler
(German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] (listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP). He rose to power as the chancellor of Germany
Germany
in 1933, and as Führer
Führer
in 1934.[a] During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II
World War II
in Europe by invading Poland on 1 September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust. Hitler's actions and ideology are almost universally regarded as evil. According to historian Ian Kershaw, "Never in history has such ruination—physical and moral—been associated with the name of one man."[4] Hitler
Hitler
was born in Austria—then part of Austria-Hungary—and was raised near Linz
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Saddam Hussein
Saddam
Saddam
Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (/hʊˈseɪn/;[5] Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي Ṣaddām Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Maǧīd al-Tikrītī;[a] 28 April 1937[b] – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq
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José María Velasco Ibarra
José María Velasco Ibarra
José María Velasco Ibarra
(March 19, 1893 – March 30, 1979)[1] was an Ecuadorian politician. He was elected five times to the post of president of Ecuador: 1934–1935, 1944–1947, 1952–1956, 1960–1961, and 1968–1972. But only once (1952–1956) did he complete the constitutional mandate.Contents1 Early life and career 2 Presidencies 3 Works 4 Death 5 ReferencesEarly life and career[edit] Velasco Ibarra was born on March 19, 1893 in Quito. His parents were Delia Ibarra and Alejandrino Velasco, a civil engineer. His father was a political activist in the conservative party during the dictatorship installed by the liberal revolution. He was home schooled by his mother. His father died when he was 16. He attended high school at Colegio San Gabriel and obtained a JD (Doctorate in Jurisprudence) from the Central University of Ecuador
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Jarosław Kaczyński
Jarosław Aleksander Kaczyński (Polish pronunciation: [jaˈrɔswaf kaˈʈ͡ʂɨɲskʲi] ( listen); born 18 June 1949) is a Polish politician and lawyer, and the current leader of the Law and Justice party (PiS by its Polish acronym), which he co-founded in 2001 with his identical twin brother, late Polish President Lech Kaczyński[1][2] Running for PiS, he served as Prime Minister of Poland
Poland
from July 2006 to November 2007. After the 2007 electoral defeat of PiS, Kaczyński was the main leader of the opposition to Civic Platform's governments. He ran against then acting President Bronisław Komorowski
Bronisław Komorowski
in the Polish presidential election on 20 June 2010,[3] which was called following the death of Lech Kaczyński
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Wilfrid Laurier
Sir Henri Charles Wilfrid Laurier
Wilfrid Laurier
GCMG, PC, KC (French: [wilfʁid loʁje]; English: /ˈlɔːrieɪ/; LOR-ee-ay; 20 November 1841 – 17 February 1919), known as Wilfrid Laurier, was the seventh Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 11 July 1896 to 6 October 1911. Canada's first francophone prime minister, Laurier is often considered one of the country's greatest statesmen. He is well known for his policies of conciliation, expanding Confederation, and compromise between French and English Canada. His vision for Canada
Canada
was a land of individual liberty and decentralized federalism. He also argued for an English-French partnership in Canada
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Marine Le Pen
Marion Anne Perrine "Marine" Le Pen (French: [maʁin lə pɛn]; born 5 August 1968) is a French politician and lawyer serving as President of the National Front since 2011 with a brief interruption in 2017. She has been the member of the National Assembly for Pas-de-Calais's 11th constituency
Pas-de-Calais's 11th constituency
since 18 June 2017. She is the youngest daughter of party founder Jean-Marie Le Pen
Jean-Marie Le Pen
and the aunt of former FN MP Marion Maréchal-Le Pen. Le Pen joined the FN in 1986 and was elected as a regional councillor (1998–present), a Member of European Parliament
Member of European Parliament
(2004–2017), and a municipal councillor in Hénin-Beaumont
Hénin-Beaumont
(2008–2011)
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Nicolas Maduro
Nicolás Maduro
Nicolás Maduro
Moros (Spanish: [nikoˈlaz maˈðuɾo ˈmoɾos];[2] born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician who has been the President of Venezuela
President of Venezuela
since assuming office in 2013 and previously served under President Hugo Chávez
Hugo Chávez
as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2006 to 2013 and as Vice President of Venezuela
President of Venezuela
from 2012 to 2013. Starting off as a bus driver, Maduro rose to become a trade union leader before being elected to the National Assembly in 2000. He was appointed to a number of positions within the Venezuelan Government under Chávez, ultimately being made Foreign Minister in 2006
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Gaius Marius
Gaius Marius[nb 1] (/ˈɡeɪəs ˈmɛəriəs, ˈmær-/; 157 BC – January 13, 86 BC) was a Roman general and statesman. He held the office of consul an unprecedented seven times during his career. He was also noted for his important reforms of Roman armies, authorizing recruitment of landless citizens, eliminating the manipular military formations, and reorganizing the structure of the legions into separate cohorts
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Julius Caesar
Gaius Julius Caesar[a] (/ˈsiːzər/; 12 or 13 July 100 BC[1] – 15 March 44 BC),[2] usually called Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
and the rise of the Roman Empire. He is also known as a notable author of Latin
Latin
prose. In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus
Crassus
and Pompey
Pompey
formed a political alliance that dominated Roman politics
Roman politics
for several years. Their attempts to amass power as Populares were opposed by the Optimates within the Roman Senate, among them Cato the Younger
Cato the Younger
with the frequent support of Cicero
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Thomas Müntzer
Thomas Müntzer
Thomas Müntzer
(German pronunciation: [ˌtoːmas ˈmʏnt͡sɐ̯]; c. December 1489 – 27 May 1525) was a German preacher and radical theologian of the early Reformation
Reformation
whose opposition to both Luther and the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
led to his open defiance of late-feudal authority in central Germany. Müntzer was foremost amongst those reformers who took issue with Luther’s compromises with feudal authority
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Benito Mussolini
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini
Mussolini
(/bəˈniːtoʊ mʊsəˈliːni, muːsə-/; Italian: [beˈnito mussoˈlini];[1] 29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party
National Fascist Party
(Partito Nazionale Fascista; PNF)
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Juan Domingo Perón
Museo Quinta 17 de Octubre San Vicente, Buenos Aires, ArgentinaPolitical party Labour (1945–1947) Justicialist (1947–1974)Spouse(s) Aurelia Tizón (m. 1929; her death 1938) Eva Duarte
Eva Duarte
(m. 1945; her death 1952) Isabel Martínez Cartas (m. 1961; his death 1974)SignatureMilitary serviceAllegiance  ArgentinaService/branch Argentine
Argentine
ArmyYears of service 1913–1945Rank Lieutenant GeneralJuan Domingo Perón
Perón
(Spanish pronunciation: [ˈxwan doˈmiŋɡo peˈɾon]; 8 October 1895 – 1 July 1974) was an Argentine
Argentine
army lieutenant general and politician
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